دانلود کتاب

خرید کتاب لاتین رشته شیمی و مهندسی شیمی

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

خرید کتاب لاتین رشته شیمی و مهندسی شیمی Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

سایت دانلود کتاب ایبوک گیگاپیپر یک از بزرگ‌ترین سایت‌های خرید کتاب از امازون ، گوگل بوکز و همچنین دانلود ایبوک از انتشارات گوناگون است.(خرید کتاب از انتشارات اشپرینگر, دانلود ایبوک انتشارات اسپرینگر, فروش کتابهای انتشارات مک گراهیل, دریافت کتب انتشارات مک گروهیل, خرید PDF کتابهای وایلی, فرش ایبوکهای انتشارات جان وایلی, دانلود کتاب های جان وایلی  و در یک کلام فروش کتاب های لاتین خارجی,کتابهای تخصصی و مقالات علمی است)
در کتابخانه مجازی گیگاپیپر بیش از ۶ ملیون کتاب الکترونیکی از کلیه ناشرین موجود است. کلیه ایبوکها اکثرا به فرمت PDF , EPUB , AZW است که همگی به زبان اصلی است.

درخواست ایبوک رشته شیمی و مهندسی شیمی Chemistry and Chemical Engineering غیر موجود در لیست

لیست برخی از کتاب های رشته شیمی و مهندسی شیمی Chemistry and Chemical Engineering در زیر فراهم شده است. درصورتی که کتاب مورد نظر شما در این لیست نیست، می توانید مشخصات کتاب را برای ما ارسال کنید تا در کمتر از چند ساعت ایبوک ان برای شما فراهم می شود. راههای ارتباطی در قسمت تماس با ما می باشد.

لیست  کتاب های زبان اصلی رشته شیمی و مهندسی شیمی Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

Discipline/Subject Title Author Publication Date Abstract/Summary
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Solvents – Third Edition   ژانویه, ۲۰۱۸ This Handbook provides comprehensive information on more than 2500 trade name and generic solvent chemicals.Solvents are essential components in formulating a wide range of products because of their ability to clean, dissolve, suspend, and extract other chemicals or materials without changing their composition.They are used extensively in the paint and coating industry as well as in cleaning and degreasing, printing inks, pharmaceutical and chemical processing,cosmetic and personal care products, adhesives, fuels, electronics, agrochemicals, food and beverages, and many other industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry, Seventeenth Edition   Dr. James G. Speight ۲۰۱۷ The go-to reference for chemists for more than 70 years—completely updated to include today’s essential topics.Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry, Seventeenth Edition, is written to provide a reliable one-stop source of factual information for today’s working chemist.Within its pages, you will find an unmatched compilation of facts, data, tabular material, and experimental findings that span every area of chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management – 2nd Edition   CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) ۸/۱/۲۰۱۶ The 2nd edition provides an update of information since the publication of the first edition including best practices for managing process safety developed by industry as well as incorporate the additional process safety elements.In addition the book includes a focus on maintaining and improving a Process Safety Management (PSM) System.This 2nd edition also provides “how to information to” determine process safety performance status, implement one or more new elements into an existing PSM system, maintain or improve an existing PSM system, and manage future process safety performance.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 97th Edition   ۶/۲۲/۲۰۱۶ Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 97th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science.This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world.An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change – 3rd Edition   John H. Seinfeld
Spyros N. Pandis
۴/۱/۲۰۱۶ Expanded and updated with new findings and new features New chapter on Global Climate providing a self-contained treatment of climate forcing, feedbacks, and climate sensitivity New chapter on Atmospheric Organic Aerosols and new treatment of the statistical method of Positive Matrix Factorization Updated treatments of physical meteorology, atmospheric nucleation, aerosol-cloud relationships, chemistry of biogenic hydrocarbons Each topic developed from the fundamental science to the point of application to real-world problems New problems at an introductory level to aid in classroom teaching
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Common Fragrance and Flavor Materials: Preparation, Properties and Uses – 6th Edition   Horst Surburg
Johannes Panten
۴/۱/۲۰۱۶ This 6th edition is thoroughly revised and updated, and now additionally includes all commercially important flavor and fragrance materials that entered the market over the past 10 years.In one handy and up-to-date source, this classic reference surveys those natural and synthetic materials that are commercially available, produced, and used on a relatively large scale, covering their properties, manufacturing methods employed, and areas of application.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Introduction to Maintenance Engineering: Modelling, Optimization and Management   Mohamed Ben-Daya
Uday Kumar
D. N. Prabhakar Murthy
۴/۱/۲۰۱۶ This introductory textbook links theory with practice using real illustrative cases involving products, plants and infrastructures and exposes the student to the evolutionary trends in maintenance.Provides an interdisciplinary approach which links, engineering, science, technology, mathematical modelling, data collection and analysis, economics and management Blends theory with practice illustrated through examples relating to products, plants and infrastructures Focuses on concepts, tools and techniques Identifies the special management requirements of various engineered objects (products, plants, and infrastructures)
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method for Heat and Mass Transfer – 2nd Edition   Perumal Nithiarasu
Roland W. Lewis
Kankanhalli N. Seetharamu
۳/۱/۲۰۱۶ Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method for Heat and Mass Transfer, Second Edition is a comprehensively updated new edition and is a unique book on the application of the finite element method to heat and mass transfer.• Addresses fundamentals, applications and computer implementation • Educational computer codes are freely available to download, modify and use • Includes a large number of worked examples and exercises • Fills the gap between learning and research Table of Contents
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Integrating Management Systems and Metrics to Improve Process Safety Performance   CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) ۲/۱/۲۰۱۶ This book combines the synergies between performance improvement systems to help ensure safe and reliable operations, streamline procedures and cross-system auditing, and supporting regulatory and corporate compliance requirements.Many metrics are common to more than one area, such that a well-designed and implemented integrated management system will reduce the load on the Process Safety, SHE, Security and Quality groups, and improve manufacturing efficiency and customer satisfaction.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration   Stephen M. Burkinshaw ۲/۱/۲۰۱۶ The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products.As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems   Denny K. S. Ng
Raymond R. Tan
Dominic C. Y. Foo
Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
۲/۱/۲۰۱۶ This book covers recent developments in process systems engineering (PSE) for efficient resource use in biomass conversion systems.It provides an overview of process development in biomass conversion systems with focus on biorefineries involving the production and coproduction of fuels, heating, cooling, and chemicals.The scope includes grassroots and retrofitting applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Volume 1, Practice, Analysis, and Methodology   ۱۲/۱/۲۰۱۵ The pharmaceutical industry is one of the most important industries in the world, offering new medicines, vaccines, and cures to a global population.It is a massive industry, worthy of a deep and thorough examination of its processes and chemistry, with a view toward sustainability.The authors describe what is and isn’t truly sustainable, offering a new approach and a new definition of the sustainability of pharmaceutical and chemical engineering and the science behind it.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Advances in Industrial Mixing: A Companion to the Handbook of Industrial Mixing   Suzanne M. Kresta
Arthur W. Etchells
III
David S. Dickey
Victor A. Atiemo-Obeng
North American Mixing Forum
۱۱/۱/۲۰۱۵ Advances in Industrial Mixing is a companion volume and update to the Handbook of Industrial Mixing.The second volume fills in gaps for a number of industries that were not covered in the first edition.Significant changes in five of the fundamental areas are covered in entirely updated or new chapters.The original text is provided as a searchable pdf file on the accompanying USB.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Human Drug Targets: A Compendium for Pharmaceutical Discovery   Edward D. Zanders ۱۱/۱/۲۰۱۵ The identification of drug targets in a given disease has been central to pharmaceutical research from the latter half of the 20th century right up to the modern genomics era.Human Drug Targets provides an essential guide to one of the most important aspects of drug discovery – the identification of suitable protein and RNA targets prior to the creation of drug development candidates.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Industrial Catalysis: A Practical Approach – 3rd Edition   Jens Hagen ۱۱/۱/۲۰۱۵ Now in it’s 3rd Edition, Industrial Catalysis offers all relevant information on catalytic processes in industry, including many recent examples.Perfectly suited for self-study, it is the ideal companion for scientists who want to get into the field or refresh existing knowledge.The updated edition covers the full range of industrial aspects, from catalyst development and testing to process examples and catalyst recycling.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements   CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) ۱۰/۱/۲۰۱۵ This Guideline presents the framework of process safety knowledge and expertise versus the desired competency level in a “super-matrix” format, vertically and diagonally.The matrix references for potential remedies/required training may be tailored to a company’s internally developed training, reference externally available training, or some combination of the two.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings – 2nd Edition   ۱۰/۱/۲۰۱۵ It is intended that the book will be a practical guide to provide any reader with the basic information to help them understand what is necessary in order to produce a good barrier coated web or to improve the quality of any existing barrier product.After providing an introduction, where the terminology is outlined and some of the science is given (keeping the mathematics to a minimum), including barrier testing methods, the vacuum deposition process will be described.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Graphene: An Introduction to the Fundamentals and Industrial Applications   Madhuri Sharon
Maheshwar Sharon
Hisanori Shinohara
Ashutosh Tiwari
۸/۱/۲۰۱۵ Often described as a “miracle material”, graphene’s potential applications are extraordinary, ranging from nanoscale ‘green’ technologies, to sensors and future conductive coatings.This book covers the topic of ‘graphene’ – the history, fundamental properties, methods of production and applications of this exciting new material.The style of the book is both scientific and technical – it is accessible to an audience that has a general, undergraduate-level background in the sciences or engineering, and is aimed at industries considering graphene applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceutical Blending and Mixing   ۷/۱/۲۰۱۵ Written in four parts, this book provides a dedicated and in-depth reference for blending within the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry.It links the science of blending with regulatory requirements associated with pharmaceutical manufacture.The contributors are a combination of leading academic and industrial experts, who provide an informed and industrially relevant perspective of the topic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion   Fausto Gallucci
Martin van Sint Annaland
۷/۱/۲۰۱۵ This book addresses the application of process intensification to sustainable energy production, combining two very topical subject areas.Due to the increasing process of petroleum, sustainable energy production technologies must be developed, for example bioenergy, blue energy, chemical looping combustion, concepts for CO2 capture etc.Process intensification offers significant competitive advantages, because it provides more efficient processes, leading to outstanding cost reduction, increased productivity and more environment-friendly processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Reverse Osmosis: Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers – Second Edition   Kucera ۶/۱/۲۰۱۵ This new edition of the bestselling Reverse Osmosis is the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the process of reverse osmosis in industrial applications, a technology that is becoming increasingly more important as more and more companies choose to “go green.”This book covers all of the processes and equipment necessary to design, operate, and troubleshoot reverse osmosis systems, from the fundamental principles of reverse osmosis technology and membranes to the much more advanced engineering principles necessary for designing a reverse osmosis system.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Successful Drug Discovery, Volume 1   Janos Fischer
David P. Rotella
۵/۱/۲۰۱۵ The first volume of the book series “Successful Drug Discovery” is focusing on new drug discoveries during the last decade, from established drugs to recently introduced drugs of all kinds: small-molecule-, peptide-, and protein-based drugs.The role of serendipity is analyzed in some very successful drugs where the research targets of the lead molecule and the drug are different.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Photonics, Volume 4, Biomedical Photonics, Spectroscopy, and Microscopy   David L. Andrews ۴/۱/۲۰۱۵ This volume discusses biomedical photonics, spectroscopy and microscopy, the basic physical principles underlying the technology and its applications.The topics discussed in this volume are: Biophotonics; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Medical Photonics; Microscopy; Nonlinear Optics; Ophthalmic Technology; Optical Tomography; Optofluidics; Photodynamic Therapy; Image Processing; Imaging Systems; Sensors; Single Molecule Detection; Futurology in Photonics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Dynamics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs   M. Z. Rachinsky
V. Y. Kerimov
۳/۱/۲۰۱۵ Whether as a textbook for the petroleum engineering student or a reference for the veteran engineer working in the field, this new volume is a valuable asset in the engineer’s library for new, tested methods of more efficient oil and gas exploration and production and better estimating methods.In this book, the authors combine a rigorous, yet easy to understand, approach to petrophysics and how it is applied to petroleum and environmental engineering to solve multiple problems that the engineer or geologist faces every day.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Waste Water: Research Trends and Applications   Sanjay K. Sharma ۳/۱/۲۰۱۵ The use of synthetic chemical dyes in various industrial processes, including paper and pulp manufacturing, plastics, dyeing of cloth, leather treatment and printing, has increased considerably over the last few years, resulting in the release of dye-containing industrial effluents into the soil and aquatic ecosystems.The textile industry generates high-polluting wastewaters and their treatment is a very serious problem due to high total dissolved solids (TDS), presence of toxic heavy metals, and the non-biodegradable nature of the dyestuffs in the effluent.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Materials for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells   Bradley Ladewig
San Ping Jiang
Yushan Yan
Max Lu
۳/۱/۲۰۱۵ There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering.Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Mercury Control: for Coal-Derived Gas Streams   Evan J. Granite
Henry W. Pennline
Constance Senior
۱/۱/۲۰۱۵ This essential handbook and ready reference offers a detailed overview of the existing and currently researched technologies available for the control of mercury in coal-derived gas streams and that are viable for meeting the strict standards set by environmental protection agencies.Written by an internationally acclaimed author team from government agencies, academia and industry, it details US, EU, Asia-Pacific and other international perspectives, regulations and guidelines.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis   Center for Chemical Process Safety ۱۲/۱/۲۰۱۴ The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) practitioners.It explains the onion skin model and in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the need for non-safety instrumented independent protection layers.It provides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs) that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS).Using the LOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for risk reductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e. administrative procedures, equipment design, etc.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Inorganic Membrane Reactors: Fundamentals and Applications   Xiaoyao Tan
Kang Li
۱۲/۱/۲۰۱۴ Membrane reactors combine membrane functions such as separation, reactant distribution, and catalyst support with chemical reactions in a single unit.The benefits of this approach include enhanced conversion, increased yield, and selectivity, as well as a more compact and cost-effect design of reactor system.Hence, membrane reactors are an effective route toward chemical process intensification.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Industrial Coal Gasification Technologies Covering Baseline and High-Ash Coal   Martin Grabner ۱۱/۱/۲۰۱۴ The ongoing discussion about reaching the “peak-oil point” (maximal delivery rate with conventional methods) emphasizes a fundamental change of the frame conditions of oil-based basic products.The alternative with the largest potential is the use of coal.Coal gasification is the production of coal gas (a mixture of mainly hydrogen and carbon monoxide) from coal adding agents like steam/water and oxygen, which can be used in a number of industrial processes (e.g. hydroformulation and Fischer-Tropsch process).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Novel Antimicrobial Agents and Strategies   David A. Phoenix
Frederick Harris
Sarah R. Dennison
۱۱/۱/۲۰۱۴ By integrating knowledge from pharmacology, microbiology, molecular medicine, and engineering, researchers from Europe, the U.S. and Asia cover a broad spectrum of current and potential antimicrobial medications and treatments.The result is a comprehensive survey ranging from small-molecule antibiotics to antimicrobial peptides and their engineered mimetics, from enzymes to nucleic acid therapeutics, from metallic nanoparticles to photo- and sonosensitizers and to phage therapy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Gas Injection for Disposal and Enhanced Recovery   Ying Wu
John J. Carroll
Qi Li
۹/۱/۲۰۱۴ This is the fourth volume in a series of books focusing on natural gas engineering, focusing on two of the most important issues facing the industry today: disposal and enhanced recovery of natural gas.This volume includes information for both upstream and downstream operations, including chapters on shale, geological issues, chemical and thermodynamic models, and much more.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Corrosion and Materials Selection: A Guide for the Chemical and Petroleum Industries   Alireza Bahadori ۸/۱/۲۰۱۴ The petroleum and chemical industries contain a wide variety of corrosive environments, many of which are unique to these industries.Oil and gas production operations consume a tremendous amount of iron and steel pipe, tubing, pumps, valves, and sucker rods.Metallic corrosion is costly.However, the cost of corrosion is not just financial.Beyond the huge direct outlay of funds to repair or replace corroded structures are the indirect costs – natural resources, potential hazards, and lost opportunity.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Structure-based Design of Drugs and Other Bioactive Molecules: Tools and Strategies   Arun K. Ghosh
Sandra Gemma
۸/۱/۲۰۱۴ Drug design is a complex, challenging and innovative research area.Structure-based molecular design has transformed the drug discovery approach in modern medicine.Traditionally, focus has been placed on computational, structural or synthetic methods only in isolation.This one-of-akind guide integrates all three skill sets for a complete picture of contemporary structure-based design.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing – 6th Edition   Krister Forsberg
Ann Van den Borre
Norman Henry
III
James P. Zeigler
۶/۱/۲۰۱۴ Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing provides the reader with the latest information on Selection, Care and Use of Chemical Protective garments and gloves.Topics in the widely-used reference guide include Selection and Use of Chemical Protective Clothing, Chemical Index, Selection Recommendations, Glossary, Standards for Chemical Protective Clothing, Manufactures of Chemical Protective Clothing and European requirements for chemical resistant gloves.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems A Real-Time Approach to Process Control, 3rd Edition   فوریه, ۲۰۱۴ Review of previous editions  Would appeal to practising engineers due to its  hands on feel for the subject matter.But more  importantly, the authors present these concepts as fundamentals of  chemical engineering, in a way that is consistent with how  professors teach at the universities.(Chemical  Engineering Process (CEP), November 2006, AIChE)      With resources at a premium and ecological concerns paramount,  the need for clean, efficient and low-cost processes is one of the  most critical challenges facing chemical engineers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Fuels and Fuel-Additives   ۱/۱/۲۰۱۴ Examines all stages of fuel production, from feedstocks to finished products Exploring chemical structures and properties, this book sheds new light on the current science and technology of producing energy efficient and environmentally friendly fuels.Moreover, it explains the role of fuel-additives in the production cycle.This expertly written and organized guide to fuels and fuel-additives also presents requirements, rules and regulations, including US and EU standards governing automotive emissions, fuel quality and specifications, alternate fuels, biofuels, antioxidants, deposit control detergents/dispersants, stabilizers, corrosion inhibitors, and polymeric fuel-additives.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering: The Essential Reference   Louis Theodore ۲۰۱۴ This book is the condensed but authoritative chemical engineering reference, boiled down to principles and hands-on skills needed to solve real-world problems.Emphasizing a pragmatic approach, the book delivers critical content in a convenient format and presents on-the-job topics of importance to the chemical engineer of tomorrow—OM&I (operation, maintenance, and inspection) procedures, nanotechnology, how to purchase equipment, legal considerations, the need for a second language and for oral and written communication skills, and ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) topics for practicing engineers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Enabling Conditions and Conditional Modifiers in Layer of Protection Analysis Complete Document   ۲۰۱۴ The initial Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) book published in 2001 set the rules and approaches for using LOPA as an intermediate method between purely qualitative hazards evaluation/analysis and more quantitative analysis methods.Basic LOPA provides an order-of-magnitude risk estimate of risk with fairly reproducible results.LOPA results are considered critical in determining safety integrity level for design of safety instrumented systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Industrial Chemical Process Design, Second Edition   Douglas L. Erwin, P.E. ۲۰۱۴ Fully updated for the latest advances in the field, Industrial Chemical Process Design, Second Edition, provides a step-by-step methodology and 25 downloadable, customizable, needs-specific software applications that offer quick, accurate solutions to complex process design problems.These applications uniquely fill the gaps left by large, very expensive commercial process simulation software packages used to select, size, and design industrial chemical process equipment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering MATLAB Numerical Methods with Chemical Engineering Applications   Kamal I. M. Al-Malah, Ph.D. ۲۰۱۴ MATLAB Numerical Methods with Chemical Engineering Applications shows you, step by step, how to use MATLAB® to model and simulate physical problems in the chemical engineering realm.Written for MATLAB 7.11, this hands-on resource contains concise explanations of essential MATLAB commands, as well as easy-to-follow instructions for using the programming features, graphical capabilities, and desktop interface.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics, Fourth Edition   Ranald V. Giles
Jack B. Evett
Cheng Liu
۲۰۱۴ More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum’s to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams.Schaum’s is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject.Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format.You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice.This Schaum’s Outline gives you 622 fully solved problems; extra practice on topics such as buoyancy and flotation, complex pipeline systems, fluid machinery, flow in open channels, etc; and support for all the major textbooks for fluid mechanics and hydraulics courses.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of Thermodynamics for Engineers, Third Edition   Merle C. Potter, PhD
Craig W. Somerton, PhD
۲۰۱۴ More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum’s to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams.Schaum’s is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject.Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format.You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Thermal Process Modeling 2014: Proceedings from the 5th International Conference   ۲۰۱۴ As with any material, evaluation of the material under end-use conditions prior to specification is essential. Thermal processes are key manufacturing steps in producing durable and useful products, with solidification, welding, heat treating, and surface engineering being primary steps. These papers represent the latest state-of-the-art in thermal process modeling. [7]  Modeling to Quantify Improved Durability of Superfinish Gear Processing, US Navy Contract N68335-11-C-0420, 2011. Coupled thermo-metallo-mechanical analyses based on commercial FEA package DEFORM are conducted to simulate the evolution of temperature, microstructure and residual stresses in the cylinders during the heat treating process.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition   Norman P. Lieberman
Elizabeth T. Lieberman
۲۰۱۴ Applicable to a broad range of technicians and industries and fully updated throughout, A Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition, explains how to diagnose, troubleshoot, and correct problems with chemical and petroleum refining process equipment.Nine new chapters cover: • Tray design details • Shell-and-tube heat exchanger design details • Relief valve system design • Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam systems • Steam generation operating and design details • Wastewater strippers • Thermodynamics–how it applies to process equipment • Centrifugal pumps–reducing seal and bearing failures • Hand calculations for distillation towers • Vapor–liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations Filled with examples and illustrations, this practical resource demonstrates how theory applies to solving real-world plant operation problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Connective Tissue: Histophysiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology   ۱۲/۲۷/۲۰۱۳ Connective tissue is the most prevalent tissue in the body, making up more than a half of human body weight and possessing a high functional activity, including met- abolic and immunologic ones. The jelly or mucous con- nective tissue normally encountered in the umbilical cord (Wharton’s jelly) of the fetus should be referred to as embryonic tissues, along with the connective tissue of the provisory organs. All of the aforementioned functions of connective tissue are carried out by its structural components individually or as a tissue complex. Extremely numerous (es- timated in hundreds) small (with a molecular mass of some tens of daltons) signaling protein molecules are also transferred from cell to a cell via the matrix; these signaling protein molecules are also referred to as chem- ical mediators and short distance regulators – growth factors, interleukins, cytokines and others. The results of this devel- opment are provided in the following description of fi- broblasts’ differentiated forms in the physiologic and reparative states that connective tissue can be.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries   Frank Zhu ۱۲/۱/۲۰۱۳ Exploring methods and techniques to optimize processing energy efficiency in process plants, Energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries provides a holistic approach that considers optimizing process conditions, changing process flowschemes, modifying equipment internals, and upgrading process technology that has already been used in a process plant with success.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries   Alireza Bahado ۱۲/۱/۲۰۱۳ The global chemical and petroleum industries have always had the challenge of disposing of chemical wastes, by-products, and residuals, but with traditional techniques such as deep well injection and incineration proving flawed, the need for disposal by legal, safe and economically effective means has never been greater.Increasingly, the need to produce without pollution is the preferred model for industry, and the strategy of waste minimization is seen as the best way forward.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Chemical Engineering III   ۱۱/۱۵/۲۰۱۳ The objective of the 2013 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials (CEAM 2013) is to provide a forum for the discussion of new developments, recent progress, and innovations in the chemical engineering and advanced materials. As a result, the degradation efficiency increased with the power increasing. The power of the dry bath was connected to heat it to 150℃. The results showed that recoveries were 99.9, 99.3 and 98.4% at the concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 2.0 µg/ml for amygdalin, 99.5, 99.2 and 98.3% at the concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 0.5µg/ml for pruasin, and 99.7, 99.4 and 98.8% at the concentrations of 0.05, 0.2 and 0.5µg/ml for PTMT, 99.3, 98.7 and 98.4% at the concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 1.0µg/ml for benzaldehyde and 99.5, 99.2 and 100.4% at the concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 1.0 µg/ml for mandelonitrile, respectively. The main equipment of this hydrate experiment is Sapphire Natural Gas Hydrate Research Facility, DBR , introduced from a Canadian company and international advanced in 90s .
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Introduction to Polymer Chemistry: A Biobased Approach   اکتبر, ۲۰۱۳ This book connects modern synthetic polymer chemistry to its roots by exploring the chemistry of natural polymers and self-assembled macromolecular structures.Designed to introduce students to the basics of polymer science, the text investigates intermolecular forces, functional groups and key reactions by means of polymers found in, and produced by, living plants and animals, including proteins, rubber, DNA, fibers, lignin, carbohydrates and many others.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering   ۱۰/۱۱/۲۰۱۳ Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 Asian Pacific Conference on Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering (APCCMME 2013), May 22-23, 2013, Beijing, China.The 110 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Chemical Engineering; Chapter 2: Applied Materials Engineering; Chapter 3: Technologies in Metallurgical and Mining Industry; Chapter 4: Related Themes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer
The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition : Volume 3 – Applications   ۸/۲۳/۲۰۱۳ Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood.Issues regarding the environment, cost, and fuel consumption add further complexity, particularly in the process and power generation industries.Dedicated to advancing the art and science of industrial combustion, The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Volume 3 – Applications offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of equipment used in the process and power generation industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems ۲۰۱۳ International Conference on Process Equipment, Mechatronics Engineering and Material Science   ۸/۲/۲۰۱۳ Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Process Equipment, Mechatronics Engineering and Material Science (PEME2013), June 15-16, 2013, Wuhan, China.The 135 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Process Equipment; Chapter 2: Mechatronics, Control and Automation; Chapter 3: Material Engineering and Technologies of Material Processing; Chapter 4: Related Themes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Engineering Informatics: Fundamentals of Computer-Aided Engineering, Second Edition   اوت, ۲۰۱۳ Computers are ubiquitous throughout all life-cycle stages of  engineering, from conceptual design to manufacturing maintenance,  repair and replacement.It is essential for all engineers to  be aware of the knowledge behind computer-based tools and  techniques they are likely to encounter.The computational  technology, which allows engineers to carry out design, modelling,  visualisation,  manufacturing, construction and management of  products and infrastructure is known as Computer-Aided Engineering  (CAE).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical, Mechanical and Materials Engineering II   ۷/۱۲/۲۰۱۳ Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Mechanical and Materials Engineering (CMME 2013), January 20-21, 2013, Melbourne, Australia.The papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Material Engineering and Technology; Chapter 2: Material Processing and Machining, Surface and Coating Technologies; Chapter 3: Bio-, Chemical and Medical Engineering and Technologies; Chapter 4: Material Synthesis; Chapter 5: Paper Processing and Biomass Industry; Chapter 6: Product Design and Production Management; Chapter 7: Data Acquisition, Processing and Analysis; Chapter 8: Algoritms; Chapter 9: Manufacturing and Equipment Technologies, Mechanical Engineering; Chapter 10: Engineering and Applied Mechanics; Chapter 11: Optimization; Chapter 12: Automation and Detection Technologies; Chapter 13: Control and PID Control Technologies; Chapter 14: Design in Manufacture.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres   David M. Lewis
John A. Rippon
۷/۱/۲۰۱۳ Keratin fibres, particularly wool fibres, constitute an important natural raw material in textiles due to their comfort and thermal proprieties.Wool coloration demands an understanding of the complex nature of the interplay between wool fibre chemistry, morphology and the coloration processes.The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres is a comprehensive treatment, written by leading international experts, of the chemistry and chemical processes involved in wool dyeing, printing, preparation and finishing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Nanocoatings: Principles and Practice   ۶/۱/۲۰۱۳ This technical book explains the science, chemistry and fabrication of nanocoatings-and the critical connections among them.It offers the theory to develop new coatings and the quantitative tools to understand which formulations are promising and which are not.It is thus aimed towards the entire coatings development team: from theorist to lab researcher to formulator.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment of Polymers: Relevance to Adhesion   مه, ۲۰۱۳ An indispensable volume detailing the current and potential  applications of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment by experts  practicing in fields around the world  Polymers are used in a wide variety of industries to fabricate  legions of products because of their many desirable traits.However, polymers in general (and polyolefins, in particular) are  innately not very adhesionable because of the absence of polar or  reactive groups on their surfaces and concomitant low surface  energy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation Design and Control Using Aspen Simulation – 2nd Edition   آوریل, ۲۰۱۳ Learn how to develop optimal steady-state designs for  distillation systems  As the search for new energy sources grows ever more urgent,  distillation remains at the forefront among separation methods in  the chemical, petroleum, and energy industries.Most importantly,  as renewable sources of energy and chemical feedstocks continue to  be developed, distillation design and control will become ever more  important in our ability to ensure global sustainability.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Advanced Research on Biochemical Materials and Nanotechnology Application   ۳/۱۳/۲۰۱۳ The volume contains selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2012 International Conference on Biochemical Materials and Nanotechnology Application (BMNA2012), December 22-23, 2012, Yichang, China.The papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Bio-, Chemical, Food Materials, Material Engineering and Technology; Chapter 2: Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Biotechnology, Chemical and Materials Engineering II   ۳/۱۳/۲۰۱۳ Review from Book News Inc.:From more than 700 submissions, about 223 papers were selected forpresentation.They cover environmental chemistry, chemical manufacturing,technologies, and engineering; applications of materials in manufacturingtechnologies, materials science, and engineering; and biochemical, medicalengineering and technologies and applications of genetic engineering.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Food Authentication using Bioorganic Molecules – 1st Edition   ۲/۱/۲۰۱۳ Prepared by a team of specialists, this volume presents the latest molecular methods for determining the presence of constituents that make a food what it is claimed to be.By clarifying the theory and applications of DNA, peptide, and lipid technologies, the book presents information required to identify molecular markers whose presence defines the quality and provenance of meats, seafood, cheeses, oils, wines, cereal products and other foods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry A Matter of Density: Exploring the Electron Density Concept in the Chemical, Biological, and Materials Sciences   ۲۰۱۳ The origins and significance of electron density in the  chemical, biological, and materials sciences  Electron density is one of the fundamental concepts underlying  modern chemistry and one of the key determinants of molecular  structure and stability.It is also the basic variable of density  functional theory, which has made possible, in recent years, the  application of the mathematical theory of quantum physics to  chemical and biological systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Modeling and Design of Adhesively Bonded Systems   ۲۰۱۳ The book comprehensively charts a way for industry to employ  adhesively bonded joints to make systems more efficient and  cost-effective  Adhesively bonded systems have found applications in a wide  spectrum of industries (e.g., aerospace, electronics, construction,  ship building, biomedical, etc.) for a variety of purposes.Emerging adhesive materials with improved mechanical properties  have allowed adhesion strength approaching that of the bonded  materials themselves.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers   ۲۰۱۳ Sets the stage for large-scale production of biofuels and  bio-based chemicals  In response to diminishing supplies as well as the environmental  hazards posed by fossil fuels and petrochemicals, interest and  demand for green, sustainable biofuels and bio-based chemicals are  soaring.Biomass may be the solution.It is an abundant  carbon-neutral renewable feedstock that can be used for the  production of fuels and chemicals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Carbon Science and Technology: From Energy to Materials   ۲۰۱۳ Carbon solids serve as key markers for different civilizations,  from their use as a heating source in prehistoric times through the  coal mines of the industrial revolution and the development of  carbochemistry.This book begins by describing the use of solid  carbons as traditional materials, for example in the steel industry  and for ceramics, then moves on to their technological uses such as  active carbons and carbon fibers, before discussing nanocarbons   the jewel in the crown of contemporary technological  science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Catalytic Process Development for Renewable Materials   ۲۰۱۳ Green, clean and renewable are the hottest keywords for catalysis and industry.This handbook and ready reference is the first to combine the fields of advanced experimentation and catalytic process development for biobased materials in industry.It describes the entire workflow from idea, approach, research, and process development, right up to commercialization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials   ۲۰۱۳ This collection of proceedings offers an update to the current progress in characterization studies in the minerals, metals, and materials industry.The scope of the collection includes current industrial applications, research and developments, and innovative fundamental researches.1: Characterization of Ferrous Metals  ۲: Characterization of High Performance Alloys  ۳: Characterization of Minerals  ۴: Characterization for Extraction Applications  ۵: Characterization Technologies  ۶: Characterization for Environmental Applications  ۷: Characterization of Advanced Materials  ۸: Characterization of Soft Materials  ۹: Surface, Joint, and Processing of Metals  ۱۰: Characterization of Nonferrous Metal and Alloys  ۱۱: Characterization of Inorganic Materials
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemistry in Microelectronics   ۲۰۱۳ This book is about the Chemistry involved in the  semiconductor industry, chip manufacturing, from Fundamentals to  Applications: 5 chapters for this first volume.Other volumes could  happen by developing new sectors where chemistry is also involved  in this microelectronics world.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Convection Heat Transfer 4th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۳ A new edition of the bestseller on convection heat  transfer  A revised edition of the industry classic, Convection Heat  Transfer, Fourth Edition, chronicles how the field of heat  transfer has grown and prospered over the last two decades.This  new edition is more accessible, while not sacrificing its thorough  treatment of the most up-to-date information on current research  and applications in the field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Design and Analysis of Experiments 8th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۳ The eighth edition of Design and Analysis of Experiments  continues to provide extensive and in-depth information on  engineering, business, and statistics-as well as informative ways  to help readers design and analyze experiments for improving the  quality, efficiency and performance of working systems.Furthermore, the text maintains its comprehensive coverage by  including: new examples, exercises, and problems (including in the  areas of biochemistry and biotechnology); new topics and problems  in the area of response surface; new topics in nested and  split-plot design; and the residual maximum likelihood method is  now emphasized throughout the book.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Downstream Industrial Biotechnology: Recovery and Purification   ۲۰۱۳ An affordable, easily accessible desk reference on biomanufacturing, focused on downstream recovery and purification  Advances in the fundamental knowledge surrounding biotechnology, novel materials, and advanced engineering approaches continue to be translated into bioprocesses that bring new products to market at a significantly faster pace than most other industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology, 3 Volume Set   ۲۰۱۳ The Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology  covers all aspects of synthetic membranes at the fundamental as  well as practical levels.The Encyclopedia offers the opportunity  to critically assess the status of advancements in materials  science of membranes, processes and applications.Part I: Membrane Separation and Transport.This part  focuses on basic principles and properties of membranes and the  primary separation mechanisms.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change Complete Document   ۲۰۱۳ Organizational Change Management (OCM) has often been overlooked by regulatory and guideline publications in the past.Documents have historically disregarded the topic, mentioned it in passing, or focused on only a few of its aspects.As a result, major decisions regarding reduction in staffing levels, reorganization of the corporate hierarchy, modifications to shift schedules, or adjustment of personnel responsibilities may often be finalized by individuals or committees who lack the understanding of how these changes may affect the health and safety of their employees or the surrounding community.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 1   ۲۰۱۳ Introduction As many other human activities, chemistry has seen most of its progress being triggered by a constant desire to do things better.The word ‘better’ here is a general term that can encompass concepts as varied as ‘that allows better theoretical understanding’, ‘that allows companies to make significant savings when they use the process in question’ or ‘that saves the experimentalist a lot of strenuous steps in a given synthesis’.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 2   ۲۰۱۳ Introduction Acid catalysis as a modern science is less than 150 years old.From its inception, acid catalysis has been explored as a means of producing fuels, lubes and petrochemicals.Ordinary homogeneous acids, both inorganic and organic, never proved industrially useful at temperatures much above 150 C.The first reports of aluminosilicate solid acid catalysts involved the use of clays after the turn of the century.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 3   ۲۰۱۳ Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this book, even when not specifically marked as such, are not to be considered unprotected by law. Paul T. Anastas joined Yale University as Professor and serves as the Director of the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering there. Until June 2004 he served as Assistant Director for Environment at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where his responsibilities included a wide range of environ- mental science issues including furthering international public-private cooperation in areas of Science for Sustainabil- ity such as Green Chemistry. In 1991, he established the industry-government- university partnership Green Chemistry Program, which was expanded to include basic research, and the Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards. Examples for this reaction include the hydroxylation of saturated fatty acids (8) catalyzed by eukaryotic CYP4 and bacterial CYP102 (e.g. P450 BM-3) enzymes and the stereospecific hydroxylation of D-( þ )-camphor (10) to 5-exo- hydroxycamphor (11) through P450cam (Scheme 1.2).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 4   ۲۰۱۳ Preface Reactions under supercritical conditions have been used for industrial production on various scales for most of the 20th century, but the current intense academic interest in the science and applications of supercritical fluids (SCFs) dates from the mid 1980’s (Figure 1) and the application of SCFs in the chemical synthesis of organic molecules or materials became a ‘‘hot topic” starting in the early 1990’s.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 5   ۲۰۱۳ Introduction Chemical reactions used to manufacture important compounds such as medicinals are essentially always carried out in solution, and this is also true of the research work that is used to invent the new compounds and to develop appropriate ways to manufacture them.In the past, continuing into the present, the solvents used are normally volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and these pose an environmental problem.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 6   ۲۰۱۳ In addition to the large number of modified and task-specific ions forming ionic liquids, the concept of using ionic liquids brings along some general features that have to do with the general properties of ionic liquids. To illustrate this statement, one can look at ionic liquids in organic chemistry: Most organic reactions have been tested in ionic liquids to date, but this has often been done by simply transferring traditional reaction conditions to this new class of solvents. In many cases, interesting results were obtained; in others, the outcome was disappointing; in yet other cases, effects were first attributed to the ionic liquid solvent that later turned out to be due to impurities in the ionic liquid or due to ionic liquid decomposition products. It is clear that Green Chemistry with ionic liquids is much more than just synthesis and catalysis. Improved separation processes, more efficient devices or optimized products can be realized by using ionic liquids and this can add to a greener chemistry as the ionic liquid applied may help to e.g. save, generate or store energy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 7   ۲۰۱۳ Preface Ever since the synthesis of urea by FriedrichWöhler near two centuries ago, organic synthesis has become the foundation of modern medicines for human health, produced new agrochemicals to boost world food supply, created various synthetic fibers for daily usages, and bestowed a colorful enchantment through synthetic dyes.In spite of these great achievements, the general features of organic syntheses have been, by and large, unchanged over a century: e.g., non-renewable feedstock, batch reactor, and refluxing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 8   ۲۰۱۳ Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this book, even when not specifically marked as such, are not to be considered unprotected by law. Paul T. Anastas joined Yale University as Professor and serves as the Director of the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering there. Until June 2004 he served as Assistant Director for Environment at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where his responsibilities included a wide range of environ- mental science issues including furthering international public-private cooperation in areas of Science for Sustainabil- ity such as Green Chemistry. In 1996 he obtained his PhD degree in chemistry as a Fulbright fellow at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, USA with Tony Pearson. Noteworthy, irradiation and electrochemical methods have important advantages for the synthesis of metal NPs in ILs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 9   ۲۰۱۳ Preface Design is a statement of human intention.You can’t design by accident.It has to be a conscious decision.To make the design decisions you need considerations; you need criteria.If you want to design molecules for reduced hazard, those criteria need to be based on an understanding of the molecular basis of hazard.Fortunately, there are data from the world of molecular toxicology that provide us with insights for the foundations for our problems and concerns around chemicals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Handbook of Paint and Coating Raw Materials Volume 1 and 2 – Second Edition   ۲۰۱۳ By searching for key functional words related to paint and coating ingredients such as fillers, flame/ fire retardants, flatting/matte agents, flow control agents, gloss aids, mar resistance aids, pigments, suspending agents, thick- eners, UV absorbers/stabilizers, water repellents in specific coating types or application areas, the user is directed to the trade names and chemicals that have that specific functional/ application attribute. FDA Regulatory Number Index contains the trade names and chemicals that have been approved as coating ingredients for articles intended for use in packaging, transporting, or holding food or potable water. Uses: Biocide for dry film protection of interior/exterior liq. coatings from surf. fungal and algal growth Acticide® EP Powd. Uses: For coatings applics. Uses: Filler in acoustical compds., friction prods., urethane foams, molded compds.; also for coatings, plastics, ceramics, rubber goods, plastisols, adhesives, latex prods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Paper and Pulp Chemicals   ۲۰۱۳ Uses: Emulsifier in vinyl acrylic, acrylic, and styrene acrylic latexes; food pkg. adhesives; in paper/paperboard in contact with dry food; low VOC; surfactant alternative for environmentally sensitive requirements Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §۱۷۵.۱۰۵, ۱۷۶.۱۸۰; BGA XIV compliance Properties: Liq.; surf. tens. Uses: Emulsifier in vinyl acrylic, ethylene vinyl acetate, acrylic, and styrene acrylic copolymers; food pkg. adhesives; in paper/paperboard in contact with aq./fatty/dry foods; low VOC; surfactant alternative for environmentally sensitive requirements Use Level: 3-5% (sole emulsifier); 3% total emulsifier Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §۱۷۵.۱۰۵, ۱۷۶.۱۷۰, ۱۷۶.۱۸۰; BGA XIV compliance Properties: Liq.; HLB 16.3; surf. tens. Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, ink, floor finishes, paper coatings, personal care, plastics, rubber, textiles, wax blends, solv.-based polishes, inks, paints, and lacquers; defoamer in food-contact coatings, paper; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coat- ings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; in- creases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic acid/acrylic ester/acrylonitrile copolymer Uses: Cobinder for coating paper on board; modifies visc., water retention, and rheology of coating colors; activates fluorescent brighteners in coatings; enhances runnability of metered size presses; contains no plasticizers or solvs. Uses: For paper, foundry, electronics, textile industries Estane® ۵۷۱۵ [BFGoodrich]
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of PLASTIC AND RUBBER ADDITIVES Volume 1 and 2 – Second Edition   ۲۰۱۳ Uses: Blk. conc. for pipe, molding applics. Uses: Versatile intermediate providing max. reactive sites for a variety of comonomers; applics. incl. hydroperoxide formation/air drying, free radi- cal polymerization, and hydroxyl functionalization; provides unsat. polyes- ters with ability to cure in air with a hard, sandable surf. Uses: Surfactant; internal lubricant for plastics Ablumol WTI [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant; external antistat for plastics Ablustat PO Series [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant; internal antistat for plastics Abluwax Series [Taiwan Surf.]
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of SOLVENTS – Second Edition   ۲۰۱۳ FDA Regulatory Number Index contains the trade names and chemicals that have been approved for use as solvents in foods, food coatings, and food processing. Uses: Solvent for PAN, PS, fluorinated hydrocarbons, cellulose triacetate, shellac, used in paint removers, petrol. processing, hectograph process, specialty inks; intermediate for aliphatic and cyclic compds.; reaction and diluent solvent for pesticides; dyeing of acetate; wetting agent for cellulose acetate films, fibers; solvent welding of plastic films in adhe- sive applics. Uses: Solvent for agric. Uses: Solvent for agric. act. ingreds., to formulate tech. concs., emulsifi- able concs., microemulsions; solvent for synthesis of pesticides; stabi- lizer for fertilizers; cleaning agent for chemical reactors Features: Thermally stable; low fire hazard; noncorrosive Regulatory: 40 CFR §۱۸۰.۱۰۰۱(d) exempt Properties: Clear liq.; completely misc. with water, methanol, acetone, benzene, CCl4, ethyl ether, monochlorobenzene; insol. in aliphatic hy- drocarbons; dens. Uses: Solvent for chem. processing, degreasers, household/industrial cleaners, insecticides, metal rolling oils, water treatment chems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Textile Processing Chemicals   ۲۰۱۳ Textiles are used in packaging, insulation, tire rein- forcement, carpeting, upholstery, clothing, sporting goods, medical prod- ucts, etc. These chemicals, used in the processing of a variety of textile materials, are a vital determinant in the end product’s quality as well as the economy of the overall manufacturing process, including the disposal of effluents from the textile mills. Uses: Surfactant; softener for textiles for household and industrial use Properties: Solid; 90% act.; cationic Environmental: Biodeg. Uses: Dispersant; textile wetting agent; emulsifier; solubilizer; penetrant; used for emulsion polymerization, battery separators, electroplating, ore leaching; germicidal act.; solubilizer for shampoos; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paper- board, polymers; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles Features: Not as rapidly biodeg. as Aerosol 18 and 22 Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §۱۷۵.۱۰۵, ۱۷۶.۱۷۰, ۱۷۶.۱۸۰, ۱۷۷.۱۲۱۰, ۱۷۸.۳۴۰۰ Properties: APHA 50 max. clear slightly visc. liq.; sol. in water, alcohol, and org. solvs.; sp.gr. Uses: Reactive diluent for wood binders, urethane foams and coatings, foundry sand binders, in textile and syn. fiber industry, natural gas treating; lubricant in cosmetics; polar additive for montmorillonite or bentonite clay gellants; solvent for mascara, lipstick, deodorant, nail polish remover; suit- able for certain food-contact applics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Impact Assessment: Practical Solutions to Recurrent Problems and Contemporary Challenges – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۳ Offers solutions and best practices to respond to recurrent  problems and contemporary challenges in the field  Since the publication of the first edition of Environmental  Impact Assessment in 2003, both the practice and theory of  impact assessment have changed substantially.Not only has the  field been subject to a great deal of new regulations and  guidelines, it has also evolved tremendously, with a greater  emphasis on strategic environmental, sustainability, and human  health impact assessments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Incompressible Flow – 4th Edition   ۲۰۱۳ The most teachable book on incompressible flow– now fully revised, updated, and expanded  Incompressible Flow, Fourth Edition is the updated and revised edition of Ronald Panton’s classic text.It continues a respected tradition of providing the most comprehensive coverage of the subject in an exceptionally clear, unified, and carefully paced introduction to advanced concepts in fluid mechanics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Kirk-Othmer Chemical Technology of Cosmetics   ۲۰۱۳ Educating professionals and students about the chemistry,  formulation technology, and related regulatory aspects of cosmetics  and perfume  Cosmetics and perfume comprise a multibillion-dollar global  industry.Kirk-Othmer Chemical Technology of Cosmetics  provides authoritative information on the substances and processes  involved, including key product groups, ingredients, formulation  technology, packaging, and regulatory topics in twenty-two  articles.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Lithium Batteries and other Electrochemical Storage Systems   ۲۰۱۳ Lithium batteries were introduced relatively recently in  comparison to lead- or nickel-based batteries, which have been  around for over 100 years.Nevertheless, in the space of 20 years,  they have acquired a considerable market share  particularly  for the supply of mobile devices.We are still a long way from  exhausting the possibilities that they offer.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Mechanics of Fluid Flow   ۲۰۱۳ The mechanics of fluid flow is one of the most important  fundamental engineering disciplines explaining both natural  phenomena and human-induced processes.A group of some of the  best-known petroleum engineers in the world give a thorough  understanding of this important field, central to the operations of  the oil and gas industry.The mechanics of fluid flow, specifically gas, oil, and water,  is a fundamental engineering discipline explaining various natural  phenomena and human-induced processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2010   ۲۰۱۳ Catalysis by tributylphosphine has been investigated by NMR, and evidence for tetravalent phosphonium enolate inter- mediates (10) is presented: they can be trapped as their TMS ethers or by reaction with 4-chlorobenzaldehyde (to give a β -lactone). An unexpected reaction of aromatic aldimines (26) with a difluoroenoxysi- lane gives access to 2,2-difluoro-3-hydroxy-1-ones (28) – the Mukaiyama aldol-type product – via an amine (27).77 Zinc triflate promotes the reaction, and 18O-labelling and other experiments suggest that water is required to form the product (28). 3,4-Dihydroisoquinoline (29) undergoes aza-Henry reaction with excess nitro- methane at ambient temperature to give the corresponding 1-(nitromethyl)tetrahydro- isoquinoline (30), an unstable species that is trapped by acylation or alkylation, leading to Reissert-like products via an overall one-pot three-component reaction.78 Evidence for reaction via the methyleneazinic acid tautomer of nitromethane (31) is presented. A detailed mechanistic investigation highlights key deficiencies in the use of B3LYP calculations for this reaction and substitutes the MO6-2X DFT computational method.205 The failure to accelerate the reaction with higher temperatures has been explained by VT (variable temperature) experiments and MP2 calculations: the equilibrium shifts towards the reactants even with moderate increases in temperature. In other direct α-aminations by azodicarboxylates, proline–thioureas catalyse with yields and ee up to 99% within a few minutes,316 5 mol% of a pyrrolidinyl-camphor catalyst gives yields and ee in the high 90s in reactions taking 5–۱۰ minutes at 0 ◦C,317 and similar pyrrolidine-camphor organocatalysts give close to 100% ee in some cases,318 the last work for more demanding α,α-disubstituted aldehydes, albeit with lower ees.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards: Design, Evaluation, and Selection   ۲۰۱۳ Enables readers to understand how personal protective equipment is designed, evaluated, and selected to meet specific goals  Personal protective equipment is critical for anyone who may come in contact with health- and life-threatening chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agents.This book sets forth the underlying physics, chemistry, and physiology of these hazards and then explains how personal protective equipment is designed to protect individuals from contamination.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication   ۲۰۱۳ Sets the stage for the development of new advanced polymeric  materials and applications  Building a deeper understanding of the surface properties,  functionality, contact, and interactions of polymers has become  critical for the development of new advanced polymer materials and  novel applications.In order to support new research, this book  presents our current understanding of adhesion, friction, and  lubrication in polymeric and biomacromolecular systems at  molecular, nano, and micro scales.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Principles of Water Treatment   ۲۰۱۳ By A bestselling author team—the must-have reference on  water treatment principles for students  From the same distinguished author team that brought you the  bestselling reference Water Treatment comes this new  offering for students wishing to gain a solid understanding of the  latest developments in water treatment processes.It maintains the  same quality writing, illustrations, and worked examples as the  author team’s larger Water Treatment but does so in a more  digestible and specifically focused format.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Proteins in Solution and at Interfaces: Methods and Applications in Biotechnology and Materials Science   ۲۰۱۳ Explores new applications emerging from our latest  understanding of proteins in solution and at interfaces  Proteins in solution and at interfaces increasingly serve as the  starting point for exciting new applications, from biomimetic  materials to nanoparticle patterning.This book surveys the state  of the science in the field, offering investigators a current  understanding of the characteristics of proteins in solution and at  interfaces as well as the techniques used to study these  characteristics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Risk Management Applications in Pharmaceutical and Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing   ۲۰۱۳ Sets forth tested and proven risk management practices in  drug manufacturing  Risk management is essential for safe and efficient  pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical manufacturing, control, and  distribution.With this book as their guide, readers involved in  all facets of drug manufacturing have a single, expertly written,  and organized resource to guide them through all facets of risk  management and analysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of College Chemistry, Tenth Edition   Jerome L. Rosenberg
Lawrence M. Epstein
Peter J. Krieger
۲۰۱۳ More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum’s to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams.Schaum’s is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject.Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format.You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of Organic Chemistry, Fifth Edition   Herbert Meislich
Howard Nechamkin
Jacob Sharefkin
George J. Hademenos
۲۰۱۳ More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum’s to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams.Schaum’s is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject.Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format.You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries   ۲۰۱۳ Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency.Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes.These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Spin-Crossover Materials: Properties and Applications   ۲۰۱۳ The phenomenon of spin-crossover has a large impact on the physical properties of a solid material, including its colour, magnetic moment, and electrical resistance.Some materials also show a structural phase change during the transition.Several practical applications of spin-crossover materials have been demonstrated including display and memory devices, electrical and electroluminescent devices, and MRI contrast agents.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Steps to Safety Culture Excellence   ۲۰۱۳ Provides a clear road map to instilling a culture of safety excellence in any organization  Did you know that accidental injury is among the top ten leading causes of death in every age group?With this book as your guide, you’ll learn how to help your organization develop, implement, and sustain Safety Culture Excellence, vital for the protection of and improvement in the quality of life for everyone who works there.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes   ۲۰۱۳ The production of low cost and environmentally friendly high  performing carbon materials is crucial for a sustainable future.Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes  describes a sustainable and alternative technique to produce carbon  from biomass in water at low temperatures, a process known as  Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC).Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes  presents an overview of this new and rapidly developing field,  discussing various synthetic approaches, characterization of the  final products, and modern fields of application for of sustainable  carbon materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Trace Metals in Aquatic System   ۲۰۱۳ This book provides a detailed examination of the concentration,  form and cycling of trace metals and metalloids through the aquatic  biosphere, and has sections dealing with the atmosphere, the ocean,  lakes and rivers.It discusses exchanges at the water interface  (air/water and sediment/water) and the major drivers of the  cycling, concentration and form of trace metals in aquatic systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems: Steam Turbine Surface Condensers and Refinery Vacuum Towers   ۲۰۱۳ Vacuum systems are in wide spread use in the petrochemical  plants, petroleum refineries and power generation plants.The  existing texts on this subject are theoretical in nature and only  deal with how the equipment functions when in good mechanical  conditions, from the viewpoint of the equipment vendor.Also, the  existing texts fail to consider the interaction of the vacuum  system with the process equipment it serves and the variability of  the motive steam conditions, change in cooling water temperature  condenser fouling and erosion of the ejectors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps   ۲۰۱۳ Researchers share their pioneering graphical method for designing almost any distillation structure  Developed by the authors in collaboration with other researchers at the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis, column profile maps (CPMs) enable chemical engineers to design almost any distillation structure using novel graphical techniques.The CPM method offers tremendous advantages over other design methods because it is generalized and not constrained to a particular piece of equipment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Understanding Solids: The Science of Materials – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۳ Praise for the First Edition  Tilley offers an extremely wide-ranging useful book  that is accessible to anyone with a firm grasp of high school  science…this is an outstanding and affordable resource for the  lifelong learner or current student.–Choice, June  ۲۰۰۵  invaluable as a source of information on a wide range  of materials.–Materials World, August 2005  Extensive new coverage of:    Computational science and engineering  Nanoscale properties  Point defects  Advances in crystallography related topics    There have been radical developments in the study of solid state  materials over the past 10 years  think batteries, solar  cells, graphene, carbon nanotubes  and this new edition has  been meticulously updated to reflect these advances.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Water Quality Engineering: Physical / Chemical Treatment Processes   ۲۰۱۳ Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes  By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater.Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition : Volume 1 – Fundamentals   ۱۲/۱۳/۲۰۱۲ Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood.Environmental, cost, and fuel consumption issues add further complexity, particularly in the process and power generation industries.Dedicated to advancing the art and science of industrial combustion, The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Volume One – Fundamentals gives you a strong understanding of the basic concepts and theory.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Chemical Engineering II   ۱۰/۴/۲۰۱۲ The objective of the 2012 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials (CEAM 2012) is to provide a forum for the discussion of new developments, recent progress, and innovations in the chemical engineering and advanced materials. By experiment under the optimum process conditions: the reaction temperature is 65 °C, reaction time is 150 minutes and the molar ratio of 2-keto-L-gu methyl to sodium carbonate is 1:0.6, the conversion rate reaches 98 % and the effect is better than with sodium bicarbonate as transforming agent. Under the conditions that the temperature was 62 °C and reaction time was 180 minutes, the influence of the ratio of alcohol to acid on conversion rate of 2KLG was investigated by experiments. According to the analysis above, the suitable conditions are as follows: reaction temperature is 65 °C, reaction time is 150 minutes and molar ratio of reactants is 0.60. With temperature increased, the velocity of higher olefin dissociation increased.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Chemistry Research II   ۱۰/۴/۲۰۱۲ This compilation of 423 peer- reviewed papers is divided into chapters: Supermolecular Chemistry and Crystal Engineering; Polymer Chemistry; Physical Chemistry of Solid Surface and Catalysis; Electrochemistry; Inorganic Materials; Chiral Catalysis and Organic Synthesis; Food Chemistry; Food Flavor Chemistry and Food Sensory Science; Theoretical and Computational Chemistry; Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry; Analytical Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Engineering and Material Properties II   ۹/۲۶/۲۰۱۲ The 235 peer-reviewed papers, making up the proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Chemical Engineering and Material Properties (ISCEMP 2012) held on the 22nd to 24th June in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, are grouped into five chapters: Chemical Engineering; Materials Science and Engineering; Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics; Industrial Safety and Environment; Other Related Topics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology
Preparative Chromatography, 2nd, Completely Revised and Enlarged Edition   سپتامبر, ۲۰۱۲ Completely revised and substantially extended to reflect the developments in this fast-changing field.It retains the interdisciplinary approach that elegantly combines the chemistry and engineering involved to describe the conception and improvement of chromatographic processes.It also covers recent advances in preparative chromatographic processes for the separation of “smaller” molecules using standard laboratory equipment as well as the detailed conception of industrial chemical plants.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Refinery Engineering: Integrated Process Modeling and Optimization   Ai-Fu Chang
Kiran Pashikanti
Y. A. Liu
۵/۱/۲۰۱۲ A pioneering and comprehensive introduction to the complex subject of integrated refinery process simulation, using many of the tools and techniques currently employed in modern refineries.Adopting a systematic and practical approach, the authors include the theory, case studies and hands-on workshops, explaining how to work with real data.As a result, senior-level undergraduate and graduate students, as well as industrial engineers learn how to develop and use the latest computer models for the predictive modeling and optimization of integrated refinery processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Geochemistry: Principles and Applications   مه, ۲۰۱۲ This book is intended to serve as a text for an introductory course  in geochemistry for undergraduate/graduate students with at least  an elementarylevel background in earth sciences, chemistry,  and mathematics.The text, containing 83 tables and 181  figures, covers a wide variety of topics  ranging from  atomic structure to chemical and isotopic equilibria to modern  biogeochemical cycles  which are divided into four  interrelated parts: Crystal Chemistry; Chemical Reactions (and  biochemical reactions involving bacteria); Isotope Geochemistry  (radiogenic and stable isotopes); and The Earth Supersystem, which  includes discussions pertinent to the evolution of the solid Earth,  the atmosphere, and the hydrosphere.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Biorefinery Co-Products: Phytochemicals, Primary Metabolites and Value-Added Biomass Processing   Chantal Bergeron
Danielle Julie Carrier
Shri Ramaswamy
۴/۱/۲۰۱۲ In order to successfully compete as a sustainable energy source, the value of biomass must be maximized through the production of valuable co-products in the biorefinery.Specialty chemicals and other biobased products can be extracted from biomass prior to or after the conversion process, thus increasing the overall profitability and sustainability of the biorefinery.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Eco-Dyeing, Finishing and Green Chemistry   ۳/۸/۲۰۱۲ Conventional methods of dyeing cotton with direct and fiber reactive dyes involve large amounts of water and salt and generate significant amounts of highly colored effluent that is difficult to treat in waste water treatment facilities. However in contrast to the fiber reactive dyeings, cationized cotton dyed with direct dyes shows significant improvement over conventional cotton in color change and color transfer ratings after laundering. The fastness to washing or light for hair dyed by it is high enough. The wool fabrics can be dyed by the treatment with (+)-catechin and the irradiation with UV light. This could be explained that when the dosage of dyes reached 4% owf, the fabric had no more dye sites to be dyed.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Chemical Engineering: ICCMME 2011   ۲/۷/۲۰۱۲ After evaporating a mass of ethanol, the temperature should be increased and the reaction should be kept refluxing for several hours. The influences of conversion time, dosage of conversion agent, conversion temperature and L:S have been studied, the suitable conversion conditions are determined, which are that temperature is 20-30℃, time is 30 min, L:S=3:1, the dosage of ammonium acid carbonate is 1.0~1.2 times of theoretical value, the mol ratio of ammonium acid carbonate and ammonia liquor is 1:1. (4) Using conversion-leaching-conversion-leaching can reclaim lead from depriving sulphur residue. the suitable conditions is that converting temperature is 20-30℃, converting time is of first and second converting 30 min, L:S=3:1, the dosage of ammonium acid carbonate is 1.0~1.2 times of theoretical value, the mol ratio of ammonium acid carbonate and ammonia liquor is 1:1, leaching temperature is 60℃, time of first and second leaching is 30 min, silicofluoric acid concentration is 150g/L, L:S=4:1. The temperature in the core of monolith is high and temperature outside the core is low. In the experiment, we can see that temperature at the exit of monolith can be more than 600℃, so monolithic surface temperature was very high.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Biotechnology, Chemical and Materials Engineering   ۲/۶/۲۰۱۲ As a result, chosing the right gradation ceramsite has an important effect. As a result, through 24-hour pre-wetted, the ceramsite could achieve better liquidity and anti-segregation, and its strength of concrete is increased. Results show that the high-energy shot-peening greatly speeds up the nitriding on the H13 steel at 520℃ for 3h.. Among these materials, similar to (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3-based materials have the perovskite structure, and these materials show excellent properties such as relatively high piezoelectric properties. From the stone labor tools[6] of hominid used about 200 to 300 million years ago to the numerical control machine tools used today, the development of labor tools run through the flowing long river of human history, bringing together the knowledge from multidisplinary, such as materials, mechanics, kinematics, technics, electronics, communications, control, computer networks[7] etc., as well as the human’s knowledge like history, geography, philosophy, law and rule, psychics, organizational behavior and genetics etc., many factors among those derived from the actuation of humanity, become the foundation and support of the development of human’s machinery, but the humanity develops toward future with the time flowing on, humanity will has unpredictability inevitably[8], in order to make more contribution to the development of society and the development of machinery, it is very important to look for the relationship between humanity and the development of machinery.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Electrical Phenomena at Interfaces and Biointerfaces: Fundamentals and Applications in Nano-, Bio-, and Environmental Sciences   فوریه, ۲۰۱۲ The first book to provide the tools you need to understand  interfacial chemical interactions  Bridging three different fields: nanoscience, bioscience, and  environmental science, Electrical Phenomena at Interfaces and  Biointerfaces is the first book to present and explain the tools  for understanding and analyzing the phenomena that take place at  phase boundaries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury   ژانویه, ۲۰۱۲ The book that looks at mercury’s impact on the planet today  Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six women  of childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies,  which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurological  impairment.Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals and  ecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essential  information that anyone interested in environmental sciences should  know about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Acoustical Imaging: Techniques and Applications for Engineers   ۲۰۱۲ The technology of acoustical imaging has advanced rapidly over the  last sixty years, and now represents a sophisticated technique  applied to a wide range of fields including non-destructive  testing, medical imaging, underwater imaging and SONAR, and  geophysical exploration.Acoustical Imaging: Techniques and  Applications for Engineers introduces the basic physics of  acoustics and acoustical imaging, before progressing to more  advanced topics such as 3D and 4D imaging, elasticity theory, gauge  invariance property of acoustic equation of motion and acoustic  metamaterials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Analytical Methods for Food and Dairy Powders   ۲۰۱۲ Food and dairy powders are created by dehydrating perishable  produce, such as milk, eggs, fruit and meat, in order to extend  their shelf life and stabilise them for storage or transport.These  powders are in high demand for use as ingredients and as food  products in their own right, and are of great economic importance  to the food and dairy industry worldwide.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Antioxidant Polymers: Synthesis Properties and Applications   ۲۰۱۲ Provides an exhaustive and unique overview of the synthesis,  characterization, and practical applicability of antioxidant  polymers in a variety of industries.Antioxidant Polymers provides a complete and detailed  overview of the recent developments in the field of polymeric  materials showing antioxidant properties.Research into antioxidant  polymers has grown enormously in the last decade because they have  demonstrated a wide range of applications, from materials science  to biomedical, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and personal care, as well  as the food packaging industry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Applications of Turbulent and Multi-Phase Combustion   ۲۰۱۲ A hands-on, integrated approach to solving combustion problems  in diverse areas  An understanding of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase  reacting flows is essential for engineers and scientists in many  industries, including power genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion,  pollution control, fire prevention and safety, and material  processing.This book offers a highly practical discussion of  burning behavior and chemical processes occurring in diverse  materials, arming readers with the tools they need to solve the  most complex combustion problems facing the scientific community  today.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Applied Mathematics And Modeling For Chemical Engineers – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ Enables chemical engineers to use mathematics to solve common  on-the-job problems  With its clear explanations, examples, and problem sets,  Applied Mathematics and Modeling for Chemical Engineers has  enabled thousands of chemical engineers to apply mathematical  principles to successfully solve practical problems.The book  introduces traditional techniques to solve ordinary differential  equations as well as analytical methods to deal with important  classes of finite-difference equations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals   ۲۰۱۲ Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a  sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels  and chemicals.However, in order to successfully compete with  petroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes are  designed to minimize costs and maximize yields.Advances in  pretreatment technology are critical in order to develop  high-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels and  chemicals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Artificial Materials   ۲۰۱۲ This book addresses artificial materials including photonic crystals (PC) and metamaterials (MM).A first part is devoted to design concepts: negative permeability and permittivity for negative refraction, periodic structures, transformation optics.The second part concerns PC and MM in stop band regime: from cavities, guides to high impedance surfaces.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings ASTM MNL17 – Paint and Coating Testing Manual: Fifteenth Edition of the Gardner-Sward Handbook – 15th Edition   ۲۰۱۲ Introduction PAST TO PRESENT The previous edition of this manual, the 14th, described in detail the changes that took place in the coating industry from the early 1970s to the early- to mid-1990s.Published in 1995, the 14th edition classified powder coating, radiation-cured coatings, and higher-solids coatings as new, with a potentially reasonable growth curve.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing   ۲۰۱۲ This book deals with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling and simulation of materials processing.Papers discuss the modeling of multiscale and multiphase phenomena in material processing systems.The book focuses on the CFD modeling and simulation of metal processes including EMS (electromagnetic stirring) and UST (ultrasonic treatment) controlled melting and solidification processes, advanced casting (including refining of metals, foundry near-net-shape casting, ingot casting, centrifugal casting, continuous casting), forging, welding, heat treating, and VAR/ESR/PAM/EBM remelting processes; coatings including PVD, CVD, and plasma-assisted EBM-PVD technologies; and other surface engineering processes including induction, laser, and EB thermal processing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Chemical Process Technology – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ Chemical process technology is a broad area that brings together  expertise in chemical engineering, chemistry and biotechnology, as  well as project management, and the economic and environmental  aspects of process and product development.This book provides an  essential bridge between the chemical sciences and the chemical  industry.With a focus on actual industrial processes, e.g. the production  of light alkenes, synthesis gas, fine chemicals, polyethene, it  encourages the reader to think out of the box and  invent and develop novel unit operations and processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemical Reactor Analysis and Applications for the Practicing Engineer   ۲۰۱۲ Provides the tools needed to solve key challenges in chemical reactor design and analysis  Chemical Reactor Analysis and Applications for the Practicing Engineer serves as a training tool that enables readers to effectively design and analyze chemical reactors.With its focus on applications, the text demonstrates how to design and operate a reactor that works at maximum efficiency and minimum cost, producing the highest yield of product.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction: Methods and Applications   ۲۰۱۲ Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction: Methods and  Applications takes the reader from the fundamentals of  computational fluid and solid mechanics to the state-of-the-art in  computational FSI methods, special FSI techniques, and solution of  real-world problems.Leading experts in the field present the  material using a unique approach that combines advanced methods,  special techniques, and challenging applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Corrosion Chemistry   ۲۰۱۲ The most up-to-date and comprehensive volume on corrosion  available.The causes and results of corrosion in industrial settings are  some of the most important and difficult problems that engineers  and scientists face on a daily basis.Coming up with solutions, or  not, is often the difference between success and failure, and can  have severe consequences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation Control: An Engineering Perspective   ۲۰۱۲ Learn to Design the Best Control Configuration for Any  Distillation Column  Today, distillation is by far the most common separation  technique used in the chemical and petroleum industries.All  distillation columns need to be carefully controlled in order to  meet specified production and quality levels.Distillation  Control enables readers to do this by approaching the subject  from a process to develop, analyze, and troubleshoot all aspects of  column controls.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Drying in the Process Industry   ۲۰۱۲ A comprehensive approach to selecting and understanding drying  equipment for chemical and mechanical engineers  A detailed reference of interest for engineers and energy  specialists working in the process industry field, Drying in the  Process Industry investigates the current state of the art of  today’s industrial drying practices, examines the factors  influencing drying’s high costs in both equipment and energy  consumption, and summarizes key elements for keeping drying  operations under budget and performing at peak capacity safely  while respecting the environment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources   ۲۰۱۲ A wealth of resources and topics of discussion from the  Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources  workshop held in Switzerland in 2009  Natural resources are the lifeblood of agricultural and  industrial endeavors that contribute to our social and economic  well-being.Yet, even as these resources dwindle from  mismanagement, there is still no clear consensus in the engineering  community of what actually defines “sustainable engineering.”
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Food Materials Science and Engineering   ۲۰۱۲ Food materials science combines food physics, food chemistry and food processing and engineering into a single domain.Materials science involves the interdisciplinary study of the properties and behaviours of materials, and is a relatively new approach in the food and agricultural commodities sector.Its importance is increasingly recognised, however, driven by advances in disciplines such as polymer and biomedical sciences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Fuel Cell Science and Engineering: Materials Processes Systems and Technology 2 Volume Set   ۲۰۱۲ Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies.At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households.Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Fundamentals of Turbulent and Multi-Phase Combustion Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Detailed coverage of advanced combustion topics from the author  of Principles of Combustion, Second Edition  Turbulence, turbulent combustion, and multiphase reacting flows  have become major research topics in recent decades due to their  application across diverse fields, including energy, environment,  propulsion, transportation, industrial safety, and nanotechnology.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ This updated version of one of the most popular and widely used  CCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, and  safety professionals with key information on selected topics of  interest.The book focuses on process safety issues in the design  of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities.It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the  release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a  fire, explosion, or environmental damage.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, Fourth Edition   Tyler G. Hicks, P.E.
Nicholas P. Chopey
۲۰۱۲ Fully revised throughout with new procedures, the Fourth Edition shows how to solve the main process-related problems that often arise in chemical engineering practice.New calculations reflect the latest green technologies and environmental engineering standards.Featuring contributions from global experts, this comprehensive guide is packed with worked-out numerical procedures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry   ۲۰۱۲ The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with  the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption  of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for  operators and the environment.In recent years there have been  significant developments in methodological and technological tools  to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical  activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement,  reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Handbook of Nanoscopy, 2 Volume Set   ۲۰۱۲ This completely revised successor to the Handbook of Microscopy supplies in-depth coverage of all imaging technologies from the optical to the electron and scanning techniques.Adopting a twofold approach, the book firstly presents the various technologies as such, before going on to cover the materials class by class, analyzing how the different imaging methods can be successfully applied.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Troubleshooting Plastics Processes: A Practical Guide Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ This comprehensive and authoritative handbook provides a  window into what it takes to be an effective and efficient  troubleshooter.The Handbook of Troubleshooting Plastics Processes: A  Practical Guide provides a framework for understanding how to  characterize plastic manufacturing processes for use in  troubleshooting problems.The technical level is for process  engineers and production personnel.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Heat Conduction 3rd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ The long-awaited revision of the bestseller on heat  conduction  Heat Conduction, Third Edition is an update of the  classic text on heat conduction, replacing some of the coverage of  numerical methods with content on micro- and nanoscale heat  transfer.With an emphasis on the mathematics and underlying  physics, this new edition has considerable depth and analytical  rigor, providing a systematic framework for each solution scheme  with attention to boundary conditions and energy conservation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References How to Invent and Protect Your Invention: A Guide to Patents for Scientists and Engineers   ۲۰۱۲ A straightforward guide to inventing, patenting, and technology commercialization for scientists and engineers  Although chemists, physicists, biologists, polymer scientists, and engineers in industry are involved in potentially patentable work, they are often under-prepared for this all-important field.This book provides a clear, jargon-free, and comprehensive overview of the patenting process tailored specifically to the needs of scientists and engineers, including:    Requirements for a patentable invention  How to invent  New laws created by President Obama’s 2011 America Invents Act  The process of applying for and obtaining a patent in the U.S. and in foreign countries  Commercializing inventions and the importance of innovation    Based on lecture notes refined over twenty-five years at The University of Akron, How to Invent and Protect Your Invention contains practical advice, colorful examples, and a wealth of personal experience from the authors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Industrial High Pressure Applications   ۲۰۱۲ Industrial high pressure processes open the door to many reactions that are not possible under ‘normal’ conditions.These are to be found in such different areas as polymerization, catalytic reactions, separations, oil and gas recovery, food processing, biocatalysis and more.The most famous high pressure process is the so-called Haber-Bosch process used for fertilizers and which was awarded a Nobel prize.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Industrial Organic Chemicals 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Chapter 3 concerns the movement of chemicals from wherever they are produced – often from countries that had no chemical industry a generation ago – to wherever they are consumed. The chemical industry in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was based on chemicals derived from coal tar or coke oven distillate. The chemical industry was always said to be its own best customer, but the $184.2 billion intra-industry sales in 2007 were probably slightly smaller than the sales of the pharmaceuticals sector. The chemical industry is one of the most highly regulated of all industries. Third, the chemical industry is an “upstream” industry and people are unfamiliar with its products and unaware of the extent to which they depend on them.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Intelligent Nanomaterials Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Intelligent Nanomaterials comprehensively provides up-to-date  material of this fascinating field.The last three decades have seen extraordinary advances in the  generation of new materials based on both fundamental elements and  composites, driven by advances in synthetic chemistry and often  drawing inspiration from nature.The concept of an intelligent  material envisions additional functionality built into the  molecular structure, such that a desirable response occurs under  defined conditions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene: Properties Catalysts Processes   ۲۰۱۲ The book provides chemists, engineers, and students an  introduction to the essentials of industrial  polypropylene—what it is, how it’s made, the markets it  serves, and its environmental fate.Crystalline polypropylene was discovered in the early 1950s and  commercial production began in 1957 in Italy, Germany, and the USA.Since then, polypropylene has become among the most important  synthetic polymers with about 48 million metric tons manufactured  globally per year representing some 25 percent of the global  consumption of plastic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices   ۲۰۱۲ An invaluable introduction to nanomaterials and their  applications  Offering the unique approach of applying traditional physics  concepts to explain new phenomena, Introduction to Nanomaterials  and Devices provides readers with a solid foundation on the subject  of quantum mechanics and introduces the basic concepts of  nanomaterials and the devices fabricated from them.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Mathematical Modeling in Science and Engineering: An Axiomatic Approach   ۲۰۱۲ A powerful, unified approach to mathematical and computational  modeling in science and engineering   Mathematical and computational modeling makes it possible to  predict the behavior of a broad range of systems across a broad  range of disciplines.This text guides students and professionals  through the axiomatic approach, a powerful method that will enable  them to easily master the principle types of mathematical and  computational models used in engineering and science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers 3rd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ When assessing the mechanical properties of a polymer, questions  of ductility, strength and flexibility are paramount.Understanding  how a polymer behaves under stress is critical to selecting the  correct polymer for any given application.In Mechanical  Properties of Solid Polymers 3e, the approach is to provide a  formal description of the behaviour using the mathematical  techniques of solid mechanics, followed by interpretations in terms  of the molecular structure and morphology.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Technology and Applications 3rd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ Praise for the Second Edition  “the best handbook on membrane technology which is currently on  the market.” (Klaus-Viktor Peinemann, Membrane News, September  ۲۰۰۴)   “The coverage of so many application areas makes this text a  great reference for the membrane practitioner.” (G. Glenn Lipscomb,  Membrane Quarterly, 20, 1, January 2005)   Building on the success of the previous edition, Membrane  Technology and Applications Third Edition provides a  comprehensive overview of separation membranes, their manufacture  and their applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modeling Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems   ۲۰۱۲ A systematic, integrated, and complete approach for minimizing  energy use and reducing costs in processing plants  Energy costs impact the profitability of virtually all  industrial facilities, particularly those in the chemical and bulk  materials processing fields, where everyday operations call for a  high demand of power.To allow readers to better understand how  energy flows work in a processing plant, Modeling, Analysis, and  Optimization of Process and Energy Systems follows a logical  instructional path to instill basic fundamentals, while stressing  the need for stronger coupling of the supply and demand sides of  the energy equation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modern Drying Technology Volume 4 Energy Savings   ۲۰۱۲ A permanent challenge is con- nected to the sheer amount and value of products that must be dried – either to attain their functionalities, or because moisture would damage the material during sub- sequent processing and storage, or simply because customers are not willing to pay for water. Raw materi- als and commodities with a low price per kilogram, but with extremely high production rates, and also highly formulated, rather rare but very expensive special- ties have to be dried. The case is similar to woody biomass, because the main component of sludge is bacterial biomass that may just need to be dried before, for example, landfill, or may require drying in combination with subsequent processes of thermal valorization, such as – again – combustion or gasification. There are thus clear incentives to reduce energy use in drying: to conserve finite resources of fossil fuels, to reduce carbon footprint and combat climate change, and to improve process economics, but it is a challenging task facing real thermodynamic barriers. This would be the heat energy required to run a perfect adiabatic dryer, and also the amount of fuel needed if the heat was supplied by a perfect energy conversion system with zero losses.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry MWH’s Water Treatment: Principles and Design 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ the definitive guide to the theory and practice of water  treatment engineering  This newly revised edition of the classic reference provides  complete, up-to-date coverage of both theory and practice of water  treatment system design.The Third Edition brings the field up to  date, addressing new regulatory requirements, ongoing environmental  concerns, and the emergence of pharmacological agents and other new  chemical constituents in water.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Organic Chemistry, Second edition   Daniel R. Bloch ۲۰۱۲ This practical guide eases you into this sometimes-tricky subject, starting with atomic structure and mass.As you progress, you will master organic chemistry essentials such as alkanes and cycloalkanes, isomers, hydrogenation, carboxylic acids, and more.You will understand the nomenclature of compounds, as well as how to predict reactions.Detailed examples make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce key ideas.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ The most readable, understandable, and intuitively satisfying  book on the thermodynamics of physical and chemical  equilibrium  Physical and chemical equilibrium and the calculation of the  thermodynamic properties of mixtures is a topic of great  interestand importanceto engineers, but it is not  always easy to master.Using the simplest mathematics possible, and  providing extensive discussion of the theory and practice of  equilibrium calculations, the Second Edition of Physical and  Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers provides rigorous  but readable, understandable, and intuitively satisfying coverage,  showing the reader how to solve common and advanced problems by  hand, and by using spreadsheets, and then explains how such  problems are solved in computer process design programs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Plantwide Control: Recent Developments and Applications   ۲۰۱۲ The use of control systems is necessary for safe and optimal  operation of industrial processes in the presence of inevitable  disturbances and uncertainties.Plant-wide control (PWC) involves  the systems and strategies required to control an entire chemical  plant consisting of many interacting unit operations.Over the past  ۳۰ years, many tools and methodologies have been developed to  accommodate increasingly larger and more complex plants.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Plastics and Sustainability: Towards a Peaceful Coexistence between Bio-based and Fossil Fuel-based Plastics   ۲۰۱۲ Clearly lays out the issues related to plastics’ effects on the  environment,  while also serving as a practical, non-academic guide for making  sustainability  decisions about plastics recycling and the newest bio-based  plastics  Company managers, product developers, policy makers,  environmental researchers, and plastics industry engineers are  under increasing pressure to find ways of minimizing the  environmental footprint of plastic products.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers: Proerties and Applications   ۲۰۱۲ Written by an expert in the field of nanomaterials, composites, and polymers, this book provides up-to-date information on recent advances in various aspects of polymer composites reinforced by carbonaceous nanofillers, including their fabrication and their electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties.It also extensively covers applications of these nanocomposites in fuel cells, sensors, electromagnetic interference shielding, human implants and scaffolds.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Composites, Volume 1, Macro – and Microcomposites   ۲۰۱۲ Polymer composites find a large number of applications in such  diverse fields as aerospace, chemical industry, geotextiles, building,  electronics, medical, packaging, and automobiles.New strategies for  developing high performance composites are of growing interest.This  first systematic reference on the topic authored by leading researchers  in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private  research institutions across the globe emphasizes the characteristics  and dimension of the reinforcement.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymers for Electricity and Electronics: Materials Properties and Applications   ۲۰۱۲ The comprehensive, practical book that explores the principles,  properties, and applications of electrical polymers   The electrical properties of polymers present almost limitless  possibilities for industrial research and development, and this  book provides an in-depth look at these remarkable molecules.In  addition to traditional applications in insulating materials,  wires, and cables, electrical polymers are increasingly being used  in a range of emerging technologies.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymers in Industry from A to Z: A Concise Encyclopedia   ۲۰۱۲ We are surrounded by polymers: Whether it’s to prepare a meal, use computer keyboards and mousepads, or step onto a new playground, you’ll encounter a plastic product made of polymers.Owing to the extraordinary range of properties accessible in polymeric materials, they play an essential and ubiquitous role in everyday life – from plastics and elastomers on the one hand to natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins that are essential for life on the other.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Process and Plant Safety: Applying Computational Fluid Dynamics   ۲۰۱۲ The safe operation of plants is of paramount importance in the chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries.Best practice in process and plant safety allows both the prevention of hazards and the mitigation of consequences.Safety Technology is continuously advancing to new levels and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is already successfully established as a tool to ensure the safe operation of industrial plants.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Engineering and Industrial Management   ۲۰۱۲ Process Engineering and Industrial Management brings  together vast experience from academia and industry in  the field of industrialization, including all processes involved in  the conversion of research into successfull operations.In  addition, the author also takes into consideration the major  challenges faced by societies (energy, water shortage, etc.) in a  world of strong competition and globalization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Plant Equipment: Operation Control and Reliability Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Discover how to optimize process plant equipment, from  selection to operation to troubleshooting  From energy to pharmaceuticals to food, the world depends on  processing plants to manufacture the products that enable people to  survive and flourish.With this book as their guide, readers have  the information and practical guidelines needed to select, operate,  maintain, control, and troubleshoot process plant equipment so that  it is efficient, cost-effective, and reliable throughout its  lifetime.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Practical advice for recognizing potential process incidents  before they happen  Serious process incidents can occur at any time, but in many  cases, warning signs—unusual odors, observable corrosion, or  past operating history concerns—that could prevent potentially  catastrophic accidents go unrecognized.Recognizing Catastrophic  Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries presents a  comprehensive look at how to design and implement effective process  safety management (PSM) systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Renewable Polymers: Synthesis Processing and Technology   ۲۰۱۲ Presents the synthesis, technology and processing details of a  large range of polymers derived from renewable resources  It has been a long-term desire to replace polymers from fossil  fuels with the more environmentally friendly polymers generated  from renewable resources.Now, with the recent advancements in  synthesis technologies and the finding of new functional monomers,  research in this field has shown strong potential in generating  better property polymers from renewable resources.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Risk Assessment: Tools, Techniques, and Their Applications   ۲۰۱۲ All the tools needed to perform a thorough risk  assessment—whether you’re working in insurance, forensics,  engineering, or public safety  Risk analysis is the method of analyzing the dangers to  individuals, businesses, and government agencies posed by potential  natural and man-made hazards.The central task of the risk assessor  is predicting the success of a project.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Sax’s Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials 5 Volume Set 12th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ Since its publication in the 1950s, this important resource is considered the bible by those who need to evaluate the potential hazard of substances used in commerce.Now in its twelfth edition, Sax’s Dangerous Properties provides extensive data on approximately 28,000 substances, with the addition of nearly 2,400 new substances.Each entry includes a DPIM code, hazard rating, entry name, CAS number, DOT number, molecular formula, molecular weight, line structural formula, description of material and physical properties, and synonyms.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience 3rd Edition   ۲۰۱۲ Surface science has evolved from being a sub-field of chemistry or  physics, and has now established itself as an interdisciplinary  topic.Knowledge has developed sufficiently that we can now  understand catalysis from a surface science perspective.No-where  is the underpinning nature of surface science better illustrated  than with nanoscience.Now in its third edition, this successful textbook aims to  provide students with an understanding of chemical transformations  and the formation of structures at surfaces.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Chemistry of Food Additives and Preservatives   ۲۰۱۲ Food additives are chemicals or ingredients that are added to food  during processing to improve quality, flavour, appearance or  nutritional value, or to prevent chemical or microbial spoilage.The most common types of additives are preservatives, colourants,  sweeteners, flavourings, emulsifiers, thickeners and stabilisers.Adding new ingredients to a food has an effect upon its chemistry  and structure as well as its sensory characteristics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Fracture of Brittle Materials: Testing and Analysis   ۲۰۱۲ Supports the use and development of strong, fracture-resistant,  and mechanically reliable ceramic materials  The Fracture of Brittle Materials thoroughly sets forth the key  scientific and engineering concepts underlying the selection of  test procedures for fracture toughness, strength determination, and  reliability predictions.With this book as their guide, readers can  confidently test and analyze a broad range of brittle materials in  order to make the best use of existing materials as well as to  support the development of new materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry The Physical Chemist’s Toolbox Complete Document   ۲۰۱۲ The working tools of the physical sciences, expertly organized  into one volume  Covering the basic concepts and working tools in the physical  sciences, this reference is a unique, indispensable guide for  students and researchers in chemistry, physics, and related  disciplines.Everyone from novices to experienced researchers can  turn to this book to find the essential equations, theories, and  working tools needed to conduct and interpret contemporary  research.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers The Plasma Chemistry of Polymer Surfaces   ۲۰۱۲ More than 99% of all visible matter in the universe occurs as highly ionized gas plasma with high energy content.Electrical low- and atmospheric-pressure plasmas are characterized by continuous source of moderate quantities of energy or enthalpy transferred predominantly as kinetic energy of electrons.Therefore, such energetically unbalanced plasmas have low gas temperature but produce  sufficient energy for inelastic collisions with atoms and molecules in the gas phase, thus producing reactive species and photons, which are able to initiate all types of polymerizations or activate any surface of low reactive polymers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Thermal Science: Essentials of Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and Heat Transfer   Erian A. Baskharone, Ph.D. ۲۰۱۲ A concise, illustrated core thermal science text with a focus on industrial applications.Essential for engineering students and those preparing for the FE/EIT exam, Thermal Science offers a one-semester course treatment of the three main topics in thermal science: thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer.In addition to theory, the book uses a numerical approach to heat transfer, solving large-scale, real-world engineering problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Transport and Mixing in Laminar Flows: From Microfluidics to Oceanic Currents   ۲۰۱۲ Stimulated by a notable number of applications in medicine, chemistry and biology, microfluidics is expanding quite rapidly.Microscale fluid mixing plays a crucial role in virtually every potential application of microfluidics.The development of theoretical models, based on physical and mathematical principles, allows to direct experimental research and establish engineering guidelines for future applications like lab-on-a-chip techniques, or MEMS-based microfluidic devices.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Green Chemistry for Environmental Remediation   دسامبر, ۲۰۱۱ The book explains the importance of chemistry in solving  environmental issues by highlighting the role green chemistry plays  in making the environment clean and green by covering a wide array  of topics ranging from sustainable development, microwave chemical  reaction, renewable feedstocks, microbial bioremediation, and other  topics that, when implemented, will advance environmental  improvement.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals;
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals
Boronic Acids: Preparation and Applications in Organic Synthesis, Medicine and Materials, Second, Completely Revised Edition, 2 Volume Set   اکتبر, ۲۰۱۱ The past two decades have witnessed phenomenal advances in the synthetic, biological, and medicinal applications of organoboronic acid derivatives.In particular, a large number of novel synthetic processes have signifi cantly expanded the breadth of usefulness of boronic acids as a class of substrates.As a result, most chemists in academia and industry now make use of boronic acids in synthetic chemistry, be it for Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling or other reactions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis of Transport Phenomena   ۱۰/۲۱/۲۰۱۱ Preface This second edition of Analysis of Transport Phenomena presents a comprehensive and unified treatment of transport phenomena with contemporary examples and relevant homework problems.It provides an integrated treatment of mass transfer, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics that is designed mainly for graduate students in chemical engineering, but that is accessible also to advanced undergraduates.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II: Ceramic Transactions, Volume 227   ژوئیه, ۲۰۱۱ Contains 30 papers from the Clean Energy: Fuel Cells, Batteries,  Renewables; Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and  Processing II; and Materials Solutions for the Nuclear Renaissance  symposia held during the 2010 Materials Science and Technology  (MS Corrosion and Materials Degradation; Fuel Cells   Fossil Energy Materials; Solar Energy;  Waste Minimization; Green Manufacturing and Materials Processing;  Immobilization of Nuclear Wastes; Irradiation and Corrosion  Effects; and Materials Performance in Extreme Environments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Nanotechnologies for Solubilization and Delivery in Foods, Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals – 1st Edition   ۵/۱/۲۰۱۱ Beginning with the basics of surfactant chemistry and micellization, this book presents a range of nanotechnology strategies for controlling colloidal and polymeric structures for the solubilization and targeted delivery of food nutrients and pharmaceuticals.The book demonstrates how vehicles for delivering bioactive ingredients through a variety of oral, transdermal, buccal and mucosal routes, can be synthesized by nanolevel manipulation of colloidal systems, proteins, peptides, liquid crystalline phases, organogels and dendrimers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Aerosol Measurement: Principles Techniques and Applications 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ The most comprehensive text on state-of-the-art aerosol  measurement methods   Drawing on the know-how of numerous leading experts, Aerosol  Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications, Third  Edition provides a solid grasp of aerosol measurement  fundamentals and presents a wide variety of measurement techniques  and their real-world applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Alarm Management: A Comprehensive Guide – Second Edition   ۲۰۱۱ Rather than providing warning of an impending trip and an opportu- nity to avoid the trip, it alarmed after the trip occurred. Important in- dicators such as an alarm should be multiply coded. It is well established through industrial studies, the ISA-18.2 standard, the EEMUA guidelines, and our own experiences from hundreds of proj- ects that for best results alarm priority should be distributed as follows: For higher priorities to be significant, they must be comparatively rare. 5.2  What Should Be An Alarm? Rather, it is alarmed if it is off (or on) when it should not be off (or on).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics An Introduction to Computational Fluid Mechanics by Example Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ A unique introduction to the field of computational fluid  mechanics that utilizes the concept of hands-on teaching by  real-world examples, An Introduction to Computational Fluid  Mechanics by Example is based on the original text An Introduction  to Fluid Mechanics by Chuen-Yen Chow, published thirty years ago.This new text incorporates some of the modern algorithmic  developments into the solution techniques that are implemented in  the vast number of examples provided, with an expanded scope that  includes up-to-date methods for the solution of the Navier-Stokes  equations, and an introduction to pseudo-spectral techniques.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Basics of Troubleshooting in Plastics Processing: An Introductory Practical Guide   ۲۰۱۱ The Basics of Troubleshooting in Plastics Processing presents a  condensed practical guide providing the reader with a broad  introduction to properties of thermoplastics, additives, the major  processes (extrusion, injection molding, rotational molding, blow  molding, and thermoforming), as well as troubleshooting.It  provides the plastics processor with an improved understanding of  the basics by explaining the science behind the technology so that  the root causes of problems can be identified and solved.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Biofilm Reactors – WEF MoP 35   The Water Environment Federation ۲۰۱۱ The latest in proven and emerging fixed/film technology systems–from the Water Environment Federation.Biofilm Reactors provides detailed coverage of the basics of fixed-film systems, including the microbiology and modeling of biofilms, and the various fixed-film technologies that may be applied to wastewater treatment.The manual focuses on all types of fixed-film treatment processes, both proven and emerging technologies and both pure fixed-film and hybrid systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Carbon Dioxide Thermodynamic Properties Handbook: Covering Temperatures from -20 Degrees to 250 Degrees Celcius and Pressures up to 1000 bar   ۲۰۱۱ The largest and most comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data  on carbon dioxide ever produced, this volume is now the ONLY book  of its kind in print.With carbon dioxide sequestration  gaining in popularity around the world in the scientific and  engineering communities, having this data in an easy-to-access  format is more useful and timely than ever.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Catalysis in Electrochemistry: From Fundamental Aspects to Strategies for Fuel Cell Development   ۲۰۱۱ Electrocatalysis and what it means for the impending energy  crisis—the essential guide  As supplies of oil, petroleum, and natural gas continue to  dwindle and concerns over the environmental impact of these fuels  increase, the search for clean and renewable energy has led to  renewed interest in catalysis in electrochemistry.A thoroughly up-to-date, comprehensive reference work on  electrocatalysis, Catalysis in Electrochemistry: From Fundamental  Aspects to Strategies for Fuel Cell Development is an in-depth  study of the principles, methods, strategies, and applications of  this concept—popular since the 1950s—and its promising  technological applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Chemical Engineering in the Pharmaceutical Industry: R&D to Manufacturing   ۲۰۱۱ The book that helps bridge the gap between chemists and  engineers in the pharmaceutical industry   Today’s college classrooms underemphasize the unique and vital  role chemical engineering plays in the drug development process.In  fact, most pharmaceutical Rand all those who bring  pharmaceuticals successfully to market.With clarity and insight on  challenging industry practices, it provides coverage on a wide  range of topics, including scale-up of unit operations, process  modeling, pilot and manufacturing equipment, and quality by design.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Chemical Process Simplification: Improving Productivity and Sustainability   ۲۰۱۱ The indispensible handbook on the benefits of using chemical  simplification processes to produce higher-quality products   This book details methods to enhance manufacturing efficiencies  to increase productivity, cut costs, and remain environmentally  conscientious.It incorporates unique strategies to illustrate how  simplifying chemical processes in the development of new products  can spur technological innovation and help small- to large-scale  industrial plants discover novel ways for improving the overall  quality of what they make.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Technicians’ Ready Reference Handbook, Fifth Edition   Jack T. Ballinger
Gershon J. Shugar
۲۰۱۱ Updated to reflect the latest developments in operational procedures for today’s sophisticated chemical technologies, Chemical Technicians’ Ready Reference Handbook, Fifth Edition, remains the undisputed classic in the field.Expanded to include coverage for process operators, this authoritative resource contains in-depth details on chemical safety, laboratory procedures, chemical nomenclature, basic electricity, laboratory statistics, and instrumental techniques.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics: In Materials Science and Engineering   ۲۰۱۱ The book gives insights into the latest basic mathematical models and numerical methods commonly used by materials scientists and engineers to solve coupled heat and mass transfer problems linked to materials processing.Particular emphasis in on the usage of electromagnetic fields to control the heat, mass and fluid flows in melts and on phase change phenomena during the solidification of pure materials and binary alloys.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Computer-Aided Drug Design and Delivery Systems   Ahindra Nag
Baishakhi Dey
۲۰۱۱ The latest breakthroughs in computer-aided drug design, drug delivery systems, and enabling technologies.Computer Aided Drug Design (CADD) and Delivery Systems offers an in-depth discussion of the computer-assisted techniques used to discover, design, and optimize new, effective, and safe drugs.Recent technological developments in biochemistry, biomedical science, and nanotechnology have made computer-aided drug design and delivery systems possible on a molecular basis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Concise Physical Chemistry   ۲۰۱۱ An introduction to the fundamentals of physical chemistry for  the working scientist  Physical chemistry is the key to understanding how the universe  of atomic and molecular interactions impacts on such observable  macroscopic phenomena as changes in temperature, pressure, heat,  and volume, as well as solid, liquid, or gas phase systems.Fundamental to an understanding of materials science, the  principles of physical chemistry are also essential to the work of  the scientist in organic chemistry, mathematical biology, or  population modeling.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Dictionary of Scientific Principles   ۲۰۱۱ A unique and timeless collection of more than 2,000 principles  and their uses  The Dictionary of Scientific Principles provides the most  comprehensive list of known rules or laws—commonly called  principles—identified throughout the history of scientific  development, along with complete definitions and uses.Exploring a  broad range of disciplines, from science, medicine, engineering,  and business to philosophy, society, and even art, the Dictionary  provides information on everything from the basic fundamental  properties, systems, actions, or phenomena that have become  accepted in common use to the language of art in science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Electrochemical Water Processing   ۲۰۱۱ The book Electrical  Methods of Water Processing is concerned with approaches to  treating water sources that require removal of unwanted or  dissolved substances.In particular, it is about various methods for removing dissolved  ionic materials.There are  numerous methods for accomplishing this end, and the book reviews  most of them in some depth.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Energy Materials   ۲۰۱۱ In an age of global industrialisation and population growth, the  area of energy is one that is very much in the public  consciousness.Fundamental scientific research is recognised as  being crucial to delivering solutions to these issues, particularly  to yield novel means of providing efficient, ideally recyclable,  ways of converting, transporting and delivering energy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Ethics in Science and Engineering   ۲۰۱۱ The only treatment of ethics from a scientific and engineering  perspective   The pursuit of science and engineering requires freedom of  thought and, in the academic sense, unrestricted communication.It  is through the professionalism of the members of these disciplines  that world knowledge and technology advances.Yet there are  continuous reports of unethical behavior in the forms of data  manipulation, cheating, and plagiarism at the highest levels.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Excel for Chemists: A Comprehensive Guide with CD-ROM 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ Reviews from previous editions   “Excel for Chemists should be part of any academic  library offering courses and programs in Chemistry.”  Choice  “I highly recommend the book; treat yourself to it; assign it to  a class; give it as a gift.”The Nucleus  The newly revised step-by-step guide to using the scientific  calculating power of Excel to perform a variety of chemical  calculations  Chemists across all subdisciplines use Excel to record data in  tabular form, but few have learned to take full advantage of the  program.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Extreme Chromatography Faster, Hotter, Smaller   ۲۰۱۱ There is a dizzying array of new chromatographic techniques that are available to the modern analytical chemist.Consider this book your one-stop source for theoretical and practical considerations of most of the up-and-coming analytical technologies.This book describes the latest techniques and theoretical aspects, as well applications that will allow today’s scientist to choose and decide the best approach for his applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering   ۲۰۱۱ The book aims at providing to master and PhD students the basic knowledge in fluid mechanics for chemical engineers.Applications to mixing and reaction and to mechanical separation processes are addressed.The first part of the book presents the principles of fluid mechanics used by chemical engineers, with a focus on global theorems for describing the behavior of hydraulic systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Mechanics Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer: Chemical Engineering Practice   ۲۰۱۱ This broad-based book covers the three major areas of Chemical  Engineering.Most of the books in the market involve one of the  individual areas, namely, Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer or Mass  Transfer, rather than all the three.This book presents this  material in a single source.This avoids the user having to refer  to a number of books to obtain information.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Foam Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications   ۲۰۱۱ Foam is a gas-liquid multiphase mixture that has several unique  properties, such as high specific surface area and high expansion  ratio.These properties can be harnessed in a wide variety of  process applications and products such and froth flotation,  fire-fighting and bread manufacture.Divided into two sections, the chapters describe first the  physical nature or behaviour of gas-liquid foam, and then process  or product applications of foam.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Green Corrosion Chemistry and Engineering: Opportunities and Challenges   ۲۰۱۱ With its unique focus on specifically addressing the problems for societies and economies associated with corrosion and their solution, this book provides an up-to-date overview of the progress in corrosion chemistry and engineering.International experts actively involved in research and development place particular emphasis on how to counter the economic and environmental consequences of corrosion with the help of science and technology, making this a valuable resource for researchers as well as decision makers in industry and politics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ Whether your company is large or small, whether you are experienced with auditing or just developing a system, consistent use of the techniques presented can significantly improve your audit and your process safety management.This book discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety in Bioprocess Manufacturing Facilities   ۲۰۱۱ This book helps advance process safety in a key area of interest.Currently, no literature exists which is solely dedicated to process safety for the bioprocessing industry.There are texts, guidelines, and standards on biosafety at the laboratory level and for industrial hygiene, but no guidelines for large-scale production facilities.In fact, biosafety is largely defined as a field that promotes safe laboratory practices, procedures and use of containment equipment and facilities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics Volume 2 Water Soluble Polymers Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ Utilizes an encyclopedic approach to cover the developments in  water soluble polymers during the last decade  This book focuses on common types of polymers belonging to the  class of water soluble polymers.It covers a wide range of  applications: food, cosmetic, medical, lithography and ink jet  printing, agricultural, wastewater cleaning, and oilfield.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics Volume 3 Polyethers and Polyesters Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ The book summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of engineering polymers, such as oxygen containing main chain polymers (Polyether and Polyesters).The book emphasizes the various aspects of preparation, structure, processing, morphology, properties and applications of engineering polymers.Recent advances in the development and characterization of multi component polymer blends and composites (maco, micro and nano) based on engineering polymers are discussed in detail.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics Volume 4 Nylons Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ This final volume in the Handbook of Engineering and  Speciality Thermoplastics covers Nylons and details the  developments of the last decade with respect to their  polymerization, properties, synthesis, and applications.Volume 4 on Nylons is a unique compilation and covers many of  the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of  engineering polymers, such as nitrogen containing main chain  polymers (Nylons).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Heat Transfer Applications for the Practicing Engineer   ۲۰۱۱ Enables the reader to advance from heat transfer principles to  real-world industrial applications   It is hard to imagine an area of study in engineering and/or  science for which a basic knowledge and understanding of heat  transfer is not an integral part of the discipline.Written at a  level that is understandable to both students and practitioners,  Heat Transfer Applications for the Practicing Engineer takes  a highly pragmatic approach to this important topic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers High Performance Polymers and Engineering Plastics   ۲۰۱۱ Provides a one-stop source for up-to-date synthesis details,  properties and applications of high performance engineering  plastics.Over the last decade, several new families of high performance  polymers and engineering plastics have been reported which find  enhanced application potential in the more challenging industrial  areas like aerospace, defense, energy, electronics, automotives,  and special surface coatings.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Industrial Scale Natural Products Extraction   ۲۰۱۱ Covering the latest technologies in process engineering, this handbook and ready reference features high pressure processing, alternative solvents and processes, extraction technologies and biotransformations – describing greener, more efficient and sustainable techniques.The reader is provided with an expert account of engineering details ranging from lab-scale experiments to large-scale industrial designs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Managing CO2 Emissions in the Chemical Industry   ۲۰۱۱ In this book technical and administrative aspects of CO2 emissions are covered.The book addresses especially the chemical and petrochemical industry.For the reader it will deliver answers to the following questions – How can I measure and demonstrate the CO2 emissions linked to my production?- How can I benefit from CO2 neutral investments using the UNFCCC frame?
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Mechanical Properties and Performance of Engineering Ceramics and Composites VI: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 32 – Issue 2   ۲۰۱۱ Introduction This CESP issue represents papers that were submitted and approved for the proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC), held January 23-28, 2011 in Daytona Beach, Florida.ICACC is the most prominent international meeting in the area of advanced structural, functional, and nanoscopic ceramics, composites, and other emerging ceramic materials and technologies.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modern Drying Technology Volume 3 Product Quality and Formulation   ۲۰۱۱ This five-volume series provides a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of modern drying technology, concentrating on the transfer of cutting-edge research results to industrial use.Volume 3 deals with product quality and formulation.Biochemical, physical, and mechanical transformations which can occur during drying are described as well as methods for monitoring product quality such as process analytical technology.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Porous Media Transport Phenomena   ۲۰۱۱ The book that makes transport in porous media accessible to  students and researchers alike  Porous Media Transport Phenomena covers the general theories  behind flow and transport in porous media—a solid permeated by  a network of pores filled with fluid—which encompasses rocks,  biological tissues, ceramics, and much more.Designed for use in  graduate courses in various disciplines involving fluids in porous  materials, and as a reference for practitioners in the field, the  text includes exercises and practical applications while avoiding  the complex math found in other books, allowing the reader to focus  on the central elements of the topic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Principles of Turbomachinery   ۲۰۱۱ The essential guide to turbomachinery that covers the  fundamentals and much more   A readily accessible and engaging reference work dealing with  all aspects of an increasingly important field, Principles of  Turbomachinery addresses the wide range of different types of  machines that transfer energy between a rotor and a fluid.The book combines theory with practical applications that show  turbomachinery in action, including studies of gas turbines, pumps,  and compressors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists   ۲۰۱۱ A dependable five-step problem-solving technique for chemical  plant and refinery process operators and engineers   As chemical engineering processes increase in size, scale, and  intricacy, industrial problem solvers need to embrace new  strategies for resolving complex or chronic plant operating issues.Too often, these professionals rely on intuition and  experience-based solutions for tackling problems that require rigid  procedural standards, resulting in approaches that routinely fail  to fixor even definewhat’s gone wrong.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems   Norman P. Lieberman ۲۰۱۱ Process Equipment Malfunctions offers proven techniques for finding and fixing process plant problems and contains details on failure identification.Diagnostic tips, examples, and illustrations help to pinpoint and correct faults in chemical process and petroleum refining equipment.Complex math has been omitted.An essential resource for plant operators and process engineers, this book is based on the author’s long career in field troubleshooting process problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Understanding: For Scale-Up and Manufacture of Active Ingredients   ۲۰۱۱ Process Understanding is the underpinning knowledge that allows the manufacture of chemical entities to be carried out routinely, robustly and to the required standard of quality.This area has gained in importance over the last few years, particularly due to the recent impetus from the USA`s Food and Drug Administration.This book covers the multidisciplinary aspects required for successful process design, safety, modeling, scale-up, PAT, pilot plant implementation, plant design as well the rapidly expanding area of outsourcing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Self-Healing Polymers and Polymer Composites   ۲۰۱۱ A state-of-art guide on the interdisciplinary aspects of design,  chemistry, and physical properties of bio-inspired self-healing  polymers   Inspired by the natural self-healing properties that exist in  living organismsfor example, the regenerative ability of  humans to heal from cuts and broken bonesinterest in  self-healing materials is gaining more and more attention.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Synthetic Diamond Films: Preparation Electrochemistry Characterization and Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۱۱ A state-of-the-art and multidisciplinary overview of the  synthesis, preparation, characterization, and current applications  of synthetic diamond films  Interest in synthetic diamonds has gained momentum in recent  years.The discovery that this extremely hard substance can be  produced as a polycrystalline film with mechanical and electronic  uses comparable with natural diamonds opens up a variety of  exciting possibilities for its application in several fields of  scientific study.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Tribology of Ceramics and Composites: Materials Science Perspective   ۲۰۱۱ Explore the principles of friction, lubrication, and wear from a  materials science perspective   Any engineered product assembly, wherein one material slides  over or rubs against another is affected by complex tribological  interactions, and understanding the science behind these  interactions is essential for anyone working to improve the  efficacy of new materials and manufacturing technologies.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Turbines, Compressors and Fans, Fourth Edition   S.M. Yahya, Ph.D. ۲۰۱۱ This book is a comprehensive resource on the theoretical principles, design and performance parameters, modes of operation and major functional areas of turbomachinery.Here are a few things that are new to this edition: – Set-up of turbomachinery laboratory  – List of materials used in turbomachinery  – Presentation of specifications of additional types of large wind turbines  – Addition of recent publications to bibliography The book would prove immensely useful for practising engineers in the areas of power generation, aerospace, IC engines as well as industrial fans, blowers and compressors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition   American Water Works Association
James Edzwald
۲۰۱۱ Comprehensive, current, and written by leading experts, Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition covers state-of-the-art technologies and methods for water treatment and quality control.Significant revisions and new material in this edition reflect the latest advances and critical topics in water supply and treatment.Presented by the American Water Works Association, this is the leading source of authoritative information on drinking water quality and treatment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property: A Practical Guide   ۲۰۱۱ Understanding intellectual property, safeguarding your ideas  Intellectual property is constantly at risk, and the protection  of chemical science and technology through the patenting process  allows individuals and companies to protect their hard work.But in  order to truly be able to protect your ideas, you need to  understand the basics of patenting for yourself.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper   Pratima Bajpai ۱۰/۱/۲۰۱۰ Implementing Cleaner Production in the pulp and paper industry The large-and still growing-pulp and paper industry is a capital- and resource-intensive industry that contributes to many environmental problems, including global warming, human toxicity, ecotoxicity, photochemical oxidation, acidification, nutrification, and solid wastes.This important reference for professionals in the pulp and paper industry details how to improve manufacturing processes that not only cut down on the emission of pollutants but also increase productivity and decrease costs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Wave Propagation in Fluids: Models and Numerical Techniques – 2nd Edition   اُکتبر, ۲۰۱۰ Introduction What is wave propagation?In a kitchen or in a bathroom, the number of times we turn a tap every day is countless.So is the number of times we watch the liquid stream impacting the sink.The circular flow pattern where the fast and shallow water film diverging from the impact point changes into a deeper, bubbling flow is too familiar to deserve attention.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Mass Transfer Operations for the Practicing Engineer   اوت, ۲۰۱۰ An invaluable guide for problem solving in mass transfer  operations  This book takes a highly pragmatic approach to providing the  principles and applications of mass transfer operations by offering  a valuable, easily accessible guide to solving engineering  problems.Both traditional and novel mass transfer processes  receive treatment.As with all of the books in this series,  emphasis is placed on an example-based approach to illustrating key  engineering concepts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymeric Solar Cells: Materials, Design, Manufacture – 1st Edition   ۷/۱۰/۲۰۱۰ This book offers a comprehensive treatment of nonhybrid polymeric solar cells from the basic chemistry of donor and acceptor materials through device design, processing and manufacture.Written by a team of Europe-based experts, the text shows the steps and strategies of successfully moving from the science of solar cells to commercial device production.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres: Structure, Properties and Technical Applications   ۵/۱/۲۰۱۰ Natural fibres are becoming increasingly popular for use in industrial applications, providing sustainable solutions to support technical innovation.These versatile, natural based materials have applications in a wide range of industries, from textiles and consumer products to the automotive and construction industries.Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres examines the different steps of processing, from natural generation, fibre separation and fibre processing, to the manufacturing of the final product.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Gas Turbine Combustion : Alternative Fuels and Emissions, Third Edition   ۴/۲۶/۲۰۱۰ Reflecting the developments in gas turbine combustion technology that have occurred in the last decade, Gas Turbine Combustion: Alternative Fuels and Emissions, Third Edition provides an up-to-date design manual and research reference on the design, manufacture, and operation of gas turbine combustors in applications ranging from aeronautical to power generation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Derived Ceramics: From Nano-Structure to Applications   ۳/۱/۲۰۱۰ This book presents the foundations of the science of polymer derived ceramics, enriched with many descriptions of applications.Written by a team of selected researchers, the text is a systematic, comprehensive introduction to all phases of polymer derived ceramics from synthesis strategies through properties measurement, and applications.New material is given on the nanolevel structure of PDCs, and it is shown how nano-sized modifications can alter and improve the properties of polymer derived ceramics, including high chemical durability, oxidation resistance, luminescence, and piezo-resistivity.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems: An introduction to Theory and Applications – 2nd Edition   ژانویه, ۲۰۱۰ Designed for pharmacy students   Now updated for its Second Edition, Thermodynamics of  Pharmaceutical Systems provides pharmacy students with a  much-needed introduction to the mathematical intricacies of  thermodynamics in relation to practical laboratory applications.Designed to meet the needs of the contemporary curriculum in  pharmacy schools, the text makes these connections clear,  emphasizing specific applications to pharmaceutical systems  including dosage forms and newer drug delivery systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers A Concise Introduction to Additives for Thermoplastic Polymers   ۲۰۱۰ This book focuses on additives for thermoplastic polymers and  describes 21 of the most important and commonly used additives from  Plasticizers and Fillers to Optical Brighteners and Anti-Microbial  additives.It also includes chapters on safety and hazards, and  prediction of service time models.While there are many exhaustive and complex books dealing with  additives for polymers, the size of them deter students and many  industry engineers from using them.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ A handy desk reference for the engineer, chemist, or anyone  working with materials and chemicals   There have been many volumes written that claim to be the most  comprehensive compendium or handbook on chemical  data.These wieldy volumes are often too big and extraneous to be  useful to the practicing engineer.This new volume aims to be the  most useful go to volume for the working engineer,  scientist, or chemist who needs quick answers to daily questions  about materials or chemicals and doesnt want to go on long  searches through voluminous tomes or lengthy internet searches.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Advanced Biomaterials: Fundamentals Processing and Applications   ۲۰۱۰ Enables readers to take full advantage of the latest advances in  biomaterials and their applications  Advanced Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Processing, and  Applications reviews the latest biomaterials discoveries, enabling  readers to take full advantage of the most recent findings in order  to advance the biomaterials research and development.Reflecting  the nature of biomaterials research, the book covers a broad range  of disciplines, including such emerging topics as nanobiomaterials,  interface tissue engineering, the latest manufacturing techniques,  and new polymeric materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Advanced Process Control: Beyond Single Loop Control   ۲۰۱۰ This book fills the gap between basic control configurations (the  subject of the Practical Process Control book) and model predictive  control (MPC).For those loops whose performance has a direct  impact on plant economics or product quality, going beyond simple  feedback or cascade can improve control performance, or  specifically, reduce the variance about the target.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Aerosols: Science and Technology   ۲۰۱۰ Aerosols and aerosol research play an important role in various applied scientific and technological fields, including the understanding of climate change, global warming and pollution.Understanding aerosol science is hugely important in both nature and industry, e.g. vast amounds of aerosols are emitted into the atmosphere during combustion and explosion processes as well as volcano eruptions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Chemical Looping Systems for Fossil Energy Conversions   ۲۰۱۰ The all-inclusive guide on how to convert fossil fuel energy  using chemical looping technology  Unique in their ability to generate a sequestration-ready CO2  stream, chemical looping systems employ novel technology that can  one day be used to efficiently convert fossil fuels into clean  energy.Chemical Looping Systems for Fossil Energy Conversions  explores the new techniques that have been developed for direct or  indirect processing of coal and other carbonaceous feedstock in  chemical looping reactors; covers the role that science plays in  the production of steam, snygas, hydrogen, chemicals, electricity,  and liquid fuels; and takes a close look at how chemical looping  systems are poised to make the leap from the laboratory to  real-world commercial applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Classic and Advanced Ceramics   ۲۰۱۰ Based on the author´s lectures to graduate students of geosciences, physics, chemistry and materials science, this didactic handbook covers basic aspects of ceramics such as composition and structure as well as such advanced topics as achieving specific functionalities by choosing the right materials.The focus lies on the thermal transformation processes of natural raw materials to arrive at traditional structural ceramics and on the general physical principles of advanced functional ceramics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Collaborative Process Automation Systems   ۲۰۱۰ Students, both undergraduate and graduate, have a variety of choices for learning how to design control systems. Furthermore, these functions and how they are integrated with each other and with the enter- prise resource planning (ERP) system tend to become the differentiating fac- tors between the process automation systems on the market. A key aspect of a CPAS is the ability to present information in context to the right people at the right time from any point within the system, to include a single, unified environment for the presentation of information to the operator. Chapter 1 starts with a general introduction to process automation, represented industries, and historical developments, allowing readers new to the field to build up some context. The technology used in CPAS is available and proven; it is not all available in any particular offering but is available across all systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Colloid Science: Principles Methods and Applications 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۰ Reviews of the first edition   “the book of the course (Spring School in Colloid Science,  Bristol University), is very welcome and I’m sure will be of  immense benefit to those who need the basics of colloid science for  their industrial or academic activities.””Editor Terence Cosgrove has done an excellent job in balancing  the scope and length of the various contributions…
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology: Bioprocess Bioseparation and Cell Technology 7 Volume Set   ۲۰۱۰ The Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Technology:  Fermentation, Biocatalysis and Bioseparation (EBT), and the Encyclopedia of Cell Technology (ECT), were combined, thoroughly updated, and expanded to yield the Encyclopedia of Bioprocess and Biopharmaceutical Technology (EBBT), 2nd edition: Fermentation, Biocatalysis, Bioseparation and Biofabrication.The new edition is based on the content of the first edition presenting all key aspects, theoretical and practical, of industrial biological processes, techniques, equipment, products, as well as ethical and regulatory issues.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Engineering Money: Financial Fundamentals for Engineers   ۲۰۱۰ Get the must-have knowledge every engineer needs regarding  finance in this much-needed guide   When starting out on their careers, most engineers are unaware  that successful engineering projects depend as much on money as  they do on technology and that the two are inextricably linked.They eventually learn on the job that money is the only common  measure we have for labor, materials and energy and it is therefore  essential to managing any project.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Field Guide to Microscopy   ۲۰۱۰ This guide provides extensive coverage of microscopic imaging principles.After reviewing the main principles of image formation, diffraction, interference, and polarization used in microscopy, this guide describes the most widely applied microscope configurations and applications.It also covers major system components, including light sources, illumination layouts, microscope optics, and image detection electronics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Food Stabilisers Thickeners and Gelling Agents   ۲۰۱۰ Stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents are extracted from a  variety of natural raw materials and incorporated into foods to  give the structure, flow, stability and eating qualities desired by  consumers.These additives include traditional materials such as  starch, a thickener obtained from many land plants; gelatine, an  animal by-product giving characteristic melt-in-the-mouth gels; and  cellulose, the most abundant structuring polymer in land plants.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Fuel Cell Science: Theory Fundamentals and Biocatalysis Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ A comprehensive survey of theoretical andexperimental concepts  in fuel cell chemistry  Fuel cell science is undergoing significant development, thanks,  in part, to a spectacular evolution of the electrocatalysis  concepts, and both new theoretical and experimental methods.Responding to the need for a definitive guide to the field, Fuel  Cell Science provides an up-to-date, comprehensive compendium of  both theoretical and experimental aspects of the field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Functional Fillers for Plastics   ۲۰۱۰ A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the major mineral and organic fillers for plastics, their production, structure and properties, as well as their applications in terms of primary and secondary functions.Edited and co-authored by Professor Marino Xanthos with contributions by international experts from industry and academia, the book presents methods of mixing/incorporation technologies, surface treatments and modifications for enhanced functionality, an analysis of parameters affecting filler performance and a presentation of current and emerging applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Functional Oxides Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the  electronic industry.The discovery of new metal oxides with  interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research  in chemistry, physics, and materials science.In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been  selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern  materials chemistry:    Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials  Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials  Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides  Thermoelectric Oxides  Transition Metal Oxides – Magnetoresistance and  Half-Metallicity    The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and  electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of  importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Greening of Petroleum Operations: The Science of Sustainable Energy Production Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ This book unravels the mysteries of the current energy crisis and  argues that solutions to global warming will come only from the  development of new technologies.Discussed here are the reasons why  petroleum operations, as they are now,   are not  sustainable, how each practice treads an inherently implosive path,  and how each spells irreversible damage to the planet’s ecosystem.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration   ۲۰۱۰ A benchmark of industry best practices with both a technical and  financial perspective.These may include audit checklists and  scoring/ranking procedures for potential acquisitions, successful  integration plans and strategies for resolving difficulties  encountered during integration.Some factors include:     How often did due diligence investigations consider process  safety as a marker?
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics   ۲۰۱۰ The purpose of this book is to provide guidance to many levels of  the organization when implementing or improving existing corporate  process safety metrics.Although the process safety leaders in the  company will have the strongest interest, it is equally important  that others in leadership roles also read this book and work  together with the process safety leaders in selecting and  implementing the appropriate metric programs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Vapor Cloud Explosion Pressure Vessel Burst BLEVE and Flash Fire Hazards 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۰ The current guidelines book was published in 1994 (an interim  update was made to address some errata).The serious  consequences of vapor cloud explosions, flash fires, and BLEVEs are  very well known.Better understanding of the characteristics of  these phenomena and models to calculate their consequences are key  to effective prevention and mitigation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications   ۲۰۱۰ This Handbook is the first to explore the extensive applications  made with bioplastics  Civil Engineering; Biomedical;  Automotive; General Engineering.The majority of the chapters review the properties, processing,  characterization, synthesis and applications of the bio-based and  biodegradable polymers and composites including:  Polymers such as polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxybutyrate  (PHB), guar gum based plastics, cellulose polyesters, starch based  bioplastics, vegetable oil derived bioplastics, biopolyethylene,  chitosan, etc  Thermoplastic and thermosetting bioplastics and biocomposites  with a focus on the automobile industry  The ways how to improve the properties of bioplastics, polymer  blends, and biocomposites by combining them with both synthetic and  natural fillers and reinforcements such as nanoclays, nanotubes  (CNTs), and natural fibers (both wood and plant fibers)  Studies that expand the boundaries of bioplastics that will  allow for the new materials to be applied to most generic  engineering applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Handbook of Combustion   ۲۰۱۰
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics Volume 1 Polyolefins and Styrenics Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ This book focuses on common types of polymers belonging to the  class of polyolefins and styrenics.The text is arranged according  to the chemical constitution of polymers and reviews the  developments that have taken place in the last decade.Each chapter  follows the same template.A brief introduction to the polymer type  is given and previous monographs and reviews dealing with the topic  are listed for quick reference.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Industrial Surfactants Volume 1 and 2 – Fifth Edition   ۲۰۱۰ Uses: Surfactant; cheese oiling agent for dyed knitting yarn; softener; lubricant Properties: Liq.; 30% act. Uses: Surfactant; emulsifier for agric. chem., oils, solvs. Uses: Surfactant; dispersant for dyestuffs, pigments, and agric. Uses: Surfactant for shampoos and bubble baths; conditioner; thickener for indus- trial applics. Uses: Fabric softener and surfactant for use in household and commercial prods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Plastic Optics 2nd Edition   ۲۰۱۰ A coherent overview of the current status of injection molded optics, describing in detail all aspects of plastic optics, from design issues to production technology and quality control.This updated second edition is supplemented by a chapter on the equipment and process of injection wells as well as a look at recent applications.The contributors, each one a leading expert in their discipline, have either a background in or strong ties to the industry, thus combining a large amount of practical experience.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Heat Transfer in Process Engineering   Eduardo Cao ۲۰۱۰ An in-depth look at one of the most important aspects of the chemical process industry This book comprehensively covers the theoretical principles and practical applications of heat transfer in equipment design for the chemical, petrochemical, and refining industry.It includes modern and simple calculation tools for different types of heat exchangers, reboilers, condensers, fired heaters, and air coolers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Heterocyclic Chemistry 5th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ Heterocyclic chemistry is a central part of organic chemistry and  biochemistry.The term refers to a particular set of chemical  structure characteristics, with many drugs and specialty chemicals,  and most agrochemicals, containing these characteristics.Heterocyclic Chemistry by Joule & Mills has established itself  as the premier textbook of heterocyclic chemistry, used by high  level undergraduates, postgraduates and industrial researchers all  over the world.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Hydrodynamics of Gas-Liquid Reactors: Normal Operation and Upset Conditions   ۲۰۱۰ Hydrodynamics, the study of fluids in motion, is a crucial  consideration when designing multiphase chemical reactors,  particularly those involving gas-liquid reactions.The design of  chemical reactors and their safety are as critical to the success  of a chemical process as the actual chemistry taking place within  the reactor.Hydrodynamics of Multiphase Reactors addresses both  practical and theoretical aspects of this topic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies   ۲۰۱۰ Covers cutting-edge technology in the production and  purification of syngas and hydrogen  The world’s insatiable appetite for energy has highlighted the  demand for a continued supply of inexpensive clean energy that is  not only sustainable, but also quells concerns about greenhouse-gas  emissions.Hydrogen, an energy carrier, and syngas, a building  block in alternative fuels, are two such components.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Industrial Tribology: Tribosystems, Friction, Wear and Surface Engineering, Lubrication   ۲۰۱۰ Tribology is the science of friction, wear and lubrication.It is a fast growing discipline generating a lot of interest at universities, industrial and other research centers, and has produced promising new results over the past five years.Due to its interdisciplinary nature, it requires efficient cooperation between mechanical engineers, materials scientists, chemists and chemical engineers, and even specialists in toxicology and environmental protection.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene: Properties Catalysts and Processes   ۲۰۱۰ Jargon used in industrial polyethylene technology can often be  bewildering to newcomers.This text educates readers on terminology  in common use in the industry and demystifies the chemistry of  catalysts and cocatalysts employed in the manufacture of  polyethylene.Several techniques have been used to make the text user  friendly.A thorough glossary is included in the appendix.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology   ۲۰۱۰ A clear primer on the basics of this emerging field   What is nanotechnology?What does it do, and why is it expected  to have a significant impact on our lives?These seemingly simple  questions do not have easy, direct answers.There are so many  aspects to nanotechnology that the uninitiated often find it  challenging to begin to understand and appreciate it.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Leung’s Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients: Used in Food Drugs and Cosmetics 3rd Edition   ۲۰۱۰ The third edition of the unparalleled reference on natural  ingredients and their commercial use   This new Third Edition of Leung’s Encyclopedia of Common  Natural Ingredients: Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics arrives  in the wake of the huge wave of interest in dietary supplements and  herbal medicine resulting from both trends in health and the  Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Materials Thermodynamics Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ A timely, applications-driven text in thermodynamics   Materials Thermodynamics provides both students and  professionals with the in-depth explanation they need to prepare  for the real-world application of thermodynamic tools.Based upon  an actual graduate course taught by the authors, this class-tested  text covers the subject with a broader, more industry-oriented lens  than can be found in any other resource available.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Gas Separation Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ Gas separation membranes offer a number of benefits over other  separation technologies, and they play an increasingly important  role in reducing the environmental impacts and costs of many  industrial processes.This book describes recent and emerging results in membrane gas  separation, including highlights of nanoscience and technology,  novel polymeric and inorganic membrane materials, new membrane  approaches to solve environmental problems e.g. greenhouse gases,  aspects of membrane engineering, and recent achievements in  industrial gas separation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Reactors   ۲۰۱۰ The integration of porous and dense membranes in chemical reactors provides attractive possibilities to enhance the performance oft he reactor, e.g. an efficient selective removal of reaction products or the realization of optimized reactant dosing strategies.The latter approach, which permits improving selectivity and yield, is treated in this book.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries   ۲۰۱۰ The storage, handling, processing and distribution of an ever growing amount of chemical substances is inherent to today’s economy but intrinsically holds the risk of large scale accidents.Safety in chemical industrial areas is not limited to preventing accidental accidents.Since the September 11, 2001 World Trade Centre attacks in New York, society and industry are exploring pro-active security measures to counter terrorist attacks of any kind as well.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Optical Microscopy of Fiber-Reinforced Composites   ۲۰۱۰ As with any material, evaluation of the material under end-use conditions prior to specification is essential. In the following chapters, the authors explain the materials, equipment, and procedures of how to pre- pare composite samples, followed by the illumination and contrast tech- niques of optical microscopy. These studies include a majority of the microstructural information that is of primary interest when working with composite materials. There are many types of thermosetting and thermoplastic materials that are used as matrices in fiber-reinforced composites. Entrapped air in composites that is not removed during manufacturing can lead to voids in the cured compos- ite (Fig. 1.6).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry   ۲۰۱۰ Covering the whole area of process chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry, this monograph provides the essential knowledge on the basic chemistry needed for future development and key industrial techniques, as well as morphology, engineering and regulatory compliances.Application-oriented and well structured, the authors include recent examples of excellent industrial production of active pharmaceutical ingredients.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Photochemistry and Photophysics of Polymeric Materials Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ Presents the state of the technology, from fundamentals to new  materials and applications   Today’s electronic devices, computers, solar cells, printing,  imaging, copying, and recording technology, to name a few, all owe  a debt to our growing understanding of the photophysics and  photochemistry of polymeric materials.This book draws together,  analyzes, and presents our current understanding of polymer  photochemistry and photophysics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Physical Inorganic Chemistry Applications   ۲۰۱۰ Details key knowledge and the most recent advances in physical inorganic chemistry  Inorganic chemistry has been changing dramatically over the years, fueled by the growing understanding of the importance and roles of metals in biology, medicine, and catalysis, and by the new and important thrusts into modern materials.Written by contributors at the forefront of the field and edited by Andreja Bakac, Physical Inorganic Chemistry provides insight into the role, capabilities, and applications of physical inorganic chemistry in some of the most vibrant areas of modern science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Physical Inorganic Chemistry: Principles Methods and Reactions   ۲۰۱۰ Enables you to master the methods and techniques of today’s physical inorganic chemistry  Physical Inorganic Chemistry explores the most recent advances in this dynamic area of chemistry, with an emphasis on methods and techniques.Readers gain new insights into chemical reactions and mechanisms at the molecular level, and an understanding of the critical roles of metals in catalysis, biology, and medicine.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Planning and Integration of Refinery and Petrochemical Operations   ۲۰۱۰ An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as petrol / gasoline, diesel fuel, lubricant oils, asphalt, heating oil and kerosene.Oil refineries are typically large sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Nanotube Nanocomposites: Synthesis Properties and Applications   ۲۰۱۰ Uniform dispersion of nanotubes in the polymer matrix is of utmost importance in order to obtain an optimal improvement in the properties of the polymer at low fractions of nanotubes. Chapter 4 describes the combined use of clay as well as nanotubes as reinforcements in the composite syn- thesis and the synergistic effects of the two fillers in the property enhancements. This behavior indicated a strong interfa- cial adhesion between the organic and inorganic components and a sufficient load transfer from the polymer to the nanotubes. The arrows indicate that the nanotubes were to be broken with their ends still embedded in the polymer matrix or they were bridging the local microcracks in the nanocomposites. However, for crystalline materials such as nanotubes, a con- trast may appear due to diffraction, which will hinder the volume reconstruction.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Power Definitions and the Physical Mechanism of Power Flow   ۲۰۱۰ Professor Emanuel uses clear presentation to compare and facilitate  understanding of two seminal standards, The IEEE Std.1459 and The  DIN 40110-2:2002-11.Through critical analysis of the most  important and recent theories and review of basic concepts, a  highly accessible guide to the essence of the standards is  presented.Key features:    Explains the physical mechanism of energy flow under different  conditions: single- and three-phase, sinusoidal and nonsinusoidal,  balanced and unbalanced systems  Starts at an elementary level and becomes more complex, with  six core chapters and six appendices to clarify the mathematical  aspects  Discusses and recommends power definitions that played a  significant historical role in paving the road for the two  standards  Provides a number of original unsolved problems at the end of  each chapter  Introduces a new nonactive power; the Randomness power.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Principles of Inorganic Materials Design 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ Unique interdisciplinary approach enables readers to overcome  complex design challenges   Integrating concepts from chemistry, physics, materials science,  metallurgy, and ceramics, Principles of Inorganic Materials  Design, Second Edition offers a unique interdisciplinary  approach that enables readers to grasp the complexities of  inorganic materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Engineering for a Small Planet: How to Reuse Re-Purpose and Retrofit Existing Process Equipment   ۲۰۱۰ Methods for more planet-friendly process engineering   Our earth is just one big, complex Process Facility with limited  air, water, and mineral resources.It responds to a number of  process variablesamong them, humanity and the environmental  effects of our carbon consumption.What can professionals in the  Hydrocarbon Process Industry do to retard environmental  degradation?
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Systems Engineering Volume 7 Dynamic Process Modelling   ۲۰۱۰ With key contributions from leading research groups, this final volume in the series highlights the importance of fundamental research in dynamic process modeling with applications in process systems engineering and developing mechanisms for the transfer of the new technology to industry.The first comprehensive source on the topic spans a whole range of length scales seen in manufacturing industries, from molecular and nanoscale phenomena to enterprise-wide optimization and control.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Reverse Osmosis: Design Processes and Applications for Engineers   ۲۰۱۰ The most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of reverse  osmosis in industrial applications.Reverse osmosis is rapidly growing as a water treatment  technology used for many applications, such as boiler feed water  and recovering wastwater for reuse.This “green” technology is  becoming more and more widely used in many settings, especially in  industry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings   ۲۰۱۰ The book presents a practical guide to provide any reader with  the basic information to help them understand what is necessary in  order to produce a good barrier coated web or to improve the  quality of any existing barrier product.After providing an  introduction, where the terminology is outlined and some of the  science is given (keeping the mathematics to a minimum), including  barrier testing methods, the vacuum deposition process is  described.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Rubber Nanocomposites: Preparation Properties and Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ For most of the applications, rubber must be reinforced with  certain fillers such as carbon blacks, silica or clay.As compared  with microfiller reinforced rubber, nanofiller reinforced rubber  exhibit high degree of hardness, modulus, anti-aging and gas  barrier properties.Rubber-layered silicate, nanotubes and  nanosized spherical particles have therefore attracted much  attention recently because of their outstanding properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Surfactants from Renewable Resources   ۲۰۱۰ Most modern surfactants are readily biodegradable and exhibit low  toxicity in the aquatic environment, the two criteria for green  surfactants.However the majority are synthesized from petroleum,  so over the past decade the detergent industry has turned its  attention to developing greener routes to create these surfactants  via renewable building blocks.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Chemist’s Companion Guide to Patent Law   ۲۰۱۰ Everything a working chemist needs to know about  patentsin easy-to-understand terms   For people working in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and  biotechnology industries, understanding patents is vitally  important when it comes to safeguarding their intellectual  property.Unfortunately, most researchers involved in testing and  evaluating novel chemicals have a limited knowledge of laws that  pertain directly to their work.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References White’s Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants 5th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۱۰ New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and  alternative disinfectants   Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White’s  Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more  than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial  advances in their understanding and application of chlorine,  hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and  wastewater treatment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy Spectromicroscopy and Scattering Techniques   ۲۰۱۰ An up-to-date overview of the different x-ray based methods in the  hot fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology, including methods for  imaging nanomaterials, as well as for probing the electronic  structure of nanostructured materials in order to investigate their  different properties.Written by authors at one of the world’s top  facilities working with these methods, this monograph presents and  discusses techniques and applications in the fields of x-ray  scattering, spectroscopy and micrscope imaging.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ۴D ELECTRON MICROSCOPY: IMAGING IN SPACE AND TIME   ۱۲/۲۴/۲۰۰۹ The modern electron microscope, as a result of recent revolutionary developments and many evolutionary ones, now yields a wealth of quantitative knowledge pertaining to structure, dynamics, and function barely matched by any other single scientific instrument.It is also poised to contribute much new spatially-resolved and time-resolved insights of central importance in the exploration of most aspects of condensed matter, ranging from the physical to the biological sciences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry SPECIFIC ION EFFECTS   ۱۲/۱۷/۲۰۰۹ Specific ion effects are important in numerous fields of science and technology.They have been discussed for over 100 years, ever since the pioneering work done by Franz Hofmeister and his group in Prague.Over the last decades, hundreds of examples have been published and periodically explanations have been proposed.However, it is only recently that a profound understanding of the basic effects and their reasons could be achieved.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering COMBINATORIAL DEVELOPMENT OF SOLID CATALYTIC MATERIALS: DESIGN OF HIGH-THROUGHPUT EXPERIMENTS, DATA ANALYSIS, DATA MINING   ۱۱/۲۶/۲۰۰۹ The book provides a comprehensive treatment of combinatorial development of heterogeneous catalysts.In particular, two computer-aided approaches that have played a key role in combinatorial catalysis and high-throughput experimentation during the last decade — evolutionary optimization and artificial neural networks — are described.The book is unique in that it describes evolutionary optimization in a broader context of methods of searching for optimal catalytic materials, including statistical design of experiments, as well as presents neural networks in a broader context of data analysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Synthesis Gas Combustion : Fundamentals and Applications   ۹/۱۶/۲۰۰۹ Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan.But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References SELECTED PAPERS ON THE PERIODIC TABLE BY ERIC SCERRI   ۷/۳۱/۲۰۰۹ Interviews conducted with Eric Scerri at the Chemical Heritage Foundation on the Periodic Table Part 1 Interviews conducted with Eric Scerri at the Chemical Heritage Foundation on the Periodic Table Part 2 This book contains key articles by Eric Scerri, the leading authority on the history and philosophy of the periodic table of the elements and the author of a best-selling book on the subject.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY AND MASS SPECTROMETRY OF PORPHYRINS, CHLOROPHYLLS AND BILINS   ۷/۱۷/۲۰۰۹ The porphyrins, chlorophylls, bilins and related tetrapyrroles are vital for all living organisms.Natural and synthetic tetrapyrroles are used extensively in foods, cosmetics, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and medicine.Methods for their separation and characterization therefore, have a very wide area of applications.Yet, there is a dearth of books dedicated to HPLC and HPLC/MS of tetrapyrroles.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry MOLECULAR THEORY OF WATER AND AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS – PART 1: UNDERSTANDING WATER   ۷/۱۷/۲۰۰۹ The aim of this book is to explain the unusual properties of both pure liquid water and simple aqueous solutions, in terms of the properties of single molecules and interactions among small numbers of water molecules.It is mostly the result of the author’s own research spanning over 40 years in the field of aqueous solutions.An understanding of the properties of liquid water is a prelude to the understanding of the role of water in biological systems and for the evolvement of life.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References UNDERSTANDING CHEMISTRY   ۷/۱۶/۲۰۰۹ Few people studying Gauge Field Theory need to be convinced of the importance of the work of ‘t Hooft.This volume contains a selection of articles and review topics covering his well-known studies on the renormalization of non-Abelian gauge theorems, topological phenomena in gauge field theory and thoughts on the role of black holes in quantum gravity.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Integrated Approach to Chemistry Laboratory-Selected Experiments   ۵/۱/۲۰۰۹ This volume is intended for chemistry instructors seeking to provide engaging and challenging labs that combine all the features and benefits of the integrated laboratory.Written by educators from around the country, each chapter of the book contains a fully detailed and explained experiment, with guidance for student questions and possible customization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Handbook of Fuel Cells: Advances in Electrocatalysis, Materials, Diagnostics and Durability, Volumes 5 & 6   Wolf Vielstich
Hubert A. Gasteiger
Harumi Yokokawa
۴/۱/۲۰۰۹ A timely addition to the highly acclaimed four-volume handbook set; volumes 5 and 6 highlight recent developments, particularly in the fields of new materials, molecular modeling and durability.Since the publication of the first four volumes of the Handbook of Fuel Cells in 2003, the focus of fuel cell research and development has shifted from optimizing fuel cell performance with well-known materials to developing new materials concepts, and to understanding the origins of materials and fuel cell degradation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers HYDROGEN-BONDED INTERPOLYMER COMPLEXES: FORMATION, STRUCTURE AND APPLICATIONS   ۳/۹/۲۰۰۹ Noncovalent interactions play key roles in many natural processes leading to the self-assembly of molecules with the formation of supramolecular structures.One of the most important forces responsible for self-assembly is hydrogen bonding, which also plays an important role in the self-assembly of synthetic polymers in aqueous solutions.Proton-accepting polymers can associate with proton-donating polymers via hydrogen bonding in aqueous solutions and form polymer-polymer or interpolymer complexes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry A Dictionary of Physics   ۲/۲۶/۲۰۰۹ Preface This dictionary was originally derived from the Concise Science Dictionary, first published by Oxford University Press in 1984 (fifth edition, retitled A Dictionary of Science, 2005).It consisted of all the entries relating to physics in the Concise Science Dictionary, together with those entries relating to astronomy that are required for an understanding of astrophysics and many entries that relate to physical chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech An Engineering Introduction to Biotechnology   ۲۰۰۹ This tutorial will help technical professionals in optics determine whether their technologies have potential application in the life sciences.It also is useful as a ”prep class” for more detailed books on biology and biotechnology, filling the gap between fundamental and high-level approaches.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ASTM MNL59 – A Comprehensive Review of Lubricant Chemistry, Technology, Selection, and Design   ۲۰۰۹ Preface This book provides an overview of the technology of lubricants and its use in devising new ones.During my research, I found lubricant literature, both academic and commercial, to be rich with respect to information, with theWorldwideWeb being an excellent source.The monographs pertaining to lubricant technology and tribology that I found most useful are listed below 1.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Basic Process Measurements   ۲۰۰۹ Basic Process Measurements  Cecil L. Smith  A unique resource for process measurement  Basic Process Measurements provides a unique resource explaining  the industrial measuring devices that gauge such key variables as  temperature, pressure, density, level, and flow.With an emphasis  on the most commonly installed technologies, this guide outlines  both the process variable being measured as well as how the  relevant measuring instruments function.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Beryllium Chemistry and Processing   ۲۰۰۹ However, almost all of the beryllium in use is from a powder metal- lurgy product since castings of beryllium gener- ally contain porosity and other casting defects due to its high melting point, high melt viscos- ity, and narrow solid-liquid range [Stonehouse and Marder 1990]. Its specific heat of 1088 J/kg · °C at room temperature is the highest of any ceramic and is greater than that of all metals except beryllium. The Brush Beryllium Company, an Ohio cor- poration chartered in January 1931 by Charles B. Sawyer, was established to exploit certain patents developed by an affiliated unit, The Brush Labo- ratories Company, for the production of beryl- lium for commercial uses. The German beryl- lium industry was subpar even before the war, since it had to import large quantities of beryl- lium oxide from the Beryllium Corporation from 1936 to 1939. Beryllium normally exists in the close-packed hexagonal (hcp) crystalline form, referred to as ␣-beryllium, in contrast to ␤-beryllium, the body-centered cubic form that is stable between 1250 °C and its melting point of 1287 °C.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources   ۲۰۰۹ Learn How to Design Environmentally Friendly Polymer Blends and  Composites  Highlighting important new developments and findings, this book  explores biodegradable polymer blends and composites from renewable  resources and points to their potential markets.Readers will  discover how to work with blending and composition formulations to  create new, environmentally friendly products with valuable  properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Bulk Nanostructured Materials Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ The processing and mechanical behaviour of bulk nanostructured materials are one of the most interesting new fields of research on advanced materials systems.Many nanocrystalline materials possess very high strength with still good ductility, and exhibit high values of fatigue resistance and fracture toughness.There has been continuing interest in these nanomaterials for use in structural and biomedical  applications, and this has led to a large number of research programs worldwide.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites   ۲۰۰۹ Providing a broad insight into the potential applications of carbon nanotubes with metals and ceramic materials as a matrix, this book focuses on the preparation and the microstructural physical, and mechanical characterizations of such novel nanocomposites.It features information on current synthesis and structure-property-relationships of metals and ceramics reinforced with CNT, organizing the vast array of surveys scattered throughout the literature in a single monograph.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents Volume 3   ۲۰۰۹
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases  The definitive overview of catastrophic release monitoring  systems  Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism,  catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to  mitigate their consequences.Done correctly, continuous sensor  monitoring can detect such releases early enough to curb extensive  damage.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Convective Heat Transfer   ۲۰۰۹ Convection heat transfer is an important topic both for industrial  applications and fundamental aspects.It combines the complexity of  the flow dynamics and of the active or passive scalar transport  process.It is part of many university courses such as Mechanical,  Aeronautical, Chemical and Biomechanical Engineering.The literature on convective heat transfer is large, but the  present manuscript differs in many aspects from the existing ones,  particularly from the pedagogical point of view.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice 4th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Technology/Engineering/Mechanical  Helps you move from theory to optimizing engineering systems in  almost any industry  Now in its Fourth Edition, Professor Singiresu Rao’s acclaimed  text Engineering Optimization enables readers to quickly master and  apply all the important optimization methods in use today across a  broad range of industries.Covering both the latest and classical  optimization methods, the text starts off with the basics and then  progressively builds to advanced principles and applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Environmental Engineering: Water Wastewater Soil and Groundwater Treatment and Remediation 6th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Environmental Engineering  First published in 1958, Salvato’s Environmental Engineering has  long been the definitive reference for generations of sanitation  and environmental engineers.Approaching its fiftieth year of  continual publication in a rapidly changing field, the Sixth  Edition has been fully reworked and reorganized into three  separate, succinct volumes to adapt to a more complex and  scientifically demanding field with dozens of specializations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Failure Analysis of Paints and Coatings Revised Edition   ۲۰۰۹ The book deals with methods determining the causes of premature paint and coatings failures in the commercial and industrial arena.The book starts with chapters on the general principles of coating formulation and the reasons why coatings work and why they fail.It then covers pigments, additives and solvents and then coating types and common failure modes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Field Guide to Spectroscopy   ۲۰۰۹ This field guide covers a broad spectrum of topics in the field of spectroscopy, condensing the subjects to their essentials.As such, novices can use this guide to obtain an overview of the field, and experts can use it as a quick reference.Beginning with basic definitions and explanations, this guide then describes the instruments that are used in the field-from filters, lenses, mirrors, and modulators, to monochromators, interferometers, and detectors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Flow for the Practicing Chemical Engineer   ۲۰۰۹ Enables you to easily advance from fluid flow principles to  applications   Fluid Flow for the Practicing Chemical Engineer helps  readers move comfortably from fluid flow principles to fluid flow  applications.From elementary flow mechanics to the laws of  conservation of mass, energy, and momentum, the book covers all the  basic principles of fluid flow.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy Instrumentation Engineering   ۲۰۰۹ Many applications today require the Fourier-transform (FT) spectrometer to perform close to its limitations, such as taking many quantitative measurements in the visible and in the near infrared wavelength regions.In such cases, the instrument should not be considered as a perfect “black box.”Knowing where the limitations of performance arise and which components must be improved are crucial to obtaining repeatable and accurate results.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Green Chemistry Metrics: Measuring and Monitoring Sustainable Processes   ۲۰۰۹ Quantifying the environmental impact of chemical technologies and  products, and comparing alternative products and technologies in  terms of their greenness is a challenging task.In  order to characterise various aspects of a complex phenomenon, a  number of different indicators are selected into a metric.This  book outlines fundamental developments in chemistry and chemical  technology that have led to the development of green chemistry,  green chemical technology, and sustainable chemical technology  concepts, and provide a foundation for the development of the  corresponding metrics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Groundwater Treatment Technology 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۹ a key resource on groundwater remediation, thoroughly updated  and revised  The cleanup of groundwater is unique.Unlike every other type of  water, groundwater is not self-cleaning; we must clean the body of  water, the aquifer, itself.Evan Nyer’s Groundwater Treatment  Technology has been the key to understanding the treatment of  groundwater contamination for professionals in environmental  engineering and treatment systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria   ۲۰۰۹ This book describes the philosophy for development and application  of risk tolerance criteria by providing a process which a company  can use to develop risk tolerance criteria.The book does not  dictate exactly what an organizations risk tolerance  criteria should be, but includes information about risk tolerance  criteria which have been used and published, including those from  both government and regulatory agencies and available company risk  guidelines.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals Volume 1 5th Edition   ۲۰۰۹ In addition, chemicals that are likely to be gases at ambient temperatures and that have low water solubility and low adsorptive tendencies are less likely to transport and persist in soils and water. Water solubility is generally not useful for gases, because their solubility in water is measured when the gas above the water is at a partial pressure of one atmosphere. It also explains the observation that many tertiary amines are more soluble in cold than in hot water. In general the method is accurate to within a factor of 2 for most aliphatics, olefins, and simple aromatics. Nevertheless, photochemical processes on soil or vegetable surfaces and in water have been shown to be important with some compounds, so experimental procedures have been developed to study these processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals Volume 2   ۲۰۰۹ In soil microbial degradation yields monomethyl tetrachloroterephthalate and 2,3,5,6- tetrachloroterephthalic acid (chlorthal). In soil, breaks down to methyl(methylaminoethyl)dithiocarbamic acid which in turn yields methyl isothiocyanate. Water quality in rivers in U.K. (1986): 139 samples from 70 river sites yielded no values above the detection limit of 0.005 JJg/1. ECETOC screening test for anaerobic degradation using secondary digester sludge of municipal sewage plant as inoculum, at 35°C and 50 mg/L initial concentration after 42 days: 12±۱۱ %of ultimate degradation. colorless gas; molecular weight 120.92; melting point -158°C; boiling point -29.8°C; vapor pressure 4,250 mm at 20°C, 7.6 atm at 30°C; vapor density 4.18; density 1.329 at 20°C; solubility 330 mg/L at 20°C, 280 mg/L at 25°C; LogP0 w 2 at 25°C calculated, 2.2 at 25°C measured; LogH 1.24 at 25°C.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals Volume 3   ۲۰۰۹ Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Biodegradation in soil aerobic (10897) % mineralisation  % bound-residues 0.8-24%  ۱۷% Major metabolites: CL 312,622 and CL 354,825 Imazamox and its soil metabolites are stable under anaerobic conditions. From the results of the soil metabolism studies it can be concluded that imidacloprid is completely degradable and will not persist in soil. Imidazole is used in the chemical industry as an intermediate in the production of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, dye intermediates, auxiliaries for textile dyeing and finishing, photographic chemicals and corrosion inhibitors. The chemical is stable at pH 5 to 9 at 25°C.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals Volume 4   ۲۰۰۹ heated to decomposition, the chemical may release poisonous and corrosive fumes of CO, C02 and HBr. Similar products generally were found in citrus leaf and fruit extracts. bis[alpha(carbo-ethoxy)benzyl]disulfide 0,0′-dimethylphosphorodithionic acid Hydrolysis Phenthoate was fairly stable in phosphate-buffered water with a half-life of approximately 12 d at pH 8.0. AS, BOD, 20°C, 1-5 d observed, feed: 333 mg/L, 15 d acclimation: 99% removed Degradation in soil biodegradation t 1;2 in nonadapted aerobic subsoil: groundwater Canada: 0.04 d. Application of phorate to soil at 1 kg ha-l stimulated the population growth of bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi and Azotobacter in calcarious soils. The chemical is used at the rate of 0.1% to 1%(or up to 1.5% in inks) in solvent free mixtures of oligomers and monomers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Thiophene-Based Materials: Applications in Organic Electronics and Photonics 2 Volume Set Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Electronic materials based on conjugated oligomers and polymers  have been a vibrant area of interdisciplinary research between  chemists, physicists, and materials scientists for over two  decades.Oligo- and polythiophenes in particular represent an  attractive of conjugated materials for several reasons including  easy electropolymerization of thiophenes to produce stable,  electrically conductive polymeric films.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Industrial Chemical Thesaurus – Fifth Edition   ۲۰۰۹ In the Fifth Edition of this unique reference, there are more than 116,000 chemical synonyms that are cross referenced back to the main chemical entry. After locating the chemical, full monographs of the chemicals are displayed including: CAS, EINECS/ELINCS, FEMA, UN numbers; Classification; Defini- tion; Chemical synonyms; Empirical formulas; Molecular for- mulas; Properties; Storage; Toxicology; Precautions; Hazardous decomp. products; NFPA/HMIS ratings; Regula- tory data; Functions/Applications; Use levels; Manufacturers/ Distributors. Part I—Generic Chemicals, Synonyms, Trade Names Cross-Reference contains approximately 18,000 full chemi- cal monographs and includes all the trade name links to these generic chemicals. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the man- ufacturers instructions for the handling of that chemical. Regulatory: Permitted in drugs and cosmetics, excluding use in eye area http://www.dudley-chem.com; Organica Trading http://www.organica- trading.com; TKB Trading http://www.wholesalecolors.com; Yick-Vic Chems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Industrial Water Quality, Fourth Edition   W.Wesley Eckenfelder
Davis L. Ford
Andrew J. Englande
۲۰۰۹ The classic guide to controlling industrialwater pollution–updated with the latest regulations and new technologies.Turn to the Fourth Edition of Industrial Water Quality for guidance on state-of-the-art methods for optimizing or upgrading existing wastewater treatment systems, as well as selecting the best treatment options to solve specific wastewater problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Inherently Safer Chemical Processes: A Life Cycle Approach, 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ All the latest practical tools for eliminating or reducing the  risks of chemical processes  Learn to take full advantage of inherently safer design, a  tested and proven holistic approach to developing, manufacturing,  and using chemicals as safely as possible.With this Second  Edition, you’ll learn the latest strategies to eliminate or  significantly reduce the hazards of chemical processes rather than  accept those hazards as a given.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Introduction to Confocal Fluorescence Microscopy – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۹ This book provides a comprehensive account of the theory of image formation in a confocal fluorescence microscope as well as a practical guideline to the operation of the instrument, its limitations, and the interpretation of confocal microscopy data.The appendices provide a quick reference to optical theory, microscopy-related formulas and definitions, and Fourier theory.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Introduction to Imaging Spectrometers   ۲۰۰۹ The increased interest in imaging spectroscopy has arisen largely for technical reasons.This Tutorial Text first reviews the required background in optics, radiometry, imaging, spectral sensing and focal plane arrays.Then the principles of these subjects are applied to several specific problems to illustrate the way in which such instruments can be designed.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Operations   ۲۰۰۹ This book covers all the existing membrane operations from the molecular separation to the reactors to the contactors.The specific potential of these advanced new operations in process engineering is analyzed by different experts in the field for their basic aspects and particularly for their potential application considering process intensification for a sustainable growth and improvement in the quality of life.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Modern Biotechnology: Connecting Innovations in Microbiology and Biochemistry to Engineering Fundamentals   ۲۰۰۹ A unique resource for the next generation of biotech  innovators   Enabling everything from the deciphering of the human genome to  environmentally friendly biofuels to lifesaving new  pharmaceuticals, biotechnology has blossomed as an area of  discovery and opportunity.Modern Biotechnology provides a  much-needed introduction connecting the latest innovations in this  area to key engineering fundamentals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Nano Chromatography and Capillary Electrophoresis: Pharmaceutical and Environmental Analyses   ۲۰۰۹ The latest tested and proven methods for detecting nanolevels of drugs and xenobiotics  Filling an important gap in the literature, this book enables you to successfully perform nanoanalyses using chip-based nanoliquid chromatography (NLC) and nanocapillary electrophoresis (NCE).The authors carefully guide readers through each stage of the instrumentation, detection, and applications of NLC and NCE in order to accurately identify compounds at a nanogram per liter or lower.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Optical Coating Technology   ۲۰۰۹ Baumeister organizes this book around the key subjects associated with functions of optical thin film performance, and provides a valuable resource in the field of thin film technology.The information is widely backed up with citations to patents and published literature.The author draws from 25 years of experience teaching classes at the UCLA Extension Program, and at companies worldwide to answer questions, such as: what are the conventions for a given analysis formalism? and, what other design approaches have been tried for this application?
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Optical Imaging and Spectroscopy   ۲۰۰۹ An essential reference for optical sensor system design  This is the first text to present an integrated view of the  optical and mathematical analysis tools necessary to understand  computational optical system design.It presents the foundations of  computational optical sensor design with a focus entirely on  digital imaging and spectroscopy.It systematically covers:      Coded aperture and tomographic imaging      Sampling and transformations in optical systems, including  wavelets and generalized sampling techniques essential to digital  system analysis      Geometric, wave, and statistical models of optical fields      The basic function of modern optical detectors and focal plane  arrays      Practical strategies for coherence measurement in imaging system  design      The sampling theory of digital imaging and spectroscopy for both  conventional and emerging compressive and generalized measurement  strategies      Measurement code design      Linear and nonlinear signal estimation      The book concludes with a review of numerous design strategies  in spectroscopy and imaging and clearly outlines the benefits and  limits of each approach, including coded aperture and imaging  spectroscopy, resonant and filter-based systems, and integrated  design strategies to improve image resolution, depth of field, and  field of view.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology   Ruth Shinar
Joseph Shinar
۲۰۰۹ A detailed guide to the use of organic electronics in sensing applications.Recent progress in the field of organic electronics (OE), combined with the need for versatile, compact, inexpensive, high-throughput, and field-deployable chemical and biological sensors, has led to the development of OE-based sensors.This multi-disciplinary book provides comprehensive information about the growing field of organic electronics and is the first to detail their use in sensing applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Practical Process Control: Tuning and Troubleshooting   ۲۰۰۹ Practical troubleshooting advice that’s easy to understand and easy  to implement   Practical Process Control shows you how to analyze and  troubleshoot process control systems in process manufacturing  plants.Easy to read and understand, the book stresses practical  solutions that don’t require complex mathematics.This book offers several advantages that you won’t find in  comparable texts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Principles of Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design: New Tools for Industrial Chemical Reactor Operations 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۹ An innovative approach that helps students move from the  classroom to professional practice  Principles of Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design offers a  comprehensive, unified methodology to analyze and design chemical  reactors, using a reaction-based design formulation rather than the  common species-based design formulation.The book’s acclaimed  approach addresses the weaknesses of current pedagogy by giving  readers the knowledge and tools needed to address the technical  challenges they will face in practice.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Systems Engineering Volume 6 Molecular Systems Engineering   ۲۰۰۹ Inspired by the leading authority in the field, the Centre for Process Systems Engineering at Imperial College London, this volume includes theoretical developments, algorithms, methodologies and tools in process systems engineering and applications from the chemical, energy, molecular, biomedical and other areas.The emphasis throughout is firmly placed on the importance of fundamental research and of developing mechanisms for the transfer of the new technology to industry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Propagation of Sound in Porous Media: Modelling Sound Absorbing Materials Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ “The first edition of this book is considered the bible of this  topic…Suffice it to say that there is no other published  treatise that approaches the depth of treatment offered by this  book.The coverage is the state of the published art, while the  added contents cover the new known developments in the  field.”  – Haisam Osman, Technology Development, Manager,  United Launch Alliance   Propagation of Sound in Porous Media  Modeling Sound Absorbing Materials (2nd  edition)  Jean-Francois Allard Université du Maine, France  Noureddine Atalla Université de Sherbrooke, Qc,  Canada  This long-awaited second edition of a respected text from world  leaders in the field of acoustic materials covers the state of the  art with a depth of treatment unrivalled elsewhere.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of Applied Physics, Fourth Edition   Arthur Beiser ۲۰۰۹ Tough Test Questions?Missed Lectures?Not Enough Time?Fortunately for you, there’s Schaum’s Outlines.More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum’s to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams.Schaum’s is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject.Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Schaum’s Outline of Biochemistry, Third Edition   Philip W. Kuchel, Ph.D
Simon Easterbrook-Smith
Vanessa Gysbers
J. Mitchell Guss
۲۰۰۹ Confused about biochemistry?Problem solved.This easy-to-follow outline of the typical one-year course in biochemistry helps you grasp course content and prepare for exams.New chapters cover dramatic recent discoveries about how cells respond to changes in their environment, as well as new developments in genetic engineering and the human genome project.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Smart Light-Responsive Materials: Azobenzene-Containing Polymers and Liquid Crystals Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Opens the door to promising new light-enabled  smart materials and their applications  Examining the most promising developments, this contributed work  reviews smart light-responsive materials based on azobenzene  polymers and liquid crystals.The book explores the underlying  mechanisms of azobenzene polymers and liquid crystals, highlighting  new functionalities and properties that have been realized through  rational design.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Specialty Chemicals Source Book – Fourth Edition   ۲۰۰۹ The specialty chemical industry is focused on the development of chemicals and materials from the perspective of function and market value. The growth of specialty chemicals as a global industry, is tied to exploring and expanding functions and applications for both new and existing chemicals that can serve traditional and niche markets, as well as bringing these chemicals to new geographic markets. It has been extensively revised and expanded and now contains approximately 18,000 monographs on this group of chemicals with 70,000 cross-referenced chemical synonyms, and more than 60,000 trade name equivalents. Spanning diverse chemical functions and applications, this Source Book describes chemicals used in all aspects of industry including: adhesives/sealants, agriculture, anticorrosion chemicals, cosmetics, construction, electronics, food additives, food processing/packaging, industrial and consumer cleaning, inks, lubricants, metal and mineral processing, oil field, paints/coatings, polishes, pharmaceuticals, pigments/dyes/colorants, plastics/rubber, pulp/paper, specialty polymers, textiles, water management. Note that in some cases there will be more than one chemical for each formula because many chemicals have the same formula with positional variations (e.g., o-, m-, p- ).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Steam Turbines: Design, Applications, and Rerating, Second Edition   Heinz P. Bloch
Murari P. Singh
۲۰۰۹ An update of the bestselling guide to selecting, operating, and maintaining high-quality mechanical drive steam turbines for maximum efficiency and minimum downtime.Steam Turbines, Second Edition, offers authoritative information on the operating characteristics, design features, reliability, and maintenance of condensing,extraction, and pack-pressure machines – impulse as well as reaction type.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Structural Bioinformatics 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Praise for the previous edition:   “This book is a gold mine of fundamental and practical  information . . . destined to become a classic reference work . . .  recommended with great enthusiasm for educators, researchers, and  graduate students.”Biochemistry and Molecular Education  Structural Bioinformatics was the first major effort to  show the application of the principles and basic knowledge of the  larger field of bioinformatics to questions focusing on  macromolecular structure, such as the prediction of protein  structure and how proteins carry out cellular functions, and how  the application of bioinformatics to these life science issues can  improve healthcare by accelerating drug discovery and development.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Sustainable Industrial Chemistry   ۲۰۰۹ In recent years the need for sustainable process design and alternative reaction routes to reduce industry?s impact on the environment has gained vital importance.The book begins with a general overview of new trends in designing industrial chemical processes which are environmentally friendly and economically feasible.Specific examples written by experts from industry cover the possibilities of running industrial chemical processes in a sustainable manner and provide an up-to-date insight into the main concerns, e.g., the use of renewable raw materials, the use of alternative energy sources in chemical processes, the design of intrinsically safe processes, microreactor and integrated reaction/ separation technologies, process intensification, waste reduction, new catalytic routes and/or solvent and process optimization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Advanced Materials Revolution: Technology and Economic Growth in the Age of Globalization   ۲۰۰۹ A comprehensive treatment of the economic and global impacts of  the advanced materials industry  This book represents the first comprehensive investigation of  the emerging international advanced materials industry and its  profound impact on the world’s industrialized and newly emerging  economies.It examines the ways in which science, technology,  business, and markets have converged to produce one of the most  dynamic industries in recent years—one that is increasingly  controlling global technological progress as a whole.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry The Art of Radiometry   ۲۰۰۹ The material from this book was derived from a popular first-year graduate class taught by James M. Palmer for over twenty years at the University of Arizona College of Optical Sciences.This text covers topics in radiation propagation, radiometric sources, optical materials, detectors of optical radiation, radiometric measurements, and calibration.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry The Basics of Spectroscopy   ۲۰۰۹ Spectroscopy–the study of matter using electromagnetic radiation–and its applications as a scientific tool are the focus of this tutorial.Topics covered include the interaction of light with matter, spectrometer fundamentals, quantum mechanics, selection rules, and experimental factors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech The Management of Chemical Process Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ Here is a practical guide that not only presents insights into  the organization and management of the disciplines involved in  chemical process development but also provides basic knowledge of  these disciplines, enabling process development practitioners to  recognize and assimilate them in their work.This book illustrates  practical considerations through many examples of the successful  direction and integration of the activities of chemists, analysts,  chemical engineers, and biologists, as well as safety, regulatory,  and environmental professionals in productive teams.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer   ۲۰۰۹ Enables you to easily advance from thermodynamics principles to  applications   Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title  suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone  studying to become one.Its focus therefore is on applications of  thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in  the field.Readers are provided a solid base in thermodynamics  theory; however, the text is mostly dedicated to demonstrating how  theory is applied to solve real-world problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Troubleshooting Process Plant Control   ۲۰۰۹ Easy-to-implement solutions that don’t require complex  mathematics   Without resorting to complicated concepts,Troubleshooting  Process Plant Control gives you the skills needed to solve  typical problems in process control.It’s filled with real-life  examples of problems that commonly arise in process control  alongside commonsense solutions.Moreover, the text is  exceptionally easy to understand.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۹ “This book should be a required reference on the laboratory’s  safety shelf as no where else is so much useful information  available in a single volume.”  —Inside Laboratory Management, on the Second Edition  “…a portable reference on reactive substances to guide all  personnel…in charge of the handling, storage, and transportation  of chemical materials.”  —Journal of the American Chemical Society, on the Second  Edition  The authoritative resource on dangerous chemical  interactions  Enlarged, revised, and even more useful.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Zeolites in Industrial Separation and Catalysis   ۲۰۰۹ Zeolites are capable of functioning in a number of capacities within different industrial applications, for example, their use in commercial processes makes it possible to produce the basic materials used in a variety of consumer products, such as gasoline, detergent, and polyester, on a large scale.This first book to offer a practical overview examines the role of zeolites in three capacities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Albright’s Chemical Engineering Handbook   ۱۱/۲۰/۲۰۰۸ Taking greater advantage of powerful computing capabilities over the last several years, the development of fundamental information and new models has led to major advances in nearly every aspect of chemical engineering.Albright’s Chemical Engineering Handbook represents a reliable source of updated methods, applications, and fundamental concepts that will continue to play a significant role in driving new research and improving plant design and operations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References CHEMISTRY: THE IMPURE SCIENCE   ۱۰/۱۶/۲۰۰۸ This book uses history to introduce central issues in the philosophy of chemistry.Mobilizing the theme of impurity, it explores the tradition of chemistry’s negative image.It then argues for the positive philosophical value of chemistry, reflecting its characteristic practical engagement with the material world.The book concludes with some ethical reflections concerning chemistry’s orientations in the twenty-first century.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry LOW TEMPERATURES AND COLD MOLECULES   ۹/۲۹/۲۰۰۸ New, unexpected and largely unexplored physical phenomena occur in systems cooled to very low temperatures.The background temperature in the universe is approximately 2.7 K, but much lower temperatures have now been obtained in the laboratory.This book reviews the progress in a number of related fields in which the common themes are low temperatures and molecules, not atoms.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering NANOSTRUCTURED AND PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR PHOTON CONVERSION   ۸/۴/۲۰۰۸ In this book, expert authors describe advanced solar photon conversion approaches that promise highly efficient photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical cells with sophisticated architectures on the one hand, and plastic photovoltaic coatings that are inexpensive enough to be disposable on the other.Their leitmotifs include light-induced exciton generation, junction architectures that lead to efficient exciton dissociation, and charge collection by percolation through mesoscale phases.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals SCORPIONATES II: CHELATING BORATE LIGANDS – DEDICATED TO SWIATOSLAW TROFIMENKO   ۵/۲۹/۲۰۰۸ Since their discovery by Swiatoslaw Trofimenko in 1967, poly(pyrazol-1-yl)borates have been considered as one of the most useful ligands in modern coordination chemistry.The term “scorpionate” has been used to describe the interchange between bidentate and tridentate coordination modes by these ligands that has been employed for the synthesis of complexes with virtually every metal in the periodic table, having applications in diverse fields ranging from homogeneous catalysis to bioinorganic chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Essentials of Polymer Science & Engineering – 1st Edition   ۵/۱/۲۰۰۸ This book is at once an introduction to polymers and an imaginative invitation to the field of polymer science and engineering as a whole, including plastics and plastics processing.Created by two of the best-known scientists in America, the text explains and helps students as well as professionals appreciate all major topics in polymer chemistry and engineering: polymerization synthesis and kinetics, applications of probability theory, structure and morphology, thermal and solution properties, mechanical properties, biological properties and plastics processing methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY PROCEEDINGS OF THE XVIII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE (ICOLS 2007)   ۴/۴/۲۰۰۸ Using lasers to induce and probe surface processes has the advantages of quantum state specificity, species selectivity, surface sensitivity, fast time-resolution, high frequency resolution, and accessibility to full pressure ranges.These advantages make it highly desirable to use light to induce, control, or monitor surface chemical and physical processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References A Dictionary of Chemistry   ۲/۲۱/۲۰۰۸ Preface This dictionary was originally derived from the Concise Science Dictionary, first published by Oxford University Press in 1984 (fifth edition, retitled Dictionary of Science, 2005).It consisted of all the entries relating to chemistry in this dictionary, including physical chemistry, as well as many of the terms used in biochemistry.Subsequent editions included special feature articles on important topics as well as several chronologies tracing the history of some topics and short biographical entries on the chemists and other scientists who have been responsible for the development of the subject.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering FAREWELL TO ENTROPY, A: STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS BASED ON INFORMATION   ۱/۱۸/۲۰۰۸ The principal message of this book is that thermodynamics and statistical mechanics will benefit from replacing the unfortunate, misleading and mysterious term “entropy” with a more familiar, meaningful and appropriate term such as information, missing information or uncertainty.This replacement would facilitate the interpretation of the “driving force” of many processes in terms of informational changes and dispel the mystery that has always enshrouded entropy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Adhesive Bonding   ۲۰۰۸ Both solid knowledge of the basics as well as expert knowledge is needed to create rigid, long-lasting and material-specific adhesions in the industrial and trade sectors — information that is extremely difficult and time-consuming to find in the current literature.Written by specialists in various disciplines from both academia and industry, this handbook is the first to provide such comprehensive knowledge in a compact and well-structured form.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Advanced Dairy Science and Technology   ۲۰۰۸ This important and comprehensive book covers, in depth, the most important recent advances in dairy technology.Providing core commercially important information for the dairy industry, the editors, both internationally known for their work in this area, have drawn together an impressive and authoritative list of contributing authors.Topics covered include: heat treatment, membrane processing, hygiene by design, application of HACCP, automation, safety and quality, modern laboratory practices and analysis, and environmental aspects.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Advanced membranesfrom fundamentals and membrane  chemistry to manufacturing and applications   A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced  Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental  principles and theories of separation and purification by  membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major  industrial applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques: An Introduction Based on Finite Element Methods 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is concerned with the efficient  numerical solution of the partial differential equations that  describe fluid dynamics.CFD techniques are commonly used in the  many areas of engineering where fluid behavior is an important  factor.Traditional fields of application include aerospace and  automotive design, and more recently, bioengineering and consumer  and medical electronics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Automation Applications in Bio-Pharmaceuticals   ۲۰۰۸ Control Strategies 73 How Much Automation Do You Need? This book was developed to try to accelerate the learning process for the application of automation in bio-pharmaceuticals. Alyssa, Brendan, and Cameron Buckbee, thanks for being so patient with this process. For the most part, the documentation required is not much different than what is supplied for any automation system designed using Good Engi- neering Practices (GEP). The ideal location will adequately represent the bulk (mixed) vessel conditions; be away from bubbles and solid particles that may impinge on the probe; and, in some processes, see sufficient fluid velocity to minimize the development of coatings on the probe.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Biocatalysis and Bioenergy   ۲۰۰۸ An up-to-date overview of diverse findings and accomplishments  in biocatalysis and bioenergy  With the high price of petroleum and researchers worldwide  seeking new means of producing energy, this comprehensive book on  biocatalysis for bioenergy and biofuel applications is very timely.It combines information on state-of-the-art advances and in-depth  reviews of the latest achievements in biocatalysis and bioenergy,  emphasizing biodiesel, bioethanol, and industrial products.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Characterization and Analysis of Polymers   ۲۰۰۸ A valuable resource on polymer characterization and analysis for  scientists and practitioners in various disciplines  Based on Wiley’s renowned Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and  Technology, Characterization and Analysis of Polymers provides  coverage of key methods of characterization of the physical and  chemical properties of polymers.Methods discussed include atomic  force microscopy, chromatographic methods, laser light scattering,  nuclear magnetic resonance, and thermal analysis, among others.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemical Reactor Design Optimization and Scaleup 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ The classic reference, now expanded and updated  Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scaleup is the  authoritative sourcebook on chemical reactors.This new Second  Edition consolidates the latest information on current optimization  and scaleup methodologies, numerical methods, and biochemical and  polymer reactions.It provides the comprehensive tools and  information to help readers design and specify chemical reactors  confidently, with state-of-the-art skills.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents Volume 1   ۲۰۰۸
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents Volume 2   ۲۰۰۸
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Cost and Value Management in Projects Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Business and Economics/Project Management  A British parliamentary committee criticizes the spiraling costs  of the 2012 London Olympics.Infrastructure costs had risen by $1.8 billion over the figure  quoted.The U.S. Navy orders Lockheed to stop work on the new  coastal-waters warship because of big cost overruns.In a study of 300 large companies, consulting firm Peat Marwick  finds that 65 percent of hardware and/or software development  projects were significantly behind schedule, over budget, or failed  to deliver value in terms of expected performance.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Cost Estimating Manual for Water Treatment Facilities   ۲۰۰۸ Tested-and-proven techniques for quick, accurate estimates  Here is the first manual that guides engineers, planners, and contractors through the process of estimating the cost of building water treatment facilities.Based on more than eighty years of the two authors’ collective experience, the Cost Estimating Manual for Water Treatment Facilities not only enables you to arrive at a dependable estimate, it shows you how to do it quickly with a minimum of information and supporting data.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Finite Element Simulation of Heat Transfer   ۲۰۰۸ This book introduces the finite element method applied to the resolution of industrial heat transfer problems.Starting from steady conduction, the method is gradually extended to transient regimes, to traditional non-linearities, and to convective phenomena.Coupled problems involving heat transfer are then presented.Three types of couplings are discussed: coupling through boundary conditions (such as radiative heat transfer in cavities), addition of state variables (such as metallurgical phase change), and coupling through partial differential equations (such as electrical phenomena).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Mechanics   ۲۰۰۸ This book examines the phenomena of fluid flow and heat/mass transfer as governed by mechanics and thermodynamics.Part 1 concentrates on equations coming from balance laws and also discusses transportation phenomena and propagation of shock waves.Part 2 explains the basic methods of metrology, signal processing, and system modeling, using a selection of examples of fluid and thermal mechanics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety Security and Risk Management 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۸ This CCPS Guideline book outlines current transportation risk analysis software programs and demonstrates several available risk assessment programs for land transport by rail, truck, and pipeline for consequences that may affect the public or the environment.Hazards involve possible fire, explosion, or release of toxics.The book introduces possible transportation risk reduction techniques for consideration including loading and unloading checklists for several transport modes, i.e. truck, rail, marine, intermodal, and containers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۸ This book keeps process engineers updated on the effective  methodologies that process safety demands.Almost 200 pages of  worked examples are included so that the techniques in the  Guidelines can be viewed in easy-to-understand applications.References for further reading, along with charts and diagrams that  reflect the latest views and information, make this a completely  accessible work.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety   ۲۰۰۸ This book provides guidance for plant and engineering staff on the  implementation of effective and efficient Management of Change  (MOC) procedures that can be applied to improve process safety.This is the only process safety element based on CCPSs  Guidelines for Technical Management of Chemical Process  Safety that has never received its own separate book.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Green Chemicals – Second Edition   ۲۰۰۸ Uses: Sizing agent for fine paper and board Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Properties: Lt. orange-brn. cl. liq.; sl. oily odor; insol. in water; sp.gr. Uses: Additive wax for adhesives, inks, personal care, and rubber applics.; abrasion resist. aid and slip resist. aid for coatings; suspension aid, flatting agent, texturizing agent, and binder for personal care prods.; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §۱۷۵.۱۰۵, ۱۷۵.۳۰۰, ۱۷۵.۳۲۰, ۱۷۶.۱۷۰, ۱۷۶.۱۸۰, ۱۷۶.۲۰۰, ۱۷۶.۲۱۰, ۱۷۷.۱۲۰۰, ۱۷۷.۱۲۱۰, ۱۷۷.۱۵۲۰, ۱۷۷.۲۶۰۰, ۱۷۷.۲۸۰۰, ۱۷۸.۳۵۷۰, ۱۷۸.۳۸۵۰, ۱۷۹.۴۵; DOT nonregulated; SARA §۳۱۱/۳۱۳ nonreportable; EU, Canada DSL, Australia, Japan, Korea listed Properties: Wh. micronized powd.; 12 µ avg. particle size; char. waxy odor; negligible sol. in water; dens. Uses: Detergent polymer, dispersant for use in water treatment, household laundry Regulatory: SARA nonreportable Properties: Cl. to hazy liq.; mild char. odor; completely sol. in water; m.w. 15,000; sp.gr. Uses: Detergent polymer, dispersant for use in water treatment, I&I laundry formulations, household laundry; sequestrant; soil dispersant and removal aid Regulatory: SARA nonreportable Properties: Colorless to straw cl. liq.; acrylic odor; completely sol. in water; m.w. 40,000; sp.gr. Uses: Coagent for rubber Regulatory: SARA §۳۱۳ nonreportable Properties: Lt. gray powd.; musty odor; negligible sol. in water; sp.gr.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Handbook of Pharmaceutical Additives – Third Edition   ۲۰۰۸ Uses: Sweetener for pharmaceutical prods. Uses: Filler for pharmaceuticals; detackifier, dusting agent, glidant, lubricant, diluent, filler, compression aid, tablet coating, excipient, opacifier, extender pigment, film enhancer for aerosols, creams and lotions, medicated foot powds. Uses: Filler for pharmaceuticals; detackifier, dusting agent, glidant, lubricant, diluent, filler, compression aid, tablet coating, excipient, opacifier, extender pigment, film enhancer for aerosols, creams and lotions Features: Exc. brightness Properties: Wh. powd.; 6 µ median particle size; 98% min. through 325 mesh; bulk dens. Uses: Filler in pharmaceuticals (tablets, medicated foot powds., creams/lotions/ointments); lubricant, glidant in tablet coatings; release agent in tablet molds Features: Inert Regulatory: DOT nonhazardous Properties: Wh. to grayish-wh. fine powd.; 8 µ median particle size; 99.5% through 325 mesh; sl. earthy odor; sol. in hot, conc. phosphoric acid; insol. in water, cold acids and alkalis; sp.gr. Uses: Surfactant conc. for pharmaceuticals Properties: Liq.; anionic; 50% act.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Handbook of Rheology Modifiers   ۲۰۰۸ Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles, flat thru gloss interior/exterior paints Features: Provides exc. holdout when coating fabric such as rainwear; non-pH dependent Properties: Dens. Uses: Dispersant and scale inhibitor for industrial water treatment (stressed cooling water and boiler water sludge control); visc. reducer for latexes, clay slurries, and pigment disps. Uses: Flow agent, leveling agent, anticratering agent, surf. modifier for paint films, powd. coatings based on epoxy, polyester, or PU resins; defoamer, gloss aid, leveling agent in solv.-diluted paints Features: Silicone-free Properties: Yel. cl. liq.; dilutable with aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, esters; very limited or no dilutability with alcohols, DI water; dens. Uses: Viscosity control agent in synthetic resin emulsions, latex; leveling agent; thixotrope; for water-borne paints, various coating applics. Uses: Peptizer, processing aid, visc. reducer for NR, SR; improves mold flow, uniformity of extrusions and calendered sheets; food- contact rubber articles Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §۱۷۷.۲۶۰۰ Properties: Grayish powd.; partly sol. in org. solvs.; pract. insol. in water; sp.gr.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Incidents That Define Process Safety Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Apply lessons learned from major process and transportation  incidents to improve process safety   This book describes approximately fifty incidents that have had  a significant impact on the chemical and refining industries’  approaches to modern process safety.Events are described in detail  so readers get a fundamental understanding of the root causes, the  consequences, the lessons learned, and actions that can prevent a  recurrence.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Inorganic Materials Synthesis and Fabrication Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ An up-to-date, single-source reference on preparatory inorganic  materials science  This comprehensive volume on the preparation of single-phase  inorganic materials covers the most important methods and  techniques in solid-state synthesis and materials fabrication,  including recent advances in the field.Incorporating both the  fundamental background as well as information on advanced  methodologies, Inorganic Materials Synthesis and Fabrication:      Explains the basic principles of crystallography,  thermodynamics, and kinetics required to use the techniques  described      Covers crystallographic and microstructural considerations      Discusses the chemical energetics and atomistics of reactions  and transformations in solids      Details solid-vapor reactions, solid-liquid reactions, and  solid-solid reactions      Covers nanomaterials synthesis, including bottom-up and top-down  methods      Incorporates information on materials fabrication, including  texture control, forming processes, consolidation methods, and  more      Includes extensive references to the literature      Presents biographical sketches of distinguished materials  scientists of the twentieth century      With an accessible, interdisciplinary approach, this is an  excellent introductory text for materials science and engineering,  chemistry, and physics students, as well as a practical, hands-on  reference for working professionals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Introduction to Particle Technology 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Particle technology is a term used to refer to the science and  technology relating to the handling and processing of particles and  powders.The production of particulate materials, with controlled  properties tailored to subsequent processing and applications, is  of major interest to a wide range of industries including chemical  process, food, pharmaceuticals, minerals and metals companies and  the handling of particles in gas and liquid solutions is a key  technological step in chemical engineering.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Logistic Optimization of Chemical Production Processes   ۲۰۰۸ In the demand-driven operation of chemical, biochemical and  pharmaceutical production plants, the efficient use of the  available resources is of crucial importance to the economic  performance of today’s chemical companies.As the first of its  kind, this book addresses the logistic optimization of chemical  production processes, both from a practical and an academic point  of view.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Materials Characterization: Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods   ۲۰۰۸ This work is a clearly written and highly illustrated introduction  to modern characterization techniques, enabling users to understand  the composition and structure of materials.Encompassing not just  material structure but also chemical analysis, Materials  Characterization covers all key structural and functional  materials from metals and semiconductors to polymers and ceramics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Materials with Rheological Properties   ۲۰۰۸ This book presents the evolution of the mathematical models used to  calculate the resistance structures and the conditions which enable  progress to be made in this field.The author presents equations describing the behavior of each  possible type of resistance structure (with discrete collaboration,  continuous collaboration and complex composition).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Mechanical Catalysis: Methods of Enzymatic Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis   ۲۰۰۸ The authoritative reference on time-dependent (mechanical)  catalysis, as employed by many enzymes and sought in their man-made  mimics   This book examines the principles of mechanics as they apply to  chemistry and, more particularly, catalysis.It’s a unique,  comprehensive resource focusing on unconventional time-dependent  (mechanical) catalysis, instead of the more familiar  energy-dependent (thermodynamic) catalysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Technology: Volume 2: Membranes for Energy Conversion   ۲۰۰۸ This ready reference contains all the relevant and current  information on synthetic membranes and their applications,  including recent developments in innovative energy conversion.The  editor is an internationally known leader in the field who has put  together a first-class team of authors from academia and industry,  who combine their own active experience to provide a highly  practical approach to the subject.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modern Drying Technology Volume 2 Experimental Techniques   ۲۰۰۸ This five-volume handbook provides a comprehensive overview of all  important aspects of modern drying technology, including only  cutting-edge results.Volume 2 brings together the key methods used for drying by a  variety of industries.Key topics include the measurement of  average moisture content, which covers acoustic levitation, dew  point mirror and coulometry, near-infrared spectral imaging,  magnetic resonance imaging and X-ray tomography.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Environmental and Health Impacts   ۲۰۰۸ The latest scientific findings offer insight into how  nanomaterials can affect health and the environment  As more and more nanomaterials are developed and more and more  applications for nanomaterials are discovered, questions about how  these materials affect the environment and human health are  becoming increasingly urgent.With articles contributed by leading  researchers, this book examines the results of recent scientific  studies that have begun to provide answers to these very important  questions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Nanostructured Materials in Electrochemistry   ۲۰۰۸ Making nanomaterials and steering structure build-up on the nanoscale requires different tools than those for shaping a workpiece.Electricity and electric fields have proven their suitability and merit in nanomaterial synthesis and as structural guides during the formation of nanostructures at sizes where mechanical guidance becomes difficult.In addition, nanomaterials have added a new dimension to electrochemistry with previously unknown possibilities for controlling and fine-tuning reaction parameters so as to yield the desired results.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, Eighth Edition   Don W. Green
Robert H. Perry
۲۰۰۸ The definitive reference for more than half a century,—updated for the first time in more than a decade.Since 1934, Perry’s Chemical Engineer’s Handbook has delivered unrivaled, state-of-the-art coverage of all aspects of chemical engineering—from the fundamentals to details on computer applications and control.Featuring 2,700 pages and 1900 illustrations, the eighth edition is a comprehensive source for the newest developments, advances, achievements, and methods in the field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Plastic Packaging: Interactions with Food and Pharmaceuticals 2nd Completely Revised Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ This successful book, now in its second edition, covers all the important aspects of plastic packaging materials and the interdisciplinary knowledge needed by food chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, food technologists, materials scientists, process engineers, and product developers alike.Materials characteristics, additives and their effects, mass transport phenomena such as diffusion, migration, and permeation that lead to interactions between the environment, the packaging material and the packed goods, quality assurance, and recent regulatory requirements from FDA and European Commission are covered in detail with ample data.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Porous Silicon Carbide and Gallium Nitride: Epitaxy Catalysis and Biotechnology Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Like all semiconductors, silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride  (GaN) have an energy gap separating the electron energy levels that  are normally filled with electrons from those that are normally  empty of electrons.Both SiC and GaN have high bond strengths,  making them suitable for high-temperature applications.Their wide  band gaps also permit a number of novel applications for the  materials, including blue and ultra-violet light-emitting devices  as well as high-power and high-speed electronic devices.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Engineering Problem Solving: Avoiding “The Problem Went Away but it Came Back” Syndrome Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ A rapid, effective problem-solving approach for your plant  In many modern plants, lots of time and money is spent  addressing recurring problems.This guide gives you a structured,  practical way to solve real-world plant processing problems,  focusing on those that tend to be chronic or that require an  engineering analysis.Written by an experienced professional who  has felt, firsthand, the pressure to get complicated systems  working quickly and correctly, Process Engineering Problem  Solving:      Gives you a systematic, practical, five-step approach developed  specifically to solve process engineering problems      Details a step-by-step method based on actual, in-plant  experience rather than on abstract theory      Presents chemical engineering fundamentals from the perspective  of the problem solver      Shows you how to use these chemical engineering fundamentals as  a basis for developing technically correct working hypotheses      Includes real-world example problems to illustrate the concepts,  techniques, and calculations      If you have a good understanding of the equipment and the  specific technology involved, this systematic, methodical reasoning  approach will help you quickly analyze and solve problems in your  plant.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Reactive Distillation Design and Control   ۲۰۰۸ Reactive distillation has economical and environmental  advantages  Reactive distillation is a breakthrough process innovation with  numerous applicationsin the petroleum and chemical industries.In  systems with the appropriate chemistryand vapor–liquid phase  equilibrium, it combines the reaction and separation  operations,which reduces energy and capital costs and environmental  impact.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Science and Technology of Polymer Nanofibers   ۲۰۰۸ Everything you need to know about polymer  nanofibersthe science, technology, and  applications   Discover new and emerging applications of polymer nanofibers  alongside the basic underlying science and technology.With  discussions exploring such practical applications as filters,  fabrics, sensors, catalysts, scaffolding, drug delivery, and wound  dressings, the book goes beyond a basic scholarly treatment to  provide polymer scientists and engineers with a comprehensive,  practical “how-to” reference.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering   ۲۰۰۸ Scientific Principles to Guide Sustainable Design Decisions   From thermodynamics to fluid dynamics to computational  chemistry, this book sets forth the scientific principles  underlying the need for sustainable design, explaining not just the  “hows” of sustainable design and green engineering, but also the  “whys.”Moreover, it provides readers with the scientific  principles needed to guide their own sustainable design decisions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids   ۲۰۰۸ A comprehensive textbook that addresses the recent interest in  nanotechnology in the engineering, materials science, chemistry,  and physics communities  In recent years, nanotechnology has become one of the most  promising and exciting fields of science, triggering an increasing  number of university engineering, materials science, chemistry, and  physics departments to introduce courses on this emerging topic.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings The Science and Engineering of Thermal Spray Coatings 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Thermal spraying has become the most versatile coating method in  materials engineering.This text describes the state of art o f  this technology in a logical way: starting from the feedstock used  to spray and the methods of manufacturing, u to the present and  potential future industrial applications of sprayed coatings.The  book, based on then successful first edition published in 1995,  describes new topics in thermal spray technology such as  nanostructured deposits, the cold spray method, advanced  mathematical methods of process modelling, and many others.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Thermal Analysis of Polymers Fundamentals and Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۰۸ Learn how to take full advantage of a broad range of thermal  analysis techniques  Thermal Analysis of Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications  emphasizes the practical uses of thermal analysis, enabling readers  to take full advantage of its capabilities as a polymer  characterization tool in their laboratories.The book offers  essential theoretical background; however, it focuses on how to  perform a broad range of thermal analysis measurements and tests,  with detailed coverage of methods, applications, instrumentation,  and calibration.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics of Microstructures   ۲۰۰۸ These examples indicate that higher-order structures of polymers are analogous to microstructures of metals or ceramics. Based on the previous discussion, the discipline of materials science would not exist today if not for the concept of microstructure. The most important aim of Materials Science is to formulate a unified system of science and technology by rearranging and combining, as it were, in a cross-disciplinary manner, the ‘‘vertically structured’’ knowl- edge and techniques that have been established separately for the study and development of metals, ceramics, and polymers. 1.2 Various characteristics of a material are categorized roughly into ones that do not change so much, such as ‘‘specific gravity,’’ and others that change remarkably according to its microstructure, such as hardness. Perhaps it is supposed that the change of order is almost equal when a liquid is transformed into a gas because a liquid itself has no structure.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology Online 6 Volume Set   ۲۰۰۸ The Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology is an authoritative new  work whose goal is to illuminate the crucial role of chemistry and  chemical techniques in the life sciences.The encyclopedia  will adopt an inclusive editorial approach, encompassing  fundamental and blue-sky science as well as those areas of research  that have more immediate medical or commercial applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Desk Reference of Clinical Pharmacology – Second Edition   ۱۰/۳۱/۲۰۰۷ PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION Since publication of the first edition of CRC Desk Reference of Clinical Pharmacology in 1998, dramatic discoveries in molecular medicine, along with rapid concomitant technological advances, have revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of human diseases with new medications.Given the rapid pace of new discovery, genetic- and cell-based therapeutics have now become a common part of the physicians’ armamentarium .
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Textbook of Interventional Cardiovascular Pharmacology   ۶/۱/۲۰۰۷ Preface The last quarter of a century has seen dramatic developments in the management of cardiovascular diseases.Besides the pioneering developments in the medical management of cardiovascular disorders the field of interventional cardiology has also emerged as a major discipline with a huge impact on the clinical management of acute coronary syndrome, chronic coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular and valvular diseases.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Applied Combustion, Second Edition   ۳/۹/۲۰۰۷ The second edition of this practical text offers a broad introduction to the engineering principles of chemical energy conversion.Eugene L. Keating, Ph.D., P.E., a recognized authority within academia, government, and industry, examines combustion science and technology using fundamental principles.Thermochemical engineering data and design formulations of basic performance relationships appear in dual SI and English engineering dimensions and units, helping you save time and avoid conversion errors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ The definitive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical  compounds  Correlating chemical structure with toxicity to humans and the  environment, and the chemical structure of compounds to their  hazardous properties, A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous  Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition allows users to  assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data  exists.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Additives and Crystallization Processes: From Fundamentals to Applications   ۲۰۰۷ This book presents a generalized description of the mechanisms of  action of additives during nucleation, growth and aggregation of  crystals during crystallization.Contents: 1) Complexes in Solution; 2) Three-dimensional  nucleation and metastable zone width; 3) Kinetics and mechanism of  crystal growth: an overview; 4) Effects of additives on crystal  growth kinetics; 5) Dead supersaturation zone and threshold  supersaturations of growth; 6) Mineralization in natural and  artificial systems; 7) Morphology and size distribution of  crystals; 8) Additives in industries; 9) Segregation coefficients  of impurities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Advanced Ultrasonic Methods for Material and Structure Inspection   ۲۰۰۷ Ultrasonic signals are increasingly being used for predicting material behavior, both in an engineering context (detecting anomalies in a variety of structures) and a biological context (examining human bones, body parts and unborn fetuses).Featuring contributions from authors who are specialists in their subject area, this book presents new developments in ultrasonic research in both these areas, including ultrasonic NDE and other areas which go beyond traditional imaging techniques of internal defects.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers   Gabi Nindle Waite
Lee R Waite
۲۰۰۷ New engineering concepts that foster better machines and procedures in the health field.Bridging the gap between two rapidly merging fields, this resource provides you with a solid foundation in the biological sciences and the quantitative analysis and technical skills necessary for engineering.This presentation of biological concepts in an engineering language encourages you to develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Ceramic Membranes for Separation and Reaction Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ Ceramic membranes have been developed for similar process  applications to polymeric membranes applications, including  ultrafiltration, desalination, gas separation, pervaporation, and  biochemical reactions.They are used especially where high alkaline  (or acid) feed solution or high temperature operation precludes the  use of existing polymeric membranes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Chemical Process Design   ۲۰۰۷ Computer aided process engineering (CAPE) tools have been very successfully used in process design for a long time.In particular, simulation as an analysis and validation tool and modeling have enabled engineers to analyze and understand the interplay of chemistry, thermodynamics, process synthesis, the efficient use of resources, and process dynamics prior to building the actual plant.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemical Reactor Design and Control Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ Chemical reactors—control should be considered during  design  Chemical Reactor Design and Control uses process simulators like  Matlab, Aspen Plus, and Aspen Dynamics to study the design of  chemical reactors and their dynamic control.There are numerous  books that focus on steady-state reactor design.There are no books  that consider practical control systems for real industrial  reactors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Combinatorial Materials Science   ۲۰۰۷ Combinatorial methods and advanced informatics expedite analysis  and discovery  This reference describes new developments and research results  in catalysts, biomaterials, and nanomaterials, together with  informatics approaches to the analysis of Combinatorial Science  (CombiSci) data.CombiSci has been used extensively in the  pharmaceutical industry, but there is enormous potential in its  application to materials design and characterization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Comprehensive Organic Reactions in Aqueous Media 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۷ An extensive update of the classic reference on organic reactions  in water       Published almost a decade ago, the first edition has served as  the guide for research in this burgeoning field.Due to the cost,  safety, efficiency, and environmental friendliness of water as a  solvent, there are many new applications in industry and academic  laboratories.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Computational Organic Chemistry   ۲۰۰۷ Through this book I aim to demonstrate the major impact that computational methods have had upon the current understanding of organic chemistry. The remaining chapters present case studies where computational chemistry has been instrumental in elucidating solutions to organic chemistry problems. The variational principle asserts that any wavefunction constructed as a linear com- bination of orthonormal functions will have its energy greater than or equal to the lowest energy (E0) of the system. The molecular geometry is less sensitive to computational method than is its energy. For all cases, the geometry of the acid and its conjugate base were completely optimized at the level under consideration, except for the MP4 energies, which were computed using the MP2 geometries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Corrosion and Corrosion Control 4th Edition   ۲۰۰۷ The classic book on corrosion science and engineering—now  in a valuable new edition  The ability to prevent failures by managing corrosion is one of  the main global challengesof the twenty-first century.However,  most practicing engineers and technologists have only a basic  understanding of how they can actively participate in this urgent  economic and environmental issue.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Corrosion Prevention and Protection: Practical Solutions   ۲۰۰۷ Corrosion Prevention and Protection: Practical Solutions  presents a functional approach to the various forms of corrosion,  such as uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion,  galvanic corrosion, stress corrosion, hydrogen-induced damage,  sulphide stress cracking, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue  in various industrial environments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Diffraction Fourier Optics and Imaging   ۲۰۰۷ Learn Fourier and diffractive optics through examples and  computer simulation   This book presents current theories of diffraction, imaging, and  related topics based on Fourier analysis and synthesis techniques,  which are essential for understanding, analyzing, and synthesizing  modern imaging, optical communications and networking, and  micro/nano systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Emergency Management: Concepts and Strategies for Effective Programs   ۲۰۰۷ An all-hazards, multidisciplinary approach to emergency  management   Most emergency management texts focus on the short-term response  to specific threats.This book suggests that it is time for a  different approach, one that is supported by social science and by  new national standards for emergency management programs.This  approach is based on the concept that emergency management is a  distributed process, one that must be collectively performed by the  community.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Environmentally Conscious Materials and Chemicals Processing   ۲۰۰۷ Best practices for designing and implementing environmentally  friendly material and chemical processing operations       The third volume of the Wiley Series in Environmentally  Conscious Engineering, Environmentally Conscious Materials and  Chemicals Processing, offers state-of-the-science approaches for  planning, designing, and implementing environmentally friendly  material and chemical processing systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites   ۲۰۰۷ A comprehensive overview of nanocomposites and the effects of  nanocomposite formation on fire retardant systems  Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites draws extensively from  current work and research in the field to provide a detailed look  at polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy applications.It  covers both nanocomposite fundamentals, including theory, design,  synthesis, and characterization, and polymer flam-mability  fundamentals, emphasizing the effects of nanocomposites on  flammability.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Fuel Processing   ۲۰۰۷ Fuel cell technology attracts increasing attention nowadays, because it offers potential for lowering emissions owing to a potentially superior efficiency compared to conventional power generation.Fuel cells require hydrogen for their operation and consequently numerous technologies are under worldwide investigation for hydrogen storage aiming for distributed, mobile and portable applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Functional Organic Materials: Syntheses Strategies and Applications   ۲۰۰۷ The impact of functional organic materials has increased dramatically over the last few years due to their applications in such numerous fields as electronic devices, optical materials and nanotechnology.Their application demands synthetic know-how and this is always the first step in designing functional materials for new products and applications in nanotechnology, among others.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Fundamental Principles of Optical Lithography: The Science of Microfabrication   ۲۰۰۷ Microlithography is the main technical driving force behind one of  the most important phenomenon in the history of technology –  microelectronics and the incredible shrinking transistor.These  dramatic increases in electronic functionality per unit cost each  year for early five decades, have transformed society.The gating  piece of technology in this marvel of manufacturing progress has  always been the process of lithography – the photochemical printing  of circuit patterns onto semiconductor wafers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Fundamentals of Instrumentation and Measurement   ۲۰۰۷ This title presents the general principles of instrumentation  processes.It explains the theoretical analysis of physical  phenomena used by standard sensors and transducers to transform a  physical value into an electrical signal.The pre-processing of  these signals through electronic circuits  amplification,  signal filtering and analog-to-digital conversion  is then  detailed, in order to provide useful basic information.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-Startup Safety Reviews   ۲۰۰۷ This book provides guidance to those having responsibility for  scheduling and executing a Pre-Startup Safety Review (PSSR) by  outlining a protocol and tool for use by project or turnaround  teams to effectively and efficiently schedule and execute a PSSR.The book contains:  how-to checklists for hazard  assessment, validation of resolutions, new project turnover  including documentation and training in place, turnarounds both  routine and emergency, batch and continuous processes, and  decommissioning.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ The purpose of the Risk Based Process Safety (RBPS)  guideline is to provide a paradigm shift for industries that  manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals focusing on new ways to  (۱) design, (2) correct, or (3) improve process safety management  practices.This new framework for thinking about process  safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas  published in the early 90s, integrates industry  lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable  total quality principles (i.e., plan, do, check,  act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all  organizations  even those with relatively lower hazard  activities  throughout the life-cycle of a company.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Handbook of Industrial Water Soluble Polymers   ۲۰۰۷ Natural and synthetic water soluble polymers are used in a wide  range of familiar industrial and consumer products, including  coatings and inks, papers, adhesives, cosmetics and personal care  products.They perform a variety of functions without which these  products would be significantly more expensive, less effective or  both.Written for research, development and formulation chemists,  technologists and engineers at graduate level and beyond in the  fine and specialty chemicals, polymers, food and pharmaceutical  industries, the Handbook of Industrial Water Soluble  Polymers deals specifically with the functional properties of  both natural and synthetic water soluble polymers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References How To Prepare Defense-Related Scientific and Technical Reports: Guidance for Government Academia and Industry   ۲۰۰۷ An essential guide for preparing scientific and technical  reports for the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)   “Walter Rice, in his excellent book, takes a necessary next step  by taking guidelines from the revised NISO standard and other  standards and adding DoD requirements.Walter was on the committee  that produced ANSI/NISO Z39.18-1995.This, plus his extensive  knowledge based on his years of experience editing scientific and  technical reports in the U.S. Government, industry, and, now,  academia, makes his book a very valuable resource for all who  create, manage, distribute, and archive defense-related technical  reports.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Industrial Gases Processing   ۲۰۰۷ The majority of modern technologies and manufacturing processes rely on industrial gases and there will be a global increase in demand of around 7% per annum.Here, experienced and authoritative experts from one of the two world’s leading industrial gas and engineering companies impart their knowledge on the history, properties and, in particular, the production of atmospheric, noble and synthesis gases, i.e., hydrogen and carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, LNG, acetylene and other fuel gases, as well as special and medical gases.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Low Pressure Gas Dynamic Spray   ۲۰۰۷ Written by world renowned specialists in the field of the Low Pressure Gas Dynamic Spray (LPGDS) technique, this first monograph on the topic brings the understanding of the GDS coating formation process to a new qualitative nanostructural level, while introducing it to industrial and technological experts so that they can develop a new generation of coatings materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering March’s Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions Mechanisms and Structure 6th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ It is important to note that the numbers for each reaction differ from one edition to the other, and many of the sections in the fifth edition do not correlate with the fourth. It is hoped that the organization of the material on reactions and mechanisms will greatly aid the memory and the understanding. The inclusion com- plex can be readily isolated and reactions done in the solid state, such as the reaction with esters to give hydrazides (reaction 16-75).163 In contrast to the inclu- sion compounds, the crystal lattices here can exist partially empty. Double-headed arrows are also used in pericyclic reactions for convenience, although in these reactions we do not really know how or in which direction the electrons are moving. Much information about the mechanism of a reaction can be obtained from a knowledge of which substances catalyze the reaction, which inhibit it, and which do neither.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Mass Transfer: From Fundamentals to Modern Industrial Applications   ۲۰۰۷ Mass transfer phenomena can now be observed in many fields of industry.In particular, separation processes, which make up the vast majority of industrial production procedures, are governed by the physics of mass transfer, and their design and optimization depends heavily on knowledge in this field.This didactic approach to the principles and modeling of mass transfer as it is needed in modern industrial processes is unique in combining a step-by-step introduction to all important fundamentals with the most recent applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Micro Instrumentation   ۲۰۰۷ The concept of process intensification aims to reduce capital costs by combining previously separate unit operations to increase process efficiency and throughput.To achieve this, existing process limitations need to be overcome, especially in mass and heat transfer.This can be implemented particularly well with micro-scale equipment, a very active area of development rapidly gaining in importance since other factors are also increasingly mitigating the size scale-up advantage of conventional plants, such as shipping and waste handling costs outweighing the actual conversion costs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modeling of Process Intensification   ۲۰۰۷ In modern chemical process engineering, the integration of several unit operations into one single unit is of major importance, since it leads to a significant reduction of both investment and operational costs.Furthermore, the application of new modeling approaches can significantly enhance the efficiency of such integration processes.Combining the knowledge involved in process engineering and process modeling, this is the first book to cover all modeling methods applicable to process intensification.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Modern Drying Technology Volume 1 Computational Tools at Different Scales   ۲۰۰۷ This five-volume handbook provides a comprehensive overview of all  important aspects of modern drying technology, and only high-level,  cutting-edge results will be included, the targeted level being  advanced.The idea to this work has been developed by the EFCE  Working Party.Volume 1 deals with computational tools at different scales.Diverse model types, computational fluid dynamics and population  balances as well as process systems simulation tools are  included.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Nitrides with Nonpolar Surfaces   ۲۰۰۷ The field of research on Group III-Nitrides with nonpolar surfaces  has developed significantly over the past five years.This is the  first monograph to discuss in detail the present stage of  development of nonpolar nitrides, with special emphasis on three  main topics: crystal growth, properties, and device studies.World-class researchers have contributed to this book by  summarizing their recent achievements in their respective fields of  expertise.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Organic Coatings: Science and Technology – 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۷ Third Edition brings acclaimed textthoroughly up to date with  the latestorganic coatings technology   Organic Coatings, Third Edition is an unparalleled  reference and text for organic coatings technology and its myriad  applications.It begins with discussions of key principles of  coatings, then thoroughly explores raw materials, physical  concepts, formulations, and applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ The latest advances in the optics of small birefringent  structures   With the proliferation of liquid crystal technologies such as  flat panel displays, understanding the polarization of light in  liquid crystals has become a vital concern of optics, biology,  communication, and numerous other areas in research and industry.Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers deals with  the linear optics of birefringent materials, such as liquid  crystals and polymers, and surveys light propagation in such media  with special attention to applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Strategies for Protecting National Critical Infrastructure Assets: A Focus on Problem-Solving Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ Developing solid, thorough infrastructure security assessments  in diverse sectors  Drawing on the collective experience of many experts, this  definitive reference presents the best methods, techniques, and  measurements to help security analysts conduct objective security  assessments.It helps readers understand advanced security  assessment concepts in today’s high-risk world and identify,  measure, and prioritize security risks.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Synthesis Properties and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ In technological applications, oxides are used in the fabrication of microelectronic cir- cuits, sensors, piezoelectric devices, fuel cells, coatings for the passivation of surfaces against corrosion, and as catalysts. In the chemical and petrochemical industries, products worth billions of dollars are generated every year through processes that use oxide and metal/oxide catalysts (8). Theoretical studies for oxides show a redistribution of charge when going from large periodic structures to small clusters or aggregates, which must be roughly considered to be relatively small for ionic solids while significantly larger for covalent ones (38–۴۳). Furthermore, the presence of under-coordinated atoms (like corners or edges) or O vacancies in an oxide nanoparti- cle should produce specific geometrical arrangements as well as occupied electronic states located above the valence band of the corresponding bulk material (51–۵۳), enhancing in this way the chemical activity of the system (48,50,54,55). The effect of size reduction and the effect of oxidation enhance each other in an oxide in many aspects such as the charge localization, band gap expansion, and work function reduction.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Thermal Safety of Chemical Processes   ۲۰۰۷ Based on the author’s many years of experience in practicing safety assessment in industry and teaching students or professionals in this area, this book presents the methods for a systematic assessment of risks due to potential loss of control over chemical reactions and for the prevention of runaway reactions on an industrial scale.Since this topic is seldom found on university curricula and many professionals do not have the knowledge required to interpret thermal data in terms of risks, Francis Stoessel adopts a unique systematic how-to-do approach: Emphasis is on the data determination and its use for the design of safe processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Trace Chemical Sensing of Explosives Complete Document   ۲۰۰۷ This timely book covers the most recent developments in the  chemical detection of explosives in a variety of environments.Beginning with a broad view of the need for and the potential  applications of chemical sensing, the book considers the issue of  how to effectively include chemical sensing into systems designed  to find hidden explosives devices.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere   ۲۰۰۷ Every day, large quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)  are emitted into the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural  sources.The formation of gaseous and particulate secondary  products caused by oxidation of VOCs is one of the largest unknowns  in the quantitative prediction of the earths climate on a  regional and global scale, and on the understanding of local air  quality.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Water Quality Control Handbook, Second Edition   E. Roberts Alley ۲۰۰۷ This is the your guide to every aspect of pollution control for all types of water bodies.From at-the-source prevention to technical treatment solutions, the Water Quality Control Handbook brings you expert guidance on assessing, controlling, eliminating, and remediating the many factors that contribute to water pollution.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry HEATS OF HYDROGENATION: EXPERIMENTAL AND COMPUTATIONAL HYDROGEN THERMOCHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS   ۹/۶/۲۰۰۶ Heats of hydrogenation constitute a body of thermochemical information that has had an on-going significance despite the small number of research groups engaged in the work.Recent highly accurate quantum mechanical calculations requiring reference standards of high accuracy have brought hydrogen thermochemistry back into contemporary focus.This book concentrates on distinctive features of hydrogen thermochemistry such as the practical and historical aspects of experimental determination of the enthalpies of hydrogenation and formation of organic compounds, primarily hydrocarbons, literature on hydrogen thermochemistry over the last 70 years, as well as the impact of contemporary advances in computer hardware and software on the calculation of heats of hydrogenation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering CATALYSIS BY GOLD   ۸/۱۵/۲۰۰۶ Gold has traditionally been regarded as inactive as a catalytic metal.However, the advent of nanoparticulate gold on high surface area oxide supports has demonstrated its high catalytic activity in many chemical reactions.Gold is active as a heterogeneous catalyst in both gas and liquid phases, and complexes catalyse reactions homogeneously in solution.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ATOMS, MOLECULES AND CLUSTERS IN ELECTRIC FIELDS: THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE CALCULATION OF ELECTRIC POLARIZABILITY   ۷/۳۱/۲۰۰۶ With the central importance of electric polarizability and hyperpolarizability for a wide spectrum of activities, this book charts the trends in the accurate theoretical determination of these properties in specialized fields.The contributions include reviews and original papers that extend from methodology to applications in specific areas of primary importance such as cluster science and organic synthesis of molecules with specific properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmacogenetics   ۵/۱۶/۲۰۰۶ This book aims to provide a comprehensive account of pharmacogenetics with particular reference to its potential role in specific disease areas.While there have been previous books on pharmacogenetics, these have concentrated on the broader principles (often almost exclusively dealing with pharmacokinetic issues).We felt that a book that provides an account of the generic issues and then provides a disease-area-by-disease-area account would be of value.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering ISOTOPES IN HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS   ۴/۱۱/۲۰۰۶ The purpose of this book is to review the current, state-of-the-art application of isotopic methods to the field of heterogeneous catalysis.Isotopic studies are arguably the ultimate technique in in situ methods for heterogeneous catalysis.In this review volume, chapters have been contributed by experts in the field and the coverage includes both the application of specific isotopes — Deuterium, Tritium, Carbon-14, Sulfur-35 and Oxygen-18 – as well as isotopic techniques — determination of surface mobility, steady state transient isotope kinetic analysis, and positron emission profiling.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling of Combustion Systems : A Practical Approach   ۳/۲۴/۲۰۰۶ Increasing competitive pressure for improved quality and efficiency on one hand and tightening emissions and operating requirements on the other leave the modern process engineer squeezed in the middle.While effective modeling can help balance these demands, the current literature offers overly theoretical treatments on modeling that do not translate quickly and easily to the immediate needs of the practicing engineer.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems A Practical Guide to Compressor Technology 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۶ A Complete overview of theory, selection, design, operation, and  maintenance       This text offers a thorough overview of the operating  characteristics, efficiencies, design features, troubleshooting,  and maintenance of dynamic and positive displacement process gas  compressors.The author examines a wide spectrum of compressors  used in heavy process industries, with an emphasis on improving  reliability and avoiding failure.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems A Real-Time Approach to Process Control 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ Although this text is designed as an introductory course on process control for senior university students in the chemical engineering curriculum, we believe this text will serve as a valuable desk reference for practising chemical engineers and as a text for technical colleges. Graduate education in process control is the place to introduce these concepts. In order to gain an appreciation for process control and simulation it is important to have some understanding of the history and driving force behind the development of both control and simulation. Just as we attain a means of ‘control over our resistant natural environment we find we have produced in the means themselves an artificial environment of such complexity that we cannot control it’. These differences made many of the published examples of servomechanism design of little use to those interested in process control.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Advanced PID Control   ۲۰۰۶ Introduction The idea of feedback is deceptively simple and, yet, extremely powerful.Feedback can reduce the effects of disturbances, it can make a system insensitive to process variations and it can make a system follow commands faithfully.Feedback has also had a profound influence on technology.Application of the feedback principle has resulted in major breakthroughs in control, communication, and instrumentation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and Pressure Vessels: Including Real-World Case Studies   ۲۰۰۶ A highly practical troubleshooting tool for today’s complex  processing industry   Evolving industrial technology—driven by the need to  increase safety while reducing production losses—along with  environmental factors and legal concerns has resulted in an  increased emphasis on sound troubleshooting techniques and  documentation.Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and  Pressure Vessels provides both students and engineering  professionals with the tools necessary for understanding and  solving equipment problems in today’s complex processing  environment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ Thoroughly restructured and updated with new findings and new  features   The Second Edition of this internationally acclaimed text  presents the latest developments in atmospheric science.It  continues to be the premier text for both a rigorous and a complete  treatment of the chemistry of the atmosphere, covering such pivotal  topics as:    Chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere  Formation, growth, dynamics, and properties of aerosols  Meteorology of air pollution  Transport, diffusion, and removal of species in the  atmosphere  Formation and chemistry of clouds  Interaction of atmospheric chemistry and climate  Radiative and climatic effects of gases and particles  Formulation of mathematical chemical/transport models of the  atmosphere    All chapters develop results based on fundamental principles,  enabling the reader to build a solid understanding of the science  underlying atmospheric processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Batch Control Systems – Design, Application, and Implementation – Second Edition   ۲۰۰۶ This book is about process control as it is practiced in batch process industries.That means mostly recipe-driven procedural control and the equipment entities that make recipes relatively simple.The book does not include discussions of implementing most basic control, like temperature and pH control.There are many books on the subject of process control.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Compressors and Modern Process Applications   ۲۰۰۶ A modern reference to the principles, operation, and  applications of the most important compressor types   Thoroughly addressing process-related information and a wider  variety of the major compressor types of interest to process  plants, Compressors and Modern Process Applications uniquely  covers the systematic linkage of fluid processing machinery to the  processes they serve.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response   ۲۰۰۶ EVERY SECOND COUNTS WHEN YOU’RE RESPONDING TO AN EMERGENCY  INVOLVINGCONFINED SPACE—HERE’S THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO  PERFORMING FLAWLESS RESCUES!Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response utilizes a  realistic, scenario-based approach to teach you—and your  staff—the right way to respond to an incident involving a  confined space.The authors provide intensive, step-by-step  guidance through the challenging maze of training regulations,  equipment needs, and procedures to keep your response team finely  tuned and ready to go under any conditions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Development of Sustainable Bioprocesses: Modeling and Assessment   ۲۰۰۶ This book provides a framework for the development of sustainable  bioprocesses.It includes methods for modeling and assessing both  the economic and environmental aspects of biotechnological  processes and illustrates their application in a series of case  studies covering a broad range of products.The book:    provides, in four chapters, an introduction to bioproducts and  bioprocesses and the unit operations involved in manufacturing, as  well as bioprocess modeling in combination with economic and  environmental assessment methods;  cuts across multiple process industries, including  pharmaceutical, biochemicals, chemicals and food production;  addresses risk and uncertainty analysis which are particularly  important in early process and product development;  presents a unique set of case examples from various parts of  biotechnology that improve the understanding of this technology and  provide a starting point for developing a specific model.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation Design and Control Using AspenTM Simulation   ۲۰۰۶ Therefore distillation is, and will remain in the twenty-first century, the premier separation method in the chemical and petroleum industries. Finally, there have been over 35 years of teaching and research at Lehigh in which many undergraduate and graduate students have used simulations of distillation columns in isolation and in plantwide environments to learn basic distillation principles and to develop effective control structures for a variety of distillation column configur- ations. The purpose of this book is to try to capture some of this extensive experience with distillation design and control so that it is available to students and young engineers when they face problems with distillation columns. Questions are addressed as to whether to use single-end control or dual- composition control, where to locate temperature control trays, and how excess degrees of freedom should be fixed. Since the pressure in a distillation column is relatively constant in most columns (the exception is vacuum distil- lation, in which the pressures at the top and bottom are significantly different in terms of absolute pressure level), a Txy diagram, and an xy diagram are convenient for the analysis of binary distillation systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation Troubleshooting Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ THE FIRST BOOK OF ITS KIND ON DISTILLATION TECHNOLOGY   The last half-century of research on distillation has  tremendously improved our understanding and design of industrial  distillation equipment and systems.High-speed computers have taken  over the design, control, and operation of towers.Invention and  innovation in tower internals have greatly enhanced tower capacity  and efficiency.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Emergency Incident Management Systems: Fundamentals and Applications   ۲۰۰۶ A “street smart” look atincident management in all its  permutations       Incident Management Systems (IMS) provide the means by which to  coordinate the efforts of individual agencies in order to stabilize  an incident and protect life, property, and the environment.Born  from the FireScope project of the late 1960s, which was developed  in response to the major wildfires that regularly plagued Southern  California, these systems have evolved with many similarities and  certain fundamental differences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Engineering Optimization: Methods and Applications 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ The classic introduction to engineering optimization theory and  practicenow expanded and updated   Engineering optimization helps engineers zero in on the most  effective, efficient solutions to problems.This text provides a  practical, real-world understanding of engineering optimization.Rather than belaboring underlying proofs and mathematical  derivations, it emphasizes optimization methodology, focusing on  techniques and stratagems relevant to engineering applications in  design, operations, and analysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Fieser and Fieser’s Reagents for Organic Synthesis   ۲۰۰۶ Fiesers’ Reagents for Organic Synthesis provides an up-to-date, A-to-Z listing of reagents cited in synthetic literature, and this index will be an indispensable addition to the series.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Functional Coatings: by Polymer Microencapsulation   ۲۰۰۶ Polymer microencapsulation technology originally came from pharmaceuticals as a means of coating precious compounds for better storage or for their journey through the human body to their destination.Solid particulates, liquid droplets or gas bubbles are covered with a thin coating to give core-shell particles where the compound of interest resides inside the shell, permanently or temporarily protected from its surroundings.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Fundamentals of Electrochemical Deposition 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۶ Excellent teaching and resource material . . . it is concise,  coherently structured, and easy to read . . . highly recommended  for students, engineers, and researchers in all related fields.”    —Corrosion on the First Edition of Fundamentals of  Electrochemical Deposition   From computer hardware to automobiles, medical diagnostics to  aerospace, electrochemical deposition plays a crucial role in an  array of key industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Fundamentals of Electrochemistry 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۶ A cogent and useful introduction to thetheory and application of  electrochemistry   A significantly revised and improved edition of a noted text,  this Second Edition of Fundamentals of Electrochemistry is designed  to serve both professionals and novices with the essential  information they require to understand and apply electrochemical  processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Fundamentals of Fire Phenomena   ۲۰۰۶ Understanding fire dynamics and combustion is essential in fire  safety engineering and in fire science curricula.Engineers and  students involved in fire protection, safety and investigation need  to know and predict how fire behaves to be able to implement  adequate safety measures and hazard analyses.Fire phenomena  encompass everything about the scientific principles behind fire  behavior.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Gasdynamic Aspects of Two-Phase Flow   ۲۰۰۶ In this book, the author, a researcher of outstanding experience in this field, summarizes and combines the recent results and findings on advanced two-phase flow modeling and numerical methods otherwise dispersed in various journals.At the same time, he explains numerical and modeling techniques which were not previously covered by other books.The resulting systematic and comprehensive monograph is unrivalled in its kind, serving as a reference for both researchers and engineers working in engineering as well as in environmental science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems   ۲۰۰۶ Over the past few years, process safety management system  compliance audits have revealed that organizations often have  significant opportunities for improving their mechanical integrity  programs.The Center for Chemical Process Safety has undertaken  this project to develop this new book in the Guidelines series on  the topic of Mechanical Integrity, to provide practitioners a basic  familiarity of mechanical integrity concepts and best  practices.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems   ۲۰۰۶ This book explains the decision-making processes for the management of instrumented protective systems (IPS) throughout a projects life cycle.It uses the new IEC 61511 standard as a basis for the work processes used to achieve safe and reliable process operation.By walking the reader through a projects life cycle, engineering, maintenance, and operations, the information allows users to easily focus on their responsibilities and duties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Plastics Technologies: The Complete Guide to Properties and Performance   Charles A. Harper ۲۰۰۶ Understand, design, and manufacture plastics.This resource provides you with the state-of-the-art information for the design, manufacture and application of plastics as well as its cutting-edge usage in nanotechnology .Includes the latest industry specifications and standards; Covers the latest recycling methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Heat-Transfer Calculations   Myer Kutz ۲۰۰۶ Packed with laws, formulas, calculations solutions, enhancement techniques and rules of thumb, this practical manual offers fast, accurate solutions to the heat transfer problems mechanical engineers face everyday.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Chemical Engineering Computing   ۲۰۰۶ An innovative introduction to chemical engineering computing    As chemical engineering technology advances, so does the  complexity of the problems that arise.The problemsthat chemical  engineers and chemical engineering students face today can no  longer be answered with programs written on a case-by-case basis.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Computing teaches  professionalsand students the kinds of problems they will have to  solve, the types of computer programs needed to solve  these problems, and how to ensure that the problems have been  solved correctly.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials   ۲۰۰۶ The biomaterials technology industry is already well established in  the western world and is growing rapidly within Asian Pacific  nations.It is often described as the next electronics  industry, whilst the laser is described as a solution  looking for a problem.This book describes the use of the  laser to solve a troublesome and costly problem in a rapidly  growing global industry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Materials Science of Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separation   ۲۰۰۶ Membrane-based gas- and vapor separation has emerged into an  important unit operation in the chemical industry during the past  ۳۰ years.The efficiency of this technology strongly depends on the  selection of membrane materials, their physicochemical properties,  and the mechanism through which permeation occurs.The optimum  choice of materials for ultrathin, dense gas separation membranes  is more demanding than that of other membrane processes, such as  ultrafiltration or microfiltration, where pore size and pore size  distribution are the key factors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Technology: in the Chemical Industry 2nd Revised and Enlarged Edition   ۲۰۰۶ Developed from a useful laboratory technique into a commercial separation technology, today membrane technology has found widespread and rapidly expanding use in the chemical industry.It has established applications in such areas as hydrogen separation and recovery of organic vapors from process gas streams, a well as the selective transport of organic solvents, opening up new perspectives for catalytic conversion in membrane reactors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Micro Process Engineering Volume 5   ۲۰۰۶ Advanced Micro & Nanosystems (AMN) provides cutting-edge reviews and detailed case studies by top authors from science and industry, covering technologies, devices and advanced systems from the micro and nano worlds, which together have an immense innovative application potential that opens up with control of shape and function from the atomic level right up to the visible world without any technological gaps.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment   ۲۰۰۶ The only comprehensive, systematic comparison of major mechanical surface treatments, their effects, and the resulting material properties.The result is an up-to-date, full review of this topic, collating the knowledge hitherto spread throughout many original papers.The book begins with a description of elementary processes and mechanisms to give readers an easy introduction, before proceeding to offer systematic, detailed descriptions of the various techniques and three very important types of load effect: thermal, quasistatic, and cyclic loading.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Modern Nuclear Chemistry Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ A detailed perspective on both “pure” and “applied” aspects of  nuclear chemistry   The first succinct coverage of basic physical principles of  nuclear and radiochemistry since Friedlander’s 1981 classic,  Modern Nuclear Chemistry brings together a detailed,  rigorous perspective on both the theoretical and practical aspects  of this rapidly evolving field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry NMR Imaging in Chemical Engineering Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ How to use nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in chemical engineering.Written by the internationally recognized top experts from academia and industry, this first book dedicated to the topic provides an overview of existing methods and strategies to solve individual problems in chemical engineering.Written in a simple and lively manner and backed by various industrial examples, the book begins with a look at hardware and methods, continuing on to cover porous materials, fluids and flow of increasing complexity from different fields of Chemical Engineering, before finishing off with a review of reactors and reactions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Organic Materials in Civil Engineering   ۲۰۰۶ This book provides an inventory of organic materials and products,  the major components of all civil engineering projects, in terms of  their scientific and technical background, including the  regulations that cover their use and their predicted useful life.Such materials include: bitumen on the roads; geotextiles for  retaining walls; membranes for bridges; tunnel and reservoir  waterproofing; paint binders to protect metallic and concrete  structures or to create road markings; injection resins; gluing  products; concrete admixtures; and composite materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Polymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Characterization, and Applications   Joseph H. Koo ۲۰۰۶ Understand the principles, applications, and limitations of a cutting-edge material.Based on the author’s 26 years of experience in the field of Nanotechnology, this reference offers researchers and materials scientists a complete reference to the physical concepts, techniques, applications and principles underlying one of the most researched materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems Complete Document   ۲۰۰۶ A HANDS-ON MANUAL FOR THE SAFETY AND DESIGN OF COMPLEX PROCESS  VENTING SYSTEMS       Process vent header collection systems are subject to  continually varying compositions and flow rates and thus present  significant challenges for safe design.Due to increasingly  demanding safety, health, environmental, and property protection  requirements, today’s industrial designers are faced with the  need  to create increasingly complex systems for more effective  treatment, dispersal, or disposal of process gases.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Securing Utility and Energy Infrastructures   ۲۰۰۶ The latest security measures for utility and energy  industries       Addressing the growing post-9/11 concern about the safety of the  utility and energy industries, SecuringUtility and Energy  Infrastructures presents a detailed blueprint for safeguarding  these vital fields.This comprehensive guide discusses how to  protect the electric, oil and gas, nuclear, telecommunications, and  water industries from a conventional or terrorist attack.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Structure Deformation and Integrity of Materials 2 Volumes   ۲۰۰۶ This first integrated approach to the thermomechanics of materials deals equally with the atomic scale, the mesoscale of microstructures and morphology, as well as the macroscopic level of actual components and workpieces for applications.With some 85 examples and 150 problems, it covers the three important material classes of ceramics, polymers, and metals in a didactic manner.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY PROCEEDINGS OF THE XVII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE   ۱۲/۱۵/۲۰۰۵ Using lasers to induce and probe surface processes has the advantages of quantum state specificity, species selectivity, surface sensitivity, fast time-resolution, high frequency resolution, and accessibility to full pressure ranges.These advantages make it highly desirable to use light to induce, control, or monitor surface chemical and physical processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry   ۸/۱/۲۰۰۵ A timely, hands-on guide to environmental issues and regulatory standards for the petroleum industry Environmental analysis and testing methods are an integral part of any current and future refining activities.Today’s petroleum refining industry must be prepared to meet a growing number of challenges, both environmental and regulatory.Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry focuses on the analytical issues inherent in any environmental monitoring or cleanup program as they apply to today’s petroleum industry, not only during the refining process, but also during recovery operations, transport, storage, and utilization.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY WITH NEUTRONS – WITH APPLICATIONS IN CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CATALYSIS   ۶/۱۵/۲۰۰۵ The elegance and logic of the superposition method have made it a highly attractive analytical procedure for obtaining accurate mathematical solutions to plate vibration problems.Its applicability to vast families of these problems, ranging from the dynamic behaviour of isotropic and orthotropic plates to laminated plate behaviour, is well demonstrated in the technical literature.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids   ۶/۲/۲۰۰۵ My interest in writing this book grew out of research in the supercritical fluids area that I have been pursuing for some time.The term supercritical fluid is used quite loosely in the literature, often simply to describe a high-pressure fluid above its critical temperature.However, many of the most interesting phenomena in these systems arise only with close proximity to the critical point itself.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 1, Edible Oil and Fat Products: Chemistry, Properties, and Health Effects – 6th Edition   آوریل, ۲۰۰۵ Our objective is to thoroughly update and expand upon the last  edition–with particluar focus on new topics (see “description”)  and on selecting experts to author each chapter–in addition to  preparing for online delivery of this information for the first  time.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 5, Edible Oil and Fat Products: Processing Technologies – 6th Edition   آوریل, ۲۰۰۵ Our objective is to thoroughly update and expand upon the last  edition–with particluar focus on new topics (see “description”)  and on selecting experts to author each chapter–in addition to  preparing for online delivery of this information for the first  time.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 6, Industrial and Nonedible Products from Oils and Fats – 6th Edition   آوریل, ۲۰۰۵ Our objective is to thoroughly update and expand upon the last  edition–with particluar focus on new topics (see “description”)  and on selecting experts to author each chapter–in addition to  preparing for online delivery of this information for the first  time.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Classical Thermodynamics: International Edition   ۱/۲۷/۲۰۰۵ PREFACE This book was written to serve as an undergraduate textbook in classical thermodynamics for engineering students.The text is for students who have had basic calculus (including differentiation and integration), physics, and the fundamentals of chemistry.The text is designed for a two-semester course sequence, or for an introductory one-semester course.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals GUIDE TO CHALCOGEN-NITROGEN CHEMISTRY, A   ۱/۳/۲۰۰۵ Chalcogen-nitrogen chemistry involves the study of compounds that exhibit a linkage between nitrogen and sulfur, selenium or tellurium atoms.Such studies have both fundamental and practical importance.A Guide to Chalcogen-Nitrogen Chemistry examines the role of chalcogen-nitrogen compounds in areas ranging from solid-state inorganic chemistry to biochemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References A Practical Guide to Supramolecular Chemistry   ۲۰۰۵ A Practical Guide to Supramolecular Chemistry is an  introductory manual of practical experiments for chemists with  little or no prior experience of supramolecular chemistry.Syntheses are clearly presented to facilitate the preparation of  acyclic and macrocyclic compounds frequently encountered in  supramolecular chemistry using straightforward experimental  procedures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Adhesion   ۲۰۰۵ Emphasizing the most recent developments this book addresses both the basic and applied aspects of adhesion.The authors present the latest results on fundamental aspects, adhesion in biology, chemistry for adhesive formulation, surface chemistry and the pretreatment of adherends, mechanical issues, non-destructive testing and the durability of adhesive joints, as well as advanced technical applications of adhesive joints.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Advanced pH Measurement and Control – Third Edition   ۲۰۰۵ The improvements made based on their comments should help make this the best practical application guide for pH measurement and control in the process industry. Greg is an ISA Fellow and received the ISA “Kermit Fischer Environmental” Award for pH control in 1991, the Control magazine “Engineer of the Year” Award for the Process Industry in 1994, and was one of the first inductees into the Control magazine “Process Automation Hall of Fame” in 2001. The stick-slip of the same control valve must be less than 0.00005% to control within 1 pH of the 7 pH set point. Successive zooms centered on 7 pH should always yield additional S-shaped curves, as seen in Figures 1-1b and 1-1c, since the slope is continuously changing by a factor of 10 for each pH unit deviation from 7 pH. Of course, the loop probably was not stable to begin with at 7 pH, so the better set point does not mean you can increase the gain by a factor of 10 per pH unit even though it might be a strong acid and base.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure: Continuous Direct-Heat Rotary Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۵ The newest edition of the AIChE manual to continuous  direct-heat rotary dryers   Continuous Direct-Heat Rotary Dryers, Third Edition is the  latest text in the AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure series.This new edition continues to provide chemical engineers, plant  managers, and other professionals in the chemical process  industries with helpful advice about performance evaluation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics   ۲۰۰۵ A comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of  nonequilibrium thermodynamics   Nonequilibrium thermodynamics has emerged as a promising new  field of study dealing with irreversible processes in matter, and  is fundamental to understanding these systems on a wide range of  length scales, including the micro- or nanoscopic level.Many of  the most cutting-edge technological applications within this field  require a fully nonlinear framework far from equilibrium.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Boronic Acids   ۲۰۰۵ One of the latest advances in the preparation of boronic acids, the use of C-H activa- tion/borylation methods, is discussed in Chapter 2. Much has happened in the de- velopment of new conditions and catalysts to expand the scope of transition metal catalysed C-C bond formation processes using boronic acids. Boronic acids and several of their ester derivatives can serve as stable and mild Lewis acids, and this unique property has inspired the development of catalysts for several reaction processes, including asymmetric transformations; this topic is reviewed in Chapter 10. Unfortunately, the bulky boronic esters 37–۴۰ are very robust to hydrolysis, and their conversion back into boronic acids is notoriously difficult. Other types of esters including DICHED [121] and the robust pinacol esters of peptidyl boronates [122] have also been converted into boronic acids through transesterification with diethanolamine in or- ganic solvent, followed by acidic aqueous hydrolysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Bulk Crystal Growth of Electronic Optical and Optoelectronic Materials Complete Document   ۲۰۰۵ Several multibillion/million US$ industries are based on bulk-grown  crystals of both semiconductors and oxides/fluorides.These  industries include information technology, telecommunications,  infrared imaging (both military and civilian), lasers, medical  imaging, high-energy physics and solar cells.Bulk-grown crystals  have, in some cases, been commercially available for over 50 years,  and in that time average sizes have increased greatly, leading to  lower unit costs, consequently lower device costs and hence greater  consumer benefit.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Engineering: Trends and Developments Complete Document   ۲۰۰۵ Chemical engineering is being revolutionised by the emergence of  innovative applications, developing into a process technology that  affects many difference industries.Significant advances in  techniques have developed in four key areas: bioseparations,  nanotechnology, particle science and design, and reaction  engineering.This book provides an overview of the main areas of  technical development and their applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Electronic Materials Science   ۲۰۰۵ A thorough introduction to fundamental principles and applications   From its beginnings in metallurgy and ceramics, materials  science now encompasses such high- tech fields as microelectronics,  polymers, biomaterials, and nanotechnology.Electronic Materials  Science presents the fundamentals of the subject in a detailed  fashion for a multidisciplinary audience.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications   ۲۰۰۵ This timely book is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of this modern technology with the focus on the “green aspect”.The expert authors present everything from reactions without solvents to nanostructures for separation methods, from combinatorial chemistry on solid phase to dendrimers.The result is a ready reference packed full of valuable facts on the latest developments in the field – high-quality information otherwise widely spread throughout articles and reviews.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Safe Handling of Powders and Bulk Solids Complete Document   ۲۰۰۵ Powders and bulk solids, handled widely in the chemical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, smelting, and other industries present unique fire, explosion, and toxicity hazards.Indeed, substances which are practically inert in consolidated form may become quite hazardous when converted to powders and granules.The U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board is currently investigating dust explosions that occured in 2003 at WestPharma, CTA Acoustics, and Hayes-Lemmerz, and is likely to recommend that companies that handle powders or whose operations produce dust pay more attention to understanding the hazards that may exist at their facility.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Adhesion 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۵ This second edition of the successful Handbook of Adhesion  provides concise and authoritative articles covering many aspects  of the science and technology associated with adhesion and  adhesives.It is intended to fill a gap between the necessarily  simplified treatment of the student textbook and the full and  thorough treatment of the research monograph and review article.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Industrial Chemistry: Organic Chemicals   Mohammad Farhat Ali, Ph.D.
Bassam M. El Ali, Ph.D.
James G. Speight, Ph.D.
۲۰۰۵ Critical to truly understanding pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, polymers, and plastics, the Handbook of Industrial Chemistry provides the chemical properties and principles for the analyses and processes used in producing non-petroleum-based organic products.Packed with useful tables, formulas, and equations, this problem-solving handbook provides coverage, which ranges from basic to complex, of the chemical processes for products such as paints, pigments, and industrial coatings; dyestuffs, and finishing and dyeing of textiles; industrial fermentation; chemical explosives; non-petroleum processing and petrochemicals; and polymers and plastics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Handbook of Polymer Reaction Engineering, Two Volumes   ۲۰۰۵ This first book dedicated to all aspects of the field presents our  current knowledge in its entirety, covering the necessary  disciplines and processes involved – from the monomer to the final  product.With an international editor and author team from academia  and such leading chemical companies as Bayer, BASF and DuPont, the  text adopts a multidisciplinary approach and a practical point of  view.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Integrated Chemical Processes   ۲۰۰۵ This is the first book dedicated to the entire field of integrated  chemical processes, covering process design, analysis, operation  and control of these processes.Both the editors and authors are  internationally recognized experts from different fields in  industry and academia, and their contributions describe all aspects  of intelligent integrations of chemical reactions and physical unit  operations such as heat exchange, separational operations and  mechanical unit operations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry, Sixteenth Edition   James Speight, Ph.D. ۲۰۰۵ Respected for over seven decades as the standard reference for chemists and chemical engineers, this extensively revised and updated 70th Anniversary Edition of Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry is an enormous compendium of facts, data, and tabular material.Lange’s lists the properties of over 4000 organic and 1400 inorganic compounds.The new edition features new tables covering viscosity, thermal conductivity, critical constants, explosion limits, and vapor density; and for the first time in Lange’s, equations allow the calculation of values such as temperature and pressure.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Loop Checking – A Technician’s Guide   ۲۰۰۵ Because neither the author nor the publisher has any control over the use of the information by the reader, both the author and the publisher disclaim any and all liability of any kind arising out of such use. Beginning his career with Fisher Controls as a valve application engineer, he spent the last 23 years with Control Southern as a control systems engineer. Chapter 1 – Introduction to Loop Checking provides a background on the recently increased emphasis on the loop checking process (i.e., the financial paybacks are significant from control system performance). For this reason, this guide defines loop checking broadly to include control loop performance rather than merely in terms of plant start-up situations as in the traditional definition. In addition to the controller performance enemies of deadtime and noise mentioned previously, the valve could also introduce non-linearities and deadband into the loop – neither of which is good for the PID controller.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Microwave Assisted Organic Synthesis   ۲۰۰۵ The first reports on the application of microwaves in organic  synthesis date back to 1986, but it was not until the recent  introduction of specifically designed and constructed equipment,  which countered the safety and reproducibility concerns, that  synthetic application of microwaves has become established as a  laboratory technique.Microwave assisted synthesis is now being  adopted in many industrial and academic laboratories to take  advantage of the novel chemistry that can be carried out using a  variety of organic reaction types.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic Synthesis 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۵ An invaluable resource for navigating the world of name reactions  and reagents   Current indexing schemes do not list reactions and reagents as  commonly as they used to.Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic  Synthesis, Second Edition provides an up-to-date, concise  compilation of the most commonly used and widely known name  reactions and reagents in modern synthetic organic chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Named Organic Reactions 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۵ For the Second Edition the authors have completely revised the  whole text.With the Baylis-Hillman Reaction and the Swern  Oxidation, new reactions have been added.Key reactions such as the  Sharpless Epoxidation and the Heck Reaction have been completely  revised.Where necessary new references were added and new  developments such as the Sharpless Dihydroxylation have been  included.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Piping Calculations Manual   E. Shashi Menon, P.E. ۲۰۰۵ This on-the-job resource is packed with all the formulas, calculations, and practical tips necessary to smoothly move gas or liquids through pipes, assess the feasibility of improving existing pipeline performance, or design new systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Preparative Chromatography: of Fine Chemicals and Pharmaceutical Agents   ۲۰۰۵ Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this book, even when not specifically marked as such, are not to be considered unprotected by law. A first, early milestone in this process can be traced back to a 1995 symposium organized by DECHEMA e. V., which brought scientists from both industry and uni- versities together to discuss future research in the field of preparative chromatogra- phy. In this case it is the importance of addressing preparative and process chromatographic issues from the viewpoint of both chemists and process engineers in order to improve our understanding and to transfer the necessary knowledge between our disciplines. One message for them is: Chromatography is not as difficult and expensive as it is often said and perceived to be. Chromatography is an adsorptive separation process and is in general based on the deposition or accumulation of molecules on a surface.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Principles of Inorganic Materials Design   ۲۰۰۵ Whereas solid-state physics is concerned with the mathematical description of the varied physical phenomena that solids exhibit and the solid-state chemist is interested in probing the relationships between structural chemistry and physical phenomena, the materials scientist has the task of using these descriptions and relationships to design materials that will perform specified engineering functions. Thus an engineering problem prompted the discovery and description of two fundamental phenomena in solids that have ever since been used by chemists and physicists to interpret structural and magnetic phenomena in transition-metal compounds and to design new magnetic materials. Although oxides other than V2O5 and MoO3, which contain vandyl or molybdyl ions, do not form layered structures analogous to TiS2, I knew that LiMO2 compounds exist that have a layered structure similar to that of LiTiS2. Solid-state chemists typically receive a small amount of training in condensed-matter physics, but none in materials science or engineering, and yet all of these traditional fields are inextricable components of inorganic solid-state chemistry. We have also included biographies of several individuals who have made significant fundamental contributions to inorganic materials science in the twentieth century.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Process Development   ۲۰۰۵ There is a long way to go between the original idea and the final chemical production plant.Almost nothing else is as complex as the manufacture of chemical products.This book presents all the different aspects, including those that are maybe only touched upon or not even covered at all as part of a course in natural sciences, such as economic factors, patents and licensing, site requirements and problems of waste disposal.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Rheometry of Pastes Suspensions and Granular Materials: Applications in Industry and Environment   ۲۰۰۵ A comprehensive examination of rheometry theory and its practical  applications   This publication enables readers to understand and characterize  the flow properties of complex fluids and, with this knowledge,  develop a wide range of industrial and consumer products.The  author fills a gap in the current literature by presenting a  comprehensive description of the rheological behavior of pastes,  suspensions, and granular materials and by offering readers the  rheometrical techniques needed to effectively characterize these  materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds 7th Edition   ۲۰۰۵ Chemical ma- nipulations may be necessary, but the information ob- tained from the spectra will permit intelligent selection of chemical treatments. The DEPT spectrum provides the distribution of carbon atoms with the number of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon. Thus, the spectrum should show a peak at, say, mass 400, which is distinguishable from a peak at mass 399 or at mass 401. Arbitrarily, the valley between two such peaks should not be more than 10% of the height of the larger peak. The most intense peak in the spectrum, called the base peak, is assigned a value of 100%, and the intensities (height ϫ sensitivity factor) of the other peaks, including the molecular ion peak, are reported as percentages of the base peak.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Successful Trouble Shooting for Process Engineers   ۲۰۰۵ […]    Donald R. Woods is Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering at  McMaster University.He received his BSc from Queen’s University,  his MS and PhD from the University of Wisconsin and worked for a  wide variety of industries before joining McMaster University in  ۱۹۶۴.His research interests are in process design, cost estimation,  surface phenomena, problem-based learning, assessment, improving  student learning and developing skill in problem solving, group and  team work, self assessment, change management and lifetime  learning.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Chemistry and Technology of Magnesia   ۲۰۰۵ A Complete Guide to MagnesiaFrom Mining to End Use   Often relegated to footnote status in texts, magnesia is  nevertheless a valuable substance widely used in applications  ranging from wastewater treatment to catalysis.The Chemistry and  Technology of Magnesia fills the long-standing gap in the  literature with a comprehensive, one-stop reference to “all things  magnesia.”
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Transforming Sustainability Strategy into Action: The Chemical Industry   ۲۰۰۵ “A highly informative and brilliant contribution to the growing  sustainability literature.”Dr. Brian and Mary Nattrass Managing Partners of  Sustainability Partners and authors of The Natural Step for  Business and Dancing with the Tiger   The goal of sustainable development, a recent focus in the  corporate world, is to “ensure a better quality of life for  everyone today and in generations to come.”
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Van Nostrand’s Encyclopedia of Chemistry One-time Pricing   ۲۰۰۵ This product has benefitted from the extensive experience of Considine with four earlier editions of this Chemistry Encyclopedia from 1956 through 1984, and the nine editions of the more well known VNR Scientific Encyclopedia.This fifth print edition has over 200 new articles as well as substantial revision and updating of existing articles.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Water Treatment: Principles and Design 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۵ These technologies have also been widely deployed, to the point where the vast majority ofsurface water supplies have treatment ofthis kind. in a water supply that is completely free of wastewater contamination. To produce a water that is safe to drink and aesthetically pleasing, treatment processes must be selected that, when grouped together, can be used to remove specific constituents. Particles in water are important for a variety of reasons, including their impact on treatment processes and the potential health impacts of pathogen-associated particles. Historically, the significance ofNOM in drinking water was related to its impact on aesthetic quality, as NOM imparts a yellowish tinge to water that many people find unpalatable. Nitrogen gas is generally not of significance in water treatment; however, nitrogen gas is often used to strip other gases, such as oxygen, out of water.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Introduction to Fluid Mechanics: includes CD   ۱۲/۹/۲۰۰۴ INTRODUCTION Fluid mechanics is concerned with understanding, predicting, and controlling the behavior of a fluid.Since we live in a dense gas atmosphere on a planet mostly covered by liquid, a rudimentary grasp of fluid mechanics is part of everyday life.For an engineer, fluid mechanics is an important field of the applied sciences with many practical and exciting applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering MODERN TRENDS IN CHEMICAL REACTION DYNAMICS – PART II: EXPERIMENT AND THEORY   ۱۱/۲۲/۲۰۰۴ The field of chemical reaction dynamics has made tremendous progress during the last decade or so.This is due largely to the development of many new, state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical techniques during that period.It is beneficial to present these advances, both theoretical and experimental, in a review volume (Parts I and II).The primary purpose of this review volume is to provide graduate students and experts in the field with a rather detailed picture of the current status of advanced experimental and theoretical research in chemical reaction dynamics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Pressure Vessels : Design and Practice   ۱۰/۲۸/۲۰۰۴ With very few books adequately addressing ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, and other international code issues, Pressure Vessels: Design and Practice provides a comprehensive, in-depth guide on everything engineers need to know.With emphasis on the requirements of the ASME this consummate work examines the design of pressure vessel components with explanations that clearly emphasize the inherent design principles and philosophy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering DNA Methylation: Approaches, Methods, and Applications   ۹/۲۹/۲۰۰۴ Preface A quick glance at the number of references to DNA methylation in the searchable biomedical databases, such as PubMed and others, or the frequency with which these words appear on Internet websites and public databases demonstrates the current boom in interest in DNA methylation.This book is born of the necessity to serve that interest: it aims to be a comprehensive handbook covering the areas in which DNA methylation is important, addressing how this modification may be studied for academic and clinicopathological purposes and how it may be applied in therapeutic strategies.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE IN CHEMISTRY   ۸/۲۳/۲۰۰۴ In recent years, the support vector machine (SVM), a new data processing method, has been applied to many fields of chemistry and chemical technology.Compared with some other data processing methods, SVM is especially suitable for solving problems of small sample size, with superior prediction performance.SVM is fast becoming a powerful tool of chemometrics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering The Engineering of Chemical Reactions   ۸/۱۲/۲۰۰۴ PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION The main change that has been made for the second edition of The Engineering of Chemical Reactions is the addition of two new chapters: Chapter 12 on biological reaction engineering and Chapter 13 on environmental reaction engineering.The increased prominence of biological and environmental reactions in chemical engineering makes it important that these subjects receive adequate coverage in any course in chemical reaction engineering.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers PLASMA POLYMER FILMS   ۸/۱۰/۲۰۰۴ Plasma Polymer Films examines the current status of the deposition and characterization of fluorocarbon-, hydrocarbon- and silicon-containing plasma polymer films and nanocomposites, with plasma polymer matrix.It introduces plasma polymerization process diagnostics such as optical emission spectroscopy (OES, AOES), and describes special deposition techniques such as atmospheric pressure glow discharge.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology STATISTICAL MECHANICS OF MEMBRANES AND SURFACES: 2ND EDITION   ۶/۱۴/۲۰۰۴ This invaluable book explores the delicate interplay between geometry and statistical mechanics in materials such as microemulsions, wetting and growth interfaces, bulk lyotropic liquid crystals, chalcogenide glasses and sheet polymers, using tools from the fields of polymer physics, differential geometry, field theory and critical phenomena.Several chapters have been updated relative to the classic 1989 edition.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering MODERN TRENDS IN CHEMICAL REACTION DYNAMICS – PART I: EXPERIMENT AND THEORY   ۳/۹/۲۰۰۴ The field of chemical reaction dynamics has made tremendous progress during the last decade or so.This is due largely to the development of many new, state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical techniques during that period.It is beneficial to present these advances, both theoretical and experimental, in a review volume published in two parts (Parts I and II).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY PROCEEDINGS OF THE XVI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE   ۲/۱۳/۲۰۰۴ The eighteenth International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy was held on 24–۲۹ June 2007 in Telluride, Colorado.In keeping with its rich tradition, ICOLS-07 was truly an international gathering with 173 delegates and 34 accompanying guests from 21 countries (Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, and the United States).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry RECENT ADVANCES IN RELATIVISTIC MOLECULAR THEORY   ۱/۲۰/۲۰۰۴ Relativistic effects, though minor in light atoms, increase rapidly in magnitude as the atomic number increases.For heavy atom species, it becomes necessary to discard the Schrödinger equation in favor of the Dirac equation.Construction of an effective many-body Hamiltonian that accurately accounts for both relativistic and electron correlation effects in many-electron systems is a challenge.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Advanced Control Unleashed – Plant Performance Management for Optimum Benefit   ۲۰۰۴ This ISA classic provides the symbols and identification commonly used throughout the process industries.It contains sample P&ID and numerous examples of symbols and tagging concepts.It also provides most of the symbols and identifiers that are unique to instrumentation and gives practical examples of their use.Documentation changes and the evolution of control systems engineering and design work over the past decade are included in this edition.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ A solid background in materials engineering and science   An understanding of chemical structure and engineering  fundamentals leads to further understanding the properties and  applications of engineering materials, forming the core knowledge  for the future chemical or materials engineer.This knowledge is  playing an increasing role in fields such as biomedical or  electrical engineering.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Carbon Nanotubes   ۲۰۰۴ Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally interesting from a  fundamental research point of view.Many concepts of  one-dimensional physics have been verified experimentally such as  electron and phonon confinement or the one-dimensional  singularities in the density of states; other ID signatures are  still under debate, such as Luttinger-liquid behavior.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Center for Chemical Process Safety – 19th Annual International Conference: Emergency Planning Preparedness Prevention & Response (6/29/04 – 7/1/04 Orlando Florida)   ۲۰۰۴ Over 40 papers and posters that share the latest practices in emergency planning related to fixed chemical, pharmaceutical, LNG, and petroleum facilities, storage facilities, transportation, and security.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Cleanroom Technology: Fundamentals of Design Testing and Operation   ۲۰۰۴ Modern manufacturing industries are increasingly turning to  cleanroom technology for the development of new products.From  computers, cars and aeroplanes to healthcare products and  semiconductor devices, a broad array of products are now reliant  upon contamination free conditions.Providing personnel at all levels with a practical application of  the technology, this book presents the first self-contained guide  to cleanroom design, testing and operation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials: Fundamentals – Microstructures – Process Applications Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ This book presents our current knowledge and understanding of continuum-based concepts behind computational methods used for microstructure and process simulation of engineering materials above the atomic scale.While the area of ground-state and molecular dynamics simulation techniques has recently been reviewed in some excellent overviews no such collection was presented for the field of continuum scale materials simulation concepts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Dean’s Analytical Chemistry Handbook, Second Edition   Pradyot Patnaik ۲۰۰۴ This essential resource for the analytical chemist has been revised and updated with 40% new material Readers will find all the conventional wet and instrumental techniques in one exhaustive reference along with all the critical data needed to apply them.Worked examples, troubleshooting tips, and numerous tables and charts are provided for easy access to the data.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method for Heat and Fluid Flow   ۲۰۰۴ Heat transfer is the area of engineering science which describes  the energy transport between material bodies due to a difference in  temperature.The three different modes of heat transport are  conduction, convection and radiation.In most problems, these three  modes exist simultaneously.However, the significance of these  modes depends on the problems studied and often, insignificant  modes are neglected.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Explosion Prevention and Protection Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ The new definitive reference in the field.Between them, the renowned team of editors and authors have  amassed unparalleled experience at such institutes as BAM,PTB,  Pittsburgh National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety,  BASF AG, and the University of Göttingen.In this work   the first of its kind for 35 years  they described in detail  those measures that prevent or limit industrial explosions and the  damage so caused.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Industrial Mixing: Science and Practice Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ Practical insights from the leading professionals in the field   While process objectives are critical to the successful  manufacturing of a product, if the mixing scale-up fails to produce  the required results, the costs of manufacturing can increase  significantly.Although there are several industrial operations in  which mixing requirements are readily scaled up from established  correlations, many operations require a more thorough evaluation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Nanobiotechnology   ۲۰۰۴ Nanotechnology is the key technology of the 21st century.The possibility to exploit the structures and processes of biomolecules for novel functional materials, biosensors, bioelectronics and medical applications has created the rapidly growing field of nanobiotechnology.Designed as a broad survey of the field, this book combines contributions from bioorganic and bioinorganic chemistry, molecular biology, materials science and bioanalytics to fathom the full scope of current and future developments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Pressure Vessels: The ASME Code Simplified, Eighth Edition   J. Phillip Ellenberger ۲۰۰۴ Pressure vessels are found everywhere from basement boilers to gasoline tankers and their usefulness is surpassed only by the hazardous consequences if they are not properly constructed and maintained This essential reference guides mechanical engineers and technicians through the maze of the continually updated International Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes that govern safety, design, fabrication, and inspection.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Proctor and Hughes’ Chemical Hazards of the Workplace 5th Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ The indispensable resource for health professionals on potentially  unsafe chemicals––now fully updated   Proctor and Hughes’ Chemical Hazards of the Workplace,  Fifth Edition provides a comprehensive reference text for health  professionals who need toxicology data on chemicals that may be  encountered in various work settings.Building on the success of  the Fourth Edition–already a standard text–this new  edition updates and revises the more than 600 entries of that text,  and also adds monographs on new compounds.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Synthetic Metal-Containing Polymers   ۲۰۰۴ The development of the field of synthetic metal-containing polymers  where metal atoms form an integral part of the main chain or side group structure of a polymer  aims to create new materials which combine the processability or organic polymers with the physical or chemical characteristics associated with the metallic element or complex.This book covers the major developments in the synthesis, properties, and applications of synthetic metal-containing macro-molecules, and includes chapters on the preparation and characterization of metal-containing polymers, metallocene-based polymers, rigid-rod organometallic polymers, coordination polymers, polymers containing main group metals, and also covers dendritic and supramolecular systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Handbook of Advanced Materials: Enabling New Designs Complete Document   ۲۰۰۴ A detailed guide to the latest advanced materials   New and improved product designs demand knowledge of the latest  advanced materials.Having this knowledge and putting it into  practice will frequently result in higher product performance,  increased sales, and a more efficient manufacturing process.With  the pace of technological development only quickening, choosing the  right materials for a design can be a major factor in a  product’s success or failure.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHEMISTRY OF NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS, THE   ۱۲/۲۳/۲۰۰۳ This important book reviews extensively the preparative chemistry of various nanostructured materials, as well as structural-property correlations for these new materials.Materials of current interest, such as nanocrystals, nanowires, nanotubes, porous materials, and composites, are comprehensively covered.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry   ۱۲/۱۱/۲۰۰۳ Introduction to the Book Analytical Chemistry is intended to be an unintimidating, student-friendly text covering all of the mainstream analytical techniques encountered both within undergraduate chemistry programmes and masters degrees.It is hoped that the text will also be of benefit to students embarking on research careers through PhD or other research degree programmes who might want an introduction to techniques they are unfamiliar with.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering HYDROTHERMAL REACTIONS AND TECHNIQUES, PROCEEDINGS OF THE SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON HYDROTHERMAL REACTIONS   ۱۱/۱۹/۲۰۰۳ Hydrothermal techniques have been widely used in the synthesis of advanced materials, the treatment of wastes, and the preparation and extraction of special chemicals.They have also been studied for the mimicking of geothermal processes.Nowadays, hydrothermal techniques and sciences play a very important role both in industry and in academia.This book includes contributions from chemists and chemical engineering scientists worldwide who are active in the field of hydrothermal reactions and techniques.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals ON BEING WELL-COORDINATED: A HALF-CENTURY OF RESEARCH ON TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES   ۱۰/۱۴/۲۰۰۳ This invaluable book distils the research accomplishments of Professor Fred Basolo during the five decades when he served as a world leader in the modern renaissance of inorganic chemistry.Its primary focus is on the very important area of chemistry known as coordination chemistry.Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals, and most of the chemistry of metals involves coordination chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY: A SELECTION OF C N R RAO’S PUBLICATIONS (1994-2003)   ۹/۱۲/۲۰۰۳ This invaluable book comprises assorted recent papers of Professor C N R Rao, a well-known chemist.It presents current trends in materials chemistry and physics, offering in-depth information to young researchers and pleasant reading to experts.Advances in Chemistry brings out the single-minded dedication of Professor Rao to the promotion of science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry PROGRESS IN EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES OF CLUSTERS   ۷/۷/۲۰۰۳ The cluster which is an ensemble of two thousands of atoms or molecules, has emerged as a completely new class of materials at the frontier of materials science.The frontier of cluster science extends so rapidly that the map of the science is renewed day by day.In order to provide basic knowledge and recent information on this growing field, 14 world-renowned scientists who are actively involved experimentally and theoretically in cluster science have written this book, which is concise, comprehensive, suitable for students at both the undergraduate and the graduate level, as well as people who work outside cluster science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry CAPTURE GAMMA-RAY SPECTROSCOPY AND RELATED TOPICS, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM (CGS-11)   ۶/۲/۲۰۰۳ This volume is a collection of invited talks, oral contributions and poster contributions devoted to advances in gamma-ray spectroscopy of various capture reactions.In agreement with the trend of previous meetings in the series, the symposium paid special attention to theoretical and experimental studies of nuclear structure at low energies and to nuclear astrophysics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology ADSORPTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD PACIFIC BASIN CONFERENCE   ۴/۲۴/۲۰۰۳ This book presents the latest research on adsorption science and technology.It serves as an excellent reference for research in areas such as fundamentals of adsorption and ion exchange (equilibria and kinetics), new materials, adsorption characterization, novel processes, energy and environmental processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF POSITRON AND POSITRONIUM CHEMISTRY   ۴/۴/۲۰۰۳ This book provides a comprehensive description of the principles and applications of positron and positronium chemistry.Pedagogical and tutorial in nature, it will be ideal for graduate students and researchers in the area of positron annihilation spectroscopy.The contributing authors are authoritative scientists prominent in the frontiers of research, actively pursuing positron annihilation research on chemical and applied systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings MATERIALS DEGRADATION AND ITS CONTROL BY SURFACE ENGINEERING (2ND EDITION)   ۳/۱۲/۲۰۰۳ The second edition of Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering continues the theme of the first edition, where discussions on corrosion, wear, fatigue and thermal damage are balanced by similarly detailed discussions on their control methods, e.g. painting and metallic coatings.The book is written for the non-specialist, with an emphasis on introducing technical concepts graphically rather than through algebraic equations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Absorption and Drug Development: Solubility Permeability and Charge State   ۲۰۰۳ Permeability is covered in considerable detail, based on a newly developed methodology known as parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA). As the chapter on permeability was being written, my very capable colleagues at pION were quickly measuring permeability of membrane models freshly inspired by the book writing. Chapter 2 defines the flux model, based on Fick’s laws of diffusion, in terms of solubility, permeability, and charge state (pH), and lays the foundation for the rest of the book. Professor Norman Ho (University of Utah) was very kind to critically read the Chapter 7 and comment on the various derivations and concepts of permeability. When the molecule is charged, the counterions in solution may affect the measured solubility of the compound.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Adsorbents: Fundamentals and Applications   ۲۰۰۳ A comprehensive analysis of essential new technologies   Adsorption promises to play an integral role in several future  energy and environmental technologies, including hydrogen storage,  CO removal for fuel cell technology, desulfurization of  transportation fuels, and technologies for meeting higher standards  on air and water pollutants.Ralph Yang’s Adsorbents provides  a single and comprehensive source of knowledge for all commercial  and new sorbent materials, presenting the fundamental principles  for their syntheses, their adsorption properties, and their present  and potential applications for separation and purification.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory and Practice   ۲۰۰۳ A guide to the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications  of chemically reacting flow   Complex chemically reacting flow simulations are commonly  employed to develop quantitative understanding and to optimize  reaction conditions in systems such as combustion, catalysis,  chemical vapor deposition, and other chemical processes.Although  reaction conditions, geometries, and fluid flow can vary widely  among the applications of chemically reacting flows, all  applications share a need for accurate, detailed descriptions of  the chemical kinetics occurring in the gas-phase or on reactive  surfaces.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Contamination Control in Practice   ۲۰۰۳ Contamination control has received great interest and found increasing use within several industrial branches including microelectronics, pharmaceuticals, food and beverages using various concepts of contamination control in their production, purification or packaging process.The book supplies a holistic view of contamination control, presenting the different types of contaminants in a summarized form.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Dictionary of Agricultural and Environmental Science   ۲۰۰۳ The comprehensive nature of Agricultural and Environmental  Science Dictionary places it well above the competition.This  accurate and accessible dictionary includes not only thousands of  terms used in agriculture, soil science, animal science,  agricultural engineering, environmental protection, and related  fields, but also numerous biological, chemical, and health terms,  facilitating communication between scientists and practitioners and  bridging the communication gap between these subjects.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals 3 Volume Set   ۲۰۰۳ This Encyclopedia provides coverage of a wide range of topics  contributed by experts world wide.The work emphasizes the  chemicals used in agriculture for management of pests, their  development, use, metabolism, toxicology and mode of action.These  chemicals include pesticides, such as the herbicides (weed  killers), insecticides and fungicides.Applications of  biotechnology are included as are discussions of natural products  and growth regulators.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Encyclopedia of Catalysis 6 Volume Set   ۲۰۰۳ The definitive reference work on catalysis    Catalysis, the speeding up of a chemical reaction by a substance  which itself does not react, is vital not only to the chemical  process industry but also to life itself.The multi-volume  Encyclopedia of Catalysis is the definitive A-to-Z reference work  covering the most significant aspects of homogenous, heterogeneous,  asymmetric, biomimetic, and biological catalysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB   ۲۰۰۳ Master MATLAB step-by-step   The MATLAB– “MATrix LABoratory”–computational  environment offers a rich set of capabilities to efficiently solve  a variety of complex analysis, simulation, and optimization  problems.Flexible, powerful, and relatively easy to use, the  MATLAB environment has become a standard cost-effective tool within  the engineering, science, and technology communities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards   ۲۰۰۳ In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the  US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and  regulatory coverage.This volume closes the gap in technical  guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify,  address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards.It guides the  reader through an analysis of the potential for chemical reactivity  accidents to help prevent fires, explosions, toxic chemical  releases or chemical spills.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites   ۲۰۰۳ This new initiative demonstrates a process and tools for managing the security vulnerability of sites that produce and handle chemicals, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, and related materials such as fertilizers and water treatment chemicals.Includes: enterprise screening; site screening; protection analysis; security vulnerability assessment; action planning and tracking.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Fire Protection in Chemical Petrochemical and Hydrocarbon Processing Facilities   ۲۰۰۳ While there are many resources available on fire protection and  prevention in chemical petrochemical and petroleum  plantsthis is the first book that pulls them all together in  one comprehensive resource.This book provides the tools to  develop, implement, and integrate a fire protection program into a  company or facilitys Risk Management System.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۳ A team of incident investigation experts from the chemical industry drafted the chapters for this guideline and provided real-world examples to illustrate some of the tools and methods used in their profession. The third step in incident investigation is to generate a report detail- ing facts, findings, and recommendations. US OSHA requires verbal notification within 48 hours following the incident, but does not require the use of a specific form. The format and timing of all external notifications should be identi- fied and incorporated into the incident investigation management system before an incident. Studies have shown that fewer than 20% of the incidents involved a repeater.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Handbook of Elemental Speciation: Techniques and Methodology Complete Document   ۲۰۰۳ The areas of speciation analysis have being undergoing a continual  evolution and development for the last 20 years.A fundamental tool  for speciation analysis has been the combination of a  chromatographic separation technique with atomic spectrometry,  permitting a sensitive and specific detection of the target  element.Recent impressive progress toward lower detection limits  in ICP-MS, toward higher resolution in separation techniques,  especially capillary electrophoresis and electro-chromatography,  and toward higher sensitivity in electrospray mass spectrometry for  molecule-specific detection at trace levels in complex matrices has  allowed new frontiers to be crossed.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis Chiral Reagents for Asymmetric Synthesis   ۲۰۰۳ Recognizing the critical need for bringing a handy referece work  that deals with the most popular reagents in synthesis to the  laboratory of practising organic chemists, the Editor selected the  best reagents from two sources.The first is in the  Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (EROS) which  was published in 1995.In the intervening time, new entries  have been written by many experts in the field for incorporation in  the ever-expanding electronic version of the same work  (e-EROS).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Handbook of Residue Analytical Methods for Agrochemicals 2 Volume Set   ۲۰۰۳ This two-volume handbook uniquely brings together information on  the key methodologies used in the analysis of agrochemical residues  and current best practices, while also giving numerous examples of  how these methodologies are applied in practice to a wide range of  both individual compounds, and classes of agrochemical  compounds.Volume 1 describes some of the current regulatory considerations  for residue analytical methods and discusses current methods for  the generation and analysis of residues in crops, food and feed.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer Heat Transfer Handbook Complete Document   ۲۰۰۳ The most thorough and up-to-date coverage of heat transfer  concepts and applications  The Heat Transfer Handbook provides succinct hard data,  formulas, and specifications for the critical aspects of heat  transfer, offering a reliable, hands-on resource for solving  day-to-day issues across a variety of applications.From the basics to the state of the art, this authoritative  reference is the complete single-source handbook of need-to-know  information in the industry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Industrial Design of Plastics Products   ۲۰۰۳ The most comprehensive volume to date on the design and manufacture  of plastics    Plastic product design relies on the same formulas and procedures  used for the design of metal, yet plastics are unique building  materials that require more in-depth knowledge to produce  acceptable results.Plastic product designers must address specific  quality control concerns in order to produce quality products at  acceptable costs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Industrial Pigging Technology   ۲۰۰۳ Pigs are snug-fitting plus which are able to perform various  maintenance tasks such as cleaning or removing deposits or  blockages in pipe and pipeline systems from the inside.A gaseous  or liquid propellant is used to push the pig through the system.This strategy avoids rinsing loss of valuable product, provides  reduction of adverse environmental impacts, and gains high  efficiency for less investment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Mechatronic Systems: Modelling and Simulation with HDLs   ۲۰۰۳ Developed through the interaction of mechanical, electrical and  information technologies, mechatronic systems allow engineers to  meet increasing demands for complex and sophisticated products.Using tools common to electronics, this book provides a timely  introduction to the modelling and simulation of these systems from  an electrical/electronic engineering perspective.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Physicochemical Hydrodynamics: An Introduction – 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۳ Introduction Physicochemical Hydrodynamics Physicochemical hydrodynamics may be broadly defined as dealing with fluid flow effects on physical, chemical, and biochemical processes and with the converse effects of physical, chemical, and biochemical forces on fluid flows.The interplay between the hydrodynamics and physics or chemistry, including biochemistry, may be local or global.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Powder Materials: Current Research and Industrial Practices III   ۲۰۰۳ Compiling presentations from scientists, engineers, and  manufacturers, this book will include papers on powder making,  powder conditions, reactive powder handling, powder  characterization, hot and cold uniaxial pressing, hot and cold  isostatic pressing, powder rolling, extrusion, sintering, heat  treatment and processing facilities, rapid and directional  solidification, consolidation, in-situ synthesis of composites,  ceramics and intermetallics, atmospheric and low-pressure plasma  spray, flame spray, wire-arc spray, alloy and materials  development, mechanical behavior of bulk powder-based materials,  physical-based mathematical models, theories, simulation,  micromechanisms, and end-use products.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۳ Equipment Testing Procedures Committee members, their employers, and their employers’ officers and directors disclaim making or giving any warranties or representations, express or implied, including with respect to fitness, intended purpose, use or merchantability and/or correctness or accuracy of the content of the information presented in this document. Full- sized spray dryers are usually tested to determine performance. Pilot dryers are tested to evaluate the properties of the product that can be produced and to choose suitable operating conditions. Although this procedure will help to obtain data useful for design, it is not intended to explain how to design a spray dryer. Measurements will include operating conditions, calculations will include heat and material balances, and observations will include characteristics of the product, its behavior in the dryer, and behavior of peripheral equipment.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments: With Applications to Engineering and Science 2nd Edition Complete Document   ۲۰۰۳ Praise for the First Edition   Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments   “A very useful book for self study and reference.”Journal of Quality Technology  “Very well written.It is concise and really packs a lot of  material in a valuable reference book.”  Technometrics  “An informative and well-written book . . . presented in an  easy-to-understand style with many illustrative numerical examples  taken from engineering and scientific studies.”
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design   ۲۰۰۳ The first complete, combined study of these two vital  disciplines    Laurence Belfiore’s unique treatment meshes two mainstream subject  areas in chemical engineering: transport phenomena and chemical  reactor design.Expressly intended as an extension of Bird,  Stewart, and Lightfoot’s classic Transport Phenomena, and Froment  and Bischoff’s Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, Second  Edition, Belfiore’s unprecedented text explores the synthesis of  these two disciplines in a manner the upper undergraduate or  graduate reader can readily grasp.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Understanding Explosions   ۲۰۰۳ There are many different types of explosions, each with its own  complex mechanism.Understanding explosions is important in  preventing them.This reference provides valuable information on  explosions for everyone involved in the operation, design,  maintenance, and management of chemical processes, helping enhance  understanding of the nature of explosions and the practical methods  required to prevent them from occurring.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Mathematical Modeling of Physical Systems: An Introduction   ۱۲/۱۹/۲۰۰۲ PREFACE This book is intended to provide the beginning student and the professional with an easily understood introduction to the topic of mathematical modeling.Modeling, which consists of assembling mathematical expressions as a description of a system or process, now permeates the daily lives of professionals, and an early introduction to the subject at the university level has become desirable, even mandatory.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry REVIEWS OF MODERN QUANTUM CHEMISTRY: A CELEBRATION OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF ROBERT G PARR (IN 2 VOLS)   ۱۲/۹/۲۰۰۲ This important book collects together state–of–the–art reviews of diverse topics covering almost all the major areas of modern quantum chemistry.The current focus in the discipline of chemistry — synthesis, structure, reactivity and dynamics — is mainly on control.A variety of essential computational tools at the disposal of chemists have emerged from recent studies in quantum chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry BIOLUMINESCENCE AND CHEMILUMINESCENCE: PROGRESS AND CURRENT APPLICATIONS   ۱۱/۵/۲۰۰۲ The Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Bioluminescence (BL) and Chemiluminescence (CL) contains up-to-date information on the latest developments in BL and CL presented by scientists from around the world.Light-emitting reactions are now a vital component of many key technologies in research and in routine analytical laboratories — replacing radionuclides in many situations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Bioseparations Science and Engineering   ۱۰/۳۱/۲۰۰۲ Preface Bioseparations has developed as a significant, separate discipline within the general field of biochemical engineering.Bioseparations involves the separation and purification of compounds of biological origin, which are derived from cells grown in bioreactors or from cells contained in animal or plant tissue.The biotechnology industry, which originated in the late 1970s, gave added importance to bioseparations because many of the products of biotechnology are proteins that often are difficult to purify and frequently must be purified to homogeneity or near homogeneity, leading to high costs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals CHEMISTRY OF CHLOROSULFONYL ISOCYANATE, THE   ۱۰/۲۸/۲۰۰۲ Numerous articles have been published on cholorosulfonyl isocyanate (CSI), but no book compiling research on this versatile reagent has been available up to now.This book fills that gap.It provides an overview of the research on CSI, including information about commercially exploitable patented products involving the use of CSI.The book is divided into two parts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering ZEOLITES FOR CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES   ۹/۱۹/۲۰۰۲ The Yellow River basin, located in the semi-arid and arid climate zones in northern China, is confronted with serious problems of water deficit as well as water pollution.Due to increasing population, rising living standards, increasing pressure of expanding irrigation areas and developing industries in the basin, efficient water resource allocation has become a pressing issue.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry FRONTIERS OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY IN CHINA   ۷/۲۵/۲۰۰۲ Solid state chemistry is a multidisciplinary field that deals with the synthesis, structural characterization and properties of various solids, and it has been playing a more and more important role in the design and preparation of advanced materials.This book includes the excellent research results recently obtained by a wide spectrum of solid state chemists both from China and from abroad.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY PROCEEDINGS OF THE XV INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE   ۶/۲۷/۲۰۰۲ This is the latest volume in the series of proceedings from the biannual International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, one of the leading conferences in the field.Over its 34-year history, this conference series has been a forum for the announcement of many new developments in laser physics and laser spectroscopy and more recently laser cooling of atoms and quantum information processing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS OF SYNCHROTRON RADIATION, PART I: DYNAMICS AND VUV SPECTROSCOPY; PART II: X-RAY APPLICATIONS   ۵/۳۰/۲۰۰۲ The synchrotron light source is becoming widely available, after its evolution from its infancy in the sixties to the present third generation source with insertion devices.It is timely to examine the impact that synchrotron light has made and will continue to make on chemical research.With this objective in mind, the editor of this invaluable book invited contributions from practitioners who are in the forefront of the research.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering FEMTOCHEMISTRY AND FEMTOBIOLOGY: ULTRAFAST DYNAMICS IN MOLECULAR SCIENCE   ۵/۳۰/۲۰۰۲ This book contains important contributions from top international scientists on the-state-of-the-art of femtochemistry and femtobiology at the beginning of the new millennium.It consists of reviews and papers on ultrafast dynamics in molecular science.The coverage of topics highlights several important features of molecular science from the viewpoint of structure (space domain) and dynamics (time domain).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Gold and Silver Staining: Techniques in Molecular Morphology   ۴/۱۷/۲۰۰۲ PREFACE The search for highly sensitive in situ antigen and nucleotide detecting techniques recently achieved a new milestone with the microscopic detection of single molecules.In 1981 and 1983, two genius scientists, Gorm Danscher (Denmark) and Clive Holgate (U.K.), successfully developed silver enhancement (autometallography [AMG]) and immunogold–silver staining.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry NONADIABATIC TRANSITION: CONCEPTS, BASIC THEORIES AND APPLICATIONS   ۴/۱۰/۲۰۰۲ Nonadiabatic transition is a highly multidisciplinary concept and phenomenon, constituting a fundamental mechanism of state and phase changes in various dynamical processes of physics, chemistry and biology, such as molecular dynamics, energy relaxation, chemical reaction, and electron and proton transfer.Control of molecular processes by laser fields is also an example of time-dependent nonadiabatic transition.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry RECENT ADVANCES IN QUANTUM MONTE CARLO METHODS – PART II   ۲/۲۷/۲۰۰۲ This invaluable book consists of 16 chapters written by some of the most notable researchers in the field of quantum Monte Carlo, highlighting the advances made since Lester Jr.’s 1997 monograph with the same title.It may be regarded as the proceedings of the Symposium on Advances in Quantum Monte Carlo Methods held during the Pacifichem meeting in December 2000, but the contributions go beyond what was presented there.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry RECENT ADVANCES IN DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHODS, PART III   ۱/۳۰/۲۰۰۲ In the last few years, much attention has been given by theoretical chemists to the development of more accurate model functionals and faster computational techniques including excited electronic states.The 8th International Conference on the Applications of Density Functional Theory to Chemistry and Physics, held in Rome, Italy, on 6–۱۰ September 1999, gathered chemists and physicists to present and discuss state-of-the-art methodological developments and applications of density functional theory (DFT) to increasingly complex systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering CATALYSIS BY CERIA AND RELATED MATERIALS   ۱/۱۸/۲۰۰۲ The use of CeO2-based materials in catalysis has attracted considerable attention in recent years, particularly in applications like environmental catalysis, where ceria has shown great potential.This book critically reviews the most recent advances in the field, with the focus on both fundamental and applied issues.The first few chapters cover structural and chemical properties of ceria and related materials, i.e. phase stability, reduction behaviour, synthesis, interaction with probe molecules (CO, O2, NO), and metal–support interaction — all presented from the viewpoint of catalytic applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Adhesion of Polymers   Roman A. Veselovsky
Vladimir Kestelman
۲۰۰۲ Current applications for bonding and sealing are expensive and time-consuming.Adhesion of Polymers presents a state-of-the-art method for improving bonds and sealing strength between different materials underwater and in the human body.This time- and cost-efficient technology will allow engineers to create or repair stronger seals in underwater pipes, repair ships at sea, even bond and seal tissues in the body.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure – Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids): A Guide to Performance Evaluation 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۲ However, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, its employees and consultants, its officers and directors, Equipment Testing Procedures Committee members, their employers., and their employers’ officers and directors disclaim making or giving any warranties or representations, express or implied, including with respect to fitness, intended purpose, use or merchantability and/or correctness or accuracy of the content of the information presented in this document. 101.1 This testing procedure provides methods of conducting and interpreting field tests on centrifugal pumps with actual pumped fluids. 101.1.2 Testing a pump for overall system performance, to determine if the pump will deliver all the fluid that it was designed to deliver under various load conditions as demanded by the process. The portion of the discharge pressure exerted on the pump, referred to datum and converted to column of liquid pumped, that is due to the net liquid elevation above the pump discharge plus the pressure that is acting on this liquid surface is defined as the Static Discharge Head. The hydraulic pressure exerted by the liquid against the pump suction as indicated by a pressure gauge, manometer or similar devices, referred to datum and converted to column of the liquid being pumped, without the pump running.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering An Introduction to Computational Biochemistry   ۲۰۰۲ An Introduction to Computational Biochemistry  C. Stan Tsai, Ph.D.The application of computational tools is rapidly becoming a  standard component of molecular biology and biochemistry curricula  at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.Researchers in  biochemistry are required to understand, at a minimum, the basic  concepts of data management and analysis using computer programs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings ASTM MNL45 – Radiation Curing of Coatings   ۲۰۰۲ Preface IMAGINE PLACING a layer of a low viscosity liquid mixture made up of monomeric and oligomeric compounds on a substrate, shining a beam of ultraviolet radiation on the liquid, and then in less time than it takes to snap your fingers-effectively, instantaneously-having the entire liquid mass turn into a solid, cross-linked, hard, tough coating with both functional and decorative properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Catalytic Membranes and Membrane Reactors   ۲۰۰۲ – Existing books are treating only general topics of membranes or separation processes.There is a strong need for a book on Catalytic Membranes and Catalytic Membrane Reactors.- The present book will cover all related aspects and provide the reader with
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Characterization of Materials   ۲۰۰۲ Characterization of Materials (formerly Methods in Materials  Research) provides comprehensive up-to-date coverage of materials  characterization techniques including computational and theoretical  methods as well as crystallography, mechanical testing, thermal  analysis, optical imaging and spectroscopy, and more.Editor-in-Chief, Elton Kaufmann, Ph.D. is Associate Director of  the Strategic Planning Group at the Argonne National Laboratory and  has published approximately 100 technical papers in refereed  journals and books.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Metallurgy   ۲۰۰۲ Chemical metallurgy is a well founded and fascinating branch of the  wide field of metallurgy.This book provides detailed information on both the first steps  of separation of desirable minerals and the subsequent mineral  processing operations.The complex chemical processes of extracting  various elements through hydrometallurgical, pyrometallurgical or  electrometallurgical operations are explained.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Process and Design Handbook   James G. Speight ۲۰۰۲ Control chemical processes to get the results you want.Invaluable to chemical and environmental engineers as well as process designers, Chemical Process and Design Handbook shows you how to control chemical processes to yield desired effects efficiently and economically.The book examines each of the major chemical processes, such as reactions, separations, mixing, heating, cooling, pressure change, and particle size reduction and enlargement – in logically arranged alphabetical chapters, providing you with an understanding of the essential qualitative analysis of each.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Chemical Sensors and Biosensors   ۲۰۰۲ Chemical sensors and biosensors are among the fastest growing of  analytical techniques.This text provides an up-to-the-minute  overview of a wide range of sensing systems, discussing the  elements of different transducers used in sensors and the selective  elements that are employed.The style is relatively  non-mathematical and informal in approach.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemistry In Alternative Reaction Media   ۲۰۰۲ The use of organic solvents and their emissions has been at the  centre of major environmental concern in recent years, and there is  currently a great deal of interest in finding alternatives to  halogenated and volatile organic solvents for synthesis.Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media explores why solvents  are used and the problems associated with them.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters   ۲۰۰۲ Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel  involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities  and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters  (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application  and operation of DDFAs through treatment of their principles of  operation, selection, installation, and maintenance methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Smart Materials 2 Volume Set Complete Document   ۲۰۰۲ This work will be a comprehensive look at the field of    intelligent materials, adaptive structures, and their    processing.To date there is no single, comprehensive    reference work in this area, although there is rapidly    expanding journal literature and books in small,    specific areas.The ESM will provide, in one spot, all    the information researchers and scientists need to    begin discovering this growing field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Engineers’ Guide to Rotating Equipment: The Pocket Reference   ۲۰۰۲ This handy reference source, is a companion volume to the  authors Engineers Guide to Pressure Equipment.Heavily illustrated, and containing a wealth of useful data, it  offers inspectors, engineers, operatives, and those maintaining  engineering equipment a one stop everyday package of information.It will be particularly helpful in guiding users through the  legislation that regulates this field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Finite Element Methods for Flow Problems   ۲۰۰۲ Taking an engineering, rather than a mathematical, approach, Finite  Element Methods for Flow Problems presents the fundamentals of  stabilized finite element methods of the Petrov-Galerkin type  developed as an alternative to the standard Galerkin method for the  analysis of steady and time-dependent problems.The material  presented here epitomizes the forefront of current research in  several areas of computational fluid dynamics and combines  theoretical aspects and practical applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Handbook of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry 2 volume set   ۲۰۰۲ This handbook is the only reference work of its kind in the  important field of applied surface and colloid chemistry.Unique in  scope and including an enormous wealth of mainly practically  orientated information it treats the topic in a thorough and  comprehensive manner.The Handbook of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry will  demonstrate the wide range of fields in which the fundamental  science has been applied.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Chemicals and Gases for the Semiconductor Industry   ۲۰۰۲ The first comprehensive guide to the chemicals and gases used in  semiconductor manufacturing    The fabrication of semiconductor devices involves a series of  complex chemical processes such as photolithography, etching,  cleaning, thin film deposition, and polishing.Until now, there has  been no convenient source of information on the properties,  applications, and health and safety considerations of the chemicals  used in these processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Complex Environmental Remediation Problems   Jay H. Lehr
Marve Hyman
Tyler Gass
William J. Seevers
۲۰۰۲ Offering the time-saving guidance of leading specialists in the field, Handbook of Complex Environmental Remediation Problems introduces you to today’s best methods of cleaning up hazardous waste.This comprehensive tool from Jay Lehr, Marve Hyman, Tyler Gass and William Seevers gives you a comprehensive review of every current engineering solution, and provides expert help with waste minimization and pollution prevention.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Handbook of Green Chemistry and Technology   ۲۰۰۲ Sustainable development is now accepted as a necessary goal for  achieving societal, economic and environmental objectives.Within  this chemistry has a vital role to play.The chemical industry is  successful but traditionally success has come at a heavy cost to  the environment.The challenge for chemists and others is to  develop new products, processes and services that achieve societal,  economic and environmental benefits.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Machine Olfaction Complete Document   ۲۰۰۲ “Electronic noses” are instruments which mimic the sense of smell.Consisting of olfactory sensors and a suitable signal processing  unit, they are able to detect and distinguished odors precisely and  at low cost.This makes them very useful for a remarkable variety  of applications in the food and pharmaceutical industry, in  environmental control or clinical diagnostics and more.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Materials Selection Complete Document   ۲۰۰۲ An innovative resource for materials properties, their evaluation,  and industrial applications    The Handbook of Materials Selection provides information and  insight that can be employed in any discipline or industry to  exploit the full range of materials in use today-metals, plastics,  ceramics, and composites.This comprehensive organization of the materials selection process  includes analytical approaches to materials selection and extensive  information about materials available in the marketplace, sources  of properties data, procurement and data management, properties  testing procedures and equipment, analysis of failure modes,  manufacturing processes and assembly techniques, and applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Plastics, Elastomers, and Composites, Fourth Edition   Charles A. Harper ۲۰۰۲ Handbook of Plastics, Elastomers, and Composite, 4th Ed., places state-of-the-art information on plastics, elastomers, and composites at your fingertips.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References High Pressure Chemistry   ۲۰۰۲ High pressure technology has opened new perspectives in synthetic organic and inorganic chemistry.The advances of the last decade in apparatus, operating and monitoring high pressure reactions can now be carried out in almost every research lab.Therefore there is a strong demand for application-oriented information on the mechanistic and chemical aspects of high pressure synthesis as provided by this handbook.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Plastic Piping Handbook   David A. Willoughby ۲۰۰۲ The one and only source of knowledge on the plastic pipe industry – and its application in the liquids and gas fields.Provides detailed and easy-to-use data and formulas for managers, engineers, designers, along with construction and maintenance personnel – covers the full range of vital topics, from pipe selection and plastic pipe codes and standards, to pipeline purging and drying, to leak detection.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Protective Coatings for Turbine Blades   ۲۰۰۲ The studies aimed at increasing ductility of diffusion aluminide coatings resulted in the gradual decrease of the aluminum contents of the coatings from 34 to 36%, typical of the coat- ings used in the 1960s, down to 20 to 24%, typ- ical of the coatings used since the 1970s. For this reason, development of calculation methods for determining stresses and strains in the coatings on turbine blades and thus their ser- vice lives under conditions of high thermal stresses further advanced the work on overlay coatings. The book includes detailed de- scriptions of some technological processes for diffusion and overlay coatings deposition, to- gether with compositions of the coatings used for turbine blades protection, coatings structures after their deposition on the blade surfaces, and their changes during high-temperature testing. Some chapters deal with ther- mal barrier coatings, technological features of their deposition, and test results, as well as with the principles of calculations of stresses and strains in the coatings on blades. Defects in a coating on blade surfaces may be caused by hot corrosion and oxidation, low resistance of blade construction to thermal fatigue, poor high-temperature strength and en- durance of the substrate, or by a combination of these factors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Surface-Enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy   ۲۰۰۲ This book discusses two of the many enhanced optical phenomena in  surface-enhanced spectroscopy: surface-enhanced Raman scattering  (SERS) and surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA).Together,  these form a new branch of vibrational spectroscopy   Surface-Enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy (SEVS).SEVS deals with  the enhanced spectra of molecules on specially fabricated metal  nanostructures with the ability to support surface plasmons and to  enhance optical signals.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems: An Introduction for Students of Pharmacy   ۲۰۰۲ If the system is homogeneous and consists of a single chem- ical substance, only three variables suffice. Since it is conceiva- ble that heat is given off or taken up by the system during the process, maintaining a constant temperature requires that the heat loss or gain be offset by heat absorbed from or given up to the surroundings. Here ÁU is the change in thermodynamic energy of the system, q is the amount of energy gained by the system as heat, and w is the amount of energy lost by the system by doing work on its surroundings. Let us try to develop an analogy, based on what we know from classical mechanics, between a mechanical system and a chemical (thermodynamic) system. Moreover, C ¼ ۲, for the system can be prepared from benzoic acid and water.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Factors Affecting Calf Crop: Biotechnology of Reproduction   ۱۱/۲۱/۲۰۰۱ Preface Factors Affecting Calf Crop , published in 1994, included the following in its preface: “Evolution of knowledge and understanding of the biological processes involved in the reproduction of beef cattle has contributed to the growth and profitability of the industry in the Southeast as well as the rest of the nation.The integration of knowledge of genetic and physiological processes in a difficult environment so that improvement is made both in productivity and product quality has been a tremendous achievement that led to the development of a large dynamic industry producing a product that is in great demand.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals OXIDATION OF OXYGEN AND RELATED CHEMISTRY, THE: SELECTED PAPERS OF NEIL BARTLETT   ۱۰/۲۶/۲۰۰۱ The selected papers in this invaluable volume are arranged in chapters, each with an introductory essay.The purpose of the arrangement is to illustrate the process of scientific discovery at work.Neil Bartlett’s field is that of powerful oxidizers.The early chapters tell the story of the oxidation of the oxygen molecule and the discovery of xenon chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Heat and Mass Transfer The John Zink Combustion Handbook   ۳/۲۷/۲۰۰۱ Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood.Industrial applications of combustion add environmental, cost, and fuel consumption issues to its fundamental complexity, and the process and power generation industries in particular present their own unique challenges The John Zink Combustion Handbook is dedicated to improving that understanding and meeting those challenges.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Drug Delivery: Engineering Principles for Drug Therapy   ۳/۱۵/۲۰۰۱ Preface I spend my professional life exploring an intersection of three worlds: chemistry and biology and engineering.This is not always an easy neighborhood, but it is exciting without fail.My own experience suggests that chemical and biomedical engineers adapt easily to life in this niche.But I also believe that individuals working or studying in departments of materials science, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, biology, chemistry, and others may also find this subject matter-if not necessarily this particular treatment-of interest.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHEMICAL DYNAMICS IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS   ۳/۵/۲۰۰۱ As computing power increases, a growing number of macroscopic phenomena are modeled at the molecular level.Consequently, new requirements are generated for the understanding of molecular dynamics in exotic conditions.This book illustrates the importance of detailed chemical dynamics and the role it plays in the phenomenology of a number of extreme environments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Organic Synthesis Engineering   ۲/۱۵/۲۰۰۱ PREFACE The last twenty years have witnessed an explosion in the number of books dealing with chemical reaction engineering in one form or another.The subject has undergone a sea change since its beginnings as applied kinetics in Wisconsin more than a half century ago under the inspiring leadership of Olaf A. Hougen, and the process of change continues.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Understanding Rheology   ۲/۱/۲۰۰۱ Preface If you have picked up this book, it is either because you want to understand rheology or because you want to know what rheology is.To respond to the latter possibility, rheology is the study of deformation and flow.To be more precise, it is typically the study of the flow of complex fluids such as polymers, pastes, suspensions, and foods.Simpler fluids, such as water and air, have their own well-defined field, called fluid mechanics.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC MONOLAYERS, THE   ۱/۴/۲۰۰۱ This book provides a fundamental physical picture of various phenomena occurring in organic monolayers, dealing with dielectric, elastic, and electronic properties.The dielectric properties are discussed in terms of orientational order parameters, which are used to interpret the dielectric spectrum observed through Maxwell displacement current measurement and optical second harmonic generation measurement.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure – Mixing Equipment (Impeller Type) 3rd Edition   ۲۰۰۱ It is sincerely hoped that the information presented in this document will lead to even more impressive performance by the chemical processing and related industries. However, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, its employees and consultants, its officers and directors, Equipment Testing Procedures Committee members, their employers, and their employers’ officers and directors disclaim making or giving any warranties or repre- sentations, express or implied, including with respect to fitness, intended purpose, use or merchantability andor correctness or accuracy of the content of the information presented in this document. Tests may be conducted to determine scale-up or scale-down criteria and to collect data for equipment sizing and design. Such equipment is extremely versatile, and the tank volume may be less than a few hundred gallons (one cubic meter) to more than a hundred thousand gallons (five hundred cubic meters). Mixing equipment for laboratory applications can be used in smaller volumes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Automated Continuous Process Control   ۲۰۰۱ An expert guide for understanding and applying process  control    Automated Continuous Process Control pulls together-in one compact  and practical volume-the essentials for understanding, designing,  and operating process control systems.This comprehensive guide  covers the major elements of process control in a well-defined and  ordered framework.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Basic principles of the finite element method 2nd Edition – 2nd Edition   K. M. Entwistle ۲۰۰۱ INTRODUCTION We shall concern ourselves in this book with the application of the finite element method to the calculation of the elastic stress and strain distribution in loaded bodies.The method can be applied also to analyse problems involving electro-magnetic fields, acoustics, heat flow, soil mechanics and fluid mechanics, but we shall not address any of these areas in this book.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Cleanroom Design 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۱ Demand for cleanrooms is flourishing as manufacturing becomes  increasingly sophisticated.From computers and CD players to  medicines and convenience foods, more and more products require  high levels of contamination control.Fully revised and updated,  Cleanroom Design, Second Edition presents the latest advances in  the field.Written by a highly experienced team of international  authors, the broad coverage encompasses the design of cleanrooms  for the microelectronics, pharmaceutical, medical device and  biotechnology industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis   ۲۰۰۱ A complete guide to the most important reduction method in organic  synthesis    The most comprehensive reference in the field, Handbook of  Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis  provides synthetic chemists and chemical engineers in fine  chemicals and pharmaceuticals with detailed experimental guidelines  for heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Layer of Protection Analysis: Simplified Process  Risk Assessment Complete Document   ۲۰۰۱ Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a recently developed, simplified method of risk assessment that provides the much-needed middle ground between a qualitative process hazard analysis and a traditional, expensive quantitative risk analysis.Beginning with an identified accident scenario, LOPA uses simplifying rules to evaluate initiating event frequency, independent layers of protection, and consequences to provide an order-of-magnitude estimate of risk.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Membrane Technology in the Chemical Industry   ۲۰۰۱ Preface Membrane technology has gained a huge importance in the last 30 years, competing with long established technologies for water desalination, food processing and emerging as an unique solution in medical applications such as artificial kidney.Figuring out the fields to which membranes are already serving as important tools but also to which the membrane technology could add new solutions in the near future, the chemical industry is certainly one of the most interesting.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Process Engineering 01   P.D. Coates ۲۰۰۱ Abstract Over the last decade environmental requirements and needs have grown exponentially.These demands typically by far outweigh the existing corporate resources when it comes to designing according to the latest requirements and needs.At Ford a system has been put in place that addresses all the new business drivers by developing andif necessary – updating a corporate strategy based on existing and forthcoming regulatory trends, a sound analysis of the ecological and economical impacts, and a roll-out to, for example, the product development community.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Properties of Gases and Liquids, Fifth Edition   Bruce E. Poling
John M. Prausnitz
John P. O’Connell
۲۰۰۱ Reap the time-saving, mistake-avoiding benefits enjoyed by thousands of chemical and process design engineers, research scientists, and educators.Properties of Gases and Liquids, Fifth Edition, is an all-inclusive, critical survey of the most reliable estimating methods in use today –now completely rewritten and reorganized by Bruce Poling, John Prausnitz, and John O’Connell to reflect every late-breaking development.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Quantitative microscopy of high temperature materials   A. Strang
J. Cawley
۲۰۰۱ ABSTRACT The origins of quantitative microscopy and its importance in the development of relationships between microstructure and the mechanical properties of materials are discussed in this paper.Initially, a brief history of Henry Clifton Sorby’s development of the science of optical metallography and its evolution from the fields of mineralogy and petrology is described together with Richard Beck’s invention of a vertical illuminator which enabled opaque objects to be observed at high magnifications in the optical microscope.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Surface Inspection Techniques: Using the Integration of Innovative Machine Vision and Modelling Techniques   ۲۰۰۱ Surface Inspection Techniques  Using the Integration of  Innovative Machine Vision and Graphical Modelling Techniques  brings together novel concepts in machine vision, computer  graphics, and three-dimensional modelling, in solving real  practical inspection problems.Automated inspection of  three-dimensional shape and the analysis of both two- and  three-dimensional surface defects and texture patterns, represents  one of the most challenging and rapidly developing applications for  machine vision today.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface Modification Technologies XIV   T.S. Sudarshan
M. Jeandin
۲۰۰۱ The 14th International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies was held in Paris, France in September 2000.The more than 100 papers presented in this proceedings volume cover thermal spraying, high performance coatings, biomaterials, testing and analysis, PVD, CVD, wear, laser processing, corrosion and fatigue, arts and surfaces, plasma assisted and advanced processes and modelling.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies XV   T.S. Sudarshan
J.J. Stiglich
M. Jeandin
۲۰۰۱ Surface Modification Technologies XV presents the reviewed and edited proceedings of the SMT conference held in November 2001 in Indianapolis, USA.The proceedings describe state-of-the-art surface engineering work in thermal spray, wear-resistant coatings, surface characterization, scanning probe techniques, surface treatment for corrosion and joining, and cadmium and chromium replacement.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals BARTONIAN LEGACY, THE   ۱۲/۱۸/۲۰۰۰ The Bartonian Legacy is a collection of memoirs, reminiscences and biographical details regarding Sir Derek Barton (1918–۱۹۹۸) who was one of the most influential organic chemists of the 20th Century.The chapters are contributed by some of his many students, coworkers and scientific colleagues, all of whom testify to his fascinating character and true genius.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Characterisation of Radiation Damage by Transmission Electron Microscopy   ۱۱/۲۱/۲۰۰۰ Preface Our motivation for writing this book was two-fold.First, no existing book provides a complete and detailed description of the TEM techniques which have been developed for characterization of small point-defect clusters and other fine-scale radiation damage microstructures.Several good books cover the general theory and practice of transmission electron microscopy (e.g. Hirsch et al 1967, Williams and Carter 1996), but none describes fully the range of techniques considered here.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech ISOTOPE PRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY, PROCEEDINGS OF THE 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISOTOPES   ۱۰/۹/۲۰۰۰ The Third International Conference on Isotopes focused on the theme of “Isotope Production and Applications in the 21st Century” and included presentations by several eminent experts in this field.The three central subjects — Isotopes in Medicine, Industry and the Environment — were supplemented by presentations on the latest developments in isotope production and synthesis, research into radiopharmaceuticals, applications in agriculture, analytical applications, radiocarbon dating, AMS and PET.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry PHOTOIONIZATION AND PHOTODETACHMENT (IN 2 PARTS)   ۶/۳۰/۲۰۰۰ Owing to the advances of vacuum ultraviolet and ultrafast lasers and third generation synchrotron sources, the research on photoionization, photoelectrons, and photodetachment has gained much vitality in recent years.These new light sources, together with ingenious experimental techniques, such as the coincidence imaging, molecular beam, pulsed field ionization photoelectron, mass-analyzed threshold ion, and pulsed field ion pair schemes, have allowed spectroscopic, dynamic, and energetic studies of gaseous species to a new level of detail and accuracy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals PHOTOINDUCED CHARGE TRANSFER – PROCEEDINGS OF THE 10TH ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM OF THE NSF CENTER   ۴/۱۹/۲۰۰۰ Photoinduced charge transfer constitutes the scientific basis of photography, electrophotography and many biological processes.In addition, the science of charge photogeneration and transport in organic materials will be the basis of future generations of optoelectronic devices.This volume summarizes the state of the art in photoinduced charge transfer.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology ADSORPTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2ND PACIFIC BASIN CONFERENCE   ۴/۶/۲۰۰۰ This book presents the latest research on adsorption science and technology.It covers various aspects of materials, solid characterization, equilibria, kinetics determination and new processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics   ۳/۳۰/۲۰۰۰ PREFACE The first edition of this book, published in 1977, included an extended discussion of aerosol dynamics, the study of the factors that determine the distribution of aerosol properties with respect to particle size.The distributions change with position and time in both natural and industrial processes.The ability to predict and measure changes in the distribution function are of central importance in many applications from air pollution to the commercial synthesis of powdered materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry QUANTUM CHEMISTRY: CLASSIC SCIENTIFIC PAPERS   ۳/۲۴/۲۰۰۰ Chemical physics is presently a very active field, where theoretical computation and accurate experimentation have led to a host of exciting new results.Among these are the possibility of state-to-state reactive scattering, the insights in non-adiabatic chemistry, and, from the computational perspective, the use of explicitly correlated functions in quantum chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Library Handbook for Organic Chemists   ۳/۱۴/۲۰۰۰ This book is expected to streamline and organize the process of searching the chemical literature. Each section of the book is designed for quick assimilation of the information necessary to find a reference. The Catalog/Handbook contains information on only those chemicals sold by Aldrich Chemical Company. Descriptors, i.e., R, S, cis, trans, tert, etc., are not used in alphabetizing the chemical name. The Handbook includes all known data concerning all organic compounds reported in the literature during its period of coverage.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Applying S88: Batch Control from a User’s Perspective   ۲۰۰۰ Because neither the authors nor the publisher have any control over the use of the information by the reader, both the authors and the publisher disclaim any and all liability of any kind arising out of such use. The reader is expected to exercise sound professional judgment in using any of the information presented in a particular application. The manufacturer’s instructions on use of any commercial product must be followed at all times, even if in conflict with the information in this publication. All batching functions were controlled via relay ladder logic (RLL) in Allen-Bradley PLC-5s and PanelViews. That first batch control system quickly helped turn the 5t.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Basic Math for Process Control   ۲۰۰۰ The release of ISA-88.01-1995 led to revolutionary advances in the way factories design, implement, and integrate flexible, modular processes.This book explains the standard in clear, user-friendly language.It covers all aspects of ISA-88.01-1995.Parshall and Lamb discuss their implementation of ISA-88, offering examples and explanations to make it applicable across a wide range of industries.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry: A User’s Guide to Quantitative Risk Analysis   ۲۰۰۰ Quantitative Risk Analysis is a powerful tool used to help manage risk and improve safety.When used appropriately, it provides a rational basis for evaluating process safety and comparing alternative safety improvements.This guide, an update of an earlier American Chemistry Council (ACC) publication utilizing the “hands-on” experience of CPI risk assessment practitioners and safety professionals involved with the CCPS and ACC, explains how managers and users can make better-informed decisions about QRA, and how plant engineers and process designers can better understand, interpret and use the results of a QRA in their plant.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis 2nd Edition   ۲۰۰۰ This book was intended to provide a complete overview of the tools and techniques required to do a quantitative analysis of the risk associated with the immediate impact of potential episodic accident events such as fires, explosions, and the release of acutely toxic material. Risk measures (Section 4.1) and risk pre- sentation formats (Section 4.2) are chosen in finalizing a scope of work for the CPQRA. Risk Estimation combines the consequences and likelihood of all incident out- comes from all selected incidents to provide one or more measures of risk (Chap- ter 4). Utilization of Risk Estimates is the process by which the results from a risk analysis are used to make decisions, either through relative ranking of risk reduc- tion strategies or through comparison with speclfic risk targets. Where CPQRA risk estimates are to be compared in an absolute sense to risk tar- gets, or risk “acceptability criteria,” concern should increase over the issue of absolute accuracy of these estimates.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations Complete Document   ۲۰۰۰ In todays competitive economy, companies often augment in-house production by outsourcing chemical reaction processes and distillation, drying, formulating, blending, and packaging operations.While most of these tolling, or contracted manufacturing services, proceed without incident, recent major accidents have pointed to weaknesses in some tolling arrangements, such as reactivity of materials and processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings High Temperature Surface Engineering   J. Nicholls
D. Rickerby
۲۰۰۰ Platinum aluminide coatings act as a remedy against certain aggressive conditions in which modern aero-gas turbines operate.High aluminium activity coatings, such as RT22LTt, provide excellent protection for turbine blades from oxidation and hot corrosive attack.This is due to the formation of an alumina-based scale which acts as an environmental barrier.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Land Treatment Systems for Municipal and Industrial Wastes   Ronald W. Crites ۲۰۰۰ A to Z guide to soil/plant/microbe-based wastewater treatment.Engineers and planners eager to benefit from the cost efficiencies and convenience of land treatment of waste will find practical guidelines in this comprehensive manual.It covers soil hydraulics, vegetation selection, site selection, field investigations, preapplication treatment and storage, and transmission and distribution of wastewater  introduced to: Design procedures and appropriate uses for each of the three land treatment processes: soils, plants, and microbiological agents; Special attributes of food processing wastewater, with 6 case studies; The use of biosolids produced by mechanical treatment systems as crop nutrients; Options for preapplication treatment, including ponds and constructed wetlands and much more
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Materials for High Temperature Power Generation and Process Plant Applications   A. Strang ۲۰۰۰ Marked improvements in both the unit size and the thermal efficiency of steam turbines have occurred over the last forty years.To a large degree this has been the direct result of advances in the available size, quality and mechanical properties of the forgings and castings from which the most critical components are manufactured.The typical unit size in the 1950s was about 100 MW whereas fossil-fired units currently being tendered can develop as much as 1000 MW and nuclear powered units up to 1500 MW from one single line machine.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Modern Plastics Handbook   Charles A. Harper ۲۰۰۰ State-of-the-art guide to plastic product design, manufacture and application.Edited by Charles A. Harper and sponsored by Modern Plastics, the industry’s most prestigious trade magazine, Modern Plastics Handbook packs a wealth of up-to-date knowledge about plastics processes, forms and formulations, design, equipment, testing and recycling.This A-to-Z guide keeps you on top of: Properties and performance of thermoplastics, polymer blends…thermosets, reinforced plastics and composites…natural and synthetic elastomers; Processes from extrusion, injection and blow molding to thermoforming, foam processing, hand lay-up and filament winding, and many, many more; Fabricating…post-production finishing and bonding…coatings and finishes, subjects difficult to find treated elsewhere in print.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Novel chemistry and processing of ceramics   Jon Binner ۲۰۰۰ Introduction This book forms the proceedings of the Novel ChemistrylProcessing Symposium that formed part of the ECerS (European Ceramic Society) 1999 conference held at the Brighton Conference Centre, UK, over the period 20-24 June 1999.The Symposium consisted of twenty-eight oral papers, spread across six sessions, plus a further forty-eight papers in the poster session.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Piping Handbook, Seventh Edition   Mohinder L. Nayyar ۲۰۰۰ Instant answers to your toughest questions on piping components and systems!It’s impossible to know all the answers when piping questions are on the table – the field is just too broad.That’s why even the most experienced engineers turn to the Piping Handbook, edited by Mohinder L. Nayyar, with contributions from top experts in the field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis – 2nd Edition   CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) ۱۰/۱/۱۹۹۹ Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book.This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM.CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals SCORPIONATES: THE COORDINATION CHEMISTRY OF POLYPYRAZOLYLBORATE LIGANDS   ۸/۱۶/۱۹۹۹ This book deals with polypyrazolylborates (scorpionates), a class of ligands known since 1966, but becoming rapidly popular with inorganic, organometallic and coordination chemists since 1986, because of their versatility and user-friendliness.They can be readily modified sterically and electronically through appropriate substitution on the pyrazole ring and on boron, and have led to a number of firsts in coordination chemistry (first stable CuCO complex, first monomeric MgR complex, and many other such firsts).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry DIELECTRIC RELAXATION AND DYNAMICS OF POLAR MOLECULES   ۴/۲۹/۱۹۹۹ The topics covered in this book provide a qualitative and sometimes quantitative classic description of the wide-band 0–THz dielectric spectra of polar liquids, molecular libration–rotation (which is the reason for dielectric loss and absorption of electromagnetic waves), simple molecular models differing by the intermolecular-potential profiles, and present a comparison between the theoretical and experimental dependencies and derivation of the main results.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References A Formulary of Detergents and Other Cleaning Agents   ۴/۴/۱۹۹۹ This is a collection of formulas devoted entirely to products that serve as cleaning agents for personal hygiene, household uses, and industrial maintenance.All formulas are systematically presented first by application and then classified by their chemical constituents.The formulas include instructions for preparation.Because of the broad spectrum of cleaning agents included in the book it will be valuable to both the industrial and home chemists with formulas geared to the professional and the hobbyist.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals LECTURE NOTES ON FULLERENE CHEMISTRY: A HANDBOOK FOR CHEMISTS   ۲/۲۵/۱۹۹۹ The fullerenes, hailed as one of the discoveries of the century, have created whole new fields of organic/organometallic chemistry and of physics.Together with the related nanotubes, they hold the promise of providing new materials with novel chemical and solid state properties.The cost of the basic fullerenes is now such that research into them is feasible for very many chemists.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Adhesion 99 – 7th International Conference on Adhesion and Adhesives   J.A. Bishop ۱۹۹۹ The more than 70 papers presented at this conference focused on adhesion science and wetting, surface chemistry and pre-treatment, adhesive chemistry, durability, repair, joint design and fracture and impact.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations   ۱۹۹۹ Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years’ experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated with static electricity.The book covers the nature of static electricity, characteristics and effective energies of different static resources, techniques for evaluating static electricity hazards, general bonding, grounding, and other techniques used to control static or prevent ignition, gases and liquids, powders and hybrid mixtures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Properties Handbook   Carl L. Yaws, Ph.D. ۱۹۹۹ Accurate information on how chemicals behave at different temperatures and under different conditions is often hard to find or difficult to calculate.This unique handbook provides scientific, engineering, and environmental professionals and students with this necessary information, in an all-in-one, easy-access format.This long-needed handbook covers both organic (C1 to C28 compounds) and inorganic (Ag to Zn compounds) substances, and provides both experimental values and estimated values based on methods developed by the author and other noted experts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Technology: Fermentation Biocatalysis and Bioseparation Volumes 1 – 5 5 Volume Set   ۱۹۹۹ An easily accessible, comprehensive encyclopedia bringing together  all aspects of bioprocess technology.Approximately 300  entries composed in A-Z format.Sample entries include Acetate  Antibiotic Processes, Bacillus Cultivation, Dehydration,  Fatty Acids, Image Analysis, Krebs Cycle, Mass Spectrometry,  Nomenclature, Ozonation, Radiation, Screening Methods, TCA Cycle,  Viscosity, Waste Treatment, Yeast Metabolism, to Z Value.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Engineering Measurements: Methods and Intrinsic Errors   ۱۹۹۹ Engineering Measurements  Methods and Intrinsic  Errors provides a valuable insight into the equipment and  methods generally used in taking measurements, and helps engineers  avoid or minimize the inaccuracies that can arise even when using  highly accurate instruments.Many of the commonly used measurement  methods are described, together with their pitfalls and problems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Environmental Catalysis   ۱۹۹۹ Environmental Catalysis Edited by G. Ertl, H. Knözinger, J.  Weitkamp The first in-depth book on environmental catalysis covers  the topics    environmental catalysis – mobile sources  environmental catalysis – stationary sources  catalytic combustion  catalytic routes to hydro(chloro)fluorocarbons  heterogeneous catalysis in the troposhere    and is indispensable for every scientist and engineer working in  the automobile and energy industries, atmospheric research, and  related areas.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Estimating the Flammable Mass of a Vapor Cloud   ۱۹۹۹ This CCPS Concept book shows designers and operators of chemical facilities how to realistically estimate the flammable mass in a cloud of accidentally released material that is capable of igniting.It provides information on industry experience with flammable vapor clouds, basic concepts of fires and explosions, and an overview of related computer programs.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases   ۱۹۹۹ This Guidelines book provides technical information on how to  conduct a consequence analysis to satisfy your company’s needs and  the EPA rules.It covers quantifying the size of a release,  dispersion of vapor clouds to an endpoint concentration, outcomes  for various types of explosions and fires, and the effect of the  release on people and structures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems   ۱۹۹۹ Batch reaction systems pose unique challenges to process safety managers because they do not operate in a steady state.The sequence of processing steps, and frequent start-ups and shutdowns, increase the possibility of human errors and equipment failures.And, since batch plants are often designed for shared use, frequent modification of piping and layout may occur, resulting in complex “management of change” issues.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Handbook for Estimating Physiochemical Properties of Organic Compounds   ۱۹۹۹ A comprehensive compendium of published property estimation  techniques for organic compounds.For scientists and engineers seeking to estimate properties of  compounds, this time-saving Handbook brings together in one compact  volume a vast array of property estimation methods from more than  ۲,۷۰۰ published sources for calculating these and many other  properties of organic compounds:  * Density and molar volume  * Boiling point  * Refractive index and molar refraction  * Melting point  * Surface tension and parachor  * Water solubility  * Viscosity  *  * Air/water partition coefficient  * Vapor pressure  * Octanol/water partition coefficient  * Enthalpy of vaporization  * Soil/water partition coefficient.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels   ۱۹۹۹ However, the objective of the book remains unchanged, namely, to illustrate and develop an understanding of the range of micro- structures that are formed in carbon steels by vary- ing the carbon content and the thermal and me- chanical treatments. This has enabled a whole new range of so-called “interstitial-free” or “high-strength low-alloy” steels to he developed that have markedly im- proved properties. These steels can scarcely he described as being carbon steels, but are so closely related to-and are substitutes for-true carbon steels that they need also to he considered. In some steels … it is nearly impossible to develop lamellar pearlite: the pearlitic structure is degenerate, spheroidal in structure … In steel, a metastable transition phase with body-centered-tetragonal crystal structure formed by diffusionless transformation of austenite gener- ally during cooling between the M5 and Mf tempera- tures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Plastics: The Layman’s Guide   James Maxwell ۱۹۹۹ PREFACE This book is for anyone interested in plastics.They may be professionally involved, they may be worried about the environment or fed-up with plastic packaging, or simply curious about a subject which was ignored when most of us were being educated.Those blessed with experience of the National Curriculum are unlikely to find material strictly related to any syllabus, but they may well enjoy an injection of the colour and flavour of real life.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer process engineering 1999   ۱۹۹۹ This century has seen the emergence of an exciting new stream of materials – polymers.Polymer processing is a fast moving, highly creative area of industry, which has also attracted a strong, lively academic presence worldwide.Continuing growth in the use of plastics, driven by considerations of property, styling, mass production capabilities and cost, ensures that the processing sector will continue to develop into the new millenium, in the quest to ensure enhanced quality and efficiency.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Semiconducting Polymers   ۱۹۹۹ Semiconducting Polymers Chemistry, Physics and Engineering Edited by G. Hadziioannou and P. F. van Hutten The field of semiconducting polymers has attracted many researchers from a diversity of disciplines.While, on the one hand, some of the foreseen applications are already being realized in industrial products nowadays, there is, on the other hand, still a deficient knowledge of the basic phenomena.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies XIII   T.S. Sudarshan
K.A. Khor
M. Jeandin
۱۹۹۹ Real surface modification processes at elevated temperatures take place in reactors or furnaces, which are heated to reaction temperature during a period, which depends on the type and supplier of the reactor.In contrast to nitriding reaction conditions, heating parameters are usually not well defined.Reactions occurring during heating can influence the result of the surface modification process, especially when the process is controlled kinetically and by the composition of the furnace gas atmosphere, heating time and rate influence surface composition.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Synthesis of Polymers: A Volume of the Materials Science and Technology Series   ۱۹۹۹ Polymers find their applications in ever more areas of modern technology.The invention of new synthetic methods allows the polymer chemist to design new polymer materials with specific mechanical, optical or electronic properties .This concise handbook covers all modern synthetic methods in polymer science.It will enable the polymer chemist or materials scientist to find details about the specific synthesis he wants to use in designing polymers with new advanced properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry THEORY AND APPLICATION OF QUANTUM MOLECULAR DYNAMICS   ۱۲/۸/۱۹۹۸ This book provides a detailed presentation of modern quantum theories for treating the reaction dynamics of small molecular systems.Its main focus is on the recent development of successful quantum dynamics theories and computational methods for studying the molecular reactive scattering process, with specific applications given in detail for a number of benchmark chemical reaction systems in the gas phase and the gas surface.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids   ۱۱/۲۶/۱۹۹۸ PREFACE Every elementary school pupil is taught that there are three states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas.To these might be added “plasma,” which exists at extremely high temperatures, or the “Bose-Einstein condensate,” at extremely low ones.However, one needn’t resort to superfrigid or superhot extremes to find states of matter that challenge the ordinary division into solids, liquids, and gases.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Chemical Reaction Engineering – 3rd Edition   اوت, ۱۹۹۸ Chemical reaction engineering is concerned with the exploitation of chemical reactions on a commercial scale.It’s goal is the successful design and operation of chemical reactors.This text emphasizes qualitative arguments, simple design methods, graphical procedures, and frequent comparison of capabilities of the major reactor types.Simple ideas are treated first, and are then extended to the more complex.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals DISTINCTIVE TECHNIQUES FOR ORGANIC SYNTHESIS   ۶/۲۳/۱۹۹۸ This important book is intended to familiarize the practitioner of synthetic chemistry with somewhat extraordinary techniques which should prove very helpful to his or her work.It covers some reactions or techniques for organic synthesis which are not found in most introductory texts.They include reactions under high pressure, mediated by ultrasonic, flash vacuum pyrolysis, photochemical processes, phase transfer reactions, electrochemical reactions, and reactions on solid supports.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry COLOSSAL MAGNETORESISTANCE, CHARGE ORDERING AND RELATED PROPERTIES OF MANGANESE OXIDES   ۵/۱۴/۱۹۹۸ Metal oxides constitute one of the most amazing classes of materials with a wide range of properties.They exhibit a variety of phenomena, such as ferroelectricity, ferromagnetism and superconductivity.A new aspect of metal oxides — colossal magnetoresistance exhibited by certain manganese oxides, in particular rare earth manganates of perovskite structure — has received much attention in the last four years.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry MODERN METHODS FOR MULTIDIMENSIONAL DYNAMICS COMPUTATIONS IN CHEMISTRY   ۴/۱۵/۱۹۹۸ This volume describes many of the key practical theoretical techniques that have been developed to treat chemical dynamics problems in many-atom systems.It contains thorough treatments of fundamental theory and prescriptions for performing computations.The selection of methods, ranging from gas phase bimolecular reactions to complex processes in condensed phases, reflects the breadth of the field.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry RELEASE: A Model with Data to Predict Aerosol Rainout in Accidental Releases   David W. Johnson
John L. Woodward
۳/۱/۱۹۹۸ This book documents CCPS’s Aerosol Research Program to develop a model to predict liquid rainout from release of a pressurized, liquefied gas–and, hence the residual amount of material in a vapor cloud, which may be greater than the amount calculated from an enthalpy chart.RELEASE predicts the rate of fluid discharge, the depressurization, flashing and formation of liquid drops, the entrainment of drops into the vapor cloud, the subsequent spreading of the jet, and rate of liquid rainout to a pool on the ground.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry PHASE TRANSITIONS IN COMPLEX FLUIDS   ۲/۲۸/۱۹۹۸ This important and timely book deals with the theoretical and experimental investigation of the phase transitions which occur in complex fluid systems, namely lyotropic systems, microemulsions, colloids, biological membranes, and ferrofluids.It contains 17-odd review papers from the major contributors to this rapidly growing field of research, summarizing the main results obtained in the description and understanding of the phase transitions taking place between the isotropic, nematic, cholesteric, lamellar, hexagonal, and cubic mesophases of complex fluids.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM MNL3 – Manual on Hydrocarbon Analysis – 6th Edition   ۱۹۹۸ The preferred method for sampling Ca and C4 hydrocarbons is by the use of piston cylinders, ASTM Stan- dard Practice D3700, although sampling these materials as gases is also acceptable in many cases. I Two procedures are described whereby the sample is either treated with acid to decompose the organic material and dissolve the metals or, alternatively, the sample is dissolved in an organic solvent. The classic platinum-cobalt color method, ASTM Test Method D1209, Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)/which requires subjective visual color comparison, is slowly being replaced by methods such as ASTM Test Method D5386, Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry.l This new standard is currently limited to a maximum color of 30 because, for higher color values, the vendors’ algorithms to convert tristimulus values to Pt-Co color produce different results. 7.2 Pour the sample into the sample container to a depth such that, when cooled to the temperature of test, the depth of the sample is at least 10 mm greater than the depth to which the needle is expected to penetrate. Silicone contamination can produce erroneous results in other tests such as those for penetration and flash point.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Hardness   ۱۹۹۸ R. G. Pearson Chemical Hardness Why do certain chemical reactions  take place and others don’t?Why are some chemical compounds  more stable than others?Chemical Hardness is one of the highly  useful concepts which enable chemists to understand reactivities  without reference to large supercomputers and databases.Originally  developed as an intuitive, qualitative concept, it is today firmly  based on and justified by quantum chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Environmental Contaminant Reference Databook Volume 1   ۱۹۹۸
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Foundations of Vacuum Science and Technology   ۱۹۹۸ An indispensable resource for scientists and engineers concerned  with high vacuum technology    Vacuum technology has evolved significantly over the past thirty  years and is now indispensable to various fields of scientific  research as well as the medical technology, food processing,  aerospace, and electronics industries.Foundations of Vacuum Science and Technology offers a comprehensive  survey of the physical and chemical principles underlying the  production, measurement, and use of high vacuums.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures   ۱۹۹۸ While there is no “perfect” solution or absolute zero risk,  engineering design can significantly reduce risk potential in the  CPI.In Guidelines for Design Solutions to Process Equipment  Failures, industry experts offer their broad experience in  identifying numerous solutions to the more common process equipment  failures including inherent safer/passive, active, and procedural  solutions, in decreasing order of robustness and reliability.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Improving Plant Reliability Through Data Collection and Analysis   ۱۹۹۸ Written by reliability data experts, the book gives plant managers and supervisors the guidance they need to collect, and use with confidence, process equipment reliability data for risk-based decisions.Focusing on the process industries, it provides the protocol and techniques to collect and organize high quality plant performance, maintenance, and repair data from your own operations, and includes methods and examples on how the data can be converted into useful information for engineering, maintenance, safety, and loss prevention.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals   ۱۹۹۸ A comprehensive understanding of the potential dangers inherent in warehousing chemicals is the first step in managing the associated risks.Written by industry professionals for warehouse operators, designers, and all who are concerned with the safe warehousing of chemicals, this book offers a performance-based approach to such hazards as health effects, environmental pollution, fire, and explosion, and presents practical means to minimize the risk of these hazards to employees, the surrounding population, the environment, property, and business operations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Surfaces: From Physics to Technology Revised and Updated Edition   ۱۹۹۸ This is a revised and updated edition of the highly popular Polymer  Surfaces first published in 1994.The authors have revised and  updated the content and added recent references.Polymer Surfaces –  From Physics to Technology is divided into four main  sections.* The origins and physical principles governing the properties of  polymer surfaces  * Characterization techniques – spectroscopic, surface energetic  and contact angle  * The modification of polymer surface properties  * Applications – wettability, adhesion, biocompatibility  Final year students and postgraduate students of polymer science  and technology will find this extremely valuable, especially in the  more accessible paperback format.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry FRONTIER ORBITALS AND REACTION PATHS: SELECTED PAPERS OF KENICHI FUKUI   ۱۱/۲۶/۱۹۹۷ This book is a collection of selected papers on the Frontier Orbital Theory by Nobel prizewinner Kenichi Fukui (Chemistry 1981), with introductory notes.It provides the basic concept and formulation of the theory, and the physical and chemical significance of the frontier orbital interactions in chemistry, together with many practical applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry ELECTRIC-DIPOLE POLARIZABILITIES OF ATOMS, MOLECULES, AND CLUSTERS   ۱۰/۳۱/۱۹۹۷ This book is an in-depth review of experiment and theory on electric-dipole polarizabilities.It is broad in scope, encompassing atomic, molecular, and cluster polarizabilities.Both static and dynamic polarizabilities are treated (in the absence of absorption) and a full tensor picture of the polarizability is used.Traditional experimental techniques for measuring electric polarizabilities are described in detail.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals MODERN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE THEORY AND APPLICATIONS IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY   ۱۰/۳۱/۱۹۹۷ This volume focuses on the use of quantum theory to understand and explain experiments in organic chemistry.High level ab initio calculations, when properly performed, are useful in making quantitative distinctions between various possible interpretations of structures, reactions and spectra.Chemical reasoning based on simpler quantum models is, however, essential to enumerating the likely possibilities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry RECENT ADVANCES IN DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHODS, PART II   ۵/۱۴/۱۹۹۷ Of all the different areas in computational chemistry, density functional theory (DFT) enjoys the most rapid development.Even at the level of the local density approximation (LDA), which is computationally less demanding, DFT can usually provide better answers than Hartree-Fock formalism for large systems such as clusters and solids.For atoms and molecules, the results from DFT often rival those obtained by ab initio quantum chemistry, partly because larger basis sets can be used.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering   ۴/۳/۱۹۹۷ PREFACE Over the years, and especially since the 1960s, significant developments have occurred in chemical engineering through the applications of mathematics.These developments were supported by the available text and specialized books dealing with topics in applied mathematics, and some of these were written by, and for, chemical engineers.Most chemical engineering departments offer a senior-graduate level course in mathematical methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHEMISTRY IN MICROTIME: SELECTED WRITINGS ON FLASH PHOTOLYSIS, FREE RADICALS, AND THE EXCITED STATE   ۴/۱/۱۹۹۷ This volume contains a selection of the pioneering papers by Nobel Laureate George Porter.It outlines his work on fast reactions, occurring in times from milliseconds to femtoseconds, in photochemistry, photosynthesis and solar energy, and includes the papers which led to the award of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967 for his work on flash photolysis.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHARGE SENSITIVITY APPROACH TO ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL REACTIVITY   ۱/۳/۱۹۹۷ Charge Sensitivity Analysis (CSA) represents a linear response treatment of molecular systems, based upon the chemical potential and hardness/softness concepts established within density functional theory (DFT).Recently, it has been shown to provide an attractive framework leading to novel approaches to chemical reactivity of open systems.The monograph presents the conceptual and methodological basis of the CSA covering its DFT roots, alternative resolutions and representations, sensitivities of closed and open atomic and molecular systems, charge stability criteria and relaxational effects due to the system environment, and alternative collective modes of charge redistribution.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Postrelease Mitigation Technology in the Chemical Process Industry   ۱۹۹۷ This book puts together a body of very recent information never before presented in one volume on the design of post-release mitigation systems.The development of a fundamental knowledge base on post-release mitigation systems, through testing and data correlation, is very new.While further research and development is needed, this practical work offers guidance on putting post-release countermeasures to work now.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Industrial Organic Chemistry, 3rd, Completely Revised Edition   ۱۹۹۷ Preface to the Third Edition In the few years that have passed since the publication of the 2nd English edition, it has become clear that interest in Industrial Inorganic Chemistry has continued to grow, making a new English edition necessary.In the meantime, hrther translations have been published or are in preparation, and new editions have appeared.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Organic and Inorganic Coatings for Corrosion Prevention – Research and Experiences (EFC 20)   L. Fedrizzi
P.L. Bonora
۱۹۹۷ Preface The environment at the present time is becoming more and more aggressive with respect to artefacts.The protection of building structures, high voltage towers, offshore constructions, bridges, chemical plants, electrical equipment and even art objects, monuments etc. is almost always achieved by means of the best method available to separate the object from the environment, i.e.the application of a coating.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Oxidation of Intermetallics   ۱۹۹۷ Over the last ten years vast efforts were made in the research and development of intermetallic compounds to attain improved high temperature strength and low temperature ductility.These new structural materials are used in several high-temperature applications like engines and turbines.Oxidation and corrosion resistance are as important for the actual applications of these materials as mechanical properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer process engineering 1997   ۱۹۹۷ Polymer processing is an exciting, fast moving area of industry, which has also attracted a strong, lively academic presence worldwide.The growth in the use of plastics, driven by considerations of property, styling, mass production capabilities and cost, ensures that the processing sector will continue to develop, in the quest to ensure enhanced quality and efficiency.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ELECTRON SCATTERING AND RELATED SPECTROSCOPIES   ۱۱/۲۶/۱۹۹۶ The main purpose of this book is to provide an overview of all phenomena which can be categorized under the general label of “electron scattering”, and to give a comprehensive description of all spectroscopical techniques related to electron scattering phenomena.Various classes of events are examined (electron in-electron out, photon in-electron out, electron in-two electron out, electron diffraction), together with the corresponding experimental techniques.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL BONDING   ۹/۲۰/۱۹۹۶ This book addresses the problem of teaching the Electronic Structure and Chemical Bonding of atoms and molecules to high school and university students.It presents the outcomes of thorough investigations of some teaching methods as well as an unconventional didactical approach which were developed during a seminar for further training organized by the University of Bordeaux I for teachers of the physical sciences.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry PHYSICO-CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS OF NMR: A PRACTICAL GUIDE   ۹/۲۰/۱۹۹۶ The book is intended to help under- and postgraduate students and young scientists in the correct application of NMR to the solution of physico-chemical problems concerning the study of equilibria in solution.The first part of the book (Chapters 1–۳) is a trivium, but should enable a student to design and conduct simple physico-chemical NMR experiments.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering SYNTHETIC COORDINATION CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE   ۹/۲۰/۱۹۹۶ Although coordination chemistry naturally centers on the synthesis of coordination compounds, the synthesis of these materials is typically not an end in itself.Coordination compounds are utilized in all branches of chemistry; from theoretical modeling to industrial and consumer products.While a large amount of information is available on coordination chemistry in general and synthetic methods in particular, no comprehensive work has been presented on the preparation of coordination compounds with an emphasis on synthetic strategies rather than on detailed descriptions of specific syntheses.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymer Technology   ۹/۲/۱۹۹۶ As is usual in the poly- mer field this is not the whole story and we find that the softening point of polystyrene is lower than that of polyethylene in spite of the fact that polystyrene, too, is a polar molecule. The chief advantage of this method is ob- viously the purity of the final product with the concomitant advantages of excellent color and clarity in transparent polymers such as polystyrene. There are many unsaturat- ed polymers which are suitable for curing by radiation techniques. Workers in Germany were also active, of course, during this period, and between 1939 and 1941 Dr. Otto Bayer discovered and developed useful polymers (known as poly’- urethanes) from the reaction between di-isocyanates and hydroxyl com- pounds. The material so excreted is not a definite polymer but consists largely of esters of aleuritic acid.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals TOPICS IN PHOSPHATE CHEMISTRY   ۸/۲۳/۱۹۹۶ This book provides a thorough review of a class of powerful algorithms for the numerical analysis of complex time series data which were obtained from dynamical systems.These algorithms are based on the concept of state space representations of the underlying dynamics, as introduced by nonlinear dynamics.In particular, current algorithms for state space reconstruction, correlation dimension estimation, testing for determinism and surrogate data testing are presented — algorithms which have been playing a central role in the investigation of deterministic chaos and related phenomena since 1980.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, VOLUME 2: QUANTUM CHEMISTRY   ۷/۴/۱۹۹۶ This book provides a comprehensive account, from first principles, of the methods of numerical quantum mechanics, beginning with formulations and fundamental postulates.The development continues with that of the Hamiltonian and angular momentum operators, and with methods of approximating the solutions of the Schroedinger equation with variational and perturbation methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ADVANCES IN LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY: 35 YEARS OF COLUMN LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY IN JAPAN   ۳/۳۱/۱۹۹۶ This book is a contemporary review of selected subjects in liquid chromatography, especially of the technical development, rather than the applications.The subjects are focused in the biomedical and environmental fields.This is also a troubleshooting record.Complex analytical problems such as sensitivity (sensitive detection by chemiluminescence, coulometric detection, laser based detection, necessity of degassing the system for sensitive detection), difficulty (free radical detection by Electron Spin Resonance, Polarimeter for chiral recognition) and reproducibility (packings for chiral separation and stable bonded silica gels) are solved.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals REASON AND IMAGINATION: REFLECTIONS ON RESEARCH IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY- SELECTED PAPERS OF DEREK H R BARTON   ۳/۲۱/۱۹۹۶ This book is about the recognition of new principles in Organic Chemistry.It is also about the discovery and invention of Chemical Reactions.In addition, it deals with the determination of structure by chemical degradation during the epoch when physical methods were not well developed.Also presented are new reagents and new types of functional groups never seen in chemistry before.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHEMICAL DYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF SMALL RADICALS, THE (IN 2 PARTS) – PART 1   ۱/۱۹/۱۹۹۶ This book highlights recent progress in the chemistry of radicals.Developments include the growing use of lasers to generate radicals, the application of lasers to provide state, angular, polarization, energy and real-time resolution in kinetics and dynamics experiments, the development of theories for handling the reactions of radicals, and the simulation of the reaction dynamics of increasingly larger systems for direct comparison to experimental results.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry CHEMICAL DYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF SMALL RADICALS, THE (IN 2 PARTS) – PART 2   ۱/۱۹/۱۹۹۶ This book highlights recent progress in the chemistry of radicals.Developments include the growing use of lasers to generate radicals, the application of lasers to provide state, angular, polarization, energy and real-time resolution in kinetics and dynamics experiments, the development of theories for handling the reactions of radicals, and the simulation of the reaction dynamics of increasingly larger systems for direct comparison to experimental results.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Cooper’s Comprehensive Environmental Desk Reference   ۱۹۹۶ Destined to become a classic, this unique comprehensive reference  offers more than 1,000 pages of key terms, over 5,000 acronyms and  useful, detailed information on such topics as Superfund,  construction, environmental engineering, wetlands, biology, OSHA,  threatened and endangered flora and fauna, and international  organizations and treaties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery Complete Document   ۱۹۹۶ Over the past three decades, information in the aerospace and  mechanical engineering fields in general and turbomachinery in  particular has grown at an exponential rate.Fluid Dynamics and  Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery is the first book, in one complete  volume, to bring together the modern approaches and advances in the  field, providing the most up-to-date, unified treatment available  on basic principles, physical aspects of the aerothermal field,  analysis, performance, theory, and computation of turbomachinery  flow and heat transfer.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Integrating Process Safety Management Environment Safety Health and Quality   ۱۹۹۶ CCPS appreciates that process safety management has considerable overlap with other environmental, safety, and health programs and that there are opportunities to share resources between these programs. CCPS has recognized that quality management ap- proaches can be used to integrate process safety management and environ- mental, safety and health programs. These Guidelines will provide a framework and examples for integration of management systems designed to achieve continuous improvement in process safety, environmental, safety and health management. Customer in quality management terms is the next person in the manage- ment process; of necessity it includes the ultimate customer who benefits from the final product. Process Safety Management (PSM) is the application of managementsystems to identify, understand, and control chemical and manufacturingprocess hazards and to prevent process-related injuries and incidents.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models 2nd Edition   ۱۹۹۶ Overview of Modeling Procedures, Including Rationale for Selecting Scenarios for Worked Examples 2.1. The present book has been expanded to include both source term models and vapor cloud dispersion models, and it incorporates worked examples with the model descriptions. 0  Information on how to run some models and interpret the model outputs. A model such as ISC is easy to run and is recognized by regulatory agencies. These observations are best made on-site, but can also be obtained from nearby National Weather Service ( NWS ) sites, as long as the NWS site is reasonably representative of the facility being modeled.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Writing Effective Operating and Maintenance Procedures   ۱۹۹۶ The EPA investigation of a 1994 chemical plant tragedy concluded that “the explosion resulted from a lack of written safe operating procedures” While good written procedures can’t guarantee zero accidents, they can reduce the number of accidents caused by human error.This new book shows how to remedy this problem through selecting and implementing actions that promote safe, efficient operations and maintenance, improve quality, continuity, profitability and cost control, build upon and record process experience, and promote the concept that operating and maintenance procedures are vital plant components.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Handbook of Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Machinery Volume 1 Fundamentals of Fluid Dynamics Complete Document   ۱۹۹۶ Handbook Of Fluid Dynamics And Fluid Machinery  Volume One Fundamentals Of Fluid Dynamics  Joseph A. Schetz And Allen E. Fuhs
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Handbook of Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Machinery Volume 2 Experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics Complete Document   ۱۹۹۶ Examples of such comparisons are mass, momentum, or en- ergy balances, e.g., verifying that: I) all the flow rates in a system sum to the measured total flow rate, 2) the measured drag on a body is equal to the momentum deficit of its wake, or 3) the total heat transfer from a wall to a flowing fluid can be checked in an energy balance on the flowing fluid. In general, the total pressure is determined from the change in enthalpy with constant entropy as the fluid is brought to rest. (v)  Low Reynolds Number Effects: Viscous shear may exert additional forces on the fluid near the stagnation hole preventing the total pressure tube from measuring the isentropic stagnation pressure. A micromanometer, which is nulled by moving a reservoir, would be less susceptible to tube non-uniformities and to fluid contamination which may change the shape of the meniscus. If the fluid were compressible, increasing the tube diameter may reduce the system response because of the increased fluid volume in the connecting line.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Handbook of Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Machinery Volume 3 Applications of Fluid Dynamics Complete Document   ۱۹۹۶ We are pleased that the use of this new technology will enable us to keep works of enduring scholarly value in print as long as there is a reasonable demand for them. Lubrication with oil or other fluids is used mainly to reduce friction and wear be- tween sliding surfaces. A parameter’}’, known as the surface pattern parameter, can be used to indicate the ratio of the characteristic asperity dimension along the flow to that nor- mal to the flow. If a disturbance in a thin element of fluid in a duct is con- sidered, a mathematical description of the motion may be obtained by assuming that: 1) the amount of fluid in the element is conserved, 2) the net longitudinal force is balanced by the inertia of the fluid in the element, and 3) the process in the element is adiabatic (i.e., there is no flow of heat in or out of the element). Transducers can be built to measure displacement, ve- locity, or acceleration in fluids or vibrating structures.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Polymer Spectroscopy   ۱۹۹۶ The manner in which polymers are linked, under certain conditions,  forms the main focus of this work.Spectroscopy has, over the  years, proved itself to be the technique in providing information  at molecular levels for many polymer systems.This book provides an  overview of the current state-of-the-art through contributions by  world-renowned experts.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies IX   T.S. Sudarshan
W. Reitz
J.J. Stiglich
۱۹۹۶ Proceedings of the 9th International Conference, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.Subject areas: ultrahard coatings; surface treatment and alternative processes; corrosion resistant coatings; characterisation of coatings; surface engineering of powders; laser processing; vapour deposition and plasma methods; thermal spray coatings and coatings for composites
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS IN ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY   ۱۲/۲۶/۱۹۹۵ Atmospheric chemistry is central to understanding global changes — ozone depletion, appearance of the polar ozone holes, and compositional changes which worsen the greenhouse effect.Because of its importance, work is progressing on many fronts.This volume emphasizes the troposhere and stratosphere and has chapters on gas phase, condensed phase, and heterogeneous chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY ON METAL SURFACES (IN 2 PARTS) – PART 1   ۱۲/۱۶/۱۹۹۵ The XV International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy brought together spectroscopists from all over the world working in the very diverse and still growing field of laser spectroscopy.It addressed a large number of modern scientific issues at the highest level.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry LASER SPECTROSCOPY AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY ON METAL SURFACES (IN 2 PARTS) – PART 2   ۱۲/۱۶/۱۹۹۵ This volume comprises a collection of invited and selected contributions presented at the 16th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy in Palm Cove, Queensland, Australia, 13–۱۸ July 2003.The papers report the latest and most exciting developments in laser spectroscopy and related areas: new ultra-precise spectroscopic measurements based on optical frequency combs including tests of the stability of the fundamental constants; the first realization of Bose–Einstein condensation in cesium and ytterbium; the behavior of ultra-cold bosons and fermions in optical lattices; the production of ultra-cold cesium, helium and fermionic lithium molecules; the production and coherent transport of ultra-cold atoms in microtraps on the surface of chips; the implementation of one- and two-qubit quantum algorithms and experiments towards a scalable quantum computer based on trapped ions; and new medical applications of laser spectroscopy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry RECENT ADVANCES IN DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHODS, PART I   ۱۱/۳۰/۱۹۹۵ Of all the different areas in computational chemistry, density functional theory (DFT) enjoys the most rapid development.Even at the level of the local density approximation (LDA), which is computationally less demanding, DFT can usually provide better answers than Hartree-Fock formalism for large systems such as clusters and solids.For atoms and molecules, the results from DFT often rival those obtained by ab initio quantum chemistry, partly because larger basis sets can be used.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering CATALYTIC OXIDATION: PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS – A COURSE OF THE NETHERLANDS INSTITUTE FOR CATALYSIS RESEARCH (NIOK)   ۱۰/۳۰/۱۹۹۵ This book consists of lectures presented by international authorities in the field, at a course on Oxidation Catalysis organized by the Dutch Research School in Catalysis at Rolduc in June 1994.The material covered spans the whole range of the subject from the fundamental principles of gas and liquid phase oxidations to reactor engineering for industrial processing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Nonlinear and Mixed-Integer Optimization: Fundamentals and Applications   ۱۰/۵/۱۹۹۵ The remaining chapters of this book form three parts.Part 1 presents the fundamental notions of convex analysis, the basic theory of nonlinear unconstrained and constrained optimization, and the basics of duality theory.Part 1 acquaints the reader with the important aspects of convex analysis and nonlinear optimization without presenting the proofs of the theoretical results and the algorithmic details which can be found in several other textbooks.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References LECTURE NOTES ON SOLUTION CHEMISTRY   ۸/۳۱/۱۹۹۵ This book emphasises those features in solution chemistry which are difficult to measure, but essential for the understanding of both the qualitative and the quantitative aspects.Attention is paid to the mutual influences between solute and solvent, even at extremely small concentrations of the former.The described extension of the molecular concept leads to a broad view — not by a change in paradigm — but by finding the rules for the organizations both at the molecular and the supermolecular level of liquid and solid solutions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering NMR IN STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY: A COLLECTION OF PAPERS BY KURT WUTHRICH   ۷/۳۱/۱۹۹۵ The volume presents a survey of the research by Kurt Wüthrich and his associates during the period 1965 to 1994.A selection of reprints of original papers on the use of NMR spectroscopy in structural biology is supplemented with an introduction, which outlines the foundations and the historical development of the use of NMR spectroscopy for the determination of three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules in solution.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry STOCHASTIC PROCESSES IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE   ۷/۱۴/۱۹۹۵ This book describes methods for calculating magnetic resonance spectra which are observed in the presence of random processes.The emphasis is on the stochastic Liouville equation (SLE), developed mainly by Kubo and applied to magnetic resonance mostly by J H Freed and his co-workers.Following an introduction to the use of density matrices in magnetic resonance, a unified treatment of Bloch–Redfield relaxation theory and chemical exchange theory is presented.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry MOLECULAR DYNAMICS AND SPECTROSCOPY BY STIMULATED EMISSION PUMPING   ۶/۲۹/۱۹۹۵ Since the first stimulated emission pumping (SEP) experiments more than a decade ago, this technique has proven powerful for studying vibrationally excited molecules.SEP is now widely used by increasing numbers of research groups to investigate fundamental problems in spectroscopy, intramolecular dynamics, intermolecular interactions, and even reactions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Optical Rheometry of Complex Fluids   ۶/۲۹/۱۹۹۵ Preface The use of optical methods to study the dynamics and structure of complex polymeric and colloidal liquids subject to external fields has a long history.The choice of an optical technique is normally motivated by the microstructural information it provides, its sensitivity, and dynamic range.A successful application of an optical measurement, however, will depend on many factors.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering PROGRESS IN ZEOLITES SCIENCE: A CHINA PERSPECTIVE   ۵/۳۱/۱۹۹۵ The chemistry of microporous materials is among the most rapidly developing fields of chemical research.It is extended from the conventional zeolites which are mineral aluminosilicates with microporous host lattice structures.Both zeolites and microporous crystalline materials are molecular sieves which possess open frameworks in which guest species like water and amines or quaternary ammoniums (known as templates) can be accommodated.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings A Guide to Surface Engineering Terminology   Eugeniusz Tyrkiel
Peter Dearnley
۱۹۹۵ In the last 20 years, surface engineering has been increasingly integrated into industrial design and manufacturing procedures, and now embraces advanced chemical and physical techniques.This authoritative book cuts through the confusion arising from the plethora of terms generated by these rapid changes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Ceramic Films and Coatings   W.E. Lee ۱۹۹۵ ABSTRACT Stresses are important in both the processing and properties of ceramic films.The stresses in the film can be tensile or compressive and they have origins such as: epitaxy, growth processes, chemical reactions, thermal expansion mismatch and differential densification.This paper briefly reviews methods for measuring and calculating film stress, and the processes by which the stresses can cause mechanical failure of films.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Guidelines for Chemical Reactivity Evaluation and Application to Process Design   ۱۹۹۵ Drawn from international sources, this book provides principles and strategies for the evaluation of chemical reactions, and for using this information in process design and management.A useful resource for engineers who design, start-up, operate, and manage chemical and petrochemical plants, the book places special emphasis on the use of state-of-the-art technology in theory, testing methods, and applications in design and operations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Process Safety Fundamentals in General Plant Operations   ۱۹۹۵ At last, a book that covers safety procedures and standards with information that is rarely available outside of proprietary materials.A comprehensive source for basic and essential operations and procedures in use in any facility, the book offers chemical operators and first line supervisors guidance in applying appropriate practices to prevent accidents, and suggests which practices to avoid.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Safe Storage and Handling of Reactive Materials   ۱۹۹۵ With new and growing interest in dealing with the hazards of reactive chemicals, this book offers guidelines that can significantly reduce the risk or mitigate the severity of accidents associated with storing and handling reactive materials.Necessary elements of a reliable system to prevent equipment or human failures that might lead to a reactive chemical incident are sound and responsible management policies, together with a combination of superior siting, design, fabrication, erection, inspection, monitoring, maintenance, operations and maintenance of facilities.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Technical Planning for On-Site Emergencies   ۱۹۹۵ Prevention, preparedness, response and recovery–the key components of emergency planning–form the major sections of this work.The book first describes PSM (Process Safety Management) as the key to prevention, then goes on to consider the main features of a preparedness program, including recognizing credible incidents, planning practical strategy to deal with these incidents, selecting necessary physical support systems and equipment, and developing a complete emergency response plan.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Plasticisers: Principles and Practice   Alan S. Wilson ۱۹۹۵ The purpose of this book is to provide a concise set of information covering the various inter-related issues which are of interest to people whose work requires some knowledge of plasticisers.Whilst it is aimed principally at industrial users and suppliers of plastic additives it is hoped that the book will also be of value to any researcher or student who wishes to gain an appreciation of plasticisers in their industrial context.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies VIII   T.S. Sudarshan
M. Jeandin
۱۹۹۵ Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, France, 1994.Subject areas: wear; advanced investigation techniques; lasers, ion beam and electron beam techniques; advanced coatings; advanced processes; modelling; thermal spraying; biomedical applications; corrosion and miscellaneous.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Thermal Separation Processes: Principles and Design   ۱۹۹۵ Klaus Sattler, Hans Jacob Feindt Thermal Separation Processes Principles and Design This much-needed book presents a clear and very practice-oriented overview of thermal separation processes.An extensive introduction elucidates the physical and physicochemical fundamentals of different unit operations used to separate homogenous mixtures.This is followed by a concise text with numerous explanatory figures and tables referring to process and design, flowsheets, basic engineering and examples of separation process applications.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Tools for Making Acute Risk Decisions with Chemical Process Safety Applications Complete Document   ۱۹۹۵ The complexity of today’s risk decisions is well known.Beyond cost and risk there are many other factors contributing to these decisions, including type of risk (such as human injury or fatality), the economic impact on the local community, profitability, availability of capital, alternatives for reducing or eliminating the risk, costs of implementing alternatives, codes, standards, regulation, and good industry practice.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry FEMTOCHEMISTRY: ULTRAFAST DYNAMICS OF THE CHEMICAL BOND (IN 2 VOLUMES) – VOLUME 1   ۹/۱۲/۱۹۹۴ For dynamics to be observed at the atomic-scale resolution of motion, not only must the structures be determined, but also their change with time.8 Near the turn of this century, Svante Arrhenius’s famous work provided a macroscopic description of the change in rates of chemical reactions with temperature; the rate constant, k = A exp (- Ea/kT), describes the time scale at a given temperature T; A is a pre-exponential factor and Ea is the energy of activation. For laser chemists the interest stems from the hope that if enough energy can be localized in a bond for a period of time longer than the reaction time, one may achieve selective bond fission 25 Hence, a key question is the following: What is the time scale for energy redistribution and what determines its selectivity or lack thereof? This concept has been fundamental not only to dynamics but also to the structure of the chemical bond. In chemistry, the work of Douwe Wiersma in Groningen Dawson , graduate that few wavenumbers , the real homogeneous broadening of the dynamics This point  be reaction dynamics. , we decided  to apply  these coherence optical  dephasing  due  to  elastic have analogues  measured  decay coherence  normally  not prescribed pulse  capable  of  population. performed  pressures  milliTorrs. We  used  classical  mechanical inversion  Bernstein ) and inversion  ) to dynamics  .
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry FEMTOCHEMISTRY: ULTRAFAST DYNAMICS OF THE CHEMICAL BOND (IN 2 VOLUMES) – VOLUME 2   ۹/۱۲/۱۹۹۴ For dynamics to be observed at the atomic-scale resolution of motion, not only must the structures be determined, but also their change with time.8 Near the turn of this century, Svante Arrhenius’s famous work provided a macroscopic description of the change in rates of chemical reactions with temperature; the rate constant, k = A exp (- EJkT), describes the time scale at a given temperature T; A is a pre-exponential factor and Efl is the energy of activation. The effort started shortly after the famous publication of the Heitler-London quantum-mechanical treatment (in 1927) of the hydrogen molecule.13 One year later (1928), at Arnold Sommerfeld’s Festschrift (60th birthday), Fritz London presented an approximate expression for the potential energy of triatomic systems, e.g., Hy in terms of the coulombic and exchange energies of the “diatomic” pairs.14 In 1931 Henry Eyring and Michael Polanyi,15 using the London equation, provided a semiempirical calculation of a potential energy surface (PES) of the H + H2 reaction describing the journey of nuclei from the reactant state of the system to the product state, passing through the crucial transition state. The theory made four assumptions 18,19 including equilibration of the activated complexes, and gave an analytical formula for the rate constant with a “frequency” for the passage through the transition state. Generally, the time scale for IVR is on the order of picoseconds, the rates are tens of picoseconds and longer, and the “lifetime” of transition-state species is picoseconds to femtoseconds. Included in this data are the rates measured for differ- ent N” states of CN.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References MODERN ALCHEMY: SELECTED PAPERS OF GLENN T SEABORG   ۵/۲۰/۱۹۹۴ During his distinguished career spanning more than 50 years, Nobel laureate (Chemistry) Glenn T Seaborg published over 500 works.This volume puts together about 100 of his selected papers.The papers are divided into five categories.Category I consists of papers which detail the discovery of 10 transuranium elements and numerous heavy isotopes of special importance.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering SYMMETRY AND TOPOLOGY IN CHEMICAL REACTIVITY   ۴/۲۲/۱۹۹۴ This well-illustrated book develops, using only the ideas of basic quantum chemistry (e.g. perturbation and symmetry theory), a fundamental conceptual and theoretical framework for chemical reactivity.By feeding the role of symmetry and chemical group topology directly into the development, the analysis generates and explains the successful features of simpler reactivity theories (e.g. frontier orbital theory, the isolobal concept, PMO theory, the Woodward-Hoffmann rules), as well as defines their limitations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry MONTE CARLO METHODS IN AB INITIO QUANTUM CHEMISTRY   ۳/۲۹/۱۹۹۴ This book presents the basic theory and application of the Monte Carlo method to the electronic structure of atoms and molecules.It assumes no previous knowledge of the subject, only a knowledge of molecular quantum mechanics at the first-year graduate level.A working knowledge of traditional ab initio quantum chemistry is helpful, but not essential.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SYMMETRY AND STABILITY OF CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS   ۱/۱۹/۱۹۹۴ This book is about the underlying principles of symmetry, thermodynamics and electronic structure that pertain to crystalline solids.After years of teaching graduate students in the areas covered, the author has a good idea of what major notions of group theory and thermodynamics are useful to students of solid state chemistry, and of what fundamental concepts are necessary for a clear understanding.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Safety   ۱۹۹۴ How safe is safe enough?We live in a world that is totally dependent on chemicals, be they agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, colorants – it is vitally important that we adopt a sustainable strategy for an environment containing some 11 million chemicals.This book provides a pragmatic guide to the basic tools of chemical safety assessment, from information retrieval, through hazard and risk assessment to safety evaluation and legal aspects.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Dynamic Behavior of Materials Complete Document   ۱۹۹۴ Addresses fundamentals and advanced topics relevant to the behavior of materials under in-service conditions such as impact, shock, stress and high-strain rate deformations.Deals extensively with materials from a microstructure perspective which is the future direction of research today.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Guidelines for Evaluating the Characteristics of Vapor Cloud Explosions Flash Fires and BLEVEs   ۱۹۹۴ Guidelines for evaluating the characteristics of vapor cloud explosions, flash fires. and BLEVEs. The Center for Chemical Process Safety of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers owes a great deal of thanks to the dedicated and professional engineers and scientists who served with distinction on the Vapor Cloud Explosion subcommit- tee during the development of this Guidelines book. Generally speaking, several features need to be present for a vapor cloud explosion with damaging overpressure to occur. The portion of the vapor cloud in each region depends on many factors, including type and amount of the material released; pressure at time of release; size of release opening; degree of confinement of the cloud; and wind, humidity, and other environmental effects (Hanna and Drivas 1987). Fourth, the blast effects produced by vapor cloud explosions can vary greatly and are determined by the speed of flame propagation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management Systems   ۱۹۹۴ The causes of catastrophic accidents in the process industries, now recognized as complex and interrelated, need to be matched by multi-faceted technical management systems.These principles apply to companies of any size and to a full range of industries beyond the chemical industry, such as pulp and paper, electronics, oil and gas.This book supplements the systematic approach to process safety management set out in previous CCPS publications — A CHALLENGE TO COMMITMENT, GUIDELINES FOR TECHNICAL MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICAL PROCESS SAFETY, and PLANT GUIDELINES FOR TECHNICAL MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICAL PROCESS SAFETY.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety   ۱۹۹۴ Almost all the major accident investigations–Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City–show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety.This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels.In eight chapters–packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems–the book challenges the assumption that human error is “unavoidable.”
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies VII   T.S. Sudarshan
K. Ishizaki
M. Takata
۱۹۹۴ Originally published by the former Institute of Materials, now the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining Proceedings of the 7th International Conference, Japan, 1993.The papers emphasise the need for developing interactive approaches that could lead to practical application of the processing technologies or evaluation methods.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS: SELECTED PAPERS OF KENNETH S PITZER   ۱۲/۲۹/۱۹۹۳ In the course of his distinguished career of over 55 years, Kenneth S Pitzer published over 360 scientific papers.Included in this volume are 72 papers, selected for their historical importance and continuing significance.In early work, where spectroscopic data were incomplete or, later on, where the systems of interest were so complex that a deductive solution from molecular information was impractical, Pitzer interrelated molecular structural information, statistical methods and thermodynamic measurements to advance the understanding of molecular systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry NEW APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE: DATING, DOSIMETRY AND MICROSCOPY   ۱۲/۱۸/۱۹۹۳ This is the first book covering an interdisciplinary field between microwave spectroscopy of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) or electron spin resonance (ESR) and chronology science, radiation dosimetry and ESR (EPR) imaging in material sciences.The main object is to determine the elapsed time with ESR from forensic medicine to the age and radiation dose in earth and space science.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry FUNDAMENTAL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS OF ATOMS AND IONS, REVIEW OF   ۱۰/۲۷/۱۹۹۳ This book reviews the major progress made in the fields of atomic, molecular and optical physics in the last decade.It contains eleven chapters in which contributors have highlighted the major accomplishments made in a given subfield.Each chapter is not a comprehensive review, but rather a succinct survey of the most interesting developments achieved in recent years.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry FACETS OF COORDINATION CHEMISTRY   ۹/۹/۱۹۹۳ A concise account of coordination chemistry since its inception is given here together with some of the newer significant facets.This book covers a broad spectrum of various topics on Environment, Cyclic Voltammetry, Chromatography, Metal Complexes of biological interest, Alkoxides, NMR spectroscopy and others.These are useful to the scientific community engaged in the field of Inorganic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry PHOTON’S MAGNETIC FIELD, THE: OPTICAL NMR SPECTROSCOPY   ۱/۳۱/۱۹۹۳ This book is a collection of papers on a fundamentally new concept in physics — the photon’s magnetic field, Bπ.It discusses various applications of Bπ to predict the existence of new magneto-optic phenomena and to reinterpret some of the fundamentals of optics in terms of Bπ of the photon.One of these new phenomena, optical NMR spectroscopy, has already been verified experimentally, leading to a new analytical technique of widespread potential utility.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure – Particle Size Classifiers 2nd Edition   ۱۹۹۳ The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and members of its committees make no representation, warranties, or guarantees, expressed or implied, as to the application or fitness of the testing procedure suggested herein for any specific purpose or use. This publication provides a procedure for testing and evaluating particle classifiers. The procedure includes methodologies for sampling and measuring particle streams, and summarizes methods of particle size analysis. The purpose of particle size classification is to separate particles by size; a collection system is designed to collect or recover as much particulate matter as possible from a gas or liquid stream irrespective of size. It is only when all particulate properties influencing the phenomenon, other than size, are constant,that an equivalent size can be taken as a direct measure of particle size alone.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Tradename Dictionary   ۱۹۹۳ This key reference will serve as the most comprehensive source for identifying and locating products in the international chemical marketplace.It has been written for the chemists, materials sientists, end-product formulators, industrial application specialists and scientists working in associated fields.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology: The Design Institute for Emergency Relief Systems (DIERS) Project Manual   ۱۹۹۳ OSHA (29 CFR 1910.119) has recognized AIChE/DIERS two-phase flow publications as examples of “good engineering practice” for process safety management of highly hazardous materials.The prediction of when two-phase flow venting will occur, and the applicability of various sizing methods for two-phase vapor-liquid flashing flow, is of particular interest when designing emergency relief systems to handle runaway reactions.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems   ۱۹۹۳ As such, it provides guidance for auditing the other elements in a comprehensive process safety management systems auditing program. Discusses a number of choices on issues relating to the design of an audit program for process safety management systems. Regardless of the approach and techniques used to conduct process safety manage- ment systems audits, the most important aspects are that the audits be objective, be systematic, and be done periodically. Companies that are developing process safety management programs sometimes condud”base1ine” audits to identify gaps in management systems and to focus their process safety management system development efforts. However, during an audit there is an opportunity to gain valuable knowledge about and appreciation for PSM systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety   ۱۹۹۳ The current book, Guidelinesfor Engineering Design for Process Safety, is the mult of a pruject begun in 1989 in which a pup of volunteer professionals reprrsenting major chemical, pharmaceutical and hydrocarbon processing companies, worked with engineers of the Stone & Webster Engineering Cor- poration. This book is concerned with engineering design for process safety. This reflects the authors’ strong belief that the optimum way to achieve process safety is to design safety into the initial design. This book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petro- chemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. In many cases it is possible to design process equipment to be stmng enough to contain the maximum or minimum p ~ s sur resulting  e  from a process incident.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes   ۱۹۹۳ Increased automation reduces the potential for operator error, but introduces the possibility of new types of errors in design and maintenance.This book provides designers and operators of chemical process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe automation, including independent layers of safety.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Handbook of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics   ۱۹۹۳ Created for engineers and students working with pure polymers and  polymer solutions, this handbook provides up-to-date, easy to use  methods to obtain specific volumes and phase equilibrium data.A  comprehensive database for the phase equilibria of a wide range of  polymer-solvent systems, and PVT behavior of pure polymers are  given, as are accurate predictive techniques using group  contributions and readily available pure component data.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Microscopy of Oxidation 2   S.B. Newcomb
M.J. Bennett
۱۹۹۳ ABSTRACT The structure and chemistry of heterophase boundaries, such as metal/metal oxide interfaces, can be resolved by dedicated techniques of transmission electron microscopy.High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM) reveals the structure with high precision.The coordinates of atom columns can be detected with an accuracy of ±O.02 nm.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ASTM DS61 – ATLAS OF ODOR CHARACTER PROFILES   ۱۹۹۲ Introduction Character or quality of odor is a sensory property of many substances that is important in food and beverage sciences, technology of many industrial products, air and water pollution, indoor air quality control, cosmetics and hygiene, botany, psychology of interpersonal relations, medicine, and other unnamed fields.In odor evaluations and panelist selection for such evaluations, there is a need for odor reference samples with known odor character.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Distillation Design   Henry Z. Kister ۱۹۹۲ Distillation Design provides complete, up-to-date coverage of the principles and practical aspects of designing  this important industrial process for the food, chemical, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, petroleum refining, gas, and alcohol industries.This definitive sourcebook examines processes and equipment design procedures, discusses the limitations of the various design methods, and provides nuts-and-bolts solutions to help you design trouble-free systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Electrical Degradation and Breakdown in Polymers   L. A. Dissado
J. C. Fothergill
۱۹۹۲ The book has 19 chapters and is divided into 5 parts.The first part deals with polymer structure and morphology.The second part covers electrical treeing degradation, water treeing degradation and factors affecting treeing.The third part deals with charge injection and transport.The fourth part covers statistical features of electrical breakdown.The fifth part covers the engineering aspects of breakdown testing.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Surface modification technologies V   T.S. Sudarshan
J.F. Braza
۱۹۹۲ Topics covered in the 5th International Conference include: orthopaedic implants; diamond and related coatings; vapour deposition; ceramic and optical coatings; laser processing and characterisation; tribological evaluations.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering THEORETICAL HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS   ۷/۲۲/۱۹۹۱ The molecular basis of surface chemical reactivity forms the central theme of this book.It is an attempt to survey current understanding about the working of heterogeneous catalysts, emphasizing surface chemical bonding in relation to reaction mechanisms.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOIONIZATION AND PHOTODISSOCIATION OF MOLECULES AND CLUSTERS   ۶/۲۵/۱۹۹۱ This is a fascinating and popular account of the very large and the very small, from the universe as a whole to subatomic physics.It includes qualitative explanations of quantum mechanics and relativity, the big bang with inflation, the synthesis of elements, atoms, nuclei, subnuclear physics, quarks, leptons, and other elementary particles.It also gives an account of dark matter and dark energy.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry DENSITY MATRIX METHOD AND FEMTOSECOND PROCESSES   ۶/۳/۱۹۹۱ This book originates from lectures given at Shandong University and Nanjing University and the special topics course offered at Arizona State University.It is prepared at a level intended for chemistry and physics graduate students.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Biochemistry, Biochemical and Biomolecular Engineering PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF BIOPOLYMER SOLUTIONS,THE: APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL TECHNIQUES TO THE STUDY OF PROTEINS & NUCLEI ACIDS   ۴/۳۰/۱۹۹۱ The book is concerned with the application of physical techniques to the study of the structure and interactions of biopolymers.The treatment is confined to those procedures applicable to solutions.The material has been tested on students in actual classes, thereby permitting the elimination of ambiguities and potential points of difficulty.Stress has been placed upon lucidity of treatment, and difficult steps in derivations have been explained.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AIDED DESIGN OF ORGANIC POLYMERS: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE QUANTUM CHEMISTRY OF POLYMERS AND ITS APPLICATIONS   ۱/۲۵/۱۹۹۱ This book is intended for those who are interested in understanding the electronic structure and properties of polymers.The scope of the book is to provide the non-specialist reader with a comprehensive and unified description: (i) of quantum mechanical methods, mainly originating from quantum chemistry, to calculate the electronic properties of polymers, (ii) of their use for interpreting and predicting results in fields where the electronic structure is playing an important role, like the electrical conductivity and the non linear optical properties of conjugated polymers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Microscopy of Oxidation – Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Cambridge, UK   M.J. Bennett
G.W. Lorimer
۱۹۹۱ ABSTRACT The paper briefly-summarizes fundamental aspects of transport processes and scale properties in growth of continuous scales.While early interpretations were based on the Wagner model and scale growth by lattice diffusion, it has been increasingl y recognized that transport along grain boundaries and other easy diffusion paths often predominate in growth of highly protective scales.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY – PROCEEDINGS OF THE JSPS/NUS JOINT SEMINAR ON ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY   ۳/۱/۱۹۹۰ The JSPS/NUS Seminar on Analytical Chemistry is part of an ongoing exchange programme to promote direct contact between scientists from Japan and Singapore.This programme also provides avenues for scientists to present new research findings and discuss areas of mutual interest.Mostly in the area of Analytical Chemistry, 28 scientific papers were presented in this seminar, of which 12 were by Japanese scientists and 16 by Singapore scientists.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Distillation Operation   Henry Z. Kister ۱۹۹۰ There are many books that discuss distillation, but there is only one that concentrates on giving readers practical guidelines for operation, troubleshooting and control.Distillation Operation is that book.Its contents revolves around over 300 actual case histories of distillation problems.Each problem and its solution are briefly described, and the lessons learned are included in the practical guidelines that make up the book.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Condensed Encyclopedia of Surfactants   ۱۲/۱/۱۹۸۹ [۲۵۸; ۲۵۹] Polysiloxane polyether copolymer; nonionic; silicone surfactant used in personal care products; liq.; sol. in water; 100% conc. [568] Phosphate ester; ani- onic; used in liq. cleaners; liq.; water-sol.; l00%conc. Adinol T35; [159] Sodium N-methyl-N-oleoyl taurate; anionic; surfactant having deter- gent, wetting, emulsifying, foaming and dispersant properties used in cosmetic and industrial applications esp. textile process- ing; liq.; 16% min. conc. [43; 167] Dicyclo- hexyl sodiumsulfosuccinate; anionic; emul- sifier, dispersant, stabilizer; for use in sty- rene butadiene emulsion polymerization; who pellets, clear to cloudy liq.; surf. tens. [43; 167] Sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate; anionic; wetting agent, surf. tens. depressant, emulsifier, surfactant; for AFIOFG use where high flash required; clear to slightlyyel.liq.; limited water sol., good org. solv.; sp.gr.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Plasticizers, Stabilizers and Thickeners – What Every Technologist Wants To Know Volume 3   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۹ This compendium serves a unique function for those involved in the chemical industry-it provides the necessary information for making the decision as to which trademark chemical product is most suitable for a particular application. The chemicals included in this third book of the series have their major function as plasticizers, stabilizers, and thickeners, however, complete cross-referencing is provided for the multiple functions of all the chemicals. Because of differences in form, activity, etc., individual tradenames of the generic chemical are used in particular applications more frequently. The determination of the suitability of any of the products for prospective use is the responsibility of the user. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturer’s instructions for the handling of that particular chemical.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ASTM MNL2 – Manual on Vapor Degreasing – 3rd Edition   ۱۹۸۹ INTRODUCTION This Manual on Vapor Degreasing is presented as a guide to consumers who desire the essential information on the vapor degreasing process.The information contained should help to determine if the vapor degreasing process is best suited for the particular cleaning requirements.Consumers who are currently operating vapor degreasing equipment will benefit by the following procedures recommended.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Guidelines for Process Equipment Reliability Data with Data Tables   ۱۹۸۹ The means to improve equipment perfor- mance and data on causes of equipment failure are a segment of reliability engineering and are not addressed here. When using generic failure rate data for a class of equipment in a specified service under a particular operating and maintenance strategy, the engineer or risk analyst must decide if the data are applicable or require modification to compensate for differences in the operating situations. Similarly, engineering judgments are required for data from a specific plant and process where there is usually a limited amount of data available and a high degree of uncertainty about whether the available values are repre- sentative. In this book, we have attempted to make these three areas, often carried out completely independently, compat- ible so that any data collected in the future using this book can be easily added to the store of generic reliability data. Incestuous duta: Data in two or more data sets that are derived from a common origin and may be inadvertently “double-counted” when aggregated.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment 2nd Edition   ۱۹۸۹ A new edition of the standard text/reference for analysis and design of petrochemical process equipment, revised to reflect current practice.Covers the theory of plates and shells and its industrial applications, and provides background for some of the design equations in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII.This Second Edition offers a new chapter on design of power boilers, and existing chapters have been expanded to cover new topics such as toughness criteria, design of expansion joints, and tube-to-tubesheet parameters.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Emulsifiers and Wetting Agents – What Every Chemical Technologist Wants to Know About Volume 1   ۱۲/۱/۱۹۸۸ This com- pendium serves a unique function for those involved in the chemical industry-it provides the necessary information for making the decision as to which trademark chemical product is most suitable for a particular application. The chemicals included in this fIrst book of the series have their major function as emulsifiers, wetting agents, and detergents, however, complete cross-referencing is provided for the multiple functions of all the chemicals. Because of differences in form, activity, etc., individual tradenames of the generic chemical are used in particular applications more frequently. The determination of the suitability of any of the products for prospective use is the responsibility of the user. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturer’s instructions for the handling of that particular chemical.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers, and Resins Volume 4   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۸ This supplement therefore serves as an update for new compounds in a continued effort to present comprehensive coverage ofnational and international plastics, polymers, and resins in industry. Descrip.: High-density polyethylene copolymer resin with med. m.w. distribution Category/Applications: HOPE designed for blow molding applications; offers high stiff- ness, high impact resistance, and high ESCR allowing max. lightweighting of small to medium-sized containers for applications requiring environmental stress crack resis- tance; suitable for packaging bleach, common detergents, and oils; complies with FDA regu- lations; also avail. in antistatic version Gen’l. Descrip.: High-density polyethylene copolymer resin with narrow m.w. distribu- tion Category/Applications: HOPE designed for injection molding applications; offers exc. balance of fast processing and finished part toughness, exc. color, low odor; used for open- head pail and shipping containers where high impact strength, stress crack resistance, and stacking properties are required; complies with FDA regulations Gen’ I. Prop.: Melt Flow: 7.0 dg/min (D1238- 82); Density: 0.953 g/cm3 (D1505-79) Mech. Descrip.: Polypropylene resin Category/Applications: Powder grade resin for general purpose applications Form: Powder; 99% retained 60-140 screen mesh; 1% retained 200 mesh Gen’l. Amoco Chern. Corp. Chem. Descrip.: Polypropylene resin Category/Applications: Powder grade resin for general purpose applications Form: Powder; 99% retained 60-140 screen mesh; 1% retained 200 mesh Gen’l.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Environmental Chemistry Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation   ۱۹۸۸ Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation is a survey of current industrial practice for controlling accidental releases of hazardous vapors and preventing their escape from the source area.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Conditioners, Emollients and Lubricants – What Every Technologist Wants To Know Volume 4   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۷ This compendium serves a unique function for those involved in the chemical industry-it provides the necessary information for making the decision as to which trademark chemical product is most suitable for a particular application. The chemicals included in this fourth book of the series have their major function as conditioners, emollients, and lubricants, however, complete cross-referencing is provided for the multiple functions of all the chemicals. Because of differences in form, activity, etc., individual tradenames of the generic chemical are used in particular applications more frequently. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturer’s instructions for the handling of that particular chemical. The Thesaurus of Chemical Products, Volumes I and II Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Additives, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Surfactants, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers and Resins, Volumes I-IV What Every Chemical Technologist Wants to Know About…
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Dispersants, Solvents and Solubilizers – What Every Technologist Wants To Know Volume 2   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۷ This compendium serves a unique function for those involved in the chemical industry-it provides the necessary information for making the decision as to which trademark chemical product is most suitable for a particular application. The chemicals included in this second book of the series have their major function as dispersants, solvents, and solubilizers, however, complete cross-referencing is provided for the multiple functions of all the chemicals. Because of differences in form, activity, etc., individual tradenames of the generic chemical are used in particular applications more frequently. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturer’s instructions for the ltandling of that particular chemical. The Thesaurus of Chemical Products, Volumes I and II Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Additives, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Surfactants, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers and Resins, Volumes I-IV What Every Chemical Technologist Wants to Know About.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Polymers and Plastics – What Every Technologist Wants To Know Volume 6   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۷ This compendium serves a unique function for those involved in the chemical industry-it provides the necessary information for making the decision as to which trademark chemical product is most suitable for a particular application. The chemicals included in this sixth book of the series are polymers and plastic materials, however, complete cross-referencing is provided for the multiple functions or classification of all the chemicals. The Processing category lists the tradenames that have been formulated to be used for specific or generalized plastics processing. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturer’s instructions for the handling of that particular chemical. A Formulary of Paints and Other Coatings, Volumes I and II A Formulary of Detergents and Other Cleaning Agents ,A Formulary of Adhesives and Sealants A Formulary of Cosmetic Preparations The Thesaurus of Chemical Products, Volumes I and II Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Additives, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Surfactants, Volumes I-IV Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers and Resins, Volumes I-IV What Every Chemical Technologist Wants to Know About…
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Industrial Additives, Volume 4 – A-Z Supplement   ۱/۱/۱۹۸۷ As many of these additive products have many uses, extensive cross-referencing is provided. Descrip.: Zinc diethyl dithiocarba- mate Category/Applications: Very active, non- discoloring, nonstaining accelerator for NR and SR latexes; active in latex with- out zinc oxide; can be used in dry rubber applications as an activator for the thiazoles Form: Powder; Color: Off-white Composition: 98% min. purity Gen’l. Akron Chem. Co. Chem. Descrip.: Copper dimethyl dithio- carbamate  dispersion  in  a  polymeric binder Category/Applications: Dispersion form of Akrochem Cu.D.D. which provides fast incorporation and eliminates dusting Form: Pellets; Color: Brown Composition: 75% dispersion Gen’l. Anchor Chem. Ltd. Chem. Descrip.: Mixture of alkylated di- phenyl amines, mainly heptylated Category/Applications:  Antioxidant for use in gray/black foamed latex carpet backings where color is not critical Form: Vise. liquid; Color: Darlc brown Gen’l. Mobay Chern. Corp. Chem.  Descrip.:  Sterically  hindered bisphenol absorbed on clay Category/Applications: Nonstaining anti- oxidant imparting resistance to oxygen and heat; CS is nonstaining even in goods exposed to light for long periods Form: Powder; Color: White to beige Composition: 25 ± ۲% bisphenol Gen’l.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure – Tray Distillation Columns: A Guide to Performance Evaluation 2nd Edition   ۱۹۸۷ Special Details: Equipment Testing Procedure.Softcover Member and other discounts do not apply to this title.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Handbook of Separation Process Technology   ۱۹۸۷ Surveys the selection, design, and operation of most of the industrially important separation processes.Discusses the underlying principles on which the processes are based, and provides illustrative examples of the use of the processes in a modern context.Features thorough treatment of newer separation processes based on membranes, adsorption, chromatography, ion exchange, and chemical complexation.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Introduction to Industrial Chemistry   ۱۹۸۶ Written to help the student chemist clarify the career areas and technical problems which are to be considered when chemical reactions are carried out on a large scale.Covers the research and development of consumer products based on chemical processes.Topics covered include the chemical industry and large-scale chemical manufacturing, inorganic and fermentation processes, the conversion of petroleum into purified chemical substances, and the environmental impact of these and other processes.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Handbook of Chemical Substitutes   ۱۲/۳۱/۱۹۸۵ Even when a suitable substitute is found, it may be necessary to modify the original formula by using a smaller or larger amount of the substitute and often, to add one or more other ingredients to balance it. Because of the uncertainty of the continued availability of any substitute material, it is advisable to try out a number of materials on each problem, so as to have a substitute ready for the substitute used. Price should not be too great a deterrent in selecting a substitute. Only those properties which are absolutely essential should be demanded; otherwise the search for a substitute will be greatly hampered, if not made futile. If the material is such that it cannot be brought back to its original state of uniformity (e.g., a decomposed glue), then it should not be used.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings Organic Coatings, Properties and Evaluation   ۴/۲۳/۱۹۸۵ The cave man was probably the first who tested a paint to see if it was dry enough to apply another color when completing his cave paintings. All other paints are collectively referred to as coatings and have one thing in common-they are produced against a set of requirements which are commensurate with the performance demanded of the dry paint film, and are applied to the substrate. In this test parallel cuts are made through the coat- ing in one direction and another series of cuts are made perpendicularly to the first cuts to form a series of small squares, originally one hundred of them, 1/32 in. in size. The tip is used to cut into the coating to the substrate at a low angle to the hori- zontal plane. The ASTM Method D 879 entitled, Tensile Properties of Adhesives, was adapted for coating adhesiveness and involved using two plugs of base metal (usually steel) with the coating under test between them.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Surfactants Volume 4   ۲/۱۶/۱۹۸۵ All the surfactant products in this edition are new. Descrip.: Saturated fatty alcohol derived from natural fats and oils Category/Applications: See Ado142 Form: Color (Lovibond): 5Y /0.5R max. Descrip.: Stearyl-cetyl alcohol; composed of alcohols from whole, hydrog. tallow Category/Applications: Prime base for detergents; also used in plasticizers, ter- tiary amines, lube oil additives, textile auxiliaries, mold lubricants, polymers, organic synthesis, chemical interme- diates; see also Ado142 Form: Color (Lovibond): 5Y/0.5R max. Glyco Inc. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-23 glyceryllaurate; nonionic Category/Applications: Surfactant useful as emulsifier, solubilizer, suspending and dispersing agent; high electrolyte toler- ance suggests its use in antiperspirant emulsions, shampoos, shaving products, and various dermatological preparations; emulsifying agent in hair treatment products such as straighteners, tints, peroxide bleaches, low pH conditioners, and dyes; may be used in conjunction with lipophilic emulsifying agents; sup- plements cleansing action of shampoos, bubble baths, and personal washing gels and liquids; ML-23 suggested for use in fragrance products, aftershave lotions, and skin fresheners forlubricity, due to its sol. in water and alcohol Form: Liquid; Color: Straw Gen’l. Amer. Chem. Descrip.: Amphoteric Category/Applications: Surfactant used for coupling nonionic detergents into al- kaline cleaners; its stability in boiling 10% NaOH sol’ns. suggests its use in alkaline textile chemical formulations; should be used to solubilize nonionics rather than as the surfactant in high electrolyte formulations Form: Liquid; Color: Light amber Composition: 35% min. active in water Gen’l.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Industrial Additives, Volume 3 – M-Z   ۱/۱/۱۹۸۵ As many of these additive products have many uses, extensive cross-referencing is provided. Category/Applications: Resin used as modifier for adhesive systems, esp. poly- amide systems, and for reaction with other chemicals to form solid materials, e.g., polyamide-epoxy thermoset sys- tems (with good solvent resistance, ad- hesion to substrates, and low shrink- age-used in casting, encapsulation, lam- inating, concrete patching and coating, etc.), polyamide-phenolics (with good chemical resistance-used as corrosion- resistant coatings), etc. Descrip.: Elastomer based on a terpolymer of ethylene, propylene, and a nonconjugated diene Category/Applications: General pur- pose, sulfur or peroxide curable elasto- mer offering excellent resistance to heat, sunlight, chemicals, ozone, and mechani- cal abuse, plus excellent tensile, dynamic, electrical, and low-temp. properties; maintains a high percentage of its physi- cal properties when compounded with large amounts of reinforcing fillers and oils; can be compounded in any color, incl. white and pastel shades, and is color stable; used in general-purpose rubber goods, incl. automotive and ap- pliance components, wire insulation and jacketing, electrical accessories, single ply roofing, belts, industrial and garden hose, and a variety of other molded and extruded products for industrial and consumer use; also used as a plastics modifier for improved impact resis- tance; not recommended for service with hydrocarbon oils and solvents Form: Solid; Color: Amber to light gray Vulcanizate Properties: Gen’l. EpoxoI7-4_ Swift Chern. Co. Chem. Descrip.: Epoxidized soybean oil Category/Applications: High oxiranesta- bilizing plasticizer; FDA approved for food packaging materials Form: Color (Cobalt-platinum): 70; Odor: Low; Taste: Low Gen’! EpoxoI9-5_ Swift Chern. Co. Chem. Descrip.: Epoxidized linseed oil Category /Applications: High oxirane sta- bilizing plasticizer; FDA approved for food packaging materials Form: Color (Cobalt-platinum): 70; Odor: Low; Taste: Low Gen’!
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Industrial Chemical Cleaning   ۷/۶/۱۹۸۴ Chapter I contains a discussion of the sources and composition of various types of fouling deposits; the mechanism of corrosion; hazards that are encountered in chemical cleaning; and a brief description of the special equipment used by contractors. Chapters II, III, and IV contain detailed descriptions of the numerous chemicals used for industrial clean- ing including alkalis, acids, corrosion inhibitors, and wetting agents, as well as some special agents. Chemicals Used in Industrial Cleaning … Within the past 30 years it has become apparent that in-place cleaning of industrial equipment by means of chemical solutions is, in many in·, stances, safer and more economical than the older, labor-intensive, me·, chanical methods. Among these hazards are the chemical cleaning solutions themselves, toxic gases generated by reactions between solvents and fouling deposits, pressure buildup from the generation of hydrogen or the release of carbon dioxide from carbonates, flammable substances including hydrogen and hydrocarbons, and the pos- sible presence of pyrophoric materials.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Industrial Additives, Volume 1 – A-D   ۱/۱/۱۹۸۴ Descrip.: Montmorillonite clay Category /Applications:  All-purpose floor absorbent possessing high absorp- tive properties for oil, grease, water, and other liquids and offering lighter density; used to maintain floors, decks, etc. in a safe, dry condition in compliance with OSHA requirements; USDA accepted for use as an absorbent or antislip agent on floors operating under Federal Meat and Poultry Products Inspection pro- grams; used by automotive, steel, trans- portation, commercial, food and bever- age, institutional, and amusements in- dustries, and for winter and home uses Form: Granular Std. R.T. Vanderbilt Co., Inc. Chem. Descrip.: Selenium diethyldithio- carbamate Category / Applications: Dithiocarbamate ultra accelerator for NR, SBR, I1R; also vulcanizing agent; effective in low sulfur and sulfurless heat resistant compounds; nondiscoloring in light stocks; generally used with thiazoles to balance scorch and curing characteristics Form: Powder; Color: Yellow Composition: 10.5-12.7% selenium con- tent Gen’l. Tellurium diethyldithio- carbamate Category /Applications: Dithiocarbamate ultra accelerator for NR, SBR, NBR, EPDM; generally used with thiazole modifiers; produces high modulus vul- canization; particularly active in I1R compounds Form: Powder and rods; Color: Orange- yellow Composition: 17.5-19.5% tellurium content (powder); 14.0-16.0% tellurium content (rods) Gen’l. (BP grade);  blhty, superfatting, and incr~ases visc.; fully compatible with all anionic, cat- ionic, amphoteric, and other nonionic surface-active agents Form: Flakes; Color: Yellow; Odor: Typical (strong) Composition: 100% active Gen 1. Descrip.: O,O-di-n-octadecyl-3,5- di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl phospho- nate Category /Applications: Hindered phe- nolic antioxidant ;inhibits oxidative deg- radation of many organic materials, esp. in polypropylene where improved light stability is desired; useful for stabiliza- tion of fiber, monofilament, and film; low volatility; also suggested for poly- styrene and styrene copolymers, poly- carbonate, polyester, PVC, polyethylene, acrylics, and adhesives at conc. from 0.01-0.5% Form: Crystalline powder; Color: White Gen’!
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Industrial Additives, Volume 2 – D-L   ۱/۱/۱۹۸۴ With the cooperation of numerous national and international chemical companies, complete information on all applicable properties of these additives has been organized using technical data sheets and product bulletins as source material. As many of these additive products have many uses, extensive cross-referencing is provided. Under each category the tradename products are also listed alphabetically. Cyanamid Co. Chem. Descrip.: Sodium isopropylnaph- thalene sulfonate; anionic Category/Applications: Dispersing and wetting agent, esp. effective in sol’ns. with relatively high conc. of acids and alkalies; used in alkaline cleaning for- mulations, as antigelling agents, automo- tive radiator cleaners, cement, brick, and tile cleaners, for crystal growth con- trol, electropla ting (esp. in baths that are strongly acidic or alkaline), filtration, glass cleaning, household detergents, leaching ores and slags, metal cleaners, as soap additive to improve foaming, in hydrochloric acid flux, etc. Inc. phile Category/Applications: Detergent, wet- ting agent, emulsifier, and dispersant used in industrial and household clean- ing products; nongel1ing in aq. dilutions; instantly sol. in cold water Form: Liquid Gen’l.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Fundamentals of Temperature Pressure and Flow Measurements 3rd Edition Complete Document   ۱۹۸۴ The 3 Most Valuable Handbooks in Measurement and Control!All New!Absolutely, Positively Free!Temperature Measurement Handbook and  Encyclopedia™ Over 670 pages!Over 15,000  products!Pressure and Strain Measurement Handbook™ Over  ۱۷۵ pages of new pressure and strain products.Thermocouple and Sensor Computer Interface  Handbook™ Over 200 products for interfacing sensors  with PC and mainframe computers.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers, and Resins Volume 1   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۲ This encyclopedia is an attempt to coordinate and unify practical information on plastic, polymer, and resin trademark products. Descrip.: Primary, monohydric alcohol derived from hydrog. rosin acids Category/Applications: Resinous plasti- cizer and tackifier in plastics, lacquers, inks, and adhesives; chemical interme- diate in the production of oil-modified and oil-free alkyd resins Form: Viscous liquid; Color: Colorless; Odor: Low Composition: Avail. as viscous liquid (100% resin), and 90% solids toluene or xylene solutions Gen’l. Rohm & Haas Co. Chem. Descrip.: Hydroxyl-type acrylic polymer Category/Applications: Thermosetting resin for applications requiring ultimate hardness, and chemical, stain, and sol- vent resistance; used in product finish- ing (internal and external general pur- pose); light appliance finishing Form: Liquid Composition: 50% solids in xylene/bu- tanol/methyl Cellosolve (60/22/18) Gen’l. Hercules Inc. Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic hydrocarbon resin derived mainly from reactive olefin monomers Category/Applications: Resin for use in adhesives, esp. rubber-based pressure sensitive and hot melt types; waterproof- ing agent for paper, paperboard, and textiles; paints, varnishes, and other coatings Form: Solid; Color: Pale Gen’l. Descrip.: Amorphous polypro- pylene Category / Applications: General purpose thermoplastic used as a base polymer in hot-melt adhesives formulations Form: Waxy solid; Color: Off-white Genl Prop.: M.W.: 23,000; Density: 0.86 kg/l (22 C); Visco (Brookfield): 2000 cps (160 C); Soften. Pt.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers, and Resins Volume 2   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۲ This encyclopedia is an attempt to coordinate and unify practical information on plastic, polymer, and resin trademark products. Chem. Descrip.: Saran-coated (one side) balanced polypropylene film Category/Applications: For applications requiring optimum gas-barrier properties, high strength, and outstanding flex-crack resistance; used in meat, cheese, and coffee packaging, lidding stocks, and in pouch packages for drink mixes, break- fast snacks, powdered items, and condi- ments Form: Film in 100-gauge thicknesses, and in widths through 56 in. Hercules Inc. Chem. Descrip.: Deodorized glycerol es- ter of wood rosin Category/Applications: Pale, hard ther- moplastic resin; FDA-cleared for use as a masticatory ingredient in chewing gum compositions; used as a resin modifier for film-fonners, elastomers, and waxes, and in various adhesives, inks, and pro- tective coating compositions where min- imum odor is required Form: Flakes; Color (USDA Rosin Scale): WG; Odor: Low Gen’l. Descrip.: Unsaturated styrene- containing polyester resin Category/Applications: Class I fire retar- dant, chemical- and heat-resistant, resin for high-temp. applications such as Hetron 325 FS stacks and ducts, handling corrosive gas- es and vapors Form: Hazy liquid; Color (Gardner ’63): 6 max. Hysol Div./The Dexter Corp. Chem. Descrip.: Epoxy anhydride cured powders Category/Applications: Moldingpowders for use in high volume molding of vari- ous discrete devices as well as digital, linear, and MOS integrated circuits; of- fer flameout and fast mold cycles with little or no resin bleed; MG15F for ap- plications requiring low coeff. of thermal expansion; MG15-0l suitable for appli- cations requiring high thermal conduc- tivity; MG 15F-02 offers a combination of low coeff. of expansion and high ther- mal conduct. with typical numbers mid- way between those for MG 15F and MG- l5F-01 Form: Powder Gen ‘z.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Encyclopedia of Plastics, Polymers, and Resins Volume 3   ۲/۱۱/۱۹۸۲ Descrip.: Polyurethane elastomers Category/Applications: Resin for extru- sion; see also Q-Thane Series Gen'[. Descrip.: Polyester urethane elas- tomer Category/Applications: Resin for extru- sion; see also Q-Thane Series Gen’l. Descrip.: Linear polyurethane resins Category /Applications: Very fast crys- tallizing, thermoplastic resins for adhe- sives, forming outstanding bonds to PVC materials and high resistance to commonly used plasticizers; PA-O 5 has much higher heat resistance and lower solubility than PA-93; PA-07 is a higher visco version of PA-05; see also Q-Thane Series Gen’l. Descrip.: Polyether urethane elastomer Category/Applications: Resin for extru- sion; see also Q-Thane Series Gen’l. K.J. Quinn & Co., Inc. Chem. Descrip.: Polyester urethane elas- tomer 11  Q-Thane PS-94 Category/Applications: Resin for extru- sion; see also Q-Thane Series Gen’l.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Surfactants Volume 2   ۲/۱۶/۱۹۸۱ Chemical Description: Polyoxyal- kylene propylene glycol conden- sate Category: Detergent, wetting a- gent, emulsifier, nonionic Applications: Designed for use in automatic dishwashing detergents Form: Liquid; Color: Clear Properties: Sp. gr.: 1.035; Visc.: 375 cps Composition: 100% active ingred. Chemical Description: Ethoxylat- ed sorbitan esters based on mono- laurate Category: Detergent, emulsifier, lubricant Applications: Emulsifier for oils, fats, solvents, waxes, lubricants, viscosity control, cosmetic formu- lations Form: Liquid Properties: Solubility: Sol. in wa- ter, isopropanol;HLB: 8.4;Sapon. Applications: Emulsifier for oils, fats, solvents, waxes, lubricants, viscosity control, cosmetic formu- lations Form: Liquid Properties: Solubility: Sol. in wa- ter, isopropanol; HLB: 16.7; Sa- pon. Chemical Description: Quaternary ammonium com pound Category: Dyeing assistant, cati- onic Applications: Retarder for cationic dyes on acrylics Form: Liquid; Color: Amber; O- dor: Mild alcohol Properties: Solubility: Sol. in wa- ter at all temperatures; Density: 8.29 lb/gal; Sp. gr.: .995; Stability: Excellent Composition: 50% active ingred. Chemical Description: Quaternary ammonium com pound Category: Dyeing assistant, cati- onic Applications: Retarder for basic dyes on acrylics Form: Liquid; Color: Light amber Properties: Solubility: Sol. in wa- ter @ 25 C (10% sol’n.); Density: 8.08 Ib/gal; Sp .. gr.: 0.97 @ 22 C; Stability: Excellent Composition: 40% active ingred.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Encyclopedia of Surfactants Volume 1   ۲/۱۶/۱۹۸۰ Chemical Description: Dicoco di- methyl ammonium chloride-high flash Category: Emulsifier, cationic Applications: Car spray waxes, dust control oils, removal of spots Form: Liquid; Color: Amber; Odor: Mild Properties: Solubility: Solvent is hexylene glycol; Plash Pt.: High Composition: 75% active ingred. Chemical Description: Blend oil soluble sulfonates and polyoxy- ethylene ethers Category: Emulsifier, anionic/non- ionic Applications: Emulsifier for agri- cultural products (pesticides and herbicide systems), oils and aro- matic solvents in degreaser formu- lations Form: Viscous liquid; Color: Am- ber; Odor: Alcoholic Properties: Solubility: Water-sol. Chemical Description: Blend oil soluble sulfonates and polyoxy- ethylene ethers Category: Emulsifier, anionic/non- ionic Applications: Emulsifier for pesti- cides, herbicides, oils and aromat- ic solvents in degreaser formula- tions Form: Viscous liquid; Color: Brown; Odor: Alcoholic Properties: Solubility: Turbid wa- ter-sol. Chemical Description: Blend of oil soluble sulfonates and polyoxy- ethylene ethers Category: Emulsifier, anionic/non- ionic Applications: Emulsifier for pesti- cides, herbicides, oils and aromat- ic solvents in degreaser formula- tions Form: Liquid; Color: Amber; Odor: Characteristic Properties: Solubility: Turbid wa- ter-sol. Chemical Description: Nonionic surfactant Category: Emulsifier, nonionic Applications: Emulsifier for citrus and other agricultural spray oils Form: Liquid; Color: Amber Properties: Density: 8.3 lb/gal; Visc.: 95 cps; Pour Pt.: 15 C Composition: 100% conc.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Principles of Polymer Processing   ۲/۵/۱۹۸۰ The increasing use of synthetic polymers in preference to metals and other engineering materialsi’or a wide range of applications has been accompanied by the development and improvement of processes for converting them into useful products. The purposes of this book are to introduce the reader briefly to the main methods of processing thermoplastic polymers, and to examine the principles of flow and heat transfer in some of the more industrially important of these processes. Along with the expansion in the manufacture of polymers has come the development and improvement of processes to convert them into useful products. Although melts can best be described as fluids, they behave very differently from most familiar fluids. The purpose is to provide an introduction to flow and heat transfer characteristics, rather than an exhaustive treatment of polymer properties.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Particulate Science and Technology   ۱/۲/۱۹۸۰ Other evi· dence includes: the publishing of Orr’s book on Particulate Technology by Macmillan in 1966, the holding of a workshop on “Fine Particle Tech- nology” in 1975 (National Science Foundation)*, the publication of vari- ous series of texts on different aspects of particulate matter on both sides of the Atlantic, the founding of the Fine Particle Society and its aspiration to correlate and serve the needs of its members in this field, in Japan the foundation of the Research Association for Powder Technology, the estab- lishment of the International Powder Institute, the formation of the Inter- national Fine Particle Research Institute, and the services of the Powders Advisory Center. There is an urgent need for developing dynamic concepts about the methods for the separation of very fine particles (less than 0.5 micron) from gases. When particles are being moved, usually entrained in a fluid, their level of interaction with each other and with the carrier fluid and also with the system surfaces and measuring devices should be related to the basic properties ofthe particles, the fluid, and the overall system. Chapters 3 and 4 may be said to deal with PARTICULATE TECHNOLO- GY; they describe the ways in which particles are formed, the various pro- duction methods associated with each, followed by a descriptive treatment of some of the standard processing steps for dealing with finely divided matter. Meth- ods are available to determine surface area and it is therefore convenient to relate this measure to some property of the set of particles that is of con- cern (for example, the reactivity).
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Mathematics for Chemists   ۲/۷/۱۹۷۹ When we say that y is a function of x, we mean that if we take some particular value of x, say xl’ we can find a corresponding value Yl of y. If we can associate several values of y with one value of x, then the function is many valued. However, if we consider y2 = Xl’ we see that x can only have positive values or be zero. In the next chapter we shall see that this is a very special function in that for y = exp(x) , the rate at which y changes as x changes is, in fact, equal to y itself. The rules we have just developed do not enable us to differentiate functions such as y = (x 2 + 3x + 5)5/2.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation Engineering   ۱/۵/۱۹۷۹ Also taken into account is that the chemical decomposition and polymerization of materials require a transfer of the chemical compound separation through distil- lation in the field of lower pressures, frequently under application of special apparatus. Where separation column internals are concerned, only those which have pro- minently stood the test in recent years in the most varied separation processes of the chemical and allied industries and which are also therefore more frequently used, are dealt with in greater detail. It was therefore the author’s aim in writing “Distillation Engineering” to cover the industrial side of distillation and rectification. The primary operations in the thermal separation of liquids are distillation and rectification 3 • While Simple distillation will generally achieve a rough separation of constituents, because the vapors arising from a mixture will have a composition different from that of the mother liquid, rectification provides a better separation and a recovery of virtually pure components. To the right of the azeotropic point the relative volatility exceeds unity, and the vapor is richer in the more volatile component than the liquid.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Chemical Specialties   ۲/۸/۱۹۷۸ There are many who have not had the advantages of a college training and technical education but who, nevertheless, started to manufacture chemical specialties and succeeded in developing a good livelihood and even a large business in this field. It can be seen that a chemical specialty business is theoretically, fairly simple to start. When the product is all ready for sale, a market should be prepared for it. Water, when present, is useful in many products but detrimental to others. Sulfuric acid should always be diluted with water in such a way that the acid is poured into the water, never the water into the acid.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM DS48A – COMPILATION OF ODOR AND TASTE THRESHOLD VALUES DATA   ۱۹۷۸ Introduction Sensory problems are increasingly coming to the fore as man attempts to improve his food and stem the tide of water and air pollution.Basic data need to be collated and new knowledge acquired.One purpose of this publication is to tabulate the threshold values of odor and taste substances.The compilation also serves as the first step in determining gaps in knowledge.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ASTM DS53A – LIST OF FLUORESCENT WHITENING AGENTS FOR THE SOAP AND DETERGENT INDUSTRY   ۱۹۷۶ Introduction By far, the largest single consumer of Fluorescent Whitening Agents (FWAs) is the soap and detergent industry.In the past, the identification of these products in test methods, publications, customs declarations, etc. has been primarily limited to individual supplier’s trade names which often create confusion and ambiguity.Although several of the products are included in the Colour Index, this compilation is incomplete and, in some instances, inaccurate.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Purification With Activated Carbon – Industrial, Commercial, Environmental   ۸/۱/۱۹۷۴ The designation Active Carbon, used in the earlier book, is favored in a number of scientific circles, whereas most industrial workers prefer the term A ctivated Carbon. For many years granular carbons (except bone char) were used primarily in vapor phase systems because the early commercial brands lacked adsorptive characteristics needed for most liquid phase purifications. Bussy5, in 1822, heated blood with potash and produced a carbon with with 20 to 50 times the decolorizing power of bone char. From the carbons selected, appropriate dosages of each are added to measured portions of the liquid to be treated under conditions deemed suitable for plant-scale operation, after which the carbon is separated by filtration. To exclude the possibility that the effect might be a consequence of readjusting pH, the entire procedure was re- peated but without carbon.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References ASTM DS53 – LIST OF FLUORESCENT WHITENING AGENTS FOR THE SOAP AND DETERGENT INDUSTRY   ۱۹۷۴ Introduction By far, the largest single consumer of Fluorescent Whitening Agents (FWAs) is the soap and detergent industry.In the past, the identification of these products in test methods, publications, customs declarations, etc. has been primarily limited to individual supplier’s trade names which often create confusion and ambiguity.Although several of the products are included in the Colour Index, this compilation is incomplete and, in some instances, inaccurate.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM DS48 – COMPILATION OF ODOR AND TASTE THRESHOLD VALUES DATA   مه, ۱۹۷۳ Foreword This report is truly the result of a committee effort.The editor would like to express his sincere appreciation for the efforts of the very many members of ASTM Committee E-18, too numerous to list separately who, over the several years of preparation for this publication, have given freely of their time.A significant number of the compounds reported on have been given to us from the personal files of Dr. Birger Drake of the Swedish Institute for Food Preservation Research.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Fluid Flow for Chemical Engineers   ۲/۷/۱۹۷۳ Part 1 is suitable for use in Higher National Certificate and Higher. Part 2 deals with the flow of Newtonian liquids with reference to rectangular and cylindrical coordinate systems. The treatment of non-Newtonian flow in rectangular and cylindrical coordinate systems requires the use oftensors. The material in this book is also used in the one week refresher courses in fluid mechanics, which are periodically run by the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Salford, for the Institution of Chemical Engineers. In a fluid in laminar flow, fast moving molecules diffuse into slow moving streams and vice versa, resulting in a transfer of momentum in a direction perpendicular to the direction of flow.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Basic Nitrogen Compounds   ۲/۲/۱۹۷۳ CONTENTS PART ONE GENERAL CONCEPTS A CASE FOR INTEGRATION I. CHARACTERISTICS OF INTEGRATION IN THE BASIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS INDUSTRY  II.REVIEW OF THE STRUCTURE OF NITROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS  PART TWO III.GENERAL  IV.PRODUCTION OF RAW SYNTHESIS GAS  V. PURIFICATION OF RAW SYNTHESIS GAS  VI.SYNTHESIS OF AMMONIA  VII.PRODUCTION LINES, ECONOMIC ASPECTS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS IN AMMONIA MANUFACTURE  PART THREE VIII.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References The Chemist’s Companion: A Handbook of Practical Data Techniques and References   ۱۹۷۳ The Chemist’s Companion A Handbook of Practical Data, Techniques, and References Arnold J. Gordon and Richard A. Ford Contents Properties of Molecular Systems Properties of Solvents and Common Liquids • Azeotropic Data • Empirical Boiling Point-Pressure Relationships • Properties of Selected Gases • Properties of Representative Fused Salt Systems • Structure and Properties of Naturally Occurring -Amino Acids • Properties and Applications of Liquid Crystals • Prototropic Tautomerism • Acids and Bases • Properties of Atoms and Bonds Properties of the Elements • Table of Isotopes • Selected Bond Lengths • Effective van der Waals Radii • Bond Angles and Hybridization • Selected Bond Strengths • Force Constants • Torsion and Inversion Barriers • Bond and Group Dipole Moments • Aromaticity • Kinetics and Energetics Activation Parameters and Kinetics of Selected Reactions • Linear Free Energy Relationships • Conformational Free Energy Values • Free Energy-Composition Chart • Spectroscopy The Electromagnetic Spectrum • Solvents and Other Media for Spectral Measurements • Optical Materials for Spectroscopy and Photochemistry • Vibration Spectra • Electronic Absorption and Emission Spectra: Uv and Vis • Optical Activity and Optical Rotation • Mass Spectrometry • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy • Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy • Bibliography of Spectral Data Compilations • Photochemistry Electronic Energy State Diagram • Excited State Energy Transfer: Sensitizers and Quenchers • Photochemistry Light Sources and Equipment • Chemical Actinometry: Quantum Yield • Suppliers • References • Chromatography Fundamental Types of Chromatography and Basic Definitions • Adsorption Chromatography • Paper Chromatography • Column and Thin Layer Partition Chromatography • Ion-Exchange Chromatography • Gel Filtration and Gel Permeation Chromatography • Automated Liquid Chromatography • Electrophoresis • Vapor Phase Chromatography • Chromatography Supply Directory • References • Experimental Techniques Properties of Laboratory Materials • Standard Glassware Cleaning Solutions • Purification of Common Solvents • Detection of Peroxides and Their Removal • Chemical Methods for Deoxygenating Gases and Liquids • Simple Chemical Methods for Detecting Specific Gases • Simple Preparations of Some Dry Gases • Common Solvents for Crystallization • Solvents for Extraction of Aqueous Solutions • Drying Agents • Solvents and Baths for Heating and Cooling • Molecular Weight Determination • Mathematical and Numerical Information Approved International Units System and General Constants • Useful Conversion Factors • Wavelength-Wavenumber Conversion Table • Multiples of Element and Group Weights • Molecular Symmetry: Definitions and Common
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Maintenance Chemical Specialties   ۲/۱۴/۱۹۷۲ All chemical specialty polish products can be thought of as attempts at balanced products. Similarly, a balanced product is one in which a compromise has been made between two related advantageous pro- perties, whereby the fullest development of one property would diminish the other. The hard waxes are more durable and contribute to the longer life of the gloss condition, as well as some measure of long-term rebuffability. Use only low color waxes for wax fraction. Floor waxes (major constituent is a wax) have always been most sensitive to the effects of contact with water or cleaning solutions because of the chemistry related both to the waxes themselves and emulsification requirements.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Basic Microscope Techniques   ۲/۲/۱۹۷۱ Features Preface  ۱.The Compound Microscope   ۲.Methods of illuminating and Using the Microscope  ۳.The Stereomicroscope  ۴.Measuring and Counting with the Microscope  ۵.Preparing Mounts for the Microscope  ۶.Collecting and Preparing Pure Cultures of Various Organisms  ۷.The Polarizing Microscope  ۸.The Phase-Contrast Microscope  ۹.The Interference Microscope  ۱۰.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Outline of Industrial Organic Chemistry – Third Edition   ۱۰/۱۵/۱۹۷۰ Moreover, microbiological techniques have assumed so great and general importance in other coun- tries that it appeared appropriate to deal in greater detail with the microbiological pro- duction of protein yeast, the first method of this type to be used. It was an important feature of German patents that it was not the material that was protected but the method of its production. The centre of gravity of chemical engineering is shifting more and more from processes based on materials to processes the nature of which is determined by the equipment used, in particular the conti- nuous catalytic processes. The dissociation back into naphthalene of the <x-acid formed (3) and the expulsion of the excess naphthalene by steam (4) are performed in one operation. Sulphur can be removed from the low temperature carbonization gases by dry puri- fication with ‘Lauta-compound’ (ferric hydroxide from the decomposition of bauxite for the production of aluminium) which after exhaustion is extracted with CS2 • The gases can also be purified by wet scrubbing, e.g. by the ‘a1kazid’ process (potassium salts of amino acids) or by the Koppers method with K 2 C0 3 liquor.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Organic Chemistry Simplified – 3rd Edition   ۲/۲/۱۹۷۰ The student should constantly bear in mind that a flow of electric charge from one atom to another takes place in an electro- valence bond, whereas a mutual sharing of electric charge occurs in a co- valence bond. Everything seemed bright and clear then to the scientific philosophers because all they would have to do was develop methods for determining how many electrons there were in each atom and how they were arranged in the atom. The physicists, however, took over with their calculations in quantum mechanics and showed that two like atoms can be held together by an electron pair with opposite spins. The problem is to explain how the four electrons become equivalent, which is a condition we should expect on the basis of the chemistry of carbon; it nearly always has a valence of four, as in compounds such as methane, CH 4 , carbon tetrachloride, CCl4 etc. These models are based on the rules that (1) the atoms in a compound, generally, but not always, attain a cloak of eight electrons, and (2) the electrons act in pairs when forming compounds and are generally symmetrically situated.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM DS37A – X-RAY EMISSION AND ABSORPTION WAVELENGTHS AND TWO-THETA TABLES – Second Edition   ۱۹۷۰ Fundamental to the successful use of these techniques is the proper application of X-ray emission line and absorption edge wave- length data, together with calculated values for the Bragg diffraction angles of the analyzing crystals. It pro- vides a listing of all X-ray emission lines (160 A* and shorter), incor- porating some 3400 first order lines, absorption edges, and the calcu- lated two-theta values for 23 commonly used analyzing crystals. The KeV value was determined by dividing the wavelength of each line (first order) or absorption edge into the value for hv. Wavelengths which appear as 31.599999, for example, should be understood to be 31.6. It is realized that for many spec- trometers, not all of the lines listed will be resolved; but it is believed better to have the lines listed, although unresolved, than to have the lines resolved and go unidentified or even misidentified.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM DS46 – X-RAY EMISSION WAVELENGTHS AND KEV TABLES FOR NONDIFFRACTIVE ANALYSIS   ۱۹۷۰ FOREWORD Recently developed, high-resolution X-ray detectors such as lithium-drifted silicon and germanium have resulted in widespread application of nondiffractive (also called nondispersive) analysis as an alternative or complementary technique to X-ray emission spectrography (X-ray fluorescence analysis).This table has been prepared for use in nondiffractive analyses.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Physical Chemistry Physics for Chemists and Biologists   ۹/۳/۱۹۶۹ In his great contribution On a Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field (1864) he showed that electromagnetic action travels through space at a definite rate as waves, and that these waves, like those of light, are transverse to the direction of propagation. Later (1867) he showed theoretically that the velocity of these waves is the same as that oflight, and that this velocity is also equal to the ratio of the electromagnetic to the electrostatic unit of charge. Consequently, Maxwell concluded that light was electromagnetic radiation. Electrical potential difference is defined [as in equation (2.11)] as the work done by an electric field in increasing the energy of a unit charge. In this case the current in the circuit is a maximum and the circuit is said to resonate.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Fluid Dynamics Chemical Processing Nomographs   ۱/۶/۱۹۶۹ The initial publication of Chemical Processing Nomographs in 1960 filled a long-felt need for a bound collection of the highly popular nomographs that appear regularly in Chemical Processing, published by Putman Publishing Company, Chicago, Ill. What rate is required to add 0.5% chemical at a concentration of 0.2 lb/gal to a paper machine producing 7800 lb/hr of paper? Note on the Y-scale that 18 sec would be required to supply 1 gal of solution. Obviously the nomograph is not suitable for precise calculations; for this reason it does not include such factors as corrections for thermal expansion of the primary device or Reynolds number. The “wet basis” side of the differential scale is used where a straight- wall mercury manometer i& used with water or other liquid on the mercury surface.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Practical Emulsions, Volume 2, Applications   ۲/۵/۱۹۶۸ The emulsion is formed when the concentrate is mixed with water imme- diately prior to use. The surfactant in a typical agricultural emulsion should provide an emulsion of small particle size. 1 Cationic surfactants are often used as emulsifying and wetting agents in agricultural emulsions. A solvent is often found in the oil phase of an agricultural emulsion and is used to keep the active ingredients (pesticide, herbicide, etc.) and emulsifying agent in solution. With very high shear mixing, the tar particles are extremely small and the emulsions are very smooth.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Mass Spectrometry   ۱/۲/۱۹۶۸ OUR interest in the rapidly expanding field of mass spectrometry prompted us, in the summer of 1966, to consider the organization of a two~day symposium on the subject to be held at Enfield College of Technology the following year. We would like to record our appreciation to all those who presented papers and provided the symposium with such a wealth of personal experience and up-to-date records of achievement in both the design of mass spectrometers and their use in the physical and chemical fields. Much better performance is obtained, particularly at high mass, using either a larger permanent magnet (4000 G) or an electro- magnet giving up to 9000 G. A further form of instrument design, originated by Mattauch and Herzog 7, provides first order double focusing for all radii of curva- ture in the magnetic field and, therefore, for all masses within the range of the instrument, simultaneously. combinations of C, H, Nand ° increases rapidly with mass, from 4 at mass 28 to over 100 at mass 200.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Handbook of Laboratory Solutions   ۴/۱۲/۱۹۶۷ Some solutions have so many uses that it would be superfluous to include any. Many of the reagents used in science are in the form of solution, usually in water, but also in other solvents or mixtures of solvents. For convenience in weighing they should, for preference, be solids and should have the following characteristics: they must be obtainable in a very pure state; readily soluble in the solvent to be used; stable and unchanged in air at ordinary or moderate temperatures; of reasonably high formula weight and, preferably, colourless in solution. This washing and draining process is repeated with another 5 ml and the burette is filled with the solution to a point about I em above the zero mark. A suitable quantity of indicator is added to the solution in the flask and, after taking the reading on the burette, the solution is run from it into the flask.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Oils, Detergents and Maintenance Specialties, Volume 1, Materials and Processes   ۲/۷/۱۹۶۷ It is to be noted that with the exception of castor oil (ricinolein), none of the neutral fats or oils is soluble in alcohol. The distinction between fats and oils is a purely arbitrary one, based on their physical state at ordinary temperatures, the oils being liquid and the fats, pasty or solid. This oil is used for finishing fine leathers and oiling delicate machinery. Combined with light mineral oil, it is used as a basis for knitting oils, and as a stainless oil for hosiery knitting needles, because it can readily be washed out. Besides the oil produced by crushing, pressing or extraction, the most important product of usable seeds is the meal.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Oils, Detergents and Maintenance Specialties, Volume 2, Formulary   ۲/۷/۱۹۶۷ They are immiscible with water, and lighter than water, which gives them a dispensing advantage in three-phase aerosol systems. This mixture was proposed but not used. Hydrocarbons can be used in the non-foaming propellent emulsions where the proportion of water is high enough to minimize the flammabi- lity. Many other propellents are used in aerosols, e.g., carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, isobutane, isopentane, etc. A void contact wth the eyes; if any should enter the eye, wash~thoroughly with water for 15 minutes and call a physician.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Inorganic Chemicals Advanced Chemistry of Rare Elements – Third Edition   ۲/۱/۱۹۶۷ CONTENTS PART I. ATOMS, MOLECULES AND CHEMICAL BONDING I. Atom: Wave Nature and Configuration  II.Electron Clouds, Covalent and Ionic Radii  III.Molecular Orbitals  IV.Valence Bond Theory of Chemical Bonding  V. Hybridization  VI.Chemical Bonding and its Molecular Orbital Theory  VII.Coupling of Angular Momenta and Magnetic Moments  VIII.Transitional Elements  IX.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Practical Manual of Chemical Plant Equipment   ۱/۵/۱۹۶۷ This complete manual of commonly used chemical plant equip- ment has been written for the chemist, engineer, operator, or mechanic entering the chemical industry. The manual is designed to explain the principles of operation; advantages and disadvantages of the different types of equipment; terminology used in the industry; and some of the important basic operating theories and practices. When first viewed, most chemical plants are a confusing maze of pipe, valves, pumps, columns, tanks, and other equipment that ap- pear to be impossible to understand. The pur- pose of this manual is to provide knowledge of the commonly used equipment and terminology so that the new man can be relieved of much of his initial mental confusion. These mechanical methods generally leave from 2 % to 50 % liquid with the solids, which must be removed by some type of dryer.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry ASTM DS25A – COMPILATION OF GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC DATA – Second Edition   ۱۹۶۷ Introduction For the past several years an increasing amount of gas chromatographic data has been published for a wide variety of materials.A system for compiling published data as well as privately generated data was developed by the Gas Chromatography Subcommittee of the Tennessee Eastman Company Analytical Committee[1]1 Data are coded in a standard form and are stored in IBM cards.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Handbook of Differential Thermal Analysis   ۸/۱۴/۱۹۶۶ We have chosen to lean toward the latter, with an attempt occasionally to be critical, be- cause we believe that with such a wide interest in differential ther- mal analysis this approach will produce a book which will be useful to a greater number of people. This book is meant to introduce differential thermal analysis to those that are not familiar with the method, and sufficient references are given for those that wish to dig deeper and to study the original papers. This constant includes the gradient due to the parts of the calorimeter, as well as that due to the material under analysis. Secondly, it should have thermal characteristics as similar as possible to those of the sample. By altering the degree of packing of the sample with respect to that of the inert substance they felt that differences in thermal conductivity between the two could be minimized.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Coatings The Physical Chemistry of Paints   ۹/۳/۱۹۶۵ The ions do not. exist in pairs but pack together in a manner largely determined by their relative volumes. If hydrogen bonding or van der Waals forces exist between atoms in such a way as to cause a regular repeating arrangement to exist, then the substance is crystalline. If two liquids are mixed and distilled, the boiling point of the mixture will normally rise from that of the first liquid to that of the other, and by the use of efficient fractionating coluums pure samples of each may be ob- tained. Returning to the liquid sample, it will be seen that the cohesion forces in the bulk of a liquid operate in all directions, but those at the surface cannot act outwards, as there are virtually no molecules with which to cohere. It has been suggested that this is because the concen\ration of the solute is different at the surface from that in the bulk of liquid.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Commercial Methods of Analysis   ۸/۱۶/۱۹۶۴ In order to make the book of more universal use, standard methods, such as those given in the “Methods of Analysis of the American Society for Testing Materials” and the “Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists,” have in many cases been introduced, though often not in the exact words of these methods. If the purpose is to present a comparison with a competitor’s product, the approach is not the same as it is if the analysis is to serve as the basis of determining whether the product is of good quality, and that in turn differs from an analysis for the purpose of permitting manufacture of a similar product. Large samples that give bulky precipitates and are usually unwieldy all through the analysis should be avoided. These need not be purchased with a National Bureau of Standards certifi- cate but should be checked as to accuracy by the user, by methods available in detail elsewhere. The colorimetric determination of pH of a solu- tion varies in sensitivity and accuracy .from mere approximation with an indicator or indicator paper, through high accuracy by comparison with a series of buffers containing the indicator, to methods in slightly buffered solutions where the buffer effect of the indicator is taken into account.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Industrial Waxes, Vol.1, Natural and Synthetic Waxes   ۹/۱۶/۱۹۶۳ Combinations of different waxes and of waxes with other materials are commonly used to obtain special effects. On the other hand, wool wax, derived from lanolin, is technically a wax but, because of its properties, it is usually considered with fats. Waxes are usually compounded with other waxes and/or with resins, elastomers, fillers, and other substances to modify their prop- erties. As they are by-products of petroleum refining the prices of paraffin waxes usually are relativellow. Clark and Smith1 reported hydro- carbons ranging from C 21H 44 to C57H ll6, but it appears that they were including high-melting paraffin waxes (up to 150°F and higher) in their discussion.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Microdiffusion Analysis and Volumetric Error   ۹/۱۱/۱۹۶۳ Theoretical curves and experimental data illustrating the variable error in titrating 1 m1. acid with 1 ml. of carbon dioxide free alkali from 2 m1. With the standard unit, the accuracy of ammonia and conse- quently, of urea and other determinations, is limited only by the accuracy of delivering and titrating fluid volumes of the order of 1 ml. With the development of the titration principles described in the text, this accuracy can be brought to any desirable level in practice, so that with comparative ease the percentage error need not exceed that for ordinary macro titrations on the 25 ml. level. During the de- velopment of this technique the more general question of the error involved in volumetric procedure was studied firstly in order to compare the error of the new technique with those already estab- lished. There is a . micril ‘ level, however, above which there is little or no practical value in increasing the concentration (taking certain standard pre- cautions of acidimetric micro-titration), and this for ammonia is approximately 10 ‘ micrils ” though at 1 ‘micril ‘ the error need not exceed 2%.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References Practical and Industrial Formulary   ۹/۱۰/۱۹۶۲ When solution is complete, add the other half of the glycerin and shake well. The pine oil increases the transparency of the finished product, and the o.phenylphenol im- parts germicidal properties to it. Use about 2 oz of this cleaner to a gallon of water for cleaning bath· room fioors, linoleum, tile, etc. the hydroxide solution and add this solution slowly, with constant stir- ring, to the oleic acid mixture. Have the molds oiled with mineral oil, stir and pour the mix- ture into the molds and allow them to cool.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Plastics, Polymers and Elastomers Introduction to Natural and Synthetic Rubbers   ۷/۲۸/۱۹۶۱ The object of this book is to explain what these various rubbers are, how they behave, and why they behave as they do. Fresneau was also a keen naturalist and in- terested in rubber. It can be safely said that the rapid growth of the motor-car industry would not have been possible without the pneumatic rubber tyre; and as rubber aided the growth of the motor industry the motor car assisted the growth of rubber production. Resilience is studied under the heading of ‘Dynamic properties’, not only because the springing back may be thought of as rubber in motion, but also because the resilience of a rubber is very important when the rubber is in continuous movement. The answer seemed to be that whereas isoprene has only eight atoms of hydrogen and five of carbon, rubber has many more than this but the hydrogen and carbon atoms are in the ratio of eight to five.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Equipment for the Chemical Industry Equipment Design   ۱۹۵۹ Regardless of the nature of the application of the vessel. a number of factors usually must be considered in designing the unit. The most economical design for a c10scd vessel operating at atmospheric pressure is the verti- cal cylindrical tank with a conical roof and a flat bottom rcsting directly on the bearing soil of a foundation com- posed of sand, gravel, 01′ crushed rock. If domed roofs are used, pressures from 2H to 15 lb per sq in. gage may be permitted. Designed for 2~ Ib per Iq In. gage working pressure. However, if the vessel is designed to meet code requirement.s, the procedure specified in the codes must be used.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Pharmaceuticals and Biotech New Unguent Bases and Lotions   ۲/۱/۱۹۵۷ It is, therefore, of obvious importance that the physician should be well informed of the various lotions and unguent vehicles that are available and the proper- ties they possess. Therefore, polyethylene glycols, which vary from liquids to hard waxy solids, are well suited for use in unguent bases and lotions. Being water soluble, they do not interfere with washability of the unguent base. The washable unguent bases and lotions, which are the oil-in- water types, have many advantages over most others. The unguent bases and lotions which are to serve as vehicles for an antibiotic should be special- ly adapted to conform with its behavior.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/General Chemistry and Chemical Engineering References New Practical Formulary   ۱۱/۹/۱۹۵۵ Wood, be- sides being mechanically weaker than metals, is liable to swell when in contact with water solutions; it is subject to attack by fungi. The oil bath is similar to the water bath and differs from it only in that instead of water various oils are used in the larger vessel. This is a process of mixing liquids that do not mix spontaneously, such as oil and water. Repeated tests show that a mix- ture of equal parts of copper sulfate and calcium carbonate is more ef- fective in the control of smut as a dust than in solution. Mix thoroughly all the ingredi- ents and prepare the cement by stir- ring it into a paste with water.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Industrial Fermentations   ۲/۷/۱۹۵۴ More commonly, in industrial fermentation processes, the products of chemical action excreted from the cells as a result of endoenzyme action are isolated for practical uses. The best-known chemical product obtained industrially by fermentation, and the one of largest volume, is ethyl alcohol, but other fermentation chemicals, including n-butyl alcohol, acetone, lactic acid, citric acid, sorbose, gluconic acid, itaconic acid, glycerol, 2,3-butanediol, riboflavin and other vitamins, penicillin and other antibiotics, various enzymes, and other substances, are or have been also produced on commercial or pilot-plant scale. An increasing tendency to utilize molasses for fermentation in the countries where it is produced may decrease its availibility in other countries which import molasses. Fermentation industries are, in many cases, faced with severe competition by synthetic processes for the production of the same chemicals. Due to the physiological conditions under which fermentation takes place, it is not necessary to resort to the drastic procedures used. with fermentations such as those producing butyl alcohol or penicillin.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Organic Chemicals Toxicity of Industrial Organic Solvents   ۱۰/۱۵/۱۹۵۳ THE following Report summarizes the existing available information about the effects on animals and man of the various solvents used in industry. In a Milan raincoat factory, where three fatal cases occurred, Pugliese (1922) found 1,000 p. p.m.; in the printing works referred to by Saita and Dompe (1947) they found the con- centration of benzol varied from 188 to 908 p.p.m. In the National Safety Council Report of 1926, examination of the air of 18 different workrooms, representative of the various processes in which benzol is used in rubber, artificial leather, wire insulating, dry cleaning, and sanitary can manufacture, revealed a very wide variation of its benzol content, 0 to 4,140 p.p.m., the latter in a dry cleaning process during the summer when no other solvent than benzol was used. The Report concludes that “rooms in which benzol is evaporated into the air without local exhaust ventilation will in most cases show high concentration of the fumes in the air of the rooms. The loss of weight of the animal foiIowing repeated injections was less than with any of the other solvents except xylene–an average of 4 per cent as compared with 26 per cent for benzene, 6 per cent for toluene, and 3 per cent for xylene. The liver showed periportal focal necrosis in contradistinction to the more central focal necrosis produced by the other solvents; the kidney lesions varied from a diffuse cloudy swelling to a mild diffuse nephritis; and the spleen showed some congestion and hyperplasia of the Malpighian corpuscles, but much less pigmentation than with the other solvents.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Analytical Chemistry Manual of Spectroscopy   ۲/۱۰/۱۹۴۹ When viewed through a spectroscope this light will be seen to consist, not of a single color, but of sev- eral; for the instrument sorts out the different colors of the light source and shows each as a brightly colored line. In the case of hydrogen the lines will be red, blue and violet, and they are said to comprise the hydrogen spectrum, or the visible portion of it, for there are also ultraviolet and infrared lines. Mathematical formulae for these series have been developed by which, if a few spectral lines of an element are known, the wave-lengths of the other spectral lines of the series may be predicted. In general the arc lines will be stronger than the spark lines-the sodium doublet, for instance, is ten times as strong in arc as in spark spectra; occasionally, how- ever, a spark line will be stronger than the corresponding arc line. For instance, if a bright line appears in the instrument at scale reading 5.5 the wave-length, as determined by going up line 5.5 to the curve and then follow- ing the horizontal line to the left, is 46.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Membrane and Separation Technology Distillation and Rectification    کتاب‌ های الکترونیکی تخصصی ۲/۴/۱۹۴۸ He also included a resume on the American practice and recent develop- ments in distillation and rectification technique. Thus the benzol concentration in the vapor increases as pressure decreases. In the case of an ideal mixture of two liquids, the partial vapor pressure of each substance should be directly proportional to its concentration in the liquid, if the boiling temperature is constant.  . The boiling-point curve shows, for instance, that there are two liquid mixtures that boil at 110°C, one containing 11 mol per cent, and the other containing S3 mol per cent HNOa, pro- ducing vapors containing respectively 1.S mol per cent HNOa, and 90 mol per cent of HNOa. Not only does the vapor isothermal for IJ = 1000 e pass through point H but also a liquid isothermal for a tempera- ture 1  ۲•  Therefore, H may also be considered as a possible condition for the liquid state.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Process Control and Systems Handbook of Paper and Board, 2nd Revised and Enlarged Edition, 2 Volume Set  
Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.